0-9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
eagle Elijah al-Jawhari Enosh Erostrophus Evagrius 
earthquake Elijah bar Quzbaie Ephesians Esau Eve 
Easter Elijah I Ephesus eschatology evil 
Eber Elijah II Ibn al-Muqli Ephraim Esther Ex 11 
Ebionites Elijah III Abu Halim Ephrem Estrangelo script Ex 12 
Ecclesiastes Elijah III of Alqosh Ephrem [influence] ethics Ex 15:4 
ecclesiology Elijah of Anbar Ephrem of Antioch Ethiopia Ex 16 
ecology Elijah of Edessa Ephrem of Qirqephion ethnicity Ex 17 
economics Elijah of Harran Ephremiana ethnography Ex 21:2 
ecumenism Elijah of Merv Ephremiana [Arabic] ethnonyms Ex 25:10 
Edessa Elijah of Qartmin Ephremiana [Armenian] Eucharist Ex 3:5 
Edessan martyrs Elijah of Tirhan Ephremiana [Coptic] Euclides Ex 32:1-4 
Edessene Apocalypse Elisee the Interpreter Ephremiana [Georgian] eulogia Ex 33 
edifying stories Elisha Ephremiana [Greek] Eunomius Ex 34:33-35 
education elites Ephremiana [Latin] Euphemia and the Goth Ex 4:2-4 
Egeria ellata Ephremiana [Slavonic] Euphrates exegesis 
Egypt Emesa Ephremiana [Syriac] Europe Exhortation of Peter 
Elam Emmanuel bar Shahhare epiclese Eusebius of Alexandria Exodus 
Elchasai Emmanuel of Bet Garmai Epicureanism Eusebius of Caesarea exorcism 
Elchasaites emotions epigraphics Eusebius of Emesa extreme unction 
elements emperor Epiphanius Eusebius of Nicomedia eyes 
Elias of Heliopolis encomium Epiphany Eusebius of Samosata Ezekiel 
Elias of Mosul Encratism epistolography Eustathius of Antioch Eznik of Kochb 
Elias of Nisibis English translation epitaph Eustathius of Tirhan Ezra
Elijah Enoch Erechthios of Antioch Euthalius 
Briquel-Chatonnet, Françoise, ''Une inscription syriaque sur mosaïque de la région de l’Euphrate'', Semitica 46 (1996): 147-153.
Keywords: VI CE, Euphrates, archaeology, epigraphics, inscriptions [Syriac], mosaics.
Clarke, Graeme W., ''Syriac Inscriptions from the Middle Euphrates'', Abr-Nahrain 23 (1984-1985): 73-82.
Keywords: Euphrates, archaeology, epigraphics, inscriptions [Syriac].
Comfort, Anthony, ''Travelling between the Euphrates and the Tigris in Late Antiquity'', Pages 109-131 in Roman Roads: New Evidence – New Perspectives. Edited by Kolb, Anne. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, 2019.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, Mesopotamia, archaeology, travel, roads, Euphrates, Tigris.
Edwell, Peter M., Between Rome and Persia: The Middle Euphrates, Mesopotamia, and Palmyra under Roman Control. Routledge Monographs in Classical Studies. London / New York: Routledge, 2008.
Keywords: Roman Syria, Roman empire, I CE, II CE, III CE, Dura Europos, Palmyra, Euphrates, politics.
Feissel, Denis and Gascou, Jean, ''Documents d’archives romains inédits du Moyen Euphrate (IIIe siècle après J.-C.)'', Comptes-rendus des séances de l’Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres 133:3 (1989): 535-561.
Keywords: I-III CE, III CE, Roman Syria, Euphrates, archaeology, papyri, parchments, inscriptions [Greek].
French, David, ''New Research on the Euphrates Frontier: Supplementary Notes 1 and 2'', Pages 71-101 in Armies and Frontiers in Roman and Byzantine Anatolia: Proceedings of a Colloquium Held at University College, Swansea, in April 1981. Edited by Mitchell, Stephen. BAR International Series 156, British Institute of Archaeology at Ankara, Monograph 5. Oxford: British Archaeological Reports, 1983.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, Byzantine Syria, geography, roads, frontier, Euphrates.
Gaborit, Justine, La vallée engloutie: géographie historique du Moyen-Euphrate (du IVe s. av. J.-C. au VIIe s. apr. J.-C.). Bibliothèque archéologique et historique 199. Beyrouth: Institut français du Proche-Orient, 2012-2015.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, Byzantine Syria, Euphrates, archaeology, monasteries, churches, geography, topography.
Gawlikowski, Michal, ''Thapsacus and Zeugma: The Crossing of the Euphrates in Antiquity'', Iraq 58 (1996): 123-133.
Keywords: Euphrates, travel, roads.
Gschwind, Markus and Hasan, Haytham, ''Tall al-Rum: A Late Roman to Early Islamic Settlement on the River Euphrates'', Pages 455-472 in Residences, Castles, Settlements: Transformation Processes from Late Antiquity to Early Islam in Bilad al-Sham. Proceedings of the International Conference Held at Damascus, 5-9 November 2006. Edited by Bartl, Karin and Moaz, Abd al-Razzaq. Orient-Archäologie 24. Rahden, Westfalen: Verlag Marie Leidorf, 2008.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, Mesopotamia, Euphrates, archaeology, cities.
Kennedy, David L. and Bunbury, Judith, The Twin Towns of Zeugma on the Euphrates: Rescue Work and Historical Studies. Journal of Roman Archaeology, Supplementary Series 27. Portsmouth, RI: Journal of Roman Archaeology, 1998.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, archaeology, cities, Zeugma, Euphrates.
Leone, Anna and Sarantis, Alexander Constantine, ''The Middle Euphrates and Its Transformation from the Third to the Seventh Centuries: The Case of Dibsi Faraj'', Journal of Late Antiquity 13:2 (2020): 308-351.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, VI CE, VII CE, Byzantine Syria, frontier, archaeology, Euphrates, castles, churches, army.
Margaryan, Yervand, ''The Euphrates Frontier in the Byzantine Period'', Pages 6-58 in On the Borders of World-Systems: Contact Zones in Ancient and Modern Times. Edited by Margaryan, Yervand. Oxford: Archaeopress, 2020.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, Byzantine Syria, Euphrates, frontier.
Muraoka, Takamitsu, ''Two Syriac Inscriptions from the Middle Euphrates'', Abr-Nahrain 23 (1984-1985): 83-89.
Keywords: Euphrates, archaeology, epigraphics, inscriptions [Syriac].
Sheinfeld, Shayna, ''The Euphrates as Temporal Marker in 4 Ezra and 2 Baruch'', Journal for the Study of Judaism 47:1 (2016): 104-118.
Keywords: OT apocrypha, 2 Baruch, 4 Ezra, eschatology, rivers, Euphrates.
Teixidor, Javier, ''Deux documents syriaques du IIIe siècle ap. J.-C., provenant du moyen Euphrate'', Comptes-rendus des séances de l’Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres, Paris (1990): 146-166.
Keywords: III CE, Euphrates, archaeology, inscriptions [Syriac], Old Syriac inscriptions.
Wagner, Jörg, Seleukeia am Euphrat/Zeugma. Studien zur historischen Topographie und Geschichte. Beihefte zum Tübinger Atlas des Vorderen Orients B.10. Wiesbaden: Ludwig Reichert, 1976.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, archaeology, cities, Zeugma, Euphrates.
Whiting, Marlena, ''A River Runs Through It: The Role of the Tigris and Euphrates in Transport and Communication in Late Antiquity'', Pages 37-67 in Discipuli dona ferentes: Glimpses of Byzantium in Honour of Marlia Mundell Mango. Edited by Papacostas, Tassos and Parani, Maria. Byzantioς 11. Turnhout: Brepols, 2017.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, Byzantine Syria, frontier, rivers, Tigris, Euphrates, travel, economics.
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