The results of your search for : "ephrem" in the Center for the Study of Christianity

Comprehensive Bibliography on Syriac Christianity


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S. Ephræm Syri Commentarii in Epistolas D. Pauli nunc primum ex armeno in latinum sermonem a Patribus Mekitharistis translati. Venice:Typographia Sancti Lazari, 1893.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, New Testament, exegesis, commentary, Paul, Romans, 1 Corinthians, 2 Corinthians, 3 Corinthians, Galatians, Ephesians, Philippians, Colossians, 1 Thessalonians, 2 Thessalonians, Hebrews, 1 Timothy, 2 Timothy, Titus, Ephremiana [Armenian], primary sources [Armenian] - Latin translation

'' Ephraem Latinus'', Pages 604-648 in Patrologiae cursus completus, Series latina: Supplementum. Edited by Hamman, Adalbert Gauthier . Paris:Garnier Fratres, 1967.
Keywords: Syriac influence [Europe], Ephrem, Ephremiana [Latin], Pseudo-Ephrem, primary sources [Latin]

Maria: Testi teologici e spirituali dal I al XX secolo. I meridiani: Classici dello spirito. Milano:Arnoldo Mondadori, 2000.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, Mary, Mariology, Ephrem, Pseudo-Ephrem, Jacob of Sarug, Nestorian, Jacobite, primary sources [Syriac] - Italian translation

Abou Mrad, Nidaa ,'' Réinterprétation patristique de la forme poétique et musicale de l’hymnodie gnostique'', Pages 265-289 in Saint Éphrem, un poète pour notre temps. Patrimoine Syriaque, Actes du Colloque XI. Antélias, Liban:Centre d’Études et de Recherches Orientales, 2007.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, Gnosticism

Abramowski, Luise and Goodman, Alan E. , eds. A Nestorian Collection of Christological Texts: Cambridge University Library Ms. Oriental 1319. University of Cambridge Oriental Publications 19. Cambridge:Cambridge University Press, 1972.
Keywords: VIII CE, Shahdost of Tirhan, Eustathius of Tirhan, Isaac of Nineveh, Michael Malpana, Narsai, Babai the Great, Henanisho I, Ephrem, Nestorian, theology, Christology, creed, polemic, florilegium, anti-Jacobite, primary sources [Syriac] + English translation

Abramowski, Luise ,'' Narsai, Ephräm und Kyrill über Jesu Verlassenheitsruf Matth. 27,46'', Pages 43-67 in Crossroad of Cultures: Studies in Liturgy and Patristics in Honor of Gabriele Winkler. Edited by Feulner, Hans-Jürgen and Velkovska, Elena and Taft, Robert F. . Orientalia Christiana Analecta 260. Roma:Pontificio Istituto Orientale, 2000.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, V CE, Narsai, New Testament, exegesis, Gospels, Gospel of Matthew, Mt 27:46, Passion

Aerath, Chacko , ''The Liturgical Celebration and Mission: The Ethos of the Evangelising Community'', Ephrem’s Theological Journal 5:1 (2001): 90-98.
Keywords: India, Syro-Malankar, liturgics, mission, XIX-XXI CE

Akinian, Nerses , S. Ephraem Syri interpretatio Actus Apostolorum. Vienna:1921.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Ephremiana [Armenian], New Testament, Acts, exegesis, commentary, translations from Syriac, translations into Armenian, Syriac influence [Armenia], primary sources [Armenian]

Akinian, Nerses , ''Die Sammlung der 51 Madrashe des hl. Ephrem Coelesyrus in altarmenischer Übersetzung'', Handes Amsorya 70 (1956): 1-15, 97-122.
Keywords: Ephrem, Ephremiana [Armenian], translations from Syriac, translations into Armenian, Syriac influence [Armenia]

Akinian, Nerses , Ephräm des Syrers 51 Madrasche in armenischer Übersetzung. Texte und Untersuchungen der altarmenischen Literatur 1.3. Vienna:Mechitharisten-Buchdruckerei, 1957.
Keywords: Ephrem, Ephremiana [Armenian], poetry, hymnography, madrasha, translations from Syriac, translations into Armenian, Syriac influence [Armenia], primary sources [Armenian]

Alencherry, Joseph Robby Augustine , ''Notion of “Râzâ” in Syriac Biblical Tradition'', Ephrem’s Theological Journal 10:2 (2006): 152-164.
Keywords: symbols, mystery

Alexander, Paul Julius , The Byzantine Apocalyptic Tradition. Berkeley / Los Angeles:University of California Press, 1985.
Keywords: VII CE, Apocalypse of Pseudo-Methodius, eschatology, apocalypticism, Pseudo-Ephrem, Ephremiana [Latin], Syriac influence [Byzantine church], Syriac influence [Europe], translations from Syriac, translations into Greek, translations into Latin, primary sources [Syriac] - English translation

Allemand-Lavigerie, Charles Martial , Essai historique sur l’école chrétienne d’Édesse. Thèse présentée à la Faculté des lettres de Paris. Paris:Perisse frères, 1850.
Keywords: IV CE, V CE, Edessa, Ephrem, Hiba of Edessa, education, schools

Alvarado Socastro, Salustio , ''La influencia de la literatura siriaca en las antiguas literaturas eslavas orientales'', Anuario de Literatura Comparada 1 (2011): 135-157.
Keywords: VII-XVIII CE, Syriac influence [Slavs], NT apocrypha, hagiography, Syriacisms, Ephrem, Pseudo-Ephrem, Ephremiana [Slavonic], Isaac of Nineveh, asceticism, translations from Greek, translations into Slavonic

Amar, Joseph Phillip , ''Perspectives on the Eucharist in Ephrem the Syrian'', Worship 61 (1987): 441-454.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Eucharist, sacraments

Amar, Joseph Phillip , '' The Syriac “Vita” Tradition of Ephrem the Syrian''. Ph.D. dissertation, The Catholic University of America, 1988
Keywords: Ephrem, hagiography, saints, Vita Ephremi, Ephremiana [Syriac], primary sources [Syriac] + English translation

Amar, Joseph Phillip ,'' On Hermits and Desert Dwellers'', Pages 66-80 in Ascetic Behavior in Greco-Roman Antiquity: A Sourcebook. Edited by Wimbush, Vincent L. . Studies in Antiquity and Christianity. Minneapolis:Fortress Press, 1990.
Keywords: IV CE, Pseudo-Ephrem, Ephremiana [Syriac], memra, asceticism, monasticism, hermits, primary sources [Syriac] - English translation

Amar, Joseph Phillip , ''Byzantine Ascetic Monasticism and Greek Bias in the Vita Tradition of Eprem the Syrian'', Orientalia Christiana Periodica 58:1-2 (1992): 123-156.
Keywords: V CE, VI CE, Ephrem, Ephremiana [Syriac], Vita Ephremi, hagiography, monasticism, Basil of Caesarea, Hellenism, Syriac influence [Byzantine church]

Amar, Joseph Phillip , ''An Unpublished Karšûnî Arabic Life of Ephrem the Syrian'', Le Muséon 106:1-2 (1993): 119-144.
Keywords: VII-XVIII CE, Ephrem, Ephremiana [Arabic], hagiography, synaxaries, translations from Syriac, translations into Arabic, Karshuni, Arab Christians, Maronite, primary sources [Arabic] + English translation

Amar, Joseph Phillip , A Metrical Homily on Holy Mar Ephrem by Mar Jacob of Sarug: Critical Edition of the Syriac Text, Translation and Introduction. Patrologia Orientalis 47.1. Turnhout:Brepols, 1995.
Keywords: VI CE, Jacob of Sarug, Ephrem, Ephrem [influence], poetry, hymnography, hagiography, Jacobite, primary sources [Syriac] + English translation

Amar, Joseph Phillip , ''Christianity at the Crossroads: The Legacy of Ephrem the Syrian'', Religion and Literature 43:2 (2011): 1-21.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, hagiography, Vita Ephremi, Ephrem, Ephremiana [Syriac], Ephrem [influence]

Amar, Joseph Phillip , The Syriac Vita Tradition of Ephrem the Syrian. CSCO 629-630, Syr. 242-243. Louvain:Peeters, 2011.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, Ephrem, hagiography, saints, Vita Ephremi, Ephremiana [Syriac], primary sources [Syriac] + English translation

Anderson, Andrew Runni , Alexander’s Gate, Gog and Magog, and the Inclosed Nations. Monographs of the Medieval Academy of America 5. Cambridge, Mass.:The Medieval Academy of America, 1932.
Keywords: Alexander the Great, apocalypticism, Apocalypse of Pseudo-Methodius, Apocalypse of Pseudo-Ephrem, Ephrem, Ephremiana [Syriac], apocalypticism, Syriac influence [Europe]

Anderson, Gary A. ,'' The Cosmic Mountain: Eden and Its Early Interpreters in Syriac Christianity'', Pages 187-224 in Genesis 1-3 in the History of Exegesis: Intrigue in the Garden. Edited by Robbins, Gregory Allen . Lewiston / Queenston:Edwin Mellen, 1988.
Keywords: IV CE, V CE, Ephrem, Cave of Treasures, Old Testament, Genesis, exegesis, Paradise, garden, mountain, temple, Gen 2:10-14, Adam, priest, priesthood

Anderson, Gary A. , ''Celibacy or Consummation in the Garden: Reflections on Early Jewish and Christian Interpretations of the Garden of Eden'', Harvard Theological Review 82:2 (1989): 121-148.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Old Testament, exegesis, Genesis, Paradise, Adam, sexuality, asceticism, Cave of Treasures

Anderson, Gary A. , ''The Fall of Satan in the Thought of St. Ephrem and John Milton'', Hugoye: Journal of Syriac Studies 3:1 (2000):
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Old Testament, Genesis, Satan, demonology, Adam, fall, exegesis

Anderson, Gary A. , The Genesis of Perfection: Adam and Eve in Jewish and Christian Imagination. Louisville / London / Leiden:Westminster John Knox Press, 2001.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Old Testament, exegesis, Genesis, Adam, Paradise, fall

Anderson, Gary A. ,'' Christus Victor in the Work of Ephrem, Narsai, and Jacob of Serug'', Pages 57-80 in Suffering and Evil in Early Christian Thought. Edited by Harrison, Nonna Verna and Hunter, David G. . Holy Cross Studies in Patristic Theology and History. Grand Rapids, Michigan:Baker Academic, 2016.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, V CE, VI CE, Ephrem, Narsai, Jacob of Sarug, Christology, suffering, evil, poetry, hymnography, Nestorian, Jacobite

András, Kövér ,'' Szent Ephrem: Exodus-kommentár (I-IV.)'', Pages 106-133 in Fontes: Studies Presented to Róbert Simon on the Occasion of his 75th Birthday. Edited by Simon-Pesthy, Monika . Budapest:Corvina, 2014.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Ephrem, Old Testament, Exodus, exegesis, commentary

Andrist, Patrick , ''Genavensis gr. 30: un manuscrit d’Ephrem dans la bibliothèque de Théodose IV Princeps?'', Scriptorium 52:1 (1998): 12-36.
Keywords: Ephrem, Ephremiana [Greek]

Anikuzhikattil, Thomas , ''Syriac Soteriology in the Acts of Judas Thomas'', Ephrem’s Theological Journal 6:1 (2002): 33-57.
Keywords: I-III CE, NT apocrypha, Acts of Thomas, soteriology

Annus, Amar , ''The Survivals of the Ancient Syrian and Mesopotamian Intellectual Traditions in the Writings of Ephrem Syrus'', Ugarit-Forschungen 38 (2006): 1-25.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Ancient Near East, death, rain, dress

Apostolache, Ioniţă , ''Sfântul Efrem Sirul. Imnele Perlei (I și II)'', Teologie şi Viaţă 1-4 (2012): 224-236.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, primary sources [Syriac] - Romanian translation

Apostolache, Ioniţă , ''Sfântul Efrem Sirul. Imnele Perlei (III și V)'', Teologie şi Viaţă 5-8 (2013): 186-212.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, primary sources [Syriac] - Romanian translation

Appassery, George , ''Training of Priests in Mar Thoma Margam'', Ephrem’s Theological Journal 7:1 (2003): 67-90.
Keywords: India, clergy, priest

Arangassery, Lonappan , ''Equality of the Churches: Reality or Myth? Communion Ecclesiology of “Orientalium ecclesiarum” in Relation to Thomas Christians'', Ephrem’s Theological Journal 9:2 (2005): 121-154.
Keywords: India, XX CE, XIX-XXI CE, ecumenism, ecclesiology

Archimandrite Ephrem, , ''The Third Element of the Dialogue of the Anaphora'', The Harp 15 (2002): 117-127.
Keywords: liturgics, liturgy, Eucharist, anaphoras

Ashkar, Dominic F. , '' Mary in the Syriac Christian Tradition and Islam: A Comparative Study''. Ph.D. dissertation, Temple University, 1996
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Mary, Mariology, Quran, Syriac influence [Arabs], Muslim-Christian relations

Asmussen, Jes P. , ''Der apokryphe dritte Korintherbrief in der armenischen Tradition'', Acta Orientalia 35 (1973): 51-55.
Keywords: Syriac influence [Armenia], Ephrem, Ephremiana [Armenian], NT apocrypha, 3 Corinthians

Assemani, Joseph Simonius , Bibliotheca orientalis Clementino-Vaticana, in qua manuscriptos codices syriacos, arabicos, persicos, turcicos, hebraicos, samaritanos, armenicos, æthiopicos, Graecos, ægyptiacos, ibericos & malabaricos. Roma:Typis Sacrae Congregationis de Propaganda Fide, 1719-1728.
Keywords: Ephrem, John Saba, John of Apamea, Simeon the Stylite, Hiba of Edessa, Jacob of Sarug, Simeon of Beth Arsham, Chronicle of Edessa, Chronicle of Joshua the Stylite, Marutha of Maipherqat, Jacob of Edessa, John Sulaqa, Isaac of Nineveh, Abdisho of Nisibis, manuscripts, Jacobite, Nestorian, primary sources [Syriac] + Latin translation

Assemani, Joseph Simonius and Benedictus, Petrus and Assemani, Stefanus Evodius , eds. Sancti patris nostri Ephraem Syri opera omnia quæ exstant, Græce, Syriace, Latine. Roma:Typographia Pontificia Vaticana, 1732-1746.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Ephremiana [Syriac], Ephremiana [Greek], Ephremiana [Latin], Pseudo-Ephrem, Testament of Ephrem, Old Testament, Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy, Joshua, Judges, 1 Samuel, 2 Samuel, 1 Kings, 2 Kings, Job, Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel, Daniel, Hosea, Joel, Amos, Obadiah, Micah, Zechariah, Malachi, exegesis, commentary, Nativity, heresiography, Vita Ephremi, hagiography, Abraham Qidunaia, Paradise, Hymns on Paradise, Jewish-Christian relations, anti-Judaism, Adversus Judaeos, penitence, translations from Syriac, translations into Greek, Syriac influence [Byzantine church], Syriac influence [Europe], primary sources [Syriac] + Latin translation, primary sources [Greek] + Latin translation, primary sources [Latin]

Aubineau, Michel , ''Le cod. Dublin, Trinity Coll. 185. Textes de Christophe d’Alexandrie, d’Éphrem et de Chrysostome'', Le Muséon 88:1-2 (1975): 113-123.
Keywords: Ephrem, Ephremiana [Greek], Syriac influence [Byzantine church]

Aucher, Ioanne Baptista and Mösinger, Georg , Evangelii concordantis expositio facta a Sancto Ephraemo doctore Syro in Latinum translata. Venice:Libraria PP. Mechitaristarum in monasterio S. Lazari, 1876.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Ephremiana [Armenian], New Testament, Gospels, exegesis, Commentary on Diatessaron, commentary, translations from Syriac, translations into Armenian, Syriac influence [Armenia], primary sources [Armenian] - Latin translation

Avalichvili, Zurab , ''Notice sur une version géorgienne de la Caverne des Trésors, apocryphe syriaque attribué à saint Éphrem'', Revue de l’Orient chrétien III, 6 [26] (1927-1928): 381-405.
Keywords: Cave of Treasures, OT apocrypha, Testament of Adam, translations from Syriac, translations into Georgian, Syriac influence [Georgia]

Aydin, Edip , ''The Vita of St. Ephrem the Syrian'', Gouden Hoorn: Tijdschrift over Byzantium 7:2 (1999-2000):
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Ephremiana [Syriac], hagiography, Vita Ephremi

Aydin, Polycarpus Augin ,'' ‘A Wedding Feast of Song’: St. Ephrem and the Singing Ministry of Women in the Church'', Pages 59-64 in Geschichte, Theologie, Liturgie und Gegenwartslage der syrischen Kirchen. Beiträge zum sechsten deutschen Syrologen-Symposium in Konstanz, Juli 2009. Edited by Weltecke, Dorothea . Göttinger Orientforschungen, I. Reihe: Syriaca 40. Wiesbaden:Harrassowitz Verlag, 2012.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Ephrem, women, liturgics, singing

Azar, Éphrem , Les Odes de Salomon. Présentation et traduction. Sagesses chrétiennes 18. Paris:Cerf, 1996.
Keywords: I-III CE, Odes of Solomon, poetry, hymnography, primary sources [Syriac] + French translation

Baarda, Tjitze , ''A Syriac Fragment of Mar Ephraem’s Commentary on the Diatessaron'', New Testament Studies 8 (1961-1962): 287-300.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, New Testament, exegesis, commentary, Diatessaron, Gospels

Baarda, Tjitze ,'' Mar Ephrem’s Commentary on the Diatessaron'', Pages 289-317 in Early Transmission of Words of Jesus: Thomas, Tatian, and the Text of the New Testament. A Collection of Studies. Edited by Idem . Amsterdam:VU Boekhandel / Uitgeverij, 1983.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, New Testament, Gospels, Diatessaron, exegesis, commentary

Baarda, Tjitze , ''‘The Flying Jesus’: Luke 4:29-30 in the Syriac Diatessaron'', Vigiliae Christianae 40 (1986): 313-341.
Keywords: I-III CE, II CE, Tatian, Diatessaron, New Testament, Gospel of Luke, Lk 4:29-30, Jesus, IV CE, Ephrem, Aphrahat, exegesis, Gospels

Baarda, Tjitze , ''Nathanael, “the Scribe of Israel”: John 1,47 in Ephraem’s Commentary on the Diatessaron'', Ephemerides Theologicae Lovanienses 71:4 (1995): 321-336.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, New Testament, exegesis, Diatessaron, commentary, Gospels, Gospel of John, Jn 1:47

Baarda, Tjitze , ''“Siloam” in John 5,2? Ephraem’s Commentary on the Diatessaron'', Ephemerides Theologicae Lovanienses 76:1 (2000): 136-148.
Keywords: New Testament, Gospels, exegesis, Diatessaron, IV CE, Ephrem, commentary, Gospel of John

Baarda, Tjitze , ''John 1,17b: The Origin of a Peshitta Reading'', Ephemerides Theologicae Lovanienses 77:1 (2001): 153-162.
Keywords: New Testament, Peshitta NT, Gospels, Gospel of John, Diatessaron, Ephrem, grace, IV CE, exegesis

Baarda, Tjitze , ''The ‘Foolish’ or ‘Deaf’ Fig-Tree: Concerning Luke 19:4 in the Diatessaron'', Novum Testamentum 43:2 (2001): 161-177.
Keywords: New Testament, Gospels, Gospel of Luke, Diatessaron, Lk 19:4, plants, Ephrem

Baarda, Tjitze ,'' Luke 2,14 and Luke 19,38: Ephraem’s Commentary on the Diatessaron, ch. II:14-15'', Pages 93-112 in Luke and His Readers: Festschrift A. Denaux. Edited by Bieringer, Reimund and van Belle, Gilbert and Verheyden, Jozef . Bibliotheca Ephemeridum Theologicarum Lovaniensium 182. Leuven:Leuven University Press / Peeters, 2005.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, New Testament, exegesis, Gospels, Gospel of Luke, Diatessaron, commentary

Baarda, Tjitze , ''Luke 17,21 in Ephraem’s Diatessaron: A Short Note'', Zeitschrift für die neutestamentliche Wissenschaft 105:2 (2014): 289-293.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Ephrem, New Testament, Diatessaron, Gospel of Luke, exegesis, commentary, Ephremiana [Armenian]

Baarda, Tjitze ,'' The Syro-Sinaitic Palimpsest and Ephraem Syrus in Luke 2:36–38 and 1:6'', Pages 154-174 in Texts and Traditions: Essays in Honour of J. Keith Elliott. Edited by Doble, Peter and Kloha, Jeffrey . New Testament Tools, Studies and Documents 47. Leiden / Boston:Brill, 2014.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, Ephrem, New Testament, Old Syriac Gospels, Gospel of Luke, exegesis

Badwi, Abdo , ''The Iconography of Saint Ephrem'', The Harp 23 (2008): 247-256.
Keywords: Ephrem, iconography, art

Bady, Guillaume , ''Une nouvelle pièce à ranger dans le corpus de l’“Éphrem grec”? L’homélie pseudochrysostomienne Sur la contrition et la continence (CPG 5062)'', Sacris Erudiri 53 (2014): 209-233.
Keywords: VII-XVIII CE, Syriac influence [Byzantine church], Ephrem, Ephremiana [Greek], Pseudo-Ephrem, homilies, spirituality, primary sources [Greek] + French translation

Bailly, Laurent , ''Une traduction latine d’un sermon d’Éphrem dans le Clm 3516'', Sacris Erudiri 21 (1972): 71-80.
Keywords: VII-XVIII CE, Syriac influence [Europe], Ephrem, Ephremiana [Latin], Pseudo-Ephrem, Old Testament, Genesis, exegesis, Joseph, primary sources [Latin]

Baker, Matthew ,'' “He Has Clothed Himself in Our Language”: The Incarnational Hermeneutic of Saint Ephram the Syrian'', Pages 35-48 in What Is the Bible? The Patristic Doctrine of Scripture. Edited by Danckaert, Seraphim and Baker, Matthew and Mourachian, Mark J. . Minneapolis, Minnesota:Augsburg Fortress, 2016.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Ephrem, Old Testament, exegesis, hermeneutics, Christology, Incarnation

Bakker, Wim F. , ''‘Ephraem the Syrian’s’ Φρηνo τη Φεoτόκoυ: What? When? Where? Why?'', Byzantine and Modern Greek Studies 29:1 (2005): 17-38.
Keywords: Syriac influence [Byzantine church], XIV CE, VII-XVIII CE, Ephrem, Ephremiana [Greek], Pseudo-Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, Mariology

Bardenhewer, Otto and Rücker, Adolf , Des heiligen Ephräm des Syrers Ausgewählte Schriften aus dem Syrischen und Griechischen übersetzt. Bibliothek der Kirchenväter 37, 61. München:Josef Kösel / Friedrich Pustet, 1919, 1928.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, Hymns against Heresies, Ephremiana [Greek], primary sources [Syriac] - German translation, primary sources [Greek] - German translation

Bardy, Gustave , ''Le souvenir de saint Éphrem dans le haut-moyen âge latin'', Revue du Moyen Âge Latin 2 (1946): 297-300.
Keywords: Ephrem, Ephremiana [Latin], Syriac influence [Europe]

Barry, Elizabeth M. , St. Ephrem’s Commentary on Tatian’s Diatessaron, Chapter Five. M.A. thesis. University College Dublin, 1990.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, New Testament, exegesis, Gospels, Diatessaron, commentary

Bates, J. Barrington , ''Songs and Prayers like Incense: The Hymns of Ephrem the Syrian'', Anglican and Episcopal History 69:2 (2000): 170-192.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography

Bauer, Walter , Rechtgläubigkeit und Ketzerei im ältesten Christentum. Beiträge zur historischen Theologie 10. Tübingen:J.C.B. Mohr (Paul Siebeck), 1934.
Keywords: I-III CE, I-III CE, IV-VII CE, Edessa, heterodoxy, Gnosticism, Bardesan, Ephrem

Bauer, Walter , Orthodoxy and Heresy in Earliest Christianity. Translated by Kraft, Robert A.. and Krodel, Gerhard . Philadelphia:Fortress Press, 1971.
Keywords: I-III CE, I-III CE, IV-VII CE, Edessa, heterodoxy, Gnosticism, Bardesan, Ephrem

Baum, Wilhelm , ''The Syrian Christian Community and its Contacts to Europe and the Mediterranean Area before the Arrival of the Portuguese'', Ephrem’s Theological Journal 5:1 (2001): 71-81.
Keywords: India, Europe

Baumstark, Anton , ''Zur Geschichte des Tatianstextes vor Aphrem'', Oriens Christianus III, 8 [30] (1933): 1-12.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, New Testament, Gospels, Diatessaron

Beck, Edmund , ''Eine christliche Parallele zu den Paradiesesjungfrauen des Korans?'', Orientalia Christiana Periodica 14:3-4 (1948): 398-405.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Old Testament, exegesis, Genesis, Syriac influence [Arabs], Islam, Quran, Paradise, wine, women, Muslim-Christian relations

Beck, Edmund , Die Theologie des Hl. Ephraem in seinem Hymnem über den Glauben. Studia Anselmiana 21. Roma:Libreria Vaticana, 1949.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, theology, poetry, hymnography, Hymns on Faith

Beck, Edmund , Ephraems Hymnen über das Paradies: Übersetzung und Kommentar. Studia Anselmiana 26. Roma:Pontificio Ateneo S. Anselmo, 1951.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, Old Testament, exegesis, Genesis, Paradise, Hymns on Paradise, primary sources [Syriac] - German translation

Beck, Edmund , ''Das Bild vom Spiegel bei Ephräm'', Orientalia Christiana Periodica 19 (1953): 5-24.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, mirror

Beck, Edmund , Ephräms Reden über den Glauben. Ihr theologischer Lehrgehalt und ihr geschichtlicher Rahmen. Studia Anselmiana 33. Roma:Pontificio Ateneo S. Anselmo, 1953.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, theology, poetry, hymnography, Hymns on Faith

Beck, Edmund , ''Die Eucharistie bei Ephräm'', Oriens Christianus 38 (1954): 41-67.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, liturgics, liturgy, sacraments, Eucharist

Beck, Edmund , Des heiligen Ephraem des Syrers Hymnen de Fide. CSCO 154-155, Syr. 73-74. Louvain:L. Durbecq, 1955.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Hymns on Faith, hymnography, poetry, faith, primary sources [Syriac] + German translation

Beck, Edmund , ''Die Mariologie der echten Schriften Ephräms'', Oriens Christianus 40 (1956): 22-39.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Mary, Mariology

Beck, Edmund ,'' Ein Beitrag zur Terminologie des ältesten syrischen Mönchtums'', Pages 254-267 in Antonius Magnus Eremita 356–1956. Studia ad antiquum monachismum spectantia. Edited by Steidle, Basilius . Studia Anselmiana 38. Roma:Orbis Catholicus / Herder, 1956.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Aphrahat, monasticism

Beck, Edmund , ''Le baptême chez saint Ephrem'', L’Orient Syrien 1:2 (1956): 111-136.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, liturgics, sacraments, baptism

Beck, Edmund , Des heiligen Ephraem des Syrers Hymnen contra Haereses. CSCO 169-170, Syr. 76-77. Louvain:L. Durbecq, 1957.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Hymns against Heresies, hymnography, poetry, polemic, heresiography, heterodoxy, madrasha, apologetics, primary sources [Syriac] + German translation

Beck, Edmund , Des heiligen Ephraem des Syrers Hymnen de Paradiso und contra Julianum. CSCO 174-175, Syr. 78-79. Louvain:Peeters, 1957.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, hymnography, poetry, exegesis, Old Testament, Genesis, Paradise, Adam, Hymns on Paradise, Hymns against Julian, polemic, Julian, madrasha, apologetics, primary sources [Syriac] + German translation

Beck, Edmund , ''Ascétisme et monachisme chez saint Ephrem'', L’Orient Syrien 3 (1958): 273-298.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, asceticism, monasticism

Beck, Edmund ,'' Asketentum und Mönchtum bei Ephräm'', Pages 341-362 in Il monachesimo orientale. Atti del convegno di studi orientali che sul predetto tema si tenne a Roma, sotto la direzione del Pontificio Istituto Orientale, nei giorni 9, 10, 11 e 12 aprile 1958. Orientalia Christiana Analecta 153. Roma:Pontificium Institutum Orientalium Studiorum, 1958.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, asceticism, monasticism

Beck, Edmund , ''Symbolum-Mysterium bei Aphraat und Ephräm'', Oriens Christianus 42 (1958): 19-40.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Aphrahat, symbols, mystery

Beck, Edmund , Des heiligen Ephraem des Syrers Hymnen de Nativitate (Epiphania). CSCO 186-187, Syr. 82-83. Louvain:Secrétariat du CorpusSCO, 1959.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Hymns on Nativity, Nativity, feasts, hymnography, madrasha, poetry, dialogue poems, Magi, Mary, primary sources [Syriac] + German translation

Beck, Edmund , ''Les houris du Coran et Ephrem le Syrien'', Mélanges de l’Institut Dominicaine des Études Orientales du Caire 6 (1959-1961): 405-408.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Old Testament, exegesis, Genesis, Syriac influence [Arabs], Islam, Quran, Paradise, women, wine, Muslim-Christian relations

Beck, Edmund , Des heiligen Ephraem des Syrers Hymnen de Ecclesia. CSCO 198-199, Syr. 84-85. Louvain:Secrétariat du CorpusSCO, 1960.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Hymns on Church, hymnography, poetry, ecclesiology, madrasha, primary sources [Syriac] + German translation

Beck, Edmund ,'' Éphrem le Syrien'', Pages 788-800 in Dictionnaire de spiritualité ascétique et mystique: doctrine et histoire. Paris:Beauchesne, 1960.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem

Beck, Edmund , Des heiligen Ephraem des Syrers Carmina Nisibena, I. CSCO 218-219, Syr. 92-93. Louvain:Secrétariat du CorpusSCO, 1961.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Hymns on Nisibis, poetry, Nisibis, madrasha, hymnography, primary sources [Syriac] + German translation

Beck, Edmund , Des heiligen Ephraem des Syrers Sermones de Fide. CSCO 212-213, Syr. 88-89. Louvain:Secrétariat du CorpusSCO, 1961.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, sermons, faith, primary sources [Syriac] + German translation

Beck, Edmund , Des heiligen Ephraem des Syrers Hymnen de Virginitate. CSCO 223-224, Syr. 94-95. Louvain:Secrétariat du CorpusSCO, 1962.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Hymns on Virginity, hymnography, poetry, virginity, asceticism, madrasha, primary sources [Syriac] + German translation

Beck, Edmund ,'' Ephraem Syrus'', Pages 520-531 in Reallexikon für Antike und Christentum. Stuttgart:A. Hiersemann, 1962.
Keywords: IV CE, IV-VII CE, Ephrem

Beck, Edmund , ''Philoxenos und Ephräm'', Oriens Christianus 46 (1962): 61-76.
Keywords: VI CE, Philoxenus of Mabbug, Ephrem, Ephrem [influence], Christology, Jacobite

Beck, Edmund , Des heiligen Ephraem des Syrers Carmina Nisibena, II. CSCO 240-241, Syr. 102-103. Louvain:Secrétariat du CorpusSCO, 1963.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Hymns on Nisibis, poetry, Nisibis, madrasha, hymnography, primary sources [Syriac] + German translation

Beck, Edmund , Des heiligen Ephraem des Syrers Hymnen de Ieiunio. CSCO 246-247, Syr. 106-107. Louvain:Secrétariat du CorpusSCO, 1964.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, madrasha, primary sources [Syriac] + German translation

Beck, Edmund , Des heiligen Ephraem des Syrers Paschahymnen: De azymnis, de crucifixione, de resurrectione. CSCO 248-249, Syr. 108-109. Louvain:Secrétariat du CorpusSCO, 1964.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, Easter, Passover, New Testament, exegesis, resurrection, crucifixion, Jesus, feasts, madrasha, unleavened bread, leaven, Hymns on Unleavened Bread, primary sources [Syriac] + German translation

Beck, Edmund , Des heiligen Ephraem des Syrers Sermo de Domino Nostro. CSCO 270-271, Syr. 116-117. Louvain:Secrétariat du CorpusSCO, 1966.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Jesus, sermons, homilies, primary sources [Syriac] + German translation

Beck, Edmund , Ephräm der Syrer. Lobgesang aus der Wüste. Sophia: Quellen östlicher Theologie 7. Freiburg im Breisgau:Lambertus, 1967.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, primary sources, German translation

Beck, Edmund , Des heiligen Ephraem des Syrers Sermones, I. CSCO 305-306, Syr. 129-130. Louvain:Secrétariat du CorpusSCO, 1970.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, sermons, homilies, primary sources [Syriac] + German translation

Beck, Edmund , Des heiligen Ephraem des Syrers Sermones, II. CSCO 311-312, Syr. 134-135. Louvain:Secrétariat du CorpusSCO, 1970.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, sermons, homilies, Palm Sunday, primary sources [Syriac] + German translation

Beck, Edmund , Des heiligen Ephraem des Syrers Hymnen auf Abraham Kidunaya und Julianos Saba. CSCO 322-323, Syr. 140-141. Louvain:Secrétariat du CorpusSCO, 1972.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, hymnography, poetry, hagiography, encomium, monasticism, Julian Saba, Abraham Qidunaia, madrasha, primary sources [Syriac] + German translation

Beck, Edmund , Des heiligen Ephraem des Syrers Sermones, III. CSCO 320-321, Syr. 138-139. Louvain:Secrétariat du CorpusSCO, 1972.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Ephremiana [Syriac], Pseudo-Ephrem, sermons, homilies, Apocalypse of Pseudo-Ephrem, primary sources [Syriac] + German translation

Beck, Edmund , Des heiligen Ephraem des Syrers Sermones, IV. CSCO 334-335, Syr. 148-149. Louvain:Secrétariat du CorpusSCO, 1973.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, sermons, homilies, Pseudo-Ephrem, Ephremiana [Syriac], Testament of Ephrem, primary sources [Syriac] + German translation

Beck, Edmund , ''Ephräms Brief an Hypatios übersetzt und erklärt'', Oriens Christianus 58 (1974): 76-120.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, letters, primary sources [Syriac] - German translation

Beck, Edmund , Nachträge zu Ephraem Syrus. CSCO 363-364, Syr. 159-160. Louvain:Secrétariat du CorpusSCO, 1975.
Keywords: primary sources, German translation, Ephrem, IV CE, hymnography, sermons, memra, madrasha

Beck, Edmund , ''Ephräms Rede gegen eine philosophische Schrift des Bardaisan übersetzt und erklärt'', Oriens Christianus 60 (1976): 24-68.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, polemic, Bardesan, heterodoxy, heresiography, primary sources [Syriac] - German translation

Beck, Edmund ,'' Die zwei Paradoxa des Glaubens bei Ephräm'', Pages 169-175 in A Tribute to Arthur Vööbus: Studies in Early Christian Literature and Its Environment, Primarily in the Syrian East. Edited by Fischer, Robert H. . Chicago, Illinois:The Lutheran School of Theology at Chicago, 1977.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, faith

Beck, Edmund , ''Bardaisan und seine Schule bei Ephräm'', Le Muséon 91 (1978): 271-333.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, heterodoxy, heresiography, Bardesan, polemic

Beck, Edmund , ''Die Hyle bei Markion nach Ephräm'', Orientalia Christiana Periodica 44 (1978): 5-30.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, heterodoxy, heresiography, polemic, Marcion, matter

Beck, Edmund , ''Ephräms Hymnus de Paradiso XV, 1-8'', Oriens Christianus 62 (1978): 24-35.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, Hymns on Paradise, Old Testament, Genesis, Paradise, exegesis

Beck, Edmund , Ephräms Polemik gegen Mani und die Manichäer im Rahmen der zeitgenössischen griechischen Polemik und der des Augustinus. CSCO 391, Subs. 55. Louvain:Secrétariat du CorpusSCO, 1978.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Manichaeism, polemic, anti-Manichaean, heterodoxy, heresiography

Beck, Edmund , ''Das Bild vom Sauerteig bei Ephräm'', Oriens Christianus 63 (1979): 1-19.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, feasts, Easter, Passover, leaven, unleavened bread

Beck, Edmund , Ephraem Syrus. Sermones in Hebdomadam Sanctam. CSCO 412-413, Syr. 181-182. Louvain:Secrétariat du CorpusSCO, 1979.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, sermons, memra, Easter, Passion, primary sources [Syriac] + German translation

Beck, Edmund , ''Die konditionale Periode in der Sprache Ephräms des Syrers'', Oriens Christianus 64 (1980): 1-31.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Syriac language, Classical Syriac, grammar, syntax

Beck, Edmund ,'' Die Vergleichspartikel ’ayk in der Sprache Ephräms'', Pages 15-41 in Studien zur Arabistik und Semitistik: Anton Spitaler zum siebzigsten Geburtstag von seinen Schülern überreicht. Edited by Diem, Werner and Wild, Stefan . Wiesbaden:Otto Harrassowitz, 1980.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Syriac language, Classical Syriac, grammar, syntax

Beck, Edmund , Ephräms des Syrers Psychologie und Erkenntnislehre. CSCO 419, Subs. 58. Louvain:Secrétariat du CorpusSCO, 1980.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, knowledge, psychology, anthropology, demonology

Beck, Edmund , ''Das Bild vom Weg mit Meilensteinen und Herbergen bei Ephraem'', Oriens Christianus 65 (1981): 1-39.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, symbols, wandering, travel

Beck, Edmund , Ephräms Trinitätslehre im Bild von Sonne/Feuer, Licht und Wärme. CSCO 425, Subs. 62. Louvain:Peeters, 1981.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, theology, Trinity

Beck, Edmund , ''Τέχνη und Τεχνίτης bei dem Syrer Ephräm'', Orientalia Christiana Periodica 47 (1981): 295-331.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, loan-words [Greek], art

Beck, Edmund , ''Glaube und Gebet bei Ephräm'', Oriens Christianus 66 (1982): 15-50.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, faith, prayer

Beck, Edmund ,'' Zur Terminologie von Ephraems Bildtheologie'', Pages 239-277 in Typus, Symbol, Allegorie bei den östlichen Vätern und ihren Parallelen im Mittelalter. Internationales Kolloquium, Eichstätt 1981. Edited by Schmidt, Margot and Geyer, Carl Friedrich . Eichstätter Beiträge 4. Regensburg:Friedrich Pustet, 1982.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, images, exegesis, typology

Beck, Edmund , ''Der syrische Diatessaronkommentar zu Jo. 1,1-5'', Oriens Christianus 67 (1983): 1-31.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, New Testament, Gospels, Gospel of John, Diatessaron, exegesis, commentary

Beck, Edmund ,'' Ephräms des Syrers Hymnen'', Pages 345-379 in Liturgie und Dichtung. Ein interdisziplinäres Kompendium. Edited by Becker, Hansjakob and Kaczynski, Reiner . Pietas liturgica 1-2. St. Ottilien:EOS-Verlag, 1983.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography

Beck, Edmund , Dorea und Charis; Die Taufe. Zwei Beiträge zur Theologie Ephräms des Syrers. CSCO 457, Subs. 72. Louvain:Peeters, 1984.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, theology, liturgics, sacraments, baptism, grace

Beck, Edmund , ''Grammatisch-syntaktische Studien zur Sprache Ephräms des Syrers'', Oriens Christianus 68 (1984): 1-26; 69 (1985), 1-32.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Syriac language, Classical Syriac, grammar, syntax

Beck, Edmund , ''Besrâ (sarx) und pagrâ (sôma) bei Ephräm dem Syrer'', Oriens Christianus 70 (1986): 1-22.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, anthropology, body

Beck, Edmund , ''Zwei ephrämische Bilder'', Oriens Christianus 71 (1987): 1-23.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem

Beck, Edmund , ''Der syrische Diatessaronkommentar zu der unvergebbaren Sünde wider den Heiligen Geist, übersetzt und erläutert'', Oriens Christianus 73 (1989): 1-37.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, New Testament, Gospels, exegesis, Diatessaron, commentary, Holy Spirit, sin

Beck, Edmund , ''Der syrische Diatessaronkommentar zu der Perikope von der Samariterin am Brunnen, übersetzt und erklärt'', Oriens Christianus 74 (1990): 1-24.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, New Testament, Gospels, exegesis, Diatessaron, women, commentary

Beck, Edmund , ''Der syrische Diatessaronkommentar zu der Perikope von der Sünderin, Luc. 7,36-50'', Oriens Christianus 75 (1991): 1-15.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, New Testament, Gospels, Gospel of Luke, exegesis, women, Diatessaron, commentary

Beck, Edmund , ''Der syrische Diatessaronkommentar zur Perikope vom reichen Jüngling'', Oriens Christianus 76 (1992): 1-45.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, New Testament, exegesis, Gospels, Diatessaron, commentary, wealth

Beck, Edmund , ''Ephräm und der Diatessaronkommentar im Abschnitt über die Wunder beim Tode Jesu am Kreuz'', Oriens Christianus 77 (1993): 104-119.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, New Testament, exegesis, Gospels, Diatessaron, crucifixion

Bedjan, Paulus , Histoire complete de Joseph; poeme en douze livres. Nouvelle ed., revue, corrigee, enrichie de variantes et d’un discours sur la translation du corps de Joseph par un auteur anonyme qui a abrege celui de Banni. Paris / Leipzig:Otto Harrassowitz, 1891.
Keywords: poetry, Old Testament, Genesis, Joseph, exegesis, Ephrem, primary sources [Syriac]

Bedjan, Paulus , Liber superiorum, seu Historia Monastica, auctore Thoma, Episcopo Margensi. Liber Fundatorum Monasteriorum in regno Persarum et Arabum. Homiliae Mar-Narsetis in Joseph. Documenta Patrum de quibusdam verae fidei dogmatibus. Paris / Leipzig:Otto Harrassowitz, 1901.
Keywords: IX CE, Thomas of Marga, Testament of Ephrem, Narsai, Nestorius, monasticism, exegesis, Genesis, Old Testament, Joseph, historiography, Nestorian, primary sources [Syriac]

Bedjan, Paulus , S. Martyrii, qui est Sahdona, quæ supersunt omnia. Paris / Leipzig:Otto Harrassowitz, 1902.
Keywords: VII CE, Sahdona, Jacob of Sarug, Ephrem, homilies, Christ, asceticism, spirituality, Mary, Nestorian, Jacobite, primary sources [Syriac]

Behrndtz, Mette and Munkholt, Maria and Hansen, Robert B. and Kjær, Sigrid K. and Sørensen, Dan E. , Efraim Syrerens Liv. Antikken og kristendommen 7. Frederiksberg, Denmark:Anis, 2010.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, hagiography, Vita Ephremi, Ephrem, primary sources [Syriac] - Danish translation

Benin, Stephen D. ,'' Commandments, Covenants and the Jews in Aphrahat, Ephrem and Jacob of Sarug'', Pages 135-156 in Approaches to Judaism in Medieval Times. Edited by Blumenthal, David R. . Brown Judaic Studies 54. Chico, California:Scholars Press, 1985.
Keywords: IV CE, V CE, Aphrahat, Ephrem, Jacob of Sarug, Jewish-Christian relations, covenant, commandments, anti-Judaism

Bennett, David Malcolm , ''Raptured or Not Raptured? That is the Question'', Evangelical Quarterly 80:2 (2008): 143-161.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, eschatology

Bensly, Robert L. and Barnes, William Emery , eds. The Fourth Book of Maccabees and Kindred Documents in Syriac First Edited on Manuscript Authority. Cambridge:Cambridge University Press, 1895.
Keywords: OT apocrypha, 4 Maccabees, Maccabees, martyrdom, Gregory Nazianzen, Severus of Antioch, Ephrem, poetry, madrasha, memra, translations from Greek, translations into Syriac, primary sources [Syriac] + English translation

Bernstein, Georg Heinrich , Georgii Guilielmi Kirschii chrestomathia syriaca cum lexico. Lipsiae:C. Cnobloch, 1832.
Keywords: Syriac language, Classical Syriac, lexicography, dictionaries, anthology, Ephrem, Barhebraeus, hagiography, St Timothy, St Apian, St Hedesis, St Agapius, primary sources [Syriac]

Bernstein, Georg Heinrich , ''Syrische Studien'', Zeitschrift der Deutschen Morgenländischen Gesellschaft 3 (1849): 385-428; 4 (1850), 198-223, 305-322.
Keywords: IV CE, IV-VII CE, Old Testament, Peshitta OT, Syro-Hexapla, New Testament, Peshitta NT, Harklean, OT apocrypha, hagiography, Ephrem, Syriac language, Classical Syriac, lexicography, loan-words [Greek]

Bertaina, David , ''Christmas with Mar Ephrem: The Nativity Feast in Early Syriac Tradition'', The Harp 22 (2007): 49-92.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, liturgics, feasts, Nativity

Bertheau, Ernst , Carminis Ephraemi Syri textus Syriacus secundum cod. bibl. Angel. denuo editus ac versione [et] brevi annotatione instructus. Göttingen:Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1837.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, primary sources [Syriac]

Bestul, Thomas H. , ''Ephraim the Syrian and Old English Poetry'', Anglia 99 (1981): 1-24.
Keywords: Syriac influence [Europe], Ephrem, poetry

Bewer, Julius A. , ''The History of the New Testament Canon in the Syrian Church'', American Journal of Theology 4:1 (1900): 64-98.
Keywords: IV CE, Aphrahat, Ephrem, New Testament, Gospels, Peshitta NT, Old Syriac Gospels, Diatessaron, canon

Beyer, Jeorjios Martin , “Wie der Körper des Alphabets”: syrisches Christentum im zweiten Drittel des vierten Jahrhunderts. Mainzer althistorische Studien 6. Sankt Katharinen:Scripta Mercaturae Verlag, 2006.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Aphrahat, Ephrem, Aithallah, asceticism, feasts, Easter, Jewish-Christian relations, paganism, heterodoxy, polemic, Julian, Arianism

Bickell, Gustav , S. Ephraemi Syri carmina Nisibena additis prolegomenis et supplemento lexicorum Syriacorum. Leipzig:F.A. Brockhaus, 1866.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, Hymns on Nisibis, primary sources [Syriac] + Latin translation

Bickell, Gustav , ''Noch ein Wort über alphabetische und akrostichische Lieder Ephräms'', Zeitschrift der Deutschen Morgenländischen Gesellschaft 26 (1872): 809-811.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, poetics, acrostic

Bickell, Gustav , ''Die Gedichte des Cyrillonas nebst einigen anderen syrischen Inedits'', Zeitschrift der Deutschen Morgenländischen Gesellschaft 27 (1873): 566-625.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, V CE, Cyrillona, Ephrem, Balai, poetry, hymnography, lexicography, primary sources [Syriac]

Bickell, Gustav , ''Die Gedichte des h. Ephräm gegen Julian den Apostaten'', Zeitschrift für katholische Theologie 2 (1878): 335-356.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, hymnography, Hymns against Julian, poetry, Julian, primary sources [Syriac] - German translation

Bierbaums, Marcus , ''Ephraim the Syrian on Freedom of Will in Manichaeism (Pr. I I-XXVIII): Reference to Manichaean Common Property?'', ARAM 16:2 (2004): 263-277.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, heterodoxy, polemic, anti-Manichaean, Manichaeism, free will, freedom, economics, property

Bilby, Mark Glen , As the Bandit Will I Confess You: Luke 23.39-43 in Early Christian Interpretation. Cahiers de Biblia Patristica 13. Turnhout:Brepols, 2013.
Keywords: I-III CE, IV-VII CE, IV CE, New Testament, Gospel of Luke, Lk 23:39-41, good thief, exegesis, Ephrem

Birdsall, James Neville , ''The Syriac Original of the Commentary of Ephraim the Syrian upon the Concordant Gospel'', Evangelical Quarterly 37:3 (1965): 132-136.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, New Testament, Diatessaron, exegesis, commentary

Blanchard, Monica Joan ,'' The Coptic Heritage of St. Ephrem the Syrian'', Pages 37-51 in Acts of the Fifth International Congress of Coptic Studies, Washington, 12-15 August 1992. Edited by Orlandi, Tito and Johnson, David W. . Rome:C.I.M., 1993.
Keywords: Ephrem, Ephremiana [Coptic], Syriac influence [Egypt], translations from Syriac, translations into Coptic

Blanchard, Monica Joan , ''Saint Ephrem’s Coptic Friend, Apa Bishoi'', The Harp 16 (2003): 43-55.
Keywords: Ephrem, Ephremiana [Coptic], Syriac influence [Egypt], Mar Bishoi

Boismard, Marie-Emile and Lamouille, A. , Le Diatessaron: de Tatien à Justin. Études Bibliques, NS 15. Paris:J. Gabalda, 1992.
Keywords: I-III CE, Tatian, II CE, New Testament, Gospels, Diatessaron, Ephrem, Aphrahat, baptism

Boismard, Marie-Emile , ''De Justin à l’harmonie de Pepys: la parabole de la semence'', Revue Biblique 103:3 (1996): 433-440.
Keywords: New Testament, Gospels, Diatessaron, Mt 13:3-9, Mk 4:3-9, Lk 8:5-8, Ephrem

Bojkovsky, Georg and Aitzetmüller, Rudolf , eds. Paraenesis: Die altbulgarische Übersetzung von Werken Ephraims des Syrers. Monumenta linguae Slavicae dialecti veteris 20, 22, 24, 26, 28. Freiburg im Breisgau:U.W. Weiher, 1984-1990.
Keywords: Syriac influence [Europe], Syriac influence [Slavs], Ephrem, Ephremiana [Slavonic]

Bonian, Stephen , ''Mary and the Christian in the Mystical Poetry of St Ephrem'', Diakonia 17 (1982): 46-52.
Keywords: IV CE, IV-VII CE, Ephrem, Mary, Mariology, poetry, hymnography

Bonian, Stephen , ''St. Ephrem on War, Christian Suffering, and the Eucharist'', Parole de l’Orient 11 (1983): 157-165.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, theology, eucharist, war, suffering, evil

Botha, Phil J. , ''Antithesis and Argument in the Hymns of Ephrem the Syrian'', Hervormde Teologiese Studies 44 (1988): 581-595.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, hymnography, poetics, poetry, Hymns on Unleavened Bread, primary sources [Syriac] - English translation

Botha, Phil J. , ''Christology and Apology in Ephrem the Syrian'', Hervormde Teologiese Studies 45 (1989): 19-29.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Christology, apologetics

Botha, Phil J. , ''Polarity: The Theology of Anti-Judaism in Ephrem the Syrian’s Hymns on Easter'', Hervormde Teologiese Studies 46 (1990): 36-46.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, polemic, Jewish-Christian relations, anti-Judaism, Hymns on Easter

Botha, Phil J. , ''Theological Progress and Artistic Regress in the Hymns on Abraham Kidunaya Attributed to St. Ephrem'', Acta Patristica et Byzantina 1 (1990): 77-98.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, Abraham Qidunaia, poetics

Botha, Phil J. , ''The Structure and Function of Paradox in the Hymns of Ephrem the Syrian'', Ekklesiastikos Pharos 68 (1990-1991): 50-62.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, poetics

Botha, Phil J. , ''The Poetic Face of Rhetoric: Ephrem’s Polemics against the Jews and Heretics in Contra Haereses XXV'', Acta Patristica et Byzantina 2 (1991): 16-36.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, poetics, polemic, Jewish-Christian relations, anti-Judaism, heterodoxy, heresiography, Hymns against Heresies, primary sources [Syriac] - English translation

Botha, Phil J. , ''The Rhetoric Function of Polarity in One of Ephrem the Syrian’s Hymns on the Church'', Journal for Semitics 3 (1991): 188-201.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, polemic, Hymns on Church, ecclesiology

Botha, Phil J. , ''A Comparison between Aphrahat and Ephrem on the Subject of Passover'', Acta Patristica et Byzantina 3 (1992): 46-62.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Aphrahat, Easter, Passover

Botha, Phil J. , ''God in a Garment of Words: The Metaphor of Metaphoric Language in Ephrem the Syrian’s Hymn On Faith XXXII'', Acta Patristica et Byzantina 3 (1992): 63-79.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, theology, God, poetics, Hymns on Faith

Botha, Phil J. , ''Cleansing of the Eye: Spiritual Vision and the Fast in Ephrem’s Hymns De ieiunio'', Acta Patristica et Byzantina 4 (1993): 13-22.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, poetics, spirituality, fast, asceticism

Botha, Phil J. , ''Ephrem’s Comparison of the Father/Son Relationship to the Relationship between a Tree and its Fruit in his Hymns On Faith'', Acta Patristica et Byzantina 4 (1993): 23-32.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, Hymns on Faith, theology, Christology

Botha, Phil J. , ''The Theology of Totality: Ephrem the Syrian’s Use of the Particle kul (all)'', Studia Patristica 25 (1993): 223-228.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Syriac language, syntax

Botha, Phil J. , ''The Significance of the Senses in St. Ephrem’s Description of Paradise'', Acta Patristica et Byzantina 5 (1994): 28-37.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Old Testament, exegesis, Genesis, Paradise, poetry, hymnography, Hymns on Paradise, senses

Botha, Phil J. , ''Ephrem the Syrian’s Treatment of Tamar in Comparison to That in Jewish Sources'', Acta Patristica et Byzantina 6 (1995): 15-26.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Old Testament, Genesis, Gen 38, Tamar, exegesis, women, Jewish background, Rabbinic Judaism

Botha, Phil J. , ''Fire Mingled with Spirit: St Ephrem’s Views on Angels and the Angelic Life of Christians'', The Harp 8-9 (1995-1996): 95-104.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, angelology, angels, asceticism, anthropology

Botha, Phil J. , ''Argument and Art in Ephrem the Syrian’s Hymn De fide LXXVIII'', Acta Patristica et Byzantina 7 (1996): 21-36.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, poetics, Hymns on Faith

Botha, Phil J. , ''Original Sin and Sexism: St. Ephrem’s Attitude towards Eve'', Studia Patristica 33 (1997): 483-489.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Old Testament, exegesis, Genesis, Eve, fall, mysoginy, women

Botha, Phil J. , ''Textual Strategy in a Fourth Century Syriac Hymn on the Life of the Ascetic Abraham of Kidun'', Acta Patristica et Byzantina 8 (1997): 42-52.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, poetics, hymnography, asceticism, Abraham Qidunaia

Botha, Phil J. , ''Polarity and Divine Economy in Ephrem the Syrian’s Hymn De crucifixione V'', Acta Patristica et Byzantina 9 (1998): 23-34.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, crucifixion, providence

Botha, Phil J. , ''Honour and Shame as Pivotal Values in Ephrem the Syrian’s Vision of Paradise'', Acta Patristica et Byzantina 10 (1999): 49-65.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, Hymns on Paradise, shame, honour, Old Testament, exegesis, Genesis, Paradise

Botha, Phil J. , ''Social Values and Textual Strategy in Ephrem the Syrian’s Sixth Hymn on the Fast'', Acta Patristica et Byzantina 11 (2000): 22-32.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, poetics, poetry, hymnography, fast, asceticism, society

Botha, Phil J. , ''Contrast and Contrivance in Ephrem the Syrian’s Hymn De virginitate XLIV'', Acta Patristica et Byzantina 12 (2001): 30-40.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, poetics, poetry, hymnography, Hymns on Virginity

Botha, Phil J. , ''The Paradox between Appearance and Truth in Ephrem the Syrian’s Hymn De crucifixione IV'', Acta Patristica et Byzantina 13 (2002): 34-49.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, poetics, crucifixion, Passion, Hymns on Easter, primary sources [Syriac] - English translation

Botha, Phil J. , ''An Analysis of Ephrem the Syrian’s Views on the Temptation of Christ as Exemplified in his Hymn De Virginitate XII'', Acta Patristica et Byzantina 14 (2003): 39-57.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Christology, poetry, hymnography, Hymns on Virginity, Gospel of Matthew, Mt 4:1-11, exegesis, soteriology, Satan, Adam, primary sources [Syriac] - English translation

Botha, Phil J. , ''The Textual Strategy of Ephrem the Syrian’s Hymn Contra Haereses I'', Acta Patristica et Byzantina 15 (2004): 57-75.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, poetics, hymnography, polemic, heterodoxy, heresiography, Hymns against Heresies, Satan, primary sources [Syriac] - English translation

Botha, Phil J. , ''The Interpretation of Daniel 3 in the Syriac Commentary Ascribed to Ephrem the Syrian'', Acta Patristica et Byzantina 16 (2005): 29-53.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Ephremiana [Syriac], Old Testament, exegesis, Daniel

Botha, Phil J. , ''Tamar, Rahab, Ruth, and Mary – The Bold Women in Ephrem the Syrian’s Hymn De Nativitate 9'', Acta Patristica et Byzantina 17 (2006): 1-21.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Old Testament, exegesis, Genesis, women, Tamar, Ruth, Rahab, poetry, hymnography, poetics, Hymns on Nativity, Mary, Mariology, primary sources [Syriac] - English translation

Botha, Phil J. , ''The Reception of Daniel Chapter 2 in the Commentary Ascribed to Ephrem the Syrian Church Father'', Acta Patristica et Byzantina 17 (2006): 119-143.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Ephremiana [Syriac], Old Testament, exegesis, Daniel, commentary, Aphrahat, primary sources [Syriac] - English translation

Botha, Phil J. , ''A Comparison between the Comments on Daniel in the Syriac Commentary on the Diatessaron and the Syriac Commentary on Daniel'', Acta Patristica et Byzantina 18 (2007): 1-13.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Old Testament, Daniel, exegesis, Commentary on Diatessaron

Botha, Phil J. ,'' The Relevance of the Book of Daniel for Fourth-Century Christianity according to the Commentary Ascribed to Ephrem the Syrian'', Pages 99-122 in Die Geschichte der Daniel-Auslegung in Judentum, Christentum und Islam. Studien zur Kommentierung des Danielbuches in Literatur und Kunst. Edited by Bracht, Katharina and du Toit, David S. . Beihefte zur Zeitschrift für die alttestamentliche Wissenschaft 371. Berlin:Walter de Gruyter, 2007.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Old Testament, Daniel, exegesis, commentary

Botha, Phil J. , ''The Poet as Preacher: St. Ephrem the Syrian’s Hymn De Virginitate XXXI as a Coherent, Aesthetic, and Persuasive Poetic Discourse'', Acta Patristica et Byzantina 19 (2008): 44-72.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, poetics, rhetoric, Hymns on Nativity, primary sources [Syriac] - English translation

Botha, Phil J. , ''Orthodox Ventriloquism in the Pseudo-Ephremic Sermon on Palm Sunday'', Journal of Early Christian History 3:2 (2013): 21-33.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Ephrem, Pseudo-Ephrem, Ephremiana [Syriac], Palm Sunday, Trinity

Botha, Phil J. , ''The Exegesis and Polemical Use of Ps 110 by Ephrem the Syriac-Speaking Church Father'', Old Testament Essays 27:2 (2014): 395-411.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Ephrem, Old Testament, Psalms, Ps 110, exegesis, David, Christology, polemic, Arianism

Bou Mansour, Tanios , ''La liberté chez saint Éphrem Ie Syrien'', Parole de l’Orient 11 (1983): 89-156; 12 (1984-85), 3-89.
Keywords: Ephrem, IV CE, freedom, anthropology

Bou Mansour, Tanios , ''Aspects de la liberté humaine chez saint Éphrem le Syrien'', Ephemerides Theologicae Lovanienses 60:4 (1984): 252-282.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, anthropology, free will, freedom

Bou Mansour, Tanios , ''La défense éphrémienne de la liberté contre les doctrines marcionite, bardesanite et manichéenne'', Orientalia Christiana Periodica 50:2 (1984): 331-346.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, free will, freedom, Gnosticism, heterodoxy, Bardesan, Marcion, Manichaeism, polemic, anti-Manichaean

Bou Mansour, Tanios , ''Étude de la terminologie symbolique chez Saint Éphrem'', Parole de l’Orient 14 (1987): 221-262.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, symbols

Bou Mansour, Tanios , La pensée symbolique de Saint Ephrem le Syrien. Bibliothèque de l’Université Saint-Esprit de Kaslik 16. Kaslik:Université Saint-Esprit, 1988.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, symbols, theology

Bou Mansour, Tanios , ''Analyse de quelques termes christologiques chez Éphrem'', Parole de l’Orient 15 (1988-1989): 3-20.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, theology, Christology

Bou Mansour, Tanios ,'' Einführung: Zur syrischen Christologie vor Chalcedon'', Pages 438-448 in Jesus der Christus im Glauben der Kirche. Bd. 2.3: Die Kirchen von Jerusalem und Antiochien nach 451 bis 600. Edited by Grillmeier, Alois and Hainthaler, Theresia . Freiburg im Breisgau / Basel / Vienna:Herder, 2002.
Keywords: I-III CE, III CE, IV CE, Odes of Solomon, Acts of Thomas, Aphrahat, Ephrem, Christology

Bou Mansour, Tanios ,'' On Syriac Christology before Chalcedon'', Pages 419-429 in Christ in Christian Tradition. Vol. 2: From the Council of Chalcedon (451) to Gregory the Great (590–604). Part 3: The Churches of Jerusalem and Antioch from 451 to 600. Edited by Grillmeier, Alois and Hainthaler, Theresia and Bou Mansour, Tanios and Abramowski, Luise . Oxford:Oxford University Press, 2013.
Keywords: I-III CE, IV-VII CE, IV CE, Ephrem, Christology

Bousset, Wilhelm , The Antichrist Legend: A Chapter in Christian and Jewish Folklore. Translated by Keane, A.H.. . London:Hutchinson & Co., 1896.
Keywords: VII-XVIII CE, eschatology, apocalypticism, demonology, Ephrem, Pseudo-Ephrem, Ephremiana [Greek], Ephremiana [Latin], Syriac influence [Byzantine church], Syriac influence [Europe]

Bousset, Wilhelm , ''Beiträge zur Geschichte der Eschatologie'', Zeitschrift für Kirchengeschichte 20 (1899): 103-131, 261-290.
Keywords: VII-XVIII CE, VII CE, Ephrem, Ephremiana [Syriac], Pseudo-Ephrem, Apocalypse of Pseudo-Ephrem, apocalypticism

Bouvy, Edmond , ''Les sources historiques de la vie de saint Ephrem'', Revue augustinienne 2 (1903): 155-161.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, hagiography

Braun, Oscar , ''Der Briefwechsel des Katholikos Papa von Seleucia. Ein Beitrag zur Geschichte der ostsyrischen Kirche im vierten Jahrhundert'', Zeitschrift für katholische Theologie 18 (1894): 163-182, 546-565.
Keywords: Babylonia, VI CE, Papa of Seleucia, Seleucia-Ctesiphon, letters, Jacob of Nisibis, Helene, Ephrem [influence], Ephremiana [Syriac], primary sources [Syriac] - German translation

Bravo, Carlos , ''Un comentario de Jacobo de Edesa al Gen. 1,1-17, atribuído a S. Efrén'', Biblica 31:3 (1950): 390-401.
Keywords: VII CE, Jacob of Edessa, Old Testament, Genesis, exegesis, Pseudo-Ephrem, Ephremiana, creation, Gen 1, Gen 1:2, Severus the Monk, Jacobite

Bravo, Carlos , ''Notas introductorias a la Noemàtica de san Efrén'', Ecclesiastica Xaveriana 6 (1956): 198-265.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem

Breydy, Michel ,'' Une nouvelle méthode pour constater l’originalité des hymnes syriaques. Compléments au sujet des différentes versions d’Éphrem'', Pages 33-49 in Studia semitica necnon Iranica: Rudolpho Macuch septuagenario ab amicis et discipulis dedicata. Edited by Macuch, Maria and Müller-Kessler, Christa and Fragner, Bert G. . Wiesbaden:Otto Harrassowitz, 1989.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, poetics

Brière, Maurice and Graffin, François , eds. Sancti Philoxeni episcopi Mabbugensis dissertationes decem de Uno e sancta Trinitate incorporato et passo (Mêmrê contre Habib). V. Appendices: I. Tractatus; II. Refutatio; III. Epistula dogmatica; IV. Florilegium. Patrologia Orientalis 41.1 [186]. Turnhout:Brepols, 1982.
Keywords: VI CE, Philoxenus of Mabbug, theology, Trinity, Christology, Habib, florilegium, Ephremiana [Syriac], Greek Fathers, Athanasius of Alexandria, Atticus of Constantinople, Basil of Caesarea, Cyril of Alexandria, Eusebius of Emesa, Gregory Nazianzen, John Chrysostom, Jacobite, primary sources [Syriac] + French translation

Briquel-Chatonnet, Françoise Desreumaux, Alain Thekeparampil, Jacob , ''Cataloque des manuscrits syriaques de la collection du Saint Ephrem Ecumenical Research Institute (Kottayam)'', Le Muséon 110:3-4 (1997): 383-446.
Keywords: manuscripts, India, Kerala

Brock, Sebastian P. , ''An Unpublished Letter of St. Ephrem'', Parole de l’Orient 4 (1973): 317-323.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, letters

Brock, Sebastian P. , The Harp of the Spirit: Twelve Poems of Saint Ephrem. Studies Supplementary to Sobornost 4. London:Fellowship of St. Alban and St. Sergius, 1975.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, hymnography, poetry, primary sources [Syriac] - English translation

Brock, Sebastian P. , ''The Poetic Artistry of St Ephrem: An Analysis of H. Azym III'', Parole de l’Orient 6-7 (1975-1976): 21-28.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, poetics, hymnography, Hymns on Unleavened Bread, primary sources [Syriac] - English translation

Brock, Sebastian P. , ''Ephrem’s Letter to Publius'', Le Muséon 89:3-4 (1976): 261-305.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, letters, Gehenna, Hell, primary sources [Syriac] + English translation

Brock, Sebastian P. , ''St. Ephrem on Christ as Light in Mary and in the Jordan (= Hymns on the Church, 36)'', Eastern Churches Review 7 (1976): 137-144.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Christology, Incarnation, Mary, Jordan, light, poetry, hymnography

Brock, Sebastian P. , ''The Poet as Theologian'', Sobornost 7:2 (1977): 243-250.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, theology

Brock, Sebastian P. ,'' Genesis 22 in Syriac Tradition'', Pages 1-30 in Mélanges Dominique Barthélemy: Études Bibliques offertes a l’occasion de son 60e anniversaire. Edited by Casetti, Pierre and Keel, Othman and Schenker, Adrian . Orbis Biblicus et Orientalis 38. Göttingen:Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1981.
Keywords: exegesis, Genesis, Gen 22, Old Testament, Abraham, Isaac, Sarah, Ephrem, typology

Brock, Sebastian P. , The Harp of the Spirit: Eighteen Poems of Saint Ephrem. Studies Supplementary to Sobornost 4. San Bernardino, California:Borg Press, 1984.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, hymnography, poetry, primary sources [Syriac] - English translation

Brock, Sebastian P. , ''Syriac and Greek Hymnography: Problems of Origin'', Studia Patristica 16 (1985): 77-81.
Keywords: Syriac, hymnography, poetry, madrasha, poetics, Byzantine, Ephrem, Bardesan

Brock, Sebastian P. , The Luminous Eye: The Spiritual World Vision of St Ephrem. Rome:Center for Indian and Inter-Religious Studies, 1985.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, theology, spirituality, asceticism, symbols, garments of light, medicine

Brock, Sebastian P. , ''The Syrian Orthodox Patriarchate of Antioch and All the East: The Monastery of St Ephrem in the Netherlands'', Sobornost / Eastern Churches Review 7:1 (1985): 53-55.
Keywords: XIX-XXI CE, XX CE, Syriac influence [Europe], diaspora, monasticism, monasteries, Ephrem [influence], Jacobites

Brock, Sebastian P. and Harvey, Susan Ashbrook , Holy Women of the Syrian Orient. The Transformation of the Classical Heritage 13. Berkeley:University of California Press, 1987.
Keywords: hagiography, women, saints, Persian martyrs, persecution, South Arabia, Najran, martyrs, martyrdom, Abraham Qidunaia, Ephremiana [Syriac], Pseudo-Ephrem, John of Ephesus, St Pelagia, St Tarbo, St Anastasia, St Febronia, Shirin, History of Karka de Beth Selok, Jacobite, primary sources [Syriac] - English translation

Brock, Sebastian P. , Saint Ephrem. A Hymn on the Eucharist. Oxford:The Jericho Press, 1987.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, Hymns on Faith, liturgics, sacraments, Eucharist, primary sources [Syriac] + English translation

Brock, Sebastian P. , The Syriac Fathers on Prayer and the Spiritual Life. Cistercian Studies Series 101. Kalamazoo, Michigan:Cistercian Publications, 1987.
Keywords: IV CE, V CE, VI CE, VII CE, VIII CE, prayer, spirituality, Aphrahat, Ephrem, Liber Graduum, Evagrius, John of Apamea, Philoxenus of Mabbug, Babowai, Babai of Nisibis, Abraham of Natpar, Sahdona, Isaac of Nineveh, Dadisho Qatraya, Abdisho Hazzaya, John of Dalyatha, Joseph Hazzaya, Jacobite, Nestorian, primary sources [Syriac] - English translation

Brock, Sebastian P. , ''A Hymn of St Ephrem on the Eucharist'', The Harp 1:1 (1987-1988): 61-68.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, liturgics, Eucharist, sacraments, Hymns on Faith, primary sources [Syriac] - English translation

Brock, Sebastian P. , The Teaching of the Syrian Fathers on Prayer. Glane / Losser:Bar Hebraeus Verlag, 1988.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, VII-XVIII CE, IV CE, V CE, VI CE, VII CE, VIII CE, spirituality, prayer, Aphrahat, Ephrem, Liber Graduum, John of Apamea, Jacob of Sarug, Our Father, Philoxenus of Mabbug, Babai of Nisibis, Sahdona, Simeon of Taibutheh, Isaac of Nineveh, Joseph Hazzaya, John Saba, Jacobite, Nestorian, primary sources [Syriac]

Brock, Sebastian P. , A Garland of Hymns from the Early Church. Mclean, Virginia:St. Athanasius’ Coptic Publishing Centre, 1989.
Keywords: I-III CE, IV-VII CE, IV CE, poetry, hymnography, Odes of Solomon, Ephrem, Simeon the Potter, primary sources [Syriac] - English translation

Brock, Sebastian P. , ''From Ephrem to Romanos'', Studia Patristica 20 (1989): 139-151.
Keywords: Syriac influence, V CE, Ephrem, Romanos, poetry, hymnography, Abraham, Sarah, Genesis, Old Testament, exegesis, Byzantine church

Brock, Sebastian P. , ''Święty Efrem Syryjski diakon-poeta'', Vox Patrum 9 [17] (1989): 655-673.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, deacons

Brock, Sebastian P. , ''The St Ephrem Ecumenical Research Centre in Kerala (India)'', Sobornost / Eastern Churches Review 11:1-2 (1989): 82-5.
Keywords: XIX-XXI CE, XX CE, education, schools, Syriac studies, India, Kerala, ecumenism

Brock, Sebastian P. , ''A Brief Guide to the Main Editions and Translations of the Works of St. Ephrem'', The Harp 3:1-2 (1990): 7-29.
Keywords: Ephrem, bibliography, English translation, IV CE

Brock, Sebastian P. , Saint Ephrem. Hymns on Paradise. Crestwood, New York:St Vladimir’s Seminary Press, 1990.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, hymnography, poetry, exegesis, Old Testament, Genesis, Paradise, Adam, Hymns on Paradise, commentary, primary sources [Syriac] - English translation

Brock, Sebastian P. , ''Syriac Poetry on Biblical Themes: 1. The Prophet Elijah and the Widow of Sarepta'', The Harp 3:1-2 (1990): 75-86.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, V CE, poetry, hymnography, Pseudo-Ephrem, Ephremiana [Syriac], Old Testament, 1 Kings, exegesis, Elijah, primary sources [Syriac] - English translation

Brock, Sebastian P. , L’œil de lumière. La vision spirituelle de Saint Éphrem. Spiritualité orientale 50. Translated by Zirnheld, Cl.-A.. . Bégrolles-en-Mauges:Abbaye de Bellefontaine, 1991.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, spirituality

Brock, Sebastian P. , ''Some Important Baptismal Themes in the Syriac Tradition'', The Harp 4:1-3 (1991): 189-214.
Keywords: IV CE, V CE, VI CE, Ephrem, Jacob of Sarug, Narsai, Theodore of Mopsuestia, liturgics, baptism, sacraments, symbols, Jacobite, Nestorian, garments of light, pearl

Brock, Sebastian P. ,'' Ephrem’s Verse Homily on Jonah and the Repentance of Nineveh: Notes on the Textual Tradition'', Pages 71-86 in Philohistôr: Miscellanea in Honorem Caroli Laga Septuagenarii. Edited by Schoors, Antoon and van Deun, Peter . Orientalia Lovaniensia Analecta 60. Leuven:Peeters / Departement Oriëntalistiek, 1994.
Keywords: Ephrem, Ephremiana [Greek], Old Testament, exegesis, Jonah, homilies, translations from Syriac, translations into Greek, Syriac influence [Byzantine church], Syriac influence [Ethiopia]

Brock, Sebastian P. , The Bride of Light: Hymns on Mary from the Syriac Churches. Mōrān ’Eth’ō 6. Kottayam:St. Ephrem Ecumenical Research Institute, 1994.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, V CE, VI CE, poetry, hymnography, dialogue poems, Mary, Mariology, women, Joseph, Ephrem, Simeon the Potter, primary sources [Syriac] - English translation

Brock, Sebastian P. , ''A Palestinian Targum Feature in Syriac'', Journal of Jewish Studies 46:1-2 (1995): 271-282.
Keywords: I-III CE, IV-VII CE, Old Testament, Peshitta OT, Ephrem, Rabbinic Judaism, Jewish background, Targums

Brock, Sebastian P. , Catalogue of Syriac Fragments (New Finds) in the Library of the Monastery of Saint Catherine, Mount Sinai. Athens:Mount Sinai Foundation, 1995.
Keywords: manuscripts, Sinai, Melkites, translations from Greek, translations into Syriac, Greek Fathers, Hippolytus, Evagrius, Pseudo-Dionysius the Areopagite, John Chrysostom, Holy Cross, Ephremiana [Greek], calendar, hymnography, primary sources [Syriac] + English translation

Brock, Sebastian P. , ''Notulae syriacae: Some Miscellaneous Identifications'', Le Muséon 108:1-2 (1995): 69-78.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Aphrahat, New Testament, Diatessaron, Gospel of John, Old Testament, Peshitta OT, Genesis, Gen 32:30-34:13, Gen 49:24-49:25, Jn 7:37, Isaac of Nineveh, Easter, calendar, liturgics, Philoxenus of Mabbug, Abba Isaiah, hagiography, Antony the Great, Babai of Nisibis

Brock, Sebastian P. , ''The Transmission of Ephrem’s Madrashe in the Syriac Liturgical Tradition'', Studia Patristica 33 (1997): 490-505.
Keywords: Ephrem, Ephrem [influence], madrasha, hymnography, poetry, liturgics, Philoxenus of Mabbug, Fenqitho, Hudra, transmission

Brock, Sebastian P. , Efrem il Siro. L’arpa dello Spirito: diciotto poemi. Pubblicazioni del Centro Aletti 22. Translated by Campatelli, Maria. and Nin, Manel . Roma:Lipa Edizioni, 1999.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, primary sources [Syriac] + Italian translation

Brock, Sebastian P. , From Ephrem to Romanos: Interactions Between Syriac and Greek in Late Antiquity. Variorum Collected Studies Series 664. Aldershot:Ashgate, 1999.
Keywords: Greek culture, Hellenism

Brock, Sebastian P. , L’occhio luminoso. La visione spirituale di sant’Efrem. Pubblicazioni del Centro Aletti 23. Translated by Campatelli, Maria. . Roma:Lipa, 1999.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, theology, spirituality

Brock, Sebastian P. , ''St. Ephrem in the Eyes of Later Syriac Liturgical Tradition'', Hugoye: Journal of Syriac Studies 2:1 (1999):
Keywords: Ephrem, liturgics, hagiography

Brock, Sebastian P. , ''Greek Words in Ephrem and Narsai: A Comparative Sampling'', ARAM 12 (2000): 439-449.
Keywords: IV CE, V CE, Ephrem, Narsai, Christology, Syriac language, Classical Syriac, lexicography, loan-words [Greek]

Brock, Sebastian P. , ''La prière et la vie spirituelle selon les pères syriaques'', Parole de l’Orient 26 (2001): 201-266.
Keywords: Ephrem, Liber Graduum, Evagrius, Isaac of Nineveh, Joseph Hazzaya, spirituality, prayer, primary sources [Syriac] - French translation

Brock, Sebastian P. , ''An Excerpt from a Letter to the People of Homs, Wrongly Attributed to Ephrem'', Oriens Christianus 86 (2002): 1-12.
Keywords: Ephrem, Pseudo-Ephrem, Ephremiana, pseudonymity, VI CE, Severus of Antioch, letters, Homs, Emesa, baptism, circumcision, translations from Greek, translations into Syriac, primary sources [Syriac] + English translation

Brock, Sebastian P. ,'' The Changing Faces of St Ephrem as Read in the West'', Pages 65-80 in Abba: The Tradition of Orthodoxy in the West. Festschrift for Bishop Kallistos (Ware) of Diokleia. Edited by Behr, John and Louth, Andrew and Conomos, Dimitri . Crestwood, New York:St Vladimir’s Seminary Press, 2003.
Keywords: Ephrem, Syriac influence [Europe]

Brock, Sebastian P. ,'' Ephrem and the Syriac Tradition'', Pages 362-372 in The Cambridge History of Early Christian Literature. Edited by Young, Frances M. and Ayres, Lewis and Louth, Andrew . Cambridge:Cambridge University Press, 2004.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem

Brock, Sebastian P. , ''Some Early Witnesses to the East Syriac Liturgical Tradition'', Journal of Assyrian Academic Studies 18:1 (2004): 9-45.
Keywords: Mesopotamia, archaeology, liturgics, Nestorian, Hudra, Maronite, teshbhata, Ephrem, VIII CE, primary sources [Syriac] + English translation

Brock, Sebastian P. , ''The Imagery of the Spiritual Mirror in Syriac Literature'', Journal of the Canadian Society for Syriac Studies 5 (2005): 3-17.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, VII-XVIII CE, IV CE, Ephrem, spirituality, mysticism, symbols, mirror, anthropology, Nestorian

Brock, Sebastian P. and Kiraz, George Anton , eds. Ephrem the Syrian. Select Poems: Vocalized Syriac Text with English Translation, Introduction and Notes. Eastern Christian Texts 2. Provo, Utah:Brigham Young University Press, 2006.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, Hymns on Faith, Hymns on Nisibis, primary sources [Syriac] + English translation

Brock, Sebastian P. ,'' A Brief Guide to the Main Editions and Translations of the Works of Saint Ephrem'', Pages 281-338 in Saint Éphrem, un poète pour notre temps. Patrimoine Syriaque, Actes du Colloque XI. Antélias, Liban:Centre d’Études et de Recherches Orientales, 2007.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, general

Brock, Sebastian P. ,'' In Search of Saint Ephrem'', Pages 11-25 in Saint Éphrem, un poète pour notre temps. Patrimoine Syriaque, Actes du Colloque XI. Antélias, Liban:Centre d’Études et de Recherches Orientales, 2007.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, general

Brock, Sebastian P. ,'' Saint Ephrem on Women in the Old Testament'', Pages 35-44 in Saint Éphrem, un poète pour notre temps. Patrimoine Syriaque, Actes du Colloque XI. Antélias, Liban:Centre d’Études et de Recherches Orientales, 2007.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Old Testament, Genesis, exegesis, women, Sarah, Joseph

Brock, Sebastian P. , ''St Ephrem the Syrian on Reading Scripture'', The Downside Review 125 [438] (2007): 37-50.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Old Testament, exegesis

Brock, Sebastian P. ,'' The Use of the New Testament in the Writings of Mor Ephrem'', Pages 103-118 in Bringing Light to the World: Syriac Tradition Re-visited. Essays in Honour of the Very Rev. Dr. Adai Jacob Corepiscopa. Edited by Cherian, Shibu . Tiruvalla, Kerala:Christava Sahitya Samithy / M.S.O.T. Seminary, Udayagiri, 2008.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Ephrem, New Testament, exegesis, hermeneutics

Brock, Sebastian P. , ''‘Blessed Is That Old Age Which Has Grown Old With Good Deeds’: A Neglected Poem Attributed to St Ephrem'', The Harp 24 (2009): 7-22.
Keywords: Ephrem, Ephremiana [Syriac], Pseudo-Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, blessing, old age, primary sources [Syriac] + English translation

Brock, Sebastian P. , The Bride of Light: Hymns on Mary from the Syriac Churches. Mōrān ’Eth’ō 6. Piscataway, NJ:Gorgias Press, 2010.
Keywords: poetry, hymnography, dialogue poems, Mary, Mariology, women, IV CE, V CE, VI CE, Ephrem, Simeon the Potter, primary sources [Syriac] - English translation

Brock, Sebastian P. , ''A Soghitha on the Daughter of Jephtha, by Isaac'', Hugoye: Journal of Syriac Studies 14:1 (2011): 3-25.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, poetry, hymnography, dialogue poems, Isaac of Antioch, Ephrem, Old Testament, Judges, Jephthah, exegesis, primary sources [Syriac] + English translation

Brock, Sebastian P. , Prière et vie spirituelle. Textes des Pères syriaques. Spiritualité orientale 90. Translated by Rance, Didier. and Joly, André . Bégrolles-en-Mauges:Abbaye de Bellefontaine, 2011.
Keywords: IV CE, V CE, VI CE, VII CE, VIII CE, prayer, spirituality, Aphrahat, Ephrem, Liber Graduum, Evagrius, John of Apamea, Philoxenus of Mabbug, Babowai, Babai of Nisibis, Abraham of Natpar, Sahdona, Isaac of Nineveh, Dadisho Qatraya, Abdisho Hazzaya, John of Dalyatha, Jacobite, Nestorian, primary sources [Syriac] - French translation

Brock, Sebastian P. , Treasure-House of Mysteries: Explorations of the Sacred Text through Poetry in the Syriac Tradition. Popular Patristics Series 45. Yonkers, New York:St Vladimir’s Seminary Press, 2012.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, VI CE, Old Testament, Genesis, Exodus, Paradise, Abel, Cain, Noah, Abraham, Isaac, Tamar, Joseph, Moses, Elijah, New Testament, Gospel of Luke, Lk 7:36-50, Lk 23:39-41, Joseph, Mary, Mariology, John the Baptist, Satan, Annunciation, Nativity, Epiphany, Lent, Easter, sacraments, eucharist, baptism, marriage, death, exegesis, poetry, hymnography, dialogue poems, Ephrem, Jacob of Sarug, Jacobite, primary sources [Syriac] - English translation

Brock, Sebastian P. , ''In Search of St Ephrem'', Христианский Восток NS 6 [12] (2013): 13-77.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Ephrem

Brock, Sebastian P. , The Harp of the Spirit: Poems of Saint Ephrem the Syrian. Cambridge:Aquila Books, 2013.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, Hymns on Faith, Hymns on Virginity, Hymns on Nisibis, primary sources [Syriac] - English translation

Brock, Sebastian P. , ''Animals and Humans: Some Perspectives from an Eastern Christian Tradition'', Journal of Animal Ethics 6:1 (2016): 1-9.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, VII-XVIII CE, IV CE, VII CE, Ephrem, Isaac of Nineveh, animals, Old Testament, Genesis, Gen 1:26, exegesis, imago Dei

Brock, Sebastian P. , ''Ephremiana in Manuscript Sinai Syr. 10'', Le Muséon 129:3-4 (2016): 285-322.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, Ephrem, Ephremiana [Syriac], poetry, dialogue poems, acrostic, eschatology, primary sources [Syriac] + English translation

Brockelmann, Carl , ''Ein syrischer Text in armenischer Umschrift'', Zeitschrift der Deutschen Morgenländischen Gesellschaft 56 (1902): 616-618.
Keywords: Syriac influence [Armenia], translations from Syriac, translations into Armenian, Ephrem, Ephremiana [Armenian]

Brockelmann, Carl , ''Ein syrischer Regenzauber'', Archiv für Religionswissenschaft 9 (1906): 518-520.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, prayer, rain, popular religion, paganism

Bruns, Peter , ''Arius hellenizans? – Ephräm der Syrer und die neoarianischen Kontroversen seiner Zeit. Ein Beitrag zur Rezeption des Nizänums im syrischen Sprachraum'', Zeitschrift für Kirchengeschichte 101 (1990): 21-57.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Arianism, heterodoxy, theology, polemic, Nicaea

Bruns, Peter ,'' “Die Blüte des Heiles”: Bildmotive bei Ephräm dem Syrer und in der äthiopischen Dichtung'', Pages 43-59 in Garten des Lebens. Festschrift für Winfrid Cramer. Münsteraner Theologische Abhandlungen 60. Altenberge:Oros-Verlag, 1999.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, poetics, poetry, hymnography, symbols

Bruns, Peter ,'' Das Gebet zu Jesus in der frühen syrischen Überlieferung'', Pages 147-158 in La preghiera nel tardo antico: dalle origini ad Agostino. XXVII incontro di studiosi dell’antichità cristiana; Roma, 7-9 maggio 1998. Studia Ephemeridis Augustinianum 66. Roma:Institutum Patristicum Augustinianum, 1999.
Keywords: I-III CE, NT apocrypha, Acts of Thomas, IV CE, Ephrem, prayer, Christology

Bruns, Peter ,'' Ephräm der Syrer'', Pages 184-201 in Theologen der christlichen Antike. Edited by Geerlings, Wilhelm . Darmstadt:Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft, 2002.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Ephrem

Buchan, Thomas Nicholson, III , '' “Blessed Is He Who Has Brought Adam from Sheol”: Christ’s Descent to the Dead in the Theology of Saint Ephrem the Syrian''. Ph.D. dissertation, Drew University, 2003
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Christ, Adam, soteriology, hell, theology, Jesus, images

Buchan, Thomas Nicholson, III , “Blessed Is He Who Has Brought Adam from Sheol”: Christ’s Descent to the Dead in the Theology of Saint Ephrem the Syrian. Gorgias Dissetations 13, Early Christian Studies 2. Piscataway, NJ:Gorgias Press, 2004.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Christ, Adam, soteriology, Hell, theology, Jesus, images

Buchan, Thomas Nicholson, III ,'' Paradise as the Landscape of Salvation in Ephrem the Syrian'', Pages 146-159 in Partakers of the Divine Nature: The History and Development of Deificiation in the Christian Traditions. Edited by Christensen, Michael J. and Wittung, Jeffery A. . Cranbury, New Jersey:Fairleigh Dickinson University Press, 2007.
Keywords: IV CE, IV-VII CE, Ephrem, Old Testament, Genesis, Paradise, exegesis, soteriology

Büchner, V.F. , ''Zu einer Stelle der armenischen Übersetzung von Ephrem Syrus’ Diatessaron-Kommentar'', Handes Amsorya 41 (1927): 685-688.
Keywords: Ephrem, Ephremiana [Armenian], New Testament, Gospels, Diatessaron, exegesis, commentary, translations from Syriac, translations into Armenian, Syriac influence [Armenia]

Büchner, V.F. , ''Some Remarks on the Tradition of the Armenian Translation of Ephrem Syrus’ Commentary on the Diatessaron'', Bulletin of the Bezan Club 5 (1928): 34-36.
Keywords: Ephrem, Ephremiana [Armenian], New Testament, Gospels, Diatessaron, exegesis, commentary, translations from Syriac, translations into Armenian, Syriac influence [Armenia]

Buck, Christopher George , ''Sapiential Theosis: A New Reading of Ephrem the Syrian’s Hymns on Paradise'', Journal of Assyrian Academic Studies 9:2 (1995): 80-125.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Old Testament, exegesis, Genesis, Paradise, Hymns on Paradise, poetry, hymnography, soteriology, eschatology

Buck, Christopher George , '' Paradise and Paradigm: Key Symbols in ‘Persian’ Christianity and the Baha’i Faith''. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Toronto, 1996
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Aphrahat, Old Testament, Genesis, exegesis, symbols, Paradise

Buck, Christopher George , Paradise and Paradigm: Key Symbols in Persian Christianity and the Baha’i Faith. Albany:State University of New York Press, 1999.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Old Testament, Genesis, Paradise, Hymns on Paradise, exegesis, poetics, symbols, soteriology, anthropology, garments of light, pearl, medicine, bnai qyama

Budge, Ernest A. Wallis , ''On a Fragment of a Coptic Version of Saint Ephraim’s Discourse on the Transfiguration of our Lord'', Proceedings of the Society of Biblical Archaeology 9 (1886-1887): 317-329.
Keywords: Ephrem, Ephremiana [Coptic], Syriac influence [Egypt], Transfiguration, primary sources [Coptic] + English translation

Bumazhnov, Dimitrij ,'' Der Heilige Ephraem der Syrer und De anima et corpore – Überlieferung'', Pages 53-62 in Syriaca II. Beiträge zum 3. deutschen Syrologen-Symposium in Vierzehnheiligen 2002. Edited by Tamcke, Martin . Studien zur orientalischen Kirchengeschichte 33. Münster:LIT, 2004.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, anthropology, soul, body

Bundy, David ,'' Ephrem’s Critique of Mani: The Limits of Knowledge and the Nature of Language'', Pages 289-298 in Gnosticisme et monde hellénistique. Actes du Colloque de Louvain-la-Neuve (11–14 mars 1980). Edited by Ries, Julien and Janssens, Yvonne and Sevrin, Jean-Marie . Publications de l’Institut Orientaliste de Louvain 27. Louvain-la-Neuve:Université Catholique de Louvain, Institut orientaliste, 1982.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, polemic, heterodoxy, Mani, Manichaeism, knowledge, heresiography

Bundy, David , ''Language and the Knowledge of God in Ephrem Syrus'', Patristic and Byzantine Review 5 (1986): 91-103.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, theology, knowledge, language, God

Bundy, David , ''Marcion and the Marcionites in Early Syriac Apologetics'', Le Muséon 101:1-2 (1988): 21-32.
Keywords: IV CE, polemic, heterodoxy, Marcion, Marcionism, Ephrem, Pseudo-Ephrem, Life of Abercius, orthodoxy, Ephremiana [Armenian]

Bundy, David , ''Ephrem’s Exegesis of Isaiah'', Studia Patristica 18:4 (1990): 234-239.
Keywords: IV CE, exegesis, Old Testament, Isaiah, Ephrem

Bundy, David , ''The Anti-Marcionite Commentary on the Lucan Parables (Pseudo-Ephrem A): Images in Tension'', Le Muséon 103:1-2 (1990): 111-123.
Keywords: Ephrem, Ephremiana, Pseudo-Ephrem, New Testament, commentary, exegesis, polemic, Gospel of Luke, Gospels, Marcionism, heterodoxy

Bundy, David , ''Jacob of Nisibis as a Model for the Episcopacy'', Le Muséon 104:3-4 (1991): 235-249.
Keywords: IV CE, Jacob of Nisibis, Nisibis, bishops, clergy, Ephrem, Theodoret of Cyrus, Syriac influence [Armenia]

Bundy, David , ''Revising the Diatessaron against the Manichaeans: Ephrem of Syria on John 1:4'', ARAM 5 (1993): 65-74.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, New Testament, exegesis, Gospel of John, Gospels, Diatessaron, Gnosticism, Manichaeism, anti-Manichaean, polemic

Bundy, David ,'' The Pseudo-Ephremian Commentary on Third Corinthians: A Study in Exegesis and Anti-Bardaisanite Polemic'', Pages 51-63 in After Bardaisan: Studies on Continuity and Change in Syriac Christianity in Honour of Professor Han J.W. Drijvers. Edited by Reinink, Gerrit J. and Klugkist, Alex C. . Orientalia Lovaniensia Analecta 89. Louvain:Peeters, 1999.
Keywords: NT apocrypha, 3 Corinthians, Ephrem, Pseudo-Ephrem, Ephremiana [Armenian], commentary, Bardesan, Gnosticism, polemic, exegesis, heterodoxy, translations from Syriac, translations into Armenian, Syriac influence [Armenia]

Bundy, David ,'' Vision for the City: Nisibis in Ephraem’s Hymns on Nicomedia'', Pages 189-206 in Religions of Late Antiquity in Practice. Edited by Valantasis, Richard . Princeton, NJ:Princeton University Press, 2000.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Ephrem, Ephremiana [Armenian], Syriac influence [Armenia], Nisibis, cities, natural disasters, poetry, hymnography, Hymns on Nicomedia, primary sources [Armenian] - English translation

Bundy, David , ''Bishop Vologese and the Persian Siege of Nisibis in 359 C.E.: A Study in Ephrem’s Memre on Nicomedia'', Encounter 63:1-2 (2002): 55-64.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, Nisibis, war, politics, Vologese

Burch, Vacher , ''A Commentary on the Syriac Hymn of the Soul'', Journal of Theological Studies OS 19 [74-75] (1918): 145-161.
Keywords: I-III CE, NT apocrypha, Acts of Thomas, apostles, poetry, hymnography, Hymn of the Pearl, Ephrem, Marcionism

Burgess, Henry , Select Works of S. Ephrem the Syrian Translated out of the Original Syriac, with Notes and Indices. Library of the Fathers of the Holy Catholic Church 41. Oxford:J. Henry & J. Parker, 1847.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, primary sources [Syriac] - English translation

Burgess, Henry , Select Metrical Hymns and Homilies of Ephraem Syrus. London:R.B. Blackader, 1853.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, burial, death, Noah, primary sources [Syriac] - English translation

Burgess, Henry , The Repentance of Nineveh, a Metrical Homily on the Mission of Jonah, by Ephraem Syrus. Also, An Exhortation to Repentance, and Some Smaller Pieces. London:R.B. Blackader, 1853.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Old Testament, exegesis, Jonah, repentance, Nineveh, primary sources [Syriac] - English translation

Burkitt, Francis Crawford , S. Ephraim’s Quotations from the Gospel. Texts and Studies: Contributions to Biblical and Patristic Literature 7.2. Cambridge:Cambridge University Press, 1901.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Pseudo-Ephrem, New Testament, exegesis, Gospels, quotations

Burkitt, Francis Crawford , Early Eastern Christianity: St. Margaret’s Lectures 1904 on the Syriac-Speaking Church. London:John Murray, 1904.
Keywords: I-III CE, Old Testament, sacraments, Bardesan, Acts of Thomas, Hymn of the Pearl, clergy, Edessa, Rabbula, Ephrem, Aphrahat, heterodoxy, marriage, canon law, Peshitta OT, Old Syriac Gospels, Diatessaron, Michael the Syrian

Burkitt, Francis Crawford , ''The ‘Song of Light’'', Journal of Theological Studies OS 22 [4] (1921): 377-379.
Keywords: VII-XVIII CE, poetry, hymnography, Ephrem, Ephremiana [Syriac], Pseudo-Ephrem, acrostic, Nestorian, Maronite

Cadbury, Henry Joel , ''The Odor of the Spirit at Pentecost'', Journal of Biblical Literature 47:3-4 (1928): 237-256.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, Ephrem, Ephremiana [Armenian], New Testament, Acts, exegesis, Holy Spirit, Pentecost, smell

Camplani, Alberto , ''Rivisitando Bardesane. Note sulle fonti siriache del bardesanismo e sulla sua collocazione storico-religiosa'', Cristianesimo nella storia 19:3 (1998): 518-596.
Keywords: I-III CE, III CE, IV CE, Bardesan, heterodoxy, Ephrem, heresiography, polemic

Camplani, Alberto , ''Bardesane et les Bardesanites'', Annuaire de l’École pratique des hautes études, Section des sciences religieuses 112 (2003-2004): 29-50.
Keywords: I-III CE, III CE, Bardesan, heterodoxy, heresiography, Ephrem, Theodore bar Koni, Moses bar Kepha

Camplani, Alberto , ''Declinazioni dell’antigiudaismo nel cristianesimo siriaco delle origini'', Quaderni di Vicino Oriente 6 (2013): 15-39.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, V CE, Aphrahat, Ephrem, Teaching of Addai, Jewish-Christian relations, polemic, anti-Judaism

Camplani, Alberto ,'' Traces de controverse religieuse dans la littérature syriaque des origines: peut-on parler d’une hérésiologie des “hérétiques”?'', Pages 9-66 in Les controverses religieuses en syriaque. Edited by Ruani, Flavia . Études syriaques 13. Paris:Paul Geuthner, 2016.
Keywords: I-III CE, IV-VII CE, II CE, III CE, IV CE, polemic, heterodoxy, Bardesan, Justin Martyr, Tatian, New Testament, Diatessaron, Old Syriac Gospels, Marcionism, Manichaeism, Ephrem

Caquot, André ,'' Une homélie éthiopienne attribuée à saint Mari Éphrem sur le séjour d’Abraham et Sara en Égypte'', Pages 173-185 in Mélanges Antoine Guillaumont. Contributions à l’étude des christianismes orientaux. Cahiers d’Orientalisme 20. Genève:Patrick Cramer, 1988.
Keywords: VII-XVIII CE, Ephrem, Ephremiana, Old Testament, exegesis, Genesis, Abraham, Sarah, homilies, translations from Syriac, translations into Geez, Syriac influence [Ethiopia], primary sources [Geez] + French translation

Carr, Ephrem , ''L’“hodie” nei sermoni ritmici di Giacobbe di Serug per le grandi feste'', Ecclesia Orans 16:1 (1999): 17-28.
Keywords: VI CE, Jacob of Sarug, liturgics, soteriology

Carr, Ephrem , ''The Forgiveness of Sins in the Eucharist of the Eastern Churches, with a Particular Reference to Syriac Liturgy'', Annali di scienze religiose 5 (2000): 69-80.
Keywords: liturgics, penitence, sin, Jewish background, Eucharist, liturgy

Carr, Ephrem ,'' Le scuole esegetiche nella tradizione della Chiesa siro-orientale'', Pages 79-98 in Storia, cristologia e tradizioni della Chiesa Siro-orientale. Atti del 3° Incontro sull’Oriente Cristiano di tradizione siriaca (Milano, Biblioteca Ambrosiana, 14 maggio 2004). Edited by Vergani, Emidio and Chialà, Sabino . Ecumenismo e dialogo. Milano:Centro Ambrosiano, 2006.
Keywords: exegesis, Theodore of Mopsuestia, Nestorian

Cassin, Matthieu Géhin, Paul , ''Une collection de chapitres ascétiques tirés de l’œuvre d’Éphrem. Avec une annexe sur les Chapitres tirés des Lettres de Barsanuphe et Jean de Gaza'', Revue des études byzantines 74 (2016): 223-267.
Keywords: VII-XVIII CE, Syriac influence [Byzantine church], Ephrem, Ephremiana [Greek], Pseudo-Ephrem, asceticism, primary sources [Greek]

Cassingena, François , Éphrem le Syrien. Hymnes sur l’Épiphanie: hymnes baptismales de l’Orient syrien. Spiritualité orientale, Série monachisme primitif 70. Bégrolles-en-Mauges:Abbaye de Bellefontaine, 1997.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, Epiphany, baptism, primary sources [Syriac] - French translation

Cassingena-Trévedy, François , Éphrem de Nisibe. Hymnes sur la Nativité. Sources chrétiennes 459. Paris:Cerf, 2001.
Keywords: Ephrem, IV CE, poetry, hymnography, Nativity, feasts, primary sources [Syriac] - French translation

Cassingena-Trévedy, François ,'' Éphrem le Syrien et le judaïsme. Renversement d’une problématique'', Pages 343-352 in Études bibliques et Proche-Orient ancien. Mélanges offerts au Rev. Père Paul Féghali. Edited by Chehwan, A. and Kassis, A. . Fédération Biblique, Subsidia 1. Beyrouth:2002.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Jewish-Christian relations

Cassingena-Trévedy, François , Éphrem de Nisibe. Hymnes pascales. Sources chrétiennes 502. Paris:Cerf, 2006.
Keywords: Ephrem, IV CE, poetry, hymnography, Easter, feasts, primary sources [Syriac] - French translation

Cassingena-Trévedy, François , ''L’hymnographie d’Éphrem le Syrien'', Lettre de Ligugé 316 (2006): 4-15.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography

Cassingena-Trévedy, François ,'' Les confessions poétiques d’Éphrem de Nisibe'', Pages 173-225 in Saint Éphrem, un poète pour notre temps. Patrimoine Syriaque, Actes du Colloque XI. Antélias, Liban:Centre d’Études et de Recherches Orientales, 2007.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, poetics

Cassingena-Trévedy, François , ''Les “Confessions” poétiques d’Éphrem de Nisibe'', Le Muséon 121:1-2 (2008): 11-63.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, poetics, mysticism, spirituality

Cassingena-Trévedy, François , ''Poétique et mystique du calendrier chez Éphrem de Nisibe'', KBN: Revue Internationale de l’Orient Ancien 3 (2008): 1-21.
Keywords: IV CE, IV-VII CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, mysticism, calendar

Cassingena-Trévedy, François ,'' Les Églises syriaques à travers l’hymnographie d’Éphrem: théologie, typologie, réalité'', Pages 235-259 in Les Pères de l’Église et la naissance de l’ecclésiologie. Edited by Vannier, Marie-Anne . Patrimoines Christianisme. Paris:Cerf, 2009.
Keywords: IV CE, IV-VII CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, ecclesiology

Cassingena-Trévedy, François ,'' L’usage de la métaphore dans le discours hérésiologique d’Éphrem de Nisibe'', Pages 87-108 in Les Pères de l'Église et les dissidents: Dessiner la communion. Disssidence, exclusion et réintégration dans les communautés chrétiennes des six premiers siècles. Actes du IVe colloque de la Rochelle, les 25, 26 et 27 septembre 2009. Edited by Delage, Pascal-Grégoire . Caritas Patrum. Paris:Cerf, 2010.
Keywords: IV CE, IV-VII CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, heresiography, polemic, poetics

Cassingena-Trévedy, François ,'' Requiem pour Anazit: Éphrem de Nisibe Carmina Nisibena X; traduction et notes'', Pages 327-332 in Sur les pas des Araméens chrétiens. Mélanges offerts à Alain Desreumaux. Edited by Briquel-Chatonnet, Françoise and Debié, Muriél . Cahiers d’études syriaques 1. Paris:Geuthner, 2010.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, Hymns on Nisibis, primary sources [Syriac] - French translation

Cerbelaud, Dominique , ''Une hymne de s. Éphrem sur l’Eucharistie'', Connaissance des Pères de l’Église 37 (1990): 11-16.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Ephrem, liturgics, sacraments, Eucharist, hymnography, Hymns on Faith, primary sources [Syriac] - French translation

Cerbelaud, Dominique , ''L’antijudaïsme dans les hymnes De Pascha d’Éphrem le Syrien'', Parole de l’Orient 20 (1995): 201-207.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, Easter, Jewish-Christian relations, anti-Judaism

Cerbelaud, Dominique , ''“Et, trempant la bouchée ...” (Jn 13:26). Une curieuse exégèse des pères syriens'', Le Muséon 110:1-2 (1997): 73-80.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, New Testament, exegesis, Gospels, Gospel of John, Commentary on Diatessaron, commentary, Judas, Eucharist, liturgics, sacraments

Cerbelaud, Dominique , Éphrem le Syrien. Hymnes sur le Jeûne. Spiritualité orientale 69. Bégrolles-en-Mauges:Abbaye de Bellefontaine, 1997.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, fast, primary sources [Syriac] - French translation

Cerbelaud, Dominique ,'' Je t’aime, je te hais. Éphrem le Syrien et le judaïsme'', Pages 345-361 in Le Judaïsme à l’aube de l’ère chrétienne. XVIIIe congrès de l’ACFEB (Lyon, septembre 1999). Lectio Divina 186. Paris:Cerf, 2001.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Jewish-Christian relations, anti-Judaism

Cerbelaud, Dominique ,'' La dialectique du Caché et du Manifesté dans la théologie d’Éphrem le Syrien'', Pages 119-129 in Le visage de Dieu dans le patrimoine oriental. Patrimoine Syriaque, Actes du Colloque VII. Antélias, Liban:Centre d’Études et de Recherches Orientales / Université Antonine, 2001.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, theology

Cerbelaud, Dominique , Éphrem le Syrien. Le combat chrétien: Hymnes de Ecclesia. Spiritualité orientale 83. Bégrolles-en-Mauges:Abbaye de Bellefontaine, 2004.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, Hymns on Church, primary sources [Syriac] - French translation

Cerbelaud, Dominique , Éphrem le Syrien. Le Christ en ses symboles: Hymnes de Virginitate. Spiritualité orientale 86. Bégrolles-en-Mauges:Abbaye de Bellefontaine, 2006.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, Hymns on Virginity, primary sources [Syriac] - French translation

Cerbelaud, Dominique ,'' 2Cor 8,9 chez les Pères syriens di IV siècle (Aphraate, le “Liber graduum”, Éphrem)'', Pages 105-116 in “Chi semina in benedizioni, in benedizioni raccoglie”: teologia della solidarietà cristiana nei commenti patristici a 1Cor 16,1-4; 2Cor 8-9. VII Seminario di Esegesi Patristica realizzato a Corinto e a Megara, Centro Domenicano Casa Damaris, 17–23 aprile 2006. Analecta nicolaiana. Bari:Ecumenica, 2007.
Keywords: IV CE, Aphrahat, Ephrem, Liber Graduum, New Testament, Paul, 2 Corinthians, 2 Cor 8:9, exegesis, ethics

Cerbelaud, Dominique , Éphrem le Syrien. La descente aux enfers: Carmina Nisibena. Spiritualité orientale 89. Bégrolles-en-Mauges:Abbaye de Bellefontaine, 2009.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, Hymns on Nisibis, primary sources [Syriac] - French translation

Cerbelaud, Dominique , ''La signification spirituelle de l’ascèse: le témoignage de saint Éphrem'', Proche-Orient Chrétien 59:3-4 (2009): 245-268.
Keywords: IV CE, IV-VII CE, Ephrem, spirituality, asceticism

Cherian, Shibu ,'' Hermeneutics and Theology of Mor Ephrem'', Pages 92-102 in Bringing Light to the World: Syriac Tradition Re-visited. Essays in Honour of the Very Rev. Dr. Adai Jacob Corepiscopa. Edited by Cherian, Shibu . Tiruvalla, Kerala:Christava Sahitya Samithy / M.S.O.T. Seminary, Udayagiri, 2008.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Ephrem, Old Testament, exegesis, hermeneutics

Chialà, Sabino ,'' Efrem nei mistici siro-orientali e in particolare in Isacco di Ninive'', Pages 241-253 in Saint Éphrem, un poète pour notre temps. Patrimoine Syriaque, Actes du Colloque XI. Antélias, Liban:Centre d’Études et de Recherches Orientales, 2007.
Keywords: VII CE, Isaac of Nineveh, mysticism, Nestorian, Ephrem, Ephrem [influence]

Çiçek, Julious Yeshu‘ , Ktābā d-yawnā meṭṭul dubbārā d-īḥīdāyē b-karyātā men syāmē d-abūn ṭubtānā mār Grīgōriyōs mapryānā qaddīšā d-madnḥā d-metīda‘ Bar ‘Ebrāyā. Monastery of St. Ephrem the Syrian Publications 3. Glane / Losser:Monastery of St. Ephrem, 1983.
Keywords: XIII CE, VII-XVIII CE, Barhebraeus, asceticism, Jacobite, primary sources [Syriac]

Çiçek, Julious Yeshu‘ , Ktābā d-ītīqōn d-‘al myattrūt dubbārēmen syāmē d-mār Grīgōriyōs Yōḥannān Bar ‘Ebrāyāmapryānā d-madnḥā. Monastery of St. Ephrem the Syrian Publications 8. Glane / Losser:Monastery of St. Ephrem, 1985.
Keywords: XIII CE, VII-XVIII CE, Barhebraeus, ethics, Jacobite, primary sources [Syriac]

Clackson, Sarah and Hunter, Erica C.D. and Lieu, Samuel N.C. and Vermes, Mark , Dictionary of Manichaean Texts. Vol. 1: Texts from the Roman Empire (Texts in Syriac, Greek, Coptic and Latin). Corpus Fontium Manichaeorum, Subsidia 2. Turnhout:Brepols / NSW, Australia: Ancient History Documentary Research Centre Macquarie University, 1998.
Keywords: Syriac language, Classical Syriac, lexicography, anti-Manichaean, Manichaeism, heterodoxy, polemic, heresiography, Ephrem, Kellis, Severus of Antioch, Titus of Bostra, translations from Greek, translations into Syriac

Coakley, James Farwell ,'' Syriac Exegesis'', Pages 697-713 in The New Cambridge History of the Bible. Volume 1: From the Beginnings to 600. Edited by Carleton Paget, James and Schaper, Joachim . Cambridge:Cambridge University Press, 2013.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, V CE, VI CE, Old Testament, exegesis, Aphrahat, Ephrem, Narsai, Jacob of Sarug, Nestorian, Jacobite

Colless, Brian Edric , The Wisdom of the Pearlers: An Anthology of Syriac Christian Mysticism. Cistercian Studies Series 216. Kalamazoo, Michigan:Cistercian Publications, 2008.
Keywords: IV CE, V CE, VI CE, VII CE, VIII CE, mysticism, spirituality, monasticism, Acts of Thomas, Hymn of the Pearl, Aphrahat, Ephrem, Liber Graduum, Adelphius of Edessa, Pseudo-Dionysius the Areopagite, Pseudo-Macarius, Philoxenus of Mabbug, Stephen bar Sudaile, Sahdona, Simeon of Taibutheh, Dadisho Qatraya, Isaac of Nineveh, Joseph Hazzaya, Abraham bar Dashandad, John of Apamea, John Saba, John of Dalyatha, Barhebraeus, Jacobite, Nestorian, primary sources [Syriac] - English translation

Connolly, Richard Hugh , ''St Ephraim and Encratism'', Journal of Theological Studies OS 8 [29] (1906): 41-48.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, heterodoxy, Encratism, asceticism, Aphrahat, bnai qyama

Contini, Riccardo ,'' Testi siriaci: Teodoro bar Kōnay, Libro degli scolî; Ephrem Siro, Selezione di brani dalla polemica antimanichea in prosa'', Pages 207-234 in Il Manicheismo. Vol. 2: Il mito e la dottrina. I testi manichei copti e la polemica antimanichea. Edited by Gnoli, Gherardo . Milano:Fondazione Lorenzo Valla, 2006.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, VII-XVIII CE, IV CE, VIII CE, Ephrem, Theodore bar Koni, Manichaeism, heterodoxy, polemic, anti-Manichaean, Nestorian, primary sources [Syriac] - Italian translation

Conybeare, Frederick Cornwallis , ''Ein Zeugnis Ephräms über das Fehlen von c. 1 und 2 im Texte des Lucas'', Zeitschrift für die neutestamentliche Wissenschaft 3:1 (1902): 192-197.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Ephrem, Ephremiana [Armenian], New Testament, Diatessaron, Gospel of Luke, exegesis, commentary, Syriac influence [Armenia]

Conybeare, Frederick Cornwallis ,'' The Commentary of Ephrem on Acts'', Pages 373-453 in The Beginnings of Christianity. Part I: The Acts of the Apostles. Edited by Foakes-Jackson, Frederick John and Lake, Kirsopp . London:Macmillan, 1926.
Keywords: Ephrem, Ephremiana [Armenian], New Testament, Acts, exegesis, commentary, primary sources [Armenian] - English translation, primary sources [Armenian] - Latin translation

Corcella, Aldo , ''L’uso di Coricio in Pseudo-Gregorio di Nissa, In sanctum Ephræm'', Analecta Bollandiana 124:2 (2006): 241-251.
Keywords: Syriac influence [Byzantine church], Ephremiana [Greek], Gregory of Nyssa

Cramer, Winfrid , Die Engelvorstellungen bei Ephräm dem Syrer. Orientalia Christiana Analecta 173. Roma:Pontificium Institutum Orientalium Studiorum, 1965.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Aphrahat, angels, angelology

Cramer, Winfrid ,'' Efrem'', Pages 1068-1071 in Dizionario degli Istituti di perfezione. Edited by Pelliccia, Guerrino and Rocca, Giancarlo . Roma:Edizioni Paoline, 1976.
Keywords: IV CE, IV-VII CE, Ephrem

Cramer, Winfrid , Ephräm der Syrer. Reden über den Glauben. Ausgewählte Nisibenische Hymnen. Schriften der Kirchenväter 10. München:Kösel, 1984.
Keywords: IV CE, IV-VII CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, Hymns on Faith, Hymns on Nisibis, primary sources [Syriac] - German translation

Crawford, Matthew R. , ''The Fourfold Gospel in the Writings of Ephrem the Syrian'', Hugoye: Journal of Syriac Studies 18:1 (2015): 9-51.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Ephrem, New Testament, Gospels, quotations, Greek language

Crawford, Matthew R. , ''Resolving Genealogical Ambiguity: Eusebius and (ps-)Ephrem on Luke 1.36'', Aramaic Studies 14:2 (2016): 83-97.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Ephrem, New Testament, Diatessaron, Gospel of Luke, exegesis, commentary, Mary, genealogies, Eusebius of Caesarea

Crociani, Lamberto , ''Ritrovare la bellezza perduta: Efrem il Siro'', Horeb: tracce di spiritualità 8:1 (1999): 44-49.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Old Testament, exegesis, Genesis, Paradise, poetry, hymnography, Hymns on Paradise, soteriology

Crowell, Trevor Fiske , '' The Biblical Homilies of Ephraem Graecus''. Ph.D. dissertation, The Catholic University of America, 2016
Keywords: IV-VII CE, VII-XVIII CE, Syriac influence [Byzantine church], Ephrem, Ephremiana [Greek], Pseudo-Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, dialogue poems, poetics, Old Testament, Genesis, 1 Samuel, New Testament, exegesis, Abraham, Isaac, Cain, Abel, Joseph, Elijah, Daniel, Magi, Jonah, good thief, primary sources [Greek] - English translation

Custer, John S. , ''Why a Hymn? Form and Content in St Ephrem’s Hymn 31 On Virginity'', St Vladimir’s Theological Quarterly 40:3 (1996): 145-154.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, Hymns on Virginity

Czachesz, István , ''Szíriai Efrém kommentárja és a D-kódex kapcsolata a Cselekedetek 15,1-35 alapján [The Connection of the Commentary of Ephraem Syrus and Codex D in Acts 15,1-35]'', Theologiai Szemle 35 (1992): 77-79.
Keywords: Ephrem, Acts

Czeglédy, Károly , ''Monographs on Syriac and Muhammedan Sources in the Literary Remains of M. Kmosko'', Acta Orientalia Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 4 (1954): 19-90.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, VII-XVIII CE, Alexander the Great, Alexander Romance, Jacob of Sarug, Homily on Alexander, Apocalypse of Pseudo-Ephrem, Ephrem, Ephremiana [Syriac], eschatology, apocalypticism, historiography, Zacharias Rhetor, hagiography, Persian martyrs, Mar Aba I, Nestorian, Jacobite

Czeglédy, Károly , ''The Syriac Legend concerning Alexander the Great'', Acta Orientalia Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 7 (1957): 231-249.
Keywords: VII CE, Alexander the Great, Apocalypse of Pseudo-Ephrem, Ephrem, Ephremiana [Syriac], apocalypticism

Daelemans, Bert , ''Dieu sauve en se montrant. La révélation rédemptrice dans la troisième Hymne sur la Nativité de St. Éphrem'', Orientalia Christiana Periodica 77:2 (2011): 351-398.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, Hymns on Nativity, soteriology

Daelemans, Bert , ''Le Caché nous relève en se révélant. La révélation rédemptrice dans les Hymnes sur la Nativité de St. Éphrem'', Orientalia Christiana Periodica 78:1 (2012): 29-80.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, Hymns on Nativity, soteriology, revelation

Dal Santo, Matthew ,'' The Saints’ Inactivity post mortem: Soul Sleep and the Cult of Saints East of the Euphrates'', Pages 237-320 in Debating the Saints’ Cult in the Age of Gregory the Great. Edited by Idem . Oxford Studies in Byzantium. Oxford:Oxford University Press, 2012.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, VII-XVIII CE, IV CE, V CE, VI CE, saints, martyrs, death, sleep, eschatology, Ephrem, Narsai, Isaiah the Doctor, Timothy I, Nestorian

Dalmais, Irénée Henri , ''Saint Ephrem et la tradition spirituelle des églises araméennes'', Connaissance des Pères de l’Église 26 (1987): 8-25.
Keywords: Ephrem, Ephrem [influence]

Dalmais, Irénée Henri ,'' La vie monastique comme ascèse vigiliale d’après Saint Ephrem et les traditions liturgiques syriennes'', Pages 73-86 in Liturgie, conversion et vie monastique. Conférences Saint Serge XXXVe Semaine d’études liturgiques. Paris 28 juin – 1er juillet 1988. Edited by Triacca, Achille M. and Pistoia, Alessandro . Ephemerides liturgicae, Subsidia 48. Roma:Edizioni Liturgiche, 1989.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, monasticism, asceticism, liturgics

Darling, Robin Anne ,'' The ‘Church from the Nations’ in the Exegesis of Ephrem'', Pages 111-122 in IV Symposium Syriacum, 1984: Literary Genres in Syriac Literature (Groningen – Oosterhesselen 10-12 September). Edited by Drijvers, Han J.W. and Lavenant, René and Molenberg, Corrie and Reinink, Gerrit J. . Orientalia Christiana Analecta 229. Roma:Pontificium Institutum Studiorum Orientalium, 1987.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, exegesis, Old Testament, ecclesiology, Jewish-Christian relations, anti-Judaism

Davids, Ephrem Adelbert , Das Bild vom neuen Menschen: Ein Beitrag zum Verständnis des Corpus Macarianum. Salzburger patristische Studien 2. Salzburg / München:1968.
Keywords: Pseudo-Macarius, anthropology, asceticism

Davids, Ephrem Adelbert , ''Eine Illustration zur Textüberlieferung des Corpus Macarianum'', Byzantinische Zeitschrift 61 (1968): 10-18.
Keywords: Pseudo-Macarius

de Andia, Ysabel , ''Adam as a Child by Irenaeus of Lyons and in the St Ephrem’s Hymns of Paradise'', The Harp 22 (2007): 257-268.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, Hymns on Paradise, Old Testament, exegesis, Genesis, Adam, children

De Francesco, Ignazio , Efrem il Siro. Inni Pasquali, sugli Azzimi, sulla Crocifissione, sulla Risurrezione. Letture cristiane del primo millennio 31. Milano:Paoline, 2001.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Easter, Passover, Hymns on Unleavened Bread, unleavened bread, crucifixion, resurrection, memra, poetry, hymnography, primary sources [Syriac] - Italian translation

De Francesco, Ignazio , Efrem il Siro. La gioa della mensa: Memre sulla benedizione della mensa. Monastero di Bose:Qiqajon, 2002.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, memra, poetry, hymnography, primary sources [Syriac] - Italian translation

De Francesco, Ignazio , Efrem il Siro. Inni sulla Natività e sull’Epifania. Letture cristiane del primo millennio 35. Milano:Paoline, 2003.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, Hymns on Nativity, Hymns on Epiphany, liturgics, feasts, Nativity, Epiphany, primary sources [Syriac] - Italian translation

De Francesco, Ignazio , Efrem il Siro. Inni sul Paradiso. Letture cristiane del primo millennio 39. Milano:Paoline, 2006.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Old Testament, exegesis, Genesis, Paradise, poetry, hymnography, Hymns on Paradise, primary sources [Syriac] - Italian translation

de Halleux, André , ''Une clé pour les hymnes d’Éphrem dans le ms. Sinaï syr. 10'', Le Muséon 85 (1972): 171-199.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, hymnography, poetry

de Halleux, André , ''Mar Ephrem théologien'', Parole de l’Orient 4 (1973): 35-54.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, theology

de Halleux, André ,'' L’apport du CSCO à l’histoire de la littérature syriaque'', Pages 291-298 in Ephrem-Hunayn Festival. Baghdad:Al-Ma’arif Press, 1974.
Keywords: XIX-XXI CE, XX CE, Syriac studies

de Halleux, André ,'' La transmission des Hymnes d’Éphrem d’après les ms. Sinaï Syr. 10, f. 165v-178r'', Pages 21-62 in Symposium Syriacum, 1972: célebré dans les jours 26-31 octobre 1972 à l’Institut Pontifical Oriental de Rome. Edited by Ortiz de Urbina, Ignatius . Orientalia Christiana Analecta 197. Roma:Pontificium Institutum Orientalium Studiorum, 1974.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, hymnography, poetry, transmission

de Halleux, André , ''Saint Éphrem le Syrien'', Revue Théologique de Louvain 14 (1983): 328-355.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem

de Halleux, André ,'' Ephräm der Syrer'', Pages 284-301 in Gestalten der Kirchengeschichte. Edited by Greschat, Martin . Stuttgart:W. Kohlhammer, 1984.
Keywords: IV CE, IV-VII CE, Ephrem

de Halleux, André ,'' À propos du sermon éphrémien sur Jonas et la pénitence des Ninivites'', Pages 155-166 in Lingua restituta orientalis. Festgabe für Julius Assfalg. Edited by Schulz, Regine and Görg, Manfred . Ägypten und Altes Testament 20. Wiesbaden:Otto Harrassowitz, 1990.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Old Testament, exegesis, Jonah, repentance, Nineveh, Ephremiana [Greek]

de Halleux, André , ''L’adoration des Mages dans le Commentaire syriaque du Diatessaron'', Le Muséon 104:3-4 (1991): 251-264.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, New Testament, Gospels, Gospel of Matthew, Diatessaron, exegesis, commentary, Magi

De Halleux, André , ''Les citations de Mt 2, 1-18 dans le commentaire syriaque du Diatessaron'', Annales du Département des Lettres Arabes, Institut de Lettres Orientales 6B (1991-1992): 129-144.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Ephrem, New Testament, Diatessaron, Gospel of Matthew, Mt 1:1-17, exegesis, commentary, quotations

de Halleux, André ,'' Le comput éphrémien du cycle de la Nativité'', Pages 2369-2382 in The Four Gospels 1992: Festschrift Frans Neirynck. Edited by van Segbroeck, Frans and Tuckett, C.M. and van Belle, G. and Verheyden, J. . Bibliotheca Ephemeridum Theologicarum Lovaniensium 100.3. Leuven:Leuven University Press / Peeters, 1992.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, Hymns on Nativity, Nativity

de Halleux, André , ''L’annonce à Marie dans le Commentaire syriaque du Diatessaron'', ARAM 5 (1993): 131-145.
Keywords: New Testament, exegesis, Gospel of Luke, Gospels, Diatessaron, IV CE, Ephrem, commentary, Mary, Mariology, Annunciation

de Halleux, André , ''L’annonce à Zacharie dans le commentaire syriaque du Diatessaron'', Le Muséon 106:3-4 (1993): 255-266.
Keywords: New Testament, exegesis, Gospel of Luke, Gospels, Diatessaron, IV CE, Ephrem, commentary

de Jong, J.P. , ''La connexion entre le rite da la Consignation et l’Épiclèse dans saint Éphrem'', Studia Patristica 2 (1957): 29-34.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, liturgics, sacraments, epiclese, liturgy, Holy Spirit

de Lagarde, Paul A. ,'' Ueber den Hebräer Ephraims von Edessa'', Pages 43-64 in Orientalia. Edited by Idem . Abhandlungen der historisch-philologischen Classe der königlichen Gesellschaft der Wissenschaften zu Göttingen 24. Göttingen:Dieterichsche Universitätsbuchhandlung, 1879-1880.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Old Testament, exegesis, Genesis, Jewish background

de Margerie, Bertrand ,'' La poésie biblique de Saint Ephrem, exégète Syrien (306-373)'', Pages 165-187 in Introduction à l’histoire de l’exégèse. I: Les Pères grecs et orientaux. Edited by Idem . Paris:Cerf, 1980.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Old Testament, exegesis, poetry

de Moor, Johannes C. , ''De rooms-katholieke mariologie en de uitleg van Genesis III, 15 bij Ephraem Syrus'', Gereformeerd Theologisch Tijdschrift 59 (1959): 97-117.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Old Testament, Genesis, Gen 3:15, exegesis, Mariology

Debié, Muriél , ''Noé dans la tradition syriaque: une mer de symboles'', Revue de l’histoire des religions 232:4 (2015): 585-622.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, V CE, VI CE, Aphrahat, Ephrem, Narsai, Cave of Treasures, Old Testament, Genesis, Gen 9, Noah, ark, flood, exegesis, typology, natural disasters

Dempe, Rolf , '' Die syrischen Hymnen von Ephrem''. Ph.D. dissertation, Universität Jena, 1958
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography

den Biesen, Kees , ''La teologia poetica di Sant’Efrem Siro'', La Scala 46 (1992): 123-138.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, theology

den Biesen, Kees , ''Inno sulla Natività di Efrem il Siro'', La Scala 48 (1994): 373-383.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, Hymns on Nativity

den Biesen, Kees , ''Spreken over God bij Efrem de Syriër'', Het Christelijk Oosten 47:1-2 (1995): 7-27.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, theology, Hymns on Church, primary sources [Syriac] - Dutch translation

den Biesen, Kees , ''Een kersthymne van Efrem de Syriër'', Tijdschrift voor Liturgie 82:6 (1998): 330-340.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, Hymns on Nativity, primary sources [Syriac] - Dutch translation

den Biesen, Kees , Bibliography of Ephrem the Syrian. Giove in Umbria:[the author], 2002.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, bibliography

den Biesen, Kees , '' Eenvoudig en stoutmoedig: de kunst van het smybolisch denken volgens Efrem de Syriër''. Ph.D. dissertation, Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen, 2006
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Ephrem, symbols, poetics

den Biesen, Kees , Simple and Bold: Ephrem’s Art of Symbolic Thought. Gorgias Dissertations 26, Early Christian Studies 6. Piscataway, NJ:Gorgias Press, 2006.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, symbols, poetics

den Biesen, Kees ,'' Ephrem the Theologian: Perceptions and Perspectives'', Pages 155-172 in Saint Éphrem, un poète pour notre temps. Patrimoine Syriaque, Actes du Colloque XI. Antélias, Liban:Centre d’Études et de Recherches Orientales, 2007.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, theology, anti-Hellenism, Arianism

den Biesen, Kees , Annotated Bibliography of Ephrem the Syrian. United States of America:Lulu Press, 2011.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, bibliography

den Biesen, Kees , De zingende vrouwen van St. Efrem de Syriër. Mimro van Mor Jacob van Sarug over de gelukzalige Mor Efrem. Partute: Schatten van de Syrische Vaders 2. Losser, The Netherlands:Bar Ebroyo Press, 2014.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, VI CE, Jacob of Sarug, poetry, hymnography, Ephrem, Ephrem [influence], Jacobite, primary sources [Syriac] + Dutch translation

Deppe, Klaus , Kohelet in der syrischen Dichtung: Drei Gedichte über das Kohelet-Buch von Afrēm, Jakob von Sarug und Johannes von Mossul. Göttinger Orientforschungen, I. Reihe: Syriaca 6. Wiesbaden:Otto Harrassowitz, 1975.
Keywords: IV CE, VI CE, XIII CE, Old Testament, Ecclesiastes, exegesis, poetry, Ephrem, Jacob of Sarug, John of Mosul, Jacobite, Nestorian, primary sources [Syriac] + German translation

Desreumaux, Alain , ''Ephraim in Christian Palestinian Aramaic'', Hugoye: Journal of Syriac Studies 1:2 (1998):
Keywords: Ephrem, penitence, Melkites, translations from Syriac, Syriac influence [Byzantine church]

Desreumaux, Alain ,'' Éphrem, la musique et les apocryphes'', Pages 135-142 in Saint Éphrem, un poète pour notre temps. Patrimoine Syriaque, Actes du Colloque XI. Antélias, Liban:Centre d’Études et de Recherches Orientales, 2007.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, music, Cave of Treasures

Dölger, Franz Joseph , ''Die Salbung vor der Taufe nach Ephräm dem Syrer und nach Theodor von Mopsvestia'', Jahrbuch für Antike und Christentum 5 (1962): 17-22.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, V CE, liturgics, sacraments, baptism, anointing, Ephrem, Theodore of Mopsuestia

Doumeth, Michel , Anthologie syriaque. Publications de l’Université Libanaise, Section des Sciences Philologiques 1. Beyrouth:Université Libanaise, 1955.
Keywords: anthology, Aesop, Kalila va-Dimna, Barhebraeus, Alexander Romance, Teaching of Addai, seven Sleepers of Ephesus, Ephrem, Cyrillona, Balai, Isaac of Nineveh, primary sources [Syriac]

Doumeth, Michel , ''Introduction'', Parole de l’Orient 4 (1973): 5-9.
Keywords: Ephrem, general

Downey, Glanville , ''Ephraemius, Patriarch of Antioch'', Church History 7:4 (1938): 364-370.
Keywords: VI CE, Ephrem of Antioch, patriarchs

Drăgoi, Macarie , ''Professor Sebastian Brock and His Point of View on St. Ephrem the Syrian Theological Heritage'', Altarul Reîntregirii 1 (2010): 117-132.
Keywords: XIX-XXI CE, XX CE, XXI CE, Syriac studies, Ephrem

Draguet, René ,'' Les versions syriaques des œuvres des Pères grecs'', Pages 299-303 in Ephrem-Hunayn Festival. Baghdad:Al-Ma’arif Press, 1974.
Keywords: Greek Fathers, translations from Greek, translations into Syriac

Drijvers, Han J.W. , Bardaiṣan of Edessa. Studia Semitica Neerlandica 6. Translated by van Baaren-Pape, Gertrud E.. . Assen:Van Gorcum, 1966.
Keywords: I-III CE, II CE, III CE, Bardesan, Bardesanites, Edessa, heterodoxy, Ephrem, Hymns against Heresies, polemic, heresiography, cosmology, anthropology, astrology, free will

Drijvers, Han J.W. ,'' Rechtgläubigkeit und Ketzerei im ältesten syrischen Christentum'', Pages 291-308 in Symposium Syriacum, 1972: célebré dans les jours 26-31 octobre 1972 à l’Institut Pontifical Oriental de Rome. Edited by Ortiz de Urbina, Ignatius . Orientalia Christiana Analecta 197. Roma:Pontificium Institutum Orientalium Studiorum, 1974.
Keywords: I-III CE, heterodoxy, orthodoxy, Edessa, Ephrem, IV CE

Drijvers, Han J.W. , ''Jews and Christians at Edessa'', Journal of Jewish Studies 36:1 (1985): 88-102.
Keywords: Edessa, Jewish-Christian relations, Teaching of Addai, Ephrem

Drijvers, Han J.W. , ''Marcionism in Syria: Principles, Problem, Polemics'', The Second Century 6:3 (1987-1988): 153-172.
Keywords: I-III CE, III CE, IV CE, heterodoxy, Marcionism, Ephrem, polemic

Drijvers, Han J.W. , ''Christ as Warrior and Merchant: Aspects of Marcion’s Christology'', Studia Patristica 21 (1989): 73-85.
Keywords: I-III CE, I-III CE, IV-VII CE, IV CE, heterodoxy, Marcionism, Christology, war, trade, Ephrem, polemic

Drijvers, Han J.W. ,'' The Syriac Romance of Julian: Its Function, Place of Origin and Original Language'', Pages 201-214 in VI Symposium Syriacum, 1992: University of Cambridge, Faculty of Divinity, 30 August – 2 September 1992. Edited by Lavenant, René . Orientalia Christiana Analecta 247. Roma:Pontificio Istituto Orientale, 1994.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Julian Romance, Ephrem, Edessa, Julian, Old Testament, Daniel, exegesis

Drijvers, Han J.W. ,'' The School of Edessa: Greek Learning and Local Culture'', Pages 49-59 in Centres of Learning: Learning and Location in Pre-Modern Europe and the Near East. Edited by Drijvers, Jan Willem and MacDonald, Alasdair A. . Brill’s Studies in Intellectual History 61. Leiden:Brill, 1995.
Keywords: Edessa, learning, schools, education, IV CE, III CE, Bardesan, Ephrem

Drost-Abgarjan, Armenuhi ,'' St. Ephrem the Syrian in Georgian Narratives'', Pages 89-98 in The Seventeenth Birth Centenary of Ephrem the Syrian: A Conference at Stockholm University, 2-3 December 2006. Edited by Sauma, Assad . Stockholm:Assad Sauma, 2008.
Keywords: VII-XVIII CE, Syriac influence [Georgia], Ephrem, Ephremiana [Georgian]

Drost-Abgarjan, Armenuhi , ''Ephräm der Syrer in georgischer Überlieferung'', Pro Georgia: Journal of Kartvelological Studies 21 (2011): 21-32.
Keywords: VII-XVIII CE, Syriac influence [Georgia], Ephrem, Ephremiana [Georgian], translations from Syriac, translations into Georgian

Dudley, Louise ,'' Egyptian Elements in the Sermons of Ephraem Syrus'', Pages 161-163 in The Egyptian Elements in the Legend of the Body and the Soul. Edited by Idem . Baltimore:J.H. Furst, 1911.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Egypt

Duensing, Hugo , Christlich-palästinisch-aramäische Texte und Fragmente, nebst einer Abhandlung über den Wert der palästinischen Septuaginta. Göttingen:Vandenhoeck und Ruprecht, 1906.
Keywords: VII-XVIII CE, Christian Palestinian Aramaic, hagiography, Abraham Qidunaia, Ephrem

Duval, Rubens , ''Le Testament de saint Éphrem'', Journal asiatique IX, 18 (1901): 234-319.
Keywords: Ephrem, Pseudo-Ephrem, Ephremiana [Syriac], Testament of Ephrem, Moses, primary sources [Syriac] + French translation

Eastman, David L. , ''The Matriarch as Model: Sarah, the Cult of the Saints, and Social Control in a Syriac Homily of Pseudo-Ephrem'', Journal of Early Christian Studies 21:2 (2013): 241-259.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, V CE, Ephrem, Pseudo-Ephrem, Ephremiana [Syriac], hymnography, Old Testament, Genesis, Abraham, Sarah, exegesis, women

Ebeid, Bishara , ''Ο συμβολισμός του “ενδύματος” στην Συριακή Θεολογική παράδοση'', Γρηγόριος ο Παλαμάς 95 (2012): 277-305.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, symbols, dress, garments of light, Ephrem, Adam, anthropology, baptism

Ebied, Rifaat Y. Wickham, Lionel Ralph , ''A Short Treatise on the Trinity in Syriac Attributed to St. Ephrem the Syrian'', The Harp 27 (2011): 343-351.
Keywords: VII-XVIII CE, Ephrem, Ephremiana [Syriac], Pseudo-Ephrem, Trinity, primary sources [Syriac] + English translation

Ebied, Rifaat Y. Wickham, Lionel Ralph , ''A Collection of Acrostic Admonitions in Syriac Attributed to St. Ephrem the Syrian'', The Harp 29 (2014): 41-53.
Keywords: VII-XVIII CE, poetry, hymnography, acrostic, Ephrem, Ephremiana [Syriac], Pseudo-Ephrem, primary sources [Syriac] + English translation

Edakalathur, Louis , The Theology of Marriage in the East Syrian Tradition. Rome:Mar Thoma Yogam, 1994.
Keywords: Nestorian, Syro-Malabar, marriage, sexuality, celibacy, family, canon law, liturgics, sacraments, Aphrahat, Ishodad of Merv, Ephrem, Theodore of Mopsuestia, Narsai

Eder, Christine Elisabeth , ''Ein dem Hl. Effrem zugeschriebener Sermo als Quelle zu den karolingischen Versus de Jacob et Joseph'', Frühmittelalterliche Studien 7 (1973): 223-227.
Keywords: Syriac influence [Europe], Ephrem, Ephremiana [Latin], Pseudo-Ephrem, Old Testament, Joseph, Jacob

Egan, George A. , Saint Ephrem. An Exposition of the Gospel. CSCO 291-292, Arm. 5-6. Louvain:Secrétariat du CorpusSCO, 1968.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Ephremiana [Armenian], New Testament, exegesis, Gospels, polemic, anti-Marcionite, Marcionism, translations into Armenian, translations from Syriac, Syriac influence [Armenia], primary sources [Armenian] + English translation

Egan, George A. ,'' A Re-Consideration of the Authenticity of Ephrem’s “An Exposition of the Gospel”'', Pages 128-134 in Kyriakon: Festschrift Johannes Quasten. Edited by Granfield, Patrick and Jungmann, Josef A. . Münster:Aschendorff, 1970.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Ephremiana [Armenian], New Testament, exegesis, Gospels, translations from Syriac, translations into Armenian, Syriac influence [Armenia]

Egan, George A. , An Analysis of the Biblical Quotations of Ephrem in “An Exposition of the Gospel” (Armenian Version). CSCO 443, Subs. 66. Louvain:Peeters, 1983.
Keywords: Ephrem, Ephremiana [Armenian], New Testament, exegesis, Gospels, quotations, translations from Syriac, translations into Armenian, Syriac influence [Armenia]

Eirainer, Caspar , Der hl. Ephräm der Syrer. Eine dogmengeschichtliche Abhandlung. Th.D. dissertation, München 1888-89, Nr. 5. Kempten:Josef Kösel, 1889.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, theology

el-Khoury, Nabil , Die Interpretation der Welt bei Ephräm dem Syrer. Beitrag zur Geistesgeschichte. Tübinger theologische Studien 6. Mainz:Matthias-Grünewald-Verlag, 1976.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, nature, cosmology

el-Khoury, Nabil , ''Willensfreiheit bei Ephräm der Syrer'', Ostkirchliche Studien 25 (1976): 60-66.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, anthropology, free will, freedom

el-Khoury, Nabil ,'' Gen. 1,26 dans l’interprétation de saint Éphrem, ou la rélation de l’homme à Dieu'', Pages 199-205 in Symposium Syriacum, 1976: célebré du 13 au 17 septembre 1976 au Centre Culturel “Les Fontaines” de Chantilly (France). Edited by Graffin, François and Guillaumont, Antoine . Orientalia Christiana Analecta 205. Roma:Pontificium Institutum Orientalium Studiorum, 1978.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Old Testament, Genesis, exegesis, Gen 1:26, anthropology, creation, Adam

el-Khoury, Nabil , ''Anthropological Concepts of the School of Antioch'', Studia Patristica 17:3 (1982): 1359-1365.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, anthropology, body

el-Khoury, Nabil , ''The Use of Language by Ephraim the Syrian'', Studia Patristica 16 (1985): 93-99.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, language

el-Khoury, Nabil ,'' Hermeneutics in the Works of Ephrem the Syrian'', Pages 93-100 in IV Symposium Syriacum, 1984: Literary Genres in Syriac Literature (Groningen – Oosterhesselen 10-12 September). Edited by Drijvers, Han J.W. and Lavenant, René and Molenberg, Corrie and Reinink, Gerrit J. . Orientalia Christiana Analecta 229. Roma:Pontificium Institutum Studiorum Orientalium, 1987.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, poetics

Eméreau, Casimir , Saint Ephrem le Syrien: son œuvre littéraire grecque. Études critiques de littérature et de philologie byzantines. Paris:Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1918.
Keywords: Ephrem, Ephremiana [Greek], Pseudo-Ephrem, Syriac influence [Byzantine church]

Ervine, Roberta E. , ''Antecedents and Parallels to Some Questions and Answers on Genesis in Vanakan Vardapet’s Book of Questions'', Le Muséon 113:3-4 (2000): 417-428.
Keywords: Syriac influence [Armenia], XIII CE, Old Testament, exegesis, Genesis, Ephrem

Essabalian, Paul , ''Die mêmrê des hl. Ephraim über den Untergang Nikomediens in armenischer Übersetzung'', Handes Amsorya 47 (1933): 261-280.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Ephremiana [Armenian], poetry, hymnography, Hymns on Nicomedia, translations from Syriac, translations into Armenian, Syriac influence [Armenia]

Euringer, Sebastian ,'' Der locus classicus des Primates (Matth. 16, 18) und der Diatessarontext des hI. Ephräm'', Pages 141-179 in Beiträge zur Geschichte des christlichen Altertums und der Byzantinischen Literatur. Festgabe Albert Erhard zum 60. Geburtstag. Edited by Koeniger, Albert Michael . Bonn / Leipzig:Kurt Schroeder, 1922.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, New Testament, Gospels, Gospel of Matthew, Diatessaron, exegesis

Evelyn-White, Hugh Gerard , The Monasteries of the Wadi ’n Natrûn, Part 1: New Coptic Texts from the Monastery of Saint Macarius. Publications of the Metropolitan Museum of Art 2. New York:The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1926.
Keywords: VII-XVIII CE, Syriac influence [Egypt], Ephrem, Ephremiana [Coptic], primary sources [Coptic] + English translation

Féghali, Paul , ''Notes sur l’exégèse de S. Ephrem: commentaire sur le déluge (Gen. 6,1–9,17)'', Parole de l’Orient 8 (1977-1978): 67-86.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Old Testament, Genesis, exegesis, Noah, Flood

Féghali, Paul , ''Note sur l’influence de S. Paul sur les Carmina Nisibena de S. Ephrem'', Parole de l’Orient 9 (1979-1980): 5-25.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, Hymns on Nisibis, New Testament, exegesis, Paul

Féghali, Paul , ''Protologie et eschatologie dans l’œuvre de S. Ephrem'', Parole de l’Orient 9 (1979-1980): 307-312.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, eschatology, creation, cosmology

Féghali, Paul , ''Commentaire de l’Exode par saint Ephrem: introduction, traduction et notes'', Parole de l’Orient 12 (1984-1985): 91-131.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Old Testament, Exodus, exegesis, commentary, primary sources [Syriac] - French translation

Féghali, Paul , ''Les premiers jours de la création. Commentaire de Gn. 1,1–2,4 par Saint Éphrem'', Parole de l’Orient 13 (1986): 3-30.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Old Testament, exegesis, Genesis, creation, Gen 1, Gen 2, commentary

Féghali, Paul ,'' Un commentaire de la Genèse attribué à saint Éphrem'', Pages 159-175 in Actes du deuxième congrès international d’études arabes chrétiennes. Oosterhesselen, septembre 1984. Edited by Samir, Samir Khalil . Orientalia Christiana Analecta 226. Rome:Pontificium Institutum Orientalium Studiorum, 1986.
Keywords: Ephrem, Ephremiana [Arabic], Old Testament, exegesis, Genesis, commentary, Syriac influence [Arabs], Arab Christians

Féghali, Paul ,'' Influence des Targums sur la pensée exégétique d’Éphrem?'', Pages 71-82 in IV Symposium Syriacum, 1984: Literary Genres in Syriac Literature (Groningen – Oosterhesselen 10-12 September). Edited by Drijvers, Han J.W. and Lavenant, René and Molenberg, Corrie and Reinink, Gerrit J. . Orientalia Christiana Analecta 229. Roma:Pontificium Institutum Studiorum Orientalium, 1987.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Old Testament, exegesis, Jewish-Christian relations, Jewish background, Targums

Féghali, Paul , ''La descente aux enfers dans la tradition syriaque. Substrat biblique'', Parole de l’Orient 15 (1988-1989): 127-141.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Aphrahat, New Testament, exegesis, hell, soteriology

Féghali, Paul and Navarre, Claude , Saint Ephrem. Les chants de Nisibe. Antioche chrétienne 3. Paris:Cariscript, 1989.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, Hymns on Nisibis, primary sources [Syriac] - French translation

Féghali, Paul , Les origines du monde et de l’homme dans l’œuvre de saint Ephrem. Antioche chrétienne. Paris:Cariscript, 1997.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Old Testament, exegesis, Genesis, cosmogony, creation, anthropology, Adam, cosmology

Féghali, Paul , ''La figure d’Abraham dans le commentaire de la Genèse d’Éphrem'', Parole de l’Orient 29 (2004): 83-102.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Old Testament, exegesis, Genesis, Abraham, commentary

Féghali, Paul ,'' Éphrem le Syrien et l’Écriture Sainte'', Pages 61-98 in Saint Éphrem, un poète pour notre temps. Patrimoine Syriaque, Actes du Colloque XI. Antélias, Liban:Centre d’Études et de Recherches Orientales, 2007.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Old Testament, New Testament, exegesis, Ephremiana [Armenian]

Ferguson, Everett , Baptism in the Early Church: History, Theology, and Liturgy in the First Five Centuries. Grand Rapids, Michigan / Cambridge, U.K.:William B. Eerdmans, 2009.
Keywords: I-III CE, III CE, IV CE, Pseudo-Clementines, Acts of Thomas, Acts of John, Didascalia, Ephrem, Aphrahat, Theodore of Mopsuestia, Narsai, Messalianism, Pseudo-Macarius, liturgics, sacraments, baptism, baptistery, Dura Europos

Fernández, Juan Manuel , ''San Efrén, primer cantor de la Immaculada Concepción'', Humanidades 10 (1957-1958): 243-264.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Mary, Mariology

Ferry, Camille , Saint Ephrem, poète. Paris:A. Durand & P. Lauriel, 1877.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, poetics

Fiey, Jean-Maurice , ''Les évêques de Nisibe au temps de Saint Éphrem'', Parole de l’Orient 4 (1973): 123-135.
Keywords: IV CE, Nisibis, bishops, clergy, Ephrem, Jacob of Nisibis, Vologese, Abraham of Nisibis, Babu of Nisibis

Finn, Thomas M. , Early Christian Baptism and the Catechumenate: West and East Syria. Message of the Fathers of the Church 5. Collegeville, Minnesota:Liturgical Press, 1992.
Keywords: IV CE, V CE, liturgics, sacraments, baptism, catechesis, Epiphany, Ephrem, HYmns on Epiphany, primary sources [Syriac] - English translation

Fitschen, Klaus ,'' Familienidyll und bürgerliches Glück bei Aphrahat, Ephraem und Ps.-Makarios'', Pages 39-46 in Grundbegriffe christlicher Ästhetik. Beiträge des V. Makarios-Symposiums, Preetz 1995. Edited by Fitschen, Klaus and Staats, Reinhart . Göttinger Orientforschungen, I. Reihe: Syriaca 36. Wiesbaden:Otto Harrassowitz, 1997.
Keywords: IV CE, Aphrahat, Ephrem, Pseudo-Macarius, family

Fomicheva, Sofya Vladimirovna , ''On Christian Symbols in the Homily ‘On Jonah’ by Ephrem the Syrian'', Vestnik of Saint-Petersburg University, Series 9: Philology, Asian Studies, Journalism 4 (2015): 115-124.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, Old Testament, Jonah, symbols, garments of light

Fortner, John L. , “Much More Ours Than Yours”: The Figure of Joseph the Patriarch in the New Testament and the Early Church. M.A. thesis. Miami University, 2004.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Aphrahat, Old Testament, exegesis, Genesis, Joseph

Foster, Judith Mary , '' Giving Birth to God: The Virgin Empress Pulcheria and Imitation of Mary in Early Christian Greek and Syriac Traditions''. M.A. thesis, Concordia University, Canada, 2008
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Pseudo-Macarius, Mariology

Frăcea, Ilie , ''Idei teologice în “Imnele paradisului”, ale Sfântului Efrem Siru'', Studii Teologice 31:5-10 (1979): 603-615.
Keywords: IV CE, IV-VII CE, Ephrem, theology, poetry, hymnography, Hymns on Paradise, Paradise

Frank, Karl Suso , Ἀγγελικὸς βίος. Begriffsanalytische und Begriffsgeschichtliche Untersuchung zum “Engelgleichen Leben” im frühen Mönchtum. Beiträge zur Geschichte des alten Mönchtums und des Benediktinerordens 26. Münster:Aschendorff, 1964.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Aphrahat, Ephrem, Liber Graduum, Eusebius of Emesa, asceticism, monasticism, angelology

Fransen, Paul-Irénée , ''Les extraits d’Ephrem Latinus dans la compilation des XII pères de Florus de Lyon'', Revue Bénédictine 87 (1977): 349-371.
Keywords: Ephrem, Ephremiana [Latin], Syriac influence [Europe]

Fredrikson, Nadia Ibrahim , ''La perle, entre l’océan et le ciel. Origines et évolution d’un symbole chrétien'', Revue de l’histoire des religions 220:3 (2003): 283-317.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Acts of Thomas, Hymn of the Pearl, symbols, Nativity, Christology, pearl

Frère Alphonse, , ''Hymne de Saint Éphrem sur la Nativité'', L’Orient Syrien 2:1 (1957): 38-40.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Nativity, feasts, poetry, hymnography, primary sources [Syriac] - French translation

Frishman, Judith , '' The Ways and Means of the Divine Economy: An Edition, Translation and Study of Six Biblical Homilies by Narsai''. Ph.D. dissertation, Universiteit Leiden, 1992
Keywords: V CE, Narsai, exegesis, Old Testament, Nestorian, homilies, memra, Genesis, Enoch, Elijah, Noah, Flood, tower of Babel, Ephrem, Theodore of Mopsuestia, Jacob of Sarug, Nestorian, primary sources [Syriac] + English translation

Frishman, Judith ,'' Themes on Genesis 1-5 in Early East-Syrian Exegesis'', Pages 171-186 in The Book of Genesis in Jewish and Oriental Christian Interpretation: A Collection of Essays. Edited by Frishman, Judith and van Rompay, Lucas . Traditio Exegetica Graeca 5. Louvain:Peeters, 1997.
Keywords: V CE, Narsai, Old Testament, exegesis, Genesis, Enoch, Elijah, Nestorian, Ephrem

Frishman, Judith ,'' ‘And Abraham Had Faith’: But in What? Ephrem and the Rabbis on Abraham and God’s Blessings'', Pages 163-179 in The Exegetical Encounter between Jews and Christians in Late Antiquity. Edited by Grypeou, Emmanouela and Spurling, Helen . Jewish and Christian Perspectives 18. Leiden / Boston:Brill, 2009.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Old Testament, Genesis, Gen 15, Gen 17, Gen 22, Abraham, blessing, faith, exegesis, Jewish-Christian relations

Froidevaux, Léon-Marie , ''Sur un recueil arménien d’Hymnes de saint Ephrem'', Recherches de science religieuse 51:4 (1963): 558-578.
Keywords: Ephrem, Ephremiana [Armenian], Syriac influence [Armenia], poetry, hymnography

Froriep, Justus Fridericus , Ephraemiana in librum Iobi. Lipsiae:Langenhem, 1769.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Old Testament, Job, exegesis

Fürst, Alfons ,'' Origenes und Ephräm über Paulus’ Konflikt mit Petrus (Gal. 2,11/14)'', Pages 121-130 in Panchaia. Festschrift für Klaus Thraede. Edited by Wacht, Manfred . Jahrbuch für Antike und Christentum, Ergänzungsband 22. Münster, Westfalen:Aschendorff, 1995.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, New Testament, Paul [Galatians], exegesis, Galatians, Peter, apostles

Ganz, David , ''Knowledge of Ephraim’s Writings in the Merovingian and Carolingian Age'', Hugoye: Journal of Syriac Studies 2:1 (1999):
Keywords: Ephrem, Ephremiana [Latin], Syriac influence [Europe]

Garitte, Gérard , ''Les vies géorgiennes de S. Syméon Stylite l’Ancien et de S. Éphrem'', Bedi Kartlisa 26-27 (1957): 15-17.
Keywords: Ephrem, Ephremiana [Georgian], Simeon the Stylite, stylites, hagiography, Syriac influence [Georgia], translations from Syriac, translations into Georgian

Garitte, Gérard , Vies géorgiennes de S. Syméon Stylite l’Ancien et de S. Éphrem. CSCO 171-172, Iber. 7-8. Louvain:Peeters, 1957.
Keywords: Ephrem, Ephremiana [Georgian], Simeon the Stylite, stylites, hagiography, Syriac influence [Georgia], translations from Syriac, translations into Georgian, primary sources [Georgian] + Latin translation

Garitte, Gérard , ''Le sermon de S. Éphrem sur Jonas en géorgien'', Le Muséon 80 (1967): 75-119.
Keywords: Ephrem, Ephremiana [Georgian], Syriac influence [Georgia], Old Testament, Jonah, exegesis, translations from Syriac, translations into Georgian, primary sources [Georgian] + Latin translation

Garitte, Gérard , ''Homélie d’Éphrem “Sur la Mort et le Diable”. Version géorgienne et version arabe'', Le Muséon 82:1-2 (1969): 123-163.
Keywords: Ephrem, Ephremiana [Arabic], Ephremiana [Georgian], Pseudo-Ephrem, death, Satan, Syriac influence [Georgia], Syriac influence [Arabs], Arab Christians, primary sources [Georgian] + Latin translation, primary sources [Arabic] + Latin translation

Garitte, Gérard , ''La version arménienne du sermon de Saint Éphrem sur Jonas'', Revue des études arméniennes 6 (1969): 23-43.
Keywords: Ephrem, Ephremiana [Armenian], Old Testament, exegesis, Jonah, translations from Syriac, translations into Armenian, Syriac influence [Armenia], primary sources [Armenian] - Latin translation

Gather, Jill , '' Teachings on the Prayer of the Heart in the Greek and Syrian Fathers''. Ph.D. dissertation, Union Theological Seminary, New York, 2009
Keywords: IV CE, Aphrahat, Ephrem, Pseudo-Macarius, spirituality, prayer

Gather, Jill , Teachings on the Prayer of the Heart in the Greek and Syrian Fathers: The Significance of Body and Community. Gorgias Dissertations in Early Christian Studies 47. Piscataway, NJ:Gorgias Press, 2010.
Keywords: IV CE, Aphrahat, Ephrem, Pseudo-Macarius, spirituality, prayer

Gavin, Frank , ''The Sleep of the Soul in the Early Syriac Church'', Journal of the American Oriental Society 40 (1920): 103-120.
Keywords: IV CE, Aphrahat, Ephrem, Paradise, soul, anthropology, eschatology, death

Gavrilovic, Zaga , ''St. Ephraim the Syrian’s Thought and Imagery as an Inspiration to Byzantine Artists'', Hugoye: Journal of Syriac Studies 1.2 (1998):
Keywords: Syriac influence [Byzantine church], Ephrem, art

Geerard, Maurice ,'' ‘Ephraem Graecus’'', Pages 366-468; Clavis patrum graecorum: Supplementum (Turnhout: Brepols, 1998), 227-250 in Clavis patrum graecorum. Edited by Idem . Corpus Christianorum. Turnhout:Brepols, 1974.
Keywords: Ephrem, Ephremiana [Greek], Syriac influence [Byzantine church], translations from Syriac, translations into Greek

Geffcken, Johannes , ''Kaiser Julianus und die Streitschriften seiner Gegner'', Neue Jahrbüche für das klassische Altertum, Geschichte und deutsche Literatur 21 (1908): 174-178.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, hymnography, Hymns against Julian, poetry, Julian

Géhin, Paul , ''Sinaï syriaque 29 ou 31? Sur quelques problèmes de cote dans la série des manuscrits syriaques de Sainte-Catherine'', Le Muséon 129:1-2 (2016): 117-131.
Keywords: VII-XVIII CE, VIII CE, manuscripts, Sinai, asceticism, monasticism, translations from Greek, Abba Isaiah, Palladius, Ephrem, Jacobite

Geiger, Abraham , ''Alphabetische und akrostichontische Lieder bei Ephräm'', Zeitschrift der Deutschen Morgenländischen Gesellschaft 21 (1867): 469-476.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, poetics, acrostic

Gélineau, Joseph , ''Données liturgiques contenues dans les sept madroshé “De la nuit” de S. Ephrem'', L’Orient Syrien 5 (1960): 107-121.
Keywords: liturgics, hymnography, poetry, madrasha, Ephrem

Gemayel, Boutros , The Virgin Mary in the Maronite Church. Translated by El-Khalli, Georges Y.. . New York / Mahwah:Paulist Press, 2008.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, VII-XVIII CE, Mariology, Ephrem, liturgics, theology, art, iconography, Maronite

Gerson, D. , ''Die Commentarien des Ephraem Syrus im Verhältnis zur jüdischen Exegese: ein Beitrag zur Geschichte der Exegese'', Monatsschrift für Geschichte und Wissenschaft des Judentums 17 (1868): 15-33, 64-72, 98-109, 141-149.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Old Testament, exegesis, Jewish background

Gignoux, Philippe , Homélies de Narsaï sur la création. Patrologia Orientalis 34.3-4. Turnhout / Paris:Brepols, 1968.
Keywords: V CE, Narsai, Old Testament, Genesis, exegesis, Adam, Eve, cosmology, creation, angelology, Aphrahat, Ephrem [influence], Theodore of Mopsuestia, Theodoret of Cyrus, Cosmas Indicopleustes, homilies, Nestorian, primary sources [Syriac] + French translation

Giraudo, Cesare , ''Recognition of the “Orthodoxy” of the Most Ancient Eucharistic Prayer'', Ephrem’s Theological Journal 11:2 (2007): 105-120.
Keywords: liturgics, liturgy, Anaphora of the Apostles, anaphoras, Nestorian, ecumenism

Gismondi, Henricus , Linguae syriacae grammatica et chrestomathia cum glossario scholis accommodata. Beirut:Typographia PP. Soc. Jesu, 1900.
Keywords: Syriac language, Classical Syriac, grammar, anthology, Papa of Seleucia, Aesop, Ephrem, Jacob of Sarug, Seven Sleepers of Ephesus, Alexander the Great, Homily on Alexander, Henanisho I, Isho bar Nun, John of Dara, Melchizedek, Moses bar Kepha, George of Arbela, Elijah I, Barhebraeus, Isaac of Antioch, Narsai, John the Baptist, Cyrillona, St Moses the Robber, Jacob of Nisibis, Philoxenus of Mabbug, Julian Romance, John bar Penkaye, Abdisho of Nisibis, primary sources [Syriac]

Glenthøj, Johannes Bartholdy , Cain and Abel in Syriac and Greek Writers (4th–6th Centuries). CSCO 567, Subs. 95. Louvain:Peeters, 1997.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, V CE, VI CE, Old Testament, exegesis, Genesis, Cain, Abel, Ephrem, Ephremiana [Greek], Isaac of Antioch, dialogue poems, Symmachus, Narsai, Jacob of Sarug, Cave of Treasures, Nestorian, Jacobite

Golitzin, Alexander , Et introibo ad altare Dei: The Mystagogy of Dionysius Areopagita, with Special Reference to its Predecessors in the Eastern Christian Tradition. Ανάλεκτα Βλατάδων 59. Θεσσαλονίκη:Πατριαρχικόν Ίδρυμα Πατερικών Μελετών, 1994.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, V CE, Pseudo-Dionysius the Areopagite, spirituality, asceticism, heterodoxy, Messalianism, Ephrem, Pseudo-Macarius

Golitzin, Alexander ,'' Recovering the “Glory of Adam”: “Divine Light” Traditions in the Dead Sea Scrolls and the Christian Ascetical Literature of Fourth-Century Syro-Mesopotamia'', Pages 275-308 in The Dead Sea Scrolls as Background to Postbiblical Judaism and Early Christianity. Papers from an International Conference at St. Andrews in 2001. Edited by Davila, James R. . Studies on the Texts of the Desert of Judah 46. Leiden / Boston:Brill, 2003.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Aphrahat, Liber Graduum, Pseudo-Macarius, Old Testament, exegesis, Genesis, Adam, garments of light, Qumran, Paradise, Jewish background, light, anthropology, mysticism

Graffin, François , ''Hymnes inédites de saint Ephrem sur la virginité'', L’Orient Syrien 6 (1961): 213-242.
Keywords: Ephrem, Ephremiana [Armenian], virginity, poetry, hymnography, dialogue poems, translations from Syriac, translations into Armenian, Syriac influence [Armenia], primary sources [Armenian] - French translation

Graffin, François , ''Les hymnes sur la perle de Saint Ephrem'', L’Orient Syrien 12 (1967): 129-149.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, pearl

Graffin, François , ''L’Eucharistie chez saint Éphrem'', Parole de l’Orient 4 (1973): 93-116.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, liturgics, sacraments, Eucharist, poetry, hymnography, Hymns on Faith, primary sources [Syriac] - French translation

Graffin, François ,'' Le florilège patristique de Philoxène de Mabbog'', Pages 267-290 in Symposium Syriacum, 1972: célebré dans les jours 26-31 octobre 1972 à l’Institut Pontifical Oriental de Rome. Edited by Ortiz de Urbina, Ignatius . Orientalia Christiana Analecta 197. Roma:Pontificium Institutum Orientalium Studiorum, 1974.
Keywords: VI CE, Philoxenus of Mabbug, Ephrem, Ephremiana [Syriac], Ephrem [influence], florilegium, primary sources [Syriac] + French translation

Granado Bellido, Carmelo , ''Simbolismo del vestido. Interpretación patrística de Gen. 49, 11'', Estudios eclesiásticos 59 (1984): 313-357.
Keywords: IV CE, IV-VII CE, Ephrem, Old Testament, Genesis, Gen 49, exegesis, Gen 49:11, dress, exegesis

Grelot, Pierre , ''Un poème de saint Éphrem: Satan et la Mort'', L’Orient Syrien 3 (1958): 443-452.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, Satan, death, dialogue poems, primary sources [Syriac] - French translation

Gribomont, Jean , ''Les hymnes de Saint Ephrem sur la Pâque'', Melto 3 (1967): 147-182.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, Easter

Gribomont, Jean , ''La tradition liturgique des hymnes pascales de S. Éphrem'', Parole de l’Orient 4 (1973): 191-246.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, Hymns on Easter, Easter, Ephrem [influence], liturgics, breviary, Jacobite, Nestorian, Maronite

Gribomont, Jean , ''Le triomphe de Pâques d’après saint Éphrem'', Parole de l’Orient 4 (1973): 147-189.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, Easter, Hymns on Easter, Hymns on Nisibis, soteriology

Gribomont, Jean ,'' Efrem Greco'', Pages 1071-1073 in Dizionario degli Istituti di perfezione. Edited by Pelliccia, Guerrino and Rocca, Giancarlo . Roma:Edizioni Paoline, 1976.
Keywords: Syriac influence [Byzantine church], Ephrem, Ephremiana [Greek], Pseudo-Ephrem

Gribomont, Jean , ''L’eucaristia nel commentario di Efrem al Diatessaron'', Parola, spirito e vita: quaderni di lettura biblica 7 (1983): 205-214.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, New Testament, exegesis, Gospels, Diatessaron, commentary, liturgics, sacraments, Eucharist

Griffith, Sidney Harrison ,'' Ephraem, the Deacon of Edessa, and the Church of the Empire'', Pages 25-52 in Diakonia: Studies in Honor of Robert T. Meyer. Edited by Halton, Thomas P. and Williman, J.P. . Washington, D.C.:The Catholic University of America Press, 1986.
Keywords: Ephrem, IV CE, Edessa, orthodoxy, Nicaea

Griffith, Sidney Harrison , ''Ephraem the Syrian’s Hymns ‘Against Julian’: Meditations on History and Imperial Power'', Vigiliae Christianae 41:3 (1987): 238-266.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, hymnography, Hymns against Julian, poetry, politics, Roman Empire, emperor, Julian

Griffith, Sidney Harrison , ''Images of Ephraem: The Syrian Holy Man and His Church'', Traditio 45 (1989-1990): 7-33.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, asceticism, Ephrem [influence], Syriac influence [Byzantine church]

Griffith, Sidney Harrison , ''‘Singles’ in God’s Service: Thoughts on the Ihidaye from the Works of Aphrahat and Ephraem the Syrian'', The Harp 4 (1991): 145-159.
Keywords: IV CE, Aphrahat, Ephrem, asceticism, singleness

Griffith, Sidney Harrison ,'' “Faith Seeking Understanding” in the Thought of St. Ephraem the Syrian'', Pages 35-55 in Faith Seeking Understanding: Learning and the Catholic Tradition. Edited by Berthold, George C. . Manchester, New Hampshire:Saint Anselm College Press, 1991.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, faith, reason, learning

Griffith, Sidney Harrison ,'' Monks, “Singles”, and the “Sons of the Covenant”: Reflections on Syriac Ascetic Terminology'', Pages 141-160 in ΕΥΛΟΓΗΜΑ: Studies in Honor of Robert Taft, S.J.. Edited by Carr, Ephrem and Parenti, Stefano and Thiermeyer, Abraham-Andreas and Velkovska, Elena . Studia Anselmiana 110, Analecta Liturgica 17. Roma:Pontificio Ateneo S. Anselmo, 1993.
Keywords: IV CE, Aphrahat, Ephrem, monasticism, asceticism, resurrection, bnai qyama, singleness

Griffith, Sidney Harrison , ''The Image of the Image Maker in the Poetry of St. Ephraem the Syrian'', Studia Patristica 25 (1993): 258-269.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, images

Griffith, Sidney Harrison ,'' Asceticism in the Church of Syria: The Hermeneutics of Early Syrian Monasticism'', Pages 220-245 in Asceticism. Edited by Wimbush, Vincent L. and Valantasis, Richard . New York / Oxford:Oxford University Press, 1995.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Aphrahat, monasticism, asceticism

Griffith, Sidney Harrison , “Faith Adoring the Mystery”: Reading the Bible with St. Ephraem the Syrian. The Père Marquette Lecture in Theology. Milwaukee, Wisconsin:Marquette University Press, 1997.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, exegesis, Old Testament

Griffith, Sidney Harrison , ''A Spiritual Father for the Whole Church: The Universal Appeal of St. Ephraem the Syrian'', Hugoye: Journal of Syriac Studies 1:2 (1998):
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem

Griffith, Sidney Harrison , ''“Spirit in the Bread; Fire in the Wine”: The Eucharist as “Living Medicine” in the Thought of Ephraem the Syrian'', Modern Theology 15:2 (1999): 225-246.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, theology, liturgics, Eucharist, sacraments, medicine

Griffith, Sidney Harrison ,'' Setting Right the Church of Syria: Saint Ephraem’s Hymns against Heresies'', Pages 97-114 in The Limits of Ancient Christianity: Essays on Late Antique Thought and Culture in Honor of R.A. Markus. Edited by Klingshirn, William E. and Vessey, Mark . Ann Arbor, Michigan:University of Michigan Press, 1999.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Edessa, heterodoxy, orthodoxy, polemic, hymnography

Griffith, Sidney Harrison ,'' The Marks of the “True Church” according to Ephraem’s Hymns against Heresies'', Pages 125-140 in After Bardaisan: Studies on Continuity and Change in Syriac Christianity in Honour of Professor Han J.W. Drijvers. Edited by Reinink, Gerrit J. and Klugkist, Alex C. . Orientalia Lovaniensia Analecta 89. Louvain:Peeters, 1999.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, heterodoxy, orthodoxy, boundaries, identity, hymnography, Jesus, apostolic succession, sacraments, Edessa

Griffith, Sidney Harrison , ''The Thorn among the Tares: Mani and Manichaeism in the Works of St. Ephraem the Syrian'', Studia Patristica 35 (2001): 395-427.
Keywords: IV CE, Edessa, Ephrem, Mani, Manichaeism, polemic, heterodoxy, orthodoxy

Griffith, Sidney Harrison , ''Christianity in Edessa and the Syriac-Speaking World: Mani, Bar Daysan, and Ephrem; the Struggle for Allegiance on the Aramean Frontier'', Journal of the Canadian Society for Syriac Studies 2 (2002): 5-20.
Keywords: I-III CE, III CE, IV CE, Edessa, Mani, Bardesan, Ephrem, heterodoxy, Gnosticism, orthodoxy

Griffith, Sidney Harrison , ''St. Ephraem the Syrian, a Spiritual Teacher for Today'', The Harp 16 (2003): 171-194.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, spirituality, XIX-XXI CE, Syriac influence

Griffith, Sidney Harrison ,'' Abraham Qîdunayâ, St. Ephraem the Syrian and Early Monasticism in the Syriac-Speaking World'', Pages 239-264 in Il monachesimo tra eredità e aperture. Atti del simposio “Testi e Temi nella Tradizione del Monachesimo Cristiano” per il 50o anniversario dell’Istituto Monastico di Sant’Anselmo; Roma, 28 maggio – 1o giugno 2002. Edited by Bielawski, Maciej and Hombergen, Daniel . Studia Anselmiana 140, Analecta Monastica 8. Roma:Pontificio Ateneo S. Anselmo, 2004.
Keywords: IV CE, Abraham Qidunaia, Ephrem, monasticism

Griffith, Sidney Harrison ,'' Beyond the Euphrates in Severan Times: Mani, Bar Daysan, and the Struggle for Allegiance on the Syrian Frontier'', Pages 317-332 in Philostratus’s Heroikos: Religion and Cultural Identity in the Third Century C.E.. Edited by Aitken, Ellen Bradshaw and Maclean, Jennifer K. Berenson . Writings from the Greco-Roman World 6. Leiden / Boston:Brill, 2004.
Keywords: I-III CE, III CE, heterodoxy, Bardesan, Mani, Manichaeism, Ephrem, polemic

Griffith, Sidney Harrison ,'' Ephraem the Exegete (306–373): Biblical Commentary in the Works of Ephraem the Syrian'', Pages 1395-1428 in Handbook of Patristic Exegesis: The Bible in Ancient Christianity. Edited by Kannengiesser, Charles . The Bible in Ancient Christianity 1. Leiden / Boston:Brill, 2004.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Old Testament, exegesis

Griffith, Sidney Harrison , ''St. Ephraem, Bar Daysān and the Clash of Madrāshê in Aram: Readings in St. Ephraem’s Hymni contra Haereses'', The Harp 21 (2006): 447-472.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Hymns against Heresies, Bardesan, heterodoxy, polemic, liturgics, hymnography, madrasha

Griffith, Sidney Harrison ,'' Syriac/Antiochene Exegesis in Saint Ephrem’s Teaching Songs De Paradiso: The ‘Types of Paradise’ in the ‘Treasury of Revelations’'', Pages 27-52 in Syriac and Antiochian Exegesis and Biblical Theology for the 3rd Millennium. Edited by Miller, Robert D. . Gorgias Eastern Christian Studies 6. Piscataway, New Jersey:Gorgias Press, 2008.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, Hymns on Paradise, Old Testament, Genesis, exegesis, hermeneutics, Paradise

Griffith, Sidney Harrison ,'' Disclosing the Mystery: The Hermeneutics of Typology in Syriac Exegesis'', Pages 46-64 in Interpreting Scriptures in Judaism, Christianity and Islam: Overlapping Inquiries. Edited by Cohen, Mordechai Z. and Berlin, Adele . Cambridge:Cambridge University Press, 2016.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, VI CE, Ephrem, Jacob of Sarug, poetry, hymnography, Old Testament, Genesis, Abraham, Gen 22, exegesis, hermeneutics, typology, allegory, Jacobite

Griffith, Sidney Harrison ,'' St. Ephraem the Syrian, the Quran, and the Grapevines of Paradise: An Essay in Comparative Eschatology'', Pages 781-805 in Roads to Paradise: Eschatology and Concepts of the Hereafter in Islam. Edited by Günther, Sebastian and Lawson, Todd . Leiden / Boston:Brill, 2017.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, VII-XVIII CE, IV CE, VII CE, Ephrem, eschatology, Paradise, Syriac influence [Arabs], Muslim-Christian relations, Quran

Grillmeier, Alois ,'' Éphrem d’Amid, patriarche d’Antioche (527-45)'', Pages 581-585 in Dictionnaire d’histoire et de géographie ecclésiastiques. Paris:Letouzey et Ané, 1963.
Keywords: VI CE, Ephrem of Antioch

Grimme, Hubert , Der Strophenbau in den Gedichten Ephräms des Syrers, mit einem Anhange über den Zusammenhang zwischen syrischer und byzantinischer Hymnenform. Collectanea Friburgensia 2.II. Freiburg, Schweiz:Commissionsverlag der Universitätsbuchhandlung, 1893.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, poetics, Syriac influence [Byzantine church]

Grimme, Hubert , ''Grundzüge der syrischen Betonungs- und Verslehre'', Zeitschrift der Deutschen Morgenländischen Gesellschaft 47 (1893): 276-307.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, poetics, Syriac language, Classical Syriac, phonology

Grosdidier de Matons, José , Romanos le Mélode et les origines de la poésie religieuse à Byzance. Paris:Beauchesne, 1977.
Keywords: Syriac influence [Byzantine church], Ephrem, Romanos, poetry, hymnography

Grove, Ron , ''Saint Ephrem the Syrian and Great Lent in the Greek Orthodox Tradition'', Ephrem’s Theological Journal 2:1 (1998): 8-11.
Keywords: Ephrem, Ephremiana [Greek], Syriac influence [Byzantine church]

Grypeou, Emmanouela ,'' Ephraem Graecus, ʻSermo In Adventum Domini᾽: A Contribution to the Study of the Transmission of Apocalyptic Motifs in Greek, Latin and Syriac Traditions in Late Antiquity'', Pages 165-179 in Graeco-Latina et Orientalia: Studia in honorem Angeli Urbani heptagenarii. Edited by Samir, Samir Khalil and Monferrer-Sala, Juan Pedro . Series Syro-Arabica 2. Cordoba:Cordoba Near Eastern Research Unit / Beirut: Centre de Documentation et de Recherches Arabes Chrétiennes, 2013.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, Ephrem, Ephremiana [Greek], Pseudo-Ephrem, eschatology, apocalypticism, Antichrist

Guidi, Ignazio , ''La traduzione copta di un’omelia di S. Ephrem'', Bessarione II, 4, 7 (1903): 1-21.
Keywords: Ephrem, Ephremiana [Coptic], Syriac influence [Egypt], primary sources [Coptic]

Guillaumont, Antoine ,'' Genèse 1, 1-2 selon les commentateurs syriaques'', Pages 115-132 in In Principio: Interprétations des premiers versets de la Genèse. Paris:Études Augustiniennes, 1973.
Keywords: Old Testament, exegesis, Genesis, Gen 1, Gen 1:1, Gen 1:2, creation, cosmogony, Ephrem, Theodore bar Koni, Nestorian, Jacobite

Guillaumont, Antoine ,'' Un midrash d’Exode 4, 24-26 chez Aphraate et Ephrem de Nisibe'', Pages 89-95 in A Tribute to Arthur Vööbus: Studies in Early Christian Literature and Its Environment, Primarily in the Syrian East. Edited by Fischer, Robert H. . Chicago, Illinois:The Lutheran School of Theology at Chicago, 1977.
Keywords: exegesis, Old Testament, Exodus, Aphrahat, Ephrem, IV CE, circumcision

Gulácsi, Zsuzsanna , Mani’s Pictures: The Didactic Images of the Manichaeans from Sasanian Mesopotamia to Uygur Central Asia and Tang-Ming China. Nag Hammadi and Manichaean Studies 90. Leiden / Boston:Brill, 2015.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, VI CE, Ephrem, Severus of Antioch, heresiography, polemic, anti-Manichaean, Manichaeism, art, illustrations

Gusev, Andrey V. , ''The Sermon of “the Greek Ephrem” on the Feast of Encaenia: Translation and Preliminary Observations'', Bulletin of the Ekaterinburg Theological Seminary 2 [6] (2013): 179-209.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, VI CE, Ephrem, Pseudo-Ephrem, Ephremiana [Greek], sermons, primary sources [Greek] - Russian translation

Gwynn, John ,'' Selections Translated into English from the Hymns and Homilies of Ephraim the Syrian, and from the Demonstrations of Aphrahat the Persian Sage'', Pages 113-433 in A Select Library of the Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers of the Christian Church: Second Series. Volume 13, Part 2: Gregory the Great, Ephraim Syrus, Aphrahat. Edited by Schaff, Philip and Wace, Henry . New York:Christian Literature Company, 1898.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Aphrahat, Ephrem, hymnography, Hymns on Nisibis, Hymns on Nativity, Hymns on Epiphany, Hymns on Faith, homilies, repentance, primary sources [Syriac] - English translation

Haase, Albert , St. Ephraemi Syri theologia quantum ex libris poeticis cognosci potest explicatur. Halis:Typis Orphanotrophei, 1869.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, theology

Haffner, August , ''Die Homilie des heiligen Ephräm von Syrien über das Pilgerleben. Nach den Handschriften von Rom und Paris herausgegeben und übersetzt'', Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlich Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien, Philosophisch-Historische Klasse 135:9 (1896): 1-21.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, wandering, Ephremiana [Arabic], Karshuni, primary sources [Syriac] + German translation, primary sources [Arabic]

Hage, Joseph , L’Esprit Saint chez saint Éphrem de Nisibe et dans la tradition syriaque antérieure. Bibliothèque de l’Université Saint-Esprit 56. Kaslik:Presses de l’Université Saint-Esprit de Kaslik, 2012.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Ephrem, Aphrahat, Holy Spirit, sacraments

Hage, Louis , Les strophes-types syriaques et leurs mètres poétiques du patriarche maronite Etienne Douayhi. Bibliothèque de l’Université Saint-Esprit de Kaslik 13. Kaslik:Université Saint-Esprit, 1986.
Keywords: Lebanon, Maronite, poetics, poetry, hymnography, madrasha, Ephrem, Stephan al-Duwayhi, XVIII CE, liturgics, primary sources [Syriac] + French translation

Hage, Louis , The Syriac Model Strophes and the Poetic Meters, by the Maronite Patriarch Stephen Douayhi. Bibliothèque de l’Université Saint-Esprit de Kaslik 14. Kaslik:Université Saint-Esprit, 1987.
Keywords: Lebanon, Maronite, poetics, poetry, hymnography, madrasha, Ephrem, Stephan al-Duwayhi, XVIII CE, liturgics, primary sources [Syriac] + English translation

Hahn, August and Sieffert, Friedrich Ludwig , eds. Chrestomathia syriaca sive S. Ephraemi carmina selecta. Lipsiae:F.C.G. Vogelii, 1825.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, hymnography, poetry, burial, death, Noah, Hymns on Faith, anti-Marcionite, heterodoxy, primary sources [Syriac]

Hainthaler, Theresia , ''Ephraem von Antiochien und sein Neuchalcedonismus'', Studia Patristica 33 (1997): 524-529.
Keywords: VI CE, Ephrem of Antioch, Chalcedon, Christology

Hainthaler, Theresia ,'' Eine christologische Kontroverse Ende des 6. Jahrhunderts unter den Antichalcedoniern des Patriarchats Antiochien'', Pages 197-211 in Syriaca: Zur Geschichte, Theologie, Liturgie und Gegenwartslage der syrischen Kirchen. 2. Deutsches Syrologen-Symposium (Juli 2000, Wittenberg). Edited by Tamcke, Martin . Studien zur Orientalischen Kirchengeschichte 17. Münster:LIT, 2002.
Keywords: VI CE, theology, Christology, Chalcedon, Ephrem of Antioch, polemic

Hainthaler, Theresia ,'' Ephraem von Antiochien und sein Neuchalcedonismus'', Pages 357-373 in Jesus der Christus im Glauben der Kirche. Bd. 2.3: Die Kirchen von Jerusalem und Antiochien nach 451 bis 600. Edited by Grillmeier, Alois and Hainthaler, Theresia . Freiburg im Breisgau / Basel / Vienna:Herder, 2002.
Keywords: VI CE, Ephrem of Antioch, Chalcedon, Christology

Hainthaler, Theresia ,'' Zum Problem des sogenannten Neuchalcedonismus: Ephraem von Antiochien und Fulgentius von Ruspe'', Pages 201-223 in Christus bei den Vätern: Forscher aus dem Osten und Westen Europas an den Quellen des gemeinsamen Glaubens. Pro Oriente-Studientagung über “Christus bei den griechischen und lateinischen Kirchenvätern im ersten Jahrtausend” in Wien, 7.-9. Juni 2001. Edited by de Andia, Ysabel and Hofrichter, Peter L. . Pro Oriente 27, Wiener Patristische Tagungen 1. Wien:2003.
Keywords: VI CE, Ephrem of Antioch, Chalcedon, theology, Christology

Hainthaler, Theresia ,'' Ephrem of Antioch and His Neo-Chalcedonism'', Pages 343-358 in Christ in Christian Tradition. Vol. 2: From the Council of Chalcedon (451) to Gregory the Great (590–604). Part 3: The Churches of Jerusalem and Antioch from 451 to 600. Edited by Grillmeier, Alois and Hainthaler, Theresia and Bou Mansour, Tanios and Abramowski, Luise . Oxford:Oxford University Press, 2013.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, VI CE, Ephrem of Antioch, Christology, Chalcedon

Hambye, Édouard René , ''St. Ephrem and his Prayers'', The Harp 1:2-3 (1987-1988): 47-52.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, spirituality, prayer, Hymns on Faith

Hammersberger, Ludwig , Die Mariologie der ephremischen Schriften. Eine dogmengeschichtliche Untersuchung. Inssbruck / Wien / München:Tyrolia, 1938.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Mary, Mariology

Hansbury, Mary Teresa , Hymns of saint Ephrem the Syrian. Fairacres / Oxford:SLG Press, 2006.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, primary sources [Syriac] - English translation

Hansbury, Mary Teresa ,'' “Calling on the Name” in St. Ephrem: Roots and Influence'', Pages 161-176 in Malphono w-Rabo d-Malphone: Studies in Honor of Sebastian P. Brock. Edited by Kiraz, George Anton . Gorgias Eastern Christian Studies 3. Piscataway, NJ:Gorgias Press, 2008.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, names, Jewish background, Syriac influence [China]

Harris, James Rendel , Fragments of the Commentary of Ephraem Syrus upon the Diatessaron. London:C.J. Clay and Sons, 1895.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, New Testament, Gospels, Diatessaron, exegesis, commentary, Ishodad of Merv, primary sources [Syriac] + English translation

Harris, James Rendel , ''Tatian: Perfection according to the Saviour'', Bulletin of the John Rylands University Library of Manchester 8 (1924): 15-51.
Keywords: I-III CE, Tatian, asceticism, bnai qyama, Marcionism, Ephrem, Ephremiana [Armenian], Pseudo-Ephrem, translations from Syriac, translations into Armenian, primary sources [Armenian] - English translation

Harvey, Susan Ashbrook , ''Feminine Imagery for the Divine: The Holy Spirit, the Odes of Solomon, and Early Syriac Tradition'', St Vladimir’s Theological Quarterly 37:2-3 (1993): 111-139.
Keywords: I-III CE, IV-VII CE, IV CE, Odes of Solomon, Ephrem, feminine, Holy Spirit, God, theology, women

Harvey, Susan Ashbrook , ''St Ephrem on the Scent of Salvation'', Journal of Theological Studies NS 49:1 (1998): 109-128.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, holy man, asceticism, senses, smell

Harvey, Susan Ashbrook , ''Embodiment in Time and Eternity: A Syriac Perspective'', St Vladimir’s Theological Quarterly 43:2 (1999): 105-130.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Christology, Incarnation, theology

Harvey, Susan Ashbrook ,'' ‘Incense in Our Land’: Julian Saba and Early Syrian Christianity'', Pages 120-131 in Wilderness: Essays in Honour of Frances Young. Edited by Sugirtharajah, R.S. . Library of New Testament Studies 295. London / New York:T&T Clark, 2005.
Keywords: IV CE, Julian Saba, monasticism, asceticism, Ephrem, hymnography, hagiography, Theodoret of Cyrus

Harvey, Susan Ashbrook ,'' On Mary’s Voice: Gendered Words in Syriac Marian Tradition'', Pages 63-86 in The Cultural Turn in Late Ancient Studies: Gender, Asceticism, and Historiography. Edited by Martin, Dale B. and Miller, Patricia Cox . Durham / London:Duke University Press, 2005.
Keywords: IV CE, VI CE, Ephrem, Jacob of Sarug, poetry, hymnography, Mariology, Mary, women

Harvey, Susan Ashbrook , ''Revisiting the Daughters of the Covenant: Women’s Choirs and Sacred Song in Ancient Syriac Christianity'', Hugoye: Journal of Syriac Studies 8:2 (2005):
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, women, bnai qyama, music, singing, liturgics

Harvey, Susan Ashbrook , ''Impudent Women: Matthew 1:1-16 in Syriac Tradition'', Parole de l’Orient 35 (2010): 65-76.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, VI CE, Ephrem, Jacob of Sarug, New Testament, Gospel of Matthew, Mt 1:1-17, exegesis, genealogies, women, Jacobite

Harvey, Susan Ashbrook , Song and Memory: Biblical Women in Syriac Tradition. Père Marquette Lecture in Theology. Milwaukee, Wisconsin:Marquette University Press, 2010.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, Old Testament, exegesis, women, Ephrem

Hausherr, Irénée , Noms du Christ et voies d’oraison. Orientalia Christiana Analecta 157. Roma:Pontificium Institutum Orientalium Studiorum, 1960.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Aphrahat, VII CE, Isaac of Nineveh, prayer, spirituality, names, Christology

Hayes, Andrew J. , '' The Rhetoric and Themes of the Madrāšâ Cycle in Praise of Abraham Qîdunāyâ Attributed to Ephrem the Syrian''. Ph.D. dissertation, The Catholic University of America, 2012
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Ephrem, hymnography, hagiography, asceticism, poetics, madrasha, Abraham Qidunaia, Pseudo-Ephrem, Ephremiana [Syriac], primary sources [Syriac] - English translation

Hayes, Andrew J. , ''The Transfiguration of Moses: A Survey and Analysis of St. Ephrem’s Interpretation of Exodus 34,29'', Oriens Christianus 97 (2013-2014): 67-99.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Ephrem, Old Testament, Exodus, exegesis, commentary, Moses, asceticism, glory, wisdom, garments of light

Hayes, Andrew J. , Icons of the Heavenly Merchant: Ephrem and Pseudo-Ephrem in the Madrashe in Praise of Abraham of Qidun. Gorgias Eastern Christian Studies 45. Piscataway, New Jersey:Gorgias Press, 2016.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Ephrem, hymnography, hagiography, asceticism, poetics, madrasha, Abraham Qidunaia, Pseudo-Ephrem, Ephremiana [Syriac], primary sources [Syriac] - English translation

Hayman, Allison Peter ,'' The Image of the Jew in the Syriac Anti-Jewish Polemical Literature'', Pages 423-441 in “To See Ourselves as Others See Us”: Christians, Jews, “Others” in Late Antiquity. Edited by Neusner, Jacob and Frerichs, Ernest S. . Scholars Press Studies in the Humanities. Chico, California:Scholars Press, 1985.
Keywords: anti-Judaism, Jewish-Christian relations, VIII CE, Sergius the Stylite, Ephrem

Heal, Kristian S. , '' Tradition and Transformation: Genesis 37 and 39 in Early Syriac Sources''. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Birmingham, 2008
Keywords: IV-VII CE, V CE, Ephrem, Pseudo-Ephrem, Ephremiana [Syriac], Narsai, Old Testament, Genesis, Gen 37, Gen 39, Joseph, exegesis, typology

Heffening, Wilhelm , ''Die griechische Ephraem-Paraenesis gegen das Lachen in arabischer Übersetzung'', Oriens Christianus III, 2 [24] (1927): 94-119.
Keywords: Ephrem, Ephremiana [Arabic], ephremiana [Greek], asceticism, laughter, psychology, translations from Syriac, translations into Arabic, Syriac influence [Arabs], primary sources [Arabic] + German translation

Heid, Stefan , ''Zwei an den Enkainien der Jerusalemer Grabeskirche gehaltene Predigten des griechischen Ephräm'', Oriens Christianus 84 (2000): 1-22.
Keywords: Ephrem, Ephremiana [Greek], Jerusalem, Syriac influence [Byzantine church]

Heid, Stefan , ''Ephraem Graeci homilia de iudicio et pretiosa cruce (Clavis PG 4105)'', Orientalia Christiana Periodica 67:2 (2001): 353-370.
Keywords: Ephrem, Ephremiana [Greek], Syriac influence [Byzantine church]

Hélou, Clémence ,'' Dieu au féminin dans la tradition syriaque'', Pages 159-184 in Le visage de Dieu dans le patrimoine oriental. Patrimoine Syriaque, Actes du Colloque VII. Antélias, Liban:Centre d’Études et de Recherches Orientales / Université Antonine, 2001.
Keywords: I-III CE, IV CE, Ephrem, theology, God, Holy Spirit, gender, feminine

Hélou, Clémence ,'' Le symbolisme féminin dans la poésie de saint Éphrem'', Pages 143-154 in Saint Éphrem, un poète pour notre temps. Patrimoine Syriaque, Actes du Colloque XI, Alep 2006. Antélias, Liban:Centre d’Études et de Recherches Orientales, 2007.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, poetics, symbols, feminine, women

Hemmerdinger-Iliadou, Démocratie , ''Les doublets de l’édition de l’Éphrem grec par Assemani'', Orientalia Christiana Periodica 24 (1958): 371-382.
Keywords: Ephrem, Ephremiana [Greek], Pseudo-Ephrem, Syriac influence [Byzantine church]

Hemmerdinger-Iliadou, Démocratie , ''Les manuscrits de l’Éphrem grec utilisés par Thwaites'', Scriptorium 13:2 (1959): 261-262.
Keywords: Ephrem, Ephremiana [Greek], Syriac influence [Byzantine church]

Hemmerdinger-Iliadou, Démocratie ,'' Éphrem (les versions). I. Éphrem grec; II. Éphrem latin'', Pages 800-819 in Dictionnaire de spiritualité ascétique et mystique: doctrine et histoire. Paris:Beauchesne, 1960.
Keywords: Ephrem, Ephremiana [Greek], Ephremiana [Latin], Syriac influence [Byzantine church], Syriac influence [Europe], translations from Syriac, translations into Greek

Hemmerdinger-Iliadou, Démocratie ,'' L’authenticité sporadique de l’Éphrem grec'', Pages 232-236 in Akten des XI. Internationalen Byzantinistenkongresses, München 1958. Edited by Dölger, Franz and Beck, Hans-Georg . München:C.H. Beck, 1960.
Keywords: Ephrem, Ephremiana [Greek], Syriac influence [Byzantine church], translations from Syriac, translations into Greek

Hemmerdinger-Iliadou, Démocratie , ''Vers une nouvelle édition de l’Éphrem grec'', Studia Patristica 3 (1961): 72-80.
Keywords: Ephrem, Ephremiana [Greek], Pseudo-Ephrem, Syriac influence [Byzantine church], Old Testament, exegesis, Genesis, Joseph

Hemmerdinger-Iliadou, Démocratie , ''Les données archéologiques dans la version grecque des sermons de saint Éphrem le Syrien'', Cahiers archéologiques 13 (1962): 29-37.
Keywords: Ephrem, Ephremiana [Greek], Syriac influence [Byzantine church], art

Hemmerdinger-Iliadou, Démocratie , ''Données archéologiques des sermons de saint Éphrem le Syrien'', Cahiers archéologiques 13 (1963): 29-37.
Keywords: IV CE, IV-VII CE, Ephrem, archaeology

Hemmerdinger-Iliadou, Démocratie ,'' L’Ephrem grec et la littérature slave'', Pages 343-346 in Actes du XIIe Congrès international d’études byzantines: Ochride 10-16 septembre, 1961. Beograd:Naučno delo, 1964.
Keywords: VII-XVIII CE, Syriac influence [Byzantine church], Syriac influence [Slavs], Ephrem, Pseudo-Ephrem, Ephremiana [Slavonic]

Hemmerdinger-Iliadou, Démocratie , ''Étude comparative des versions grecque, latine et slave de la Vita Abrahamii'', Études balkaniques 2:3 (1965): 301-308.
Keywords: Ephrem, hagiography, Abraham Qidunaia, Ephremiana [Greek], Ephremiana [Latin], Ephremiana [Slavonic], Syriac influence [Byzantine church], Syriac influence [Europe], Syriac influence [Slavs]

Hemmerdinger-Iliadou, Démocratie , ''Éphrem le Syrien, sermon sur Jonas (texte grec inédit)'', Le Muséon 30 (1967): 47-74.
Keywords: Ephrem, Ephremiana [Greek], Jonah, exegesis, Old Testament, Prophets, prophecy, homilies, translations from Syriac, translations into Greek, Nineveh, repentance, Syriac influence [Byzantine church], primary sources [Greek]

Hemmerdinger-Iliadou, Démocratie ,'' L’Éphrem slave et sa tradition manuscrite'', Pages 87-97 in Geschichte der Ost- und Westkirche in ihren wechselseitigen Beziehungen. Acta Congressus historiae Slavicae Salisburgensis in memoriam SS. Cyrilli et Methodii anno 1963 celebrati. Edited by Zagiba, Franz . Annales Instituti Slavici 1.3. Wiesbaden:Otto Harrassowitz, 1967.
Keywords: Ephrem, Ephremiana [Slavonic], Syriac influence [Europe], Syriac influence [Slavs]

Hemmerdinger-Iliadou, Démocratie , ''Sermon grec inédit de s. Éphrem sur le bon larron'', Analecta Bollandiana 85 (1967): 429-439.
Keywords: Ephrem, Ephremiana [Greek], New Testament, exegesis, Syriac influence [Byzantine church], primary sources [Greek]

Hemmerdinger-Iliadou, Démocratie , ''Les citations évangéliques de l’Éphrem grec'', Byzantina 5 (1973): 315-373.
Keywords: Ephrem, Ephremiana [Greek], New Testament, Gospels, quotations, Syriac influence [Byzantine church]

Hemmerdinger-Iliadou, Démocratie , ''Éphrem: versions grecque, latine et slave. Addenda et corrigenda'', Epeteris Hetairesias Byzantinon Spoudon 42 (1975-1976): 320-373.
Keywords: Ephrem, Ephremiana [Greek], Ephremiana [Latin], Ephremiana [Slavonic], Syriac influence [Byzantine church], Syriac influence [Europe], Syriac influence [Slavs]

Henze, Matthias , The Madness of King Nebuchadnezzar: The Ancient Near Eastern Origins and Early History of Interpretation of Daniel 4. Supplements to the Journal for the Study of Judaism 61. Leiden / Boston / Köln:Brill, 1999.
Keywords: IV CE, VI CE, Ephrem, Aphrahat, Jacob of Sarug, Old Testament, exegesis, Daniel, Nebuchadnezzar, kingship, repentance, monasticism, primary sources [Syriac] - English translation

Henze, Matthias ,'' Nebuchadnezzar’s Madness (Daniel 4) in Syriac Literature'', Pages 550-571 in The Book of Daniel: Composition and Reception. Edited by Collins, John J. and Flint, Peter W. . Supplements to Vetus Testamentum 83.1-2, Formation and Interpretation of Old Testament Literature 2.1-2. Leiden / Boston:Brill, 2001.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Ephrem, Aphrahat, Old Testament, Daniel, exegesis, Nebuchadnezzar, asceticism

Hidal, Sten , Interpretatio Syriaca: Die Kommentare des Heiligen Ephräm des Syrers zu Genesis und Exodus mit besondere Berücksichtung ihrer Auslegungsgeschichtlichen Stellung. Collectanea Biblica, Old Testament Series 6. Lund:C.W.K. Gleerup, 1974.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Jewish background, Genesis, Exodus, commentary, Old Testament, exegesis

Hidal, Sten , Efraim Syriern. Hymnerna om Paradiset. Skellefteå, Sweden:Artos, 1985.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, Hymns on Paradise, primary sources [Syriac] - Swedish translation

Hidal, Sten , Efraim Syriern. Hymnerna om Tron. Skellefteå, Sweden:Artos, 2014.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, Hymns on Faith, faith, primary sources [Syriac] - Swedish translation

Hill, James Hamlyn , A Dissertation on the Gospel Commentary of S. Ephraem the Syrian with a Scriptural Index to his Works. Edinburgh:T&T Clark, 1896.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, New Testament, exegesis, Diatessaron, Gospels

Hindo, Behnan and Saleh, Christiane , Chants pour la Nativité de saint Éphrem le Syriaque. Paris:L’Harmattan, 1996.
Keywords: primary sources, French translation, Ephrem, IV CE, poetry, hymnography, Nativity, feasts

Hobeika, Joseph , S. Ephrem et la Sainte Eucharistie. Beyrouth:Imprimerie catholique, 1926.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Ephrem, liturgics, sacraments, Eucharist, primary sources [Syriac] - Arabic translation

Hofer, Andrew , ''The Humble Speech of the Lord: Revelation and Conversion according to St. Ephrem'', Pro Ecclesia 17:2 (2008): 224-242.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, spirituality, humility

Hofstra, Johan D. ,'' The Sources Used by Isho‘dad of Merw in his Commentary on St. John, Chapter I'', Pages 23-35 in Symposium Syriacum VII: Uppsala University, Department of Asian and African Languages, 11–14 August 1996. Edited by Lavenant, René . Orientalia Christiana Analecta 256. Roma:Pontificio Istituto Orientale, 1998.
Keywords: IX CE, New Testament, exegesis, Nestorian, Gospels, Gospel of John, Logos, Christology, Aphrahat, Ephrem, Ahob of Qatar, Theodore of Mopsuestia, Isho bar Nun, Theodore bar Koni, Timothy I

Hogan, Martin , ''Ephrem’s Commentary on the Lord’s Prayer'', Ephrem’s Theological Journal 3:1 (1999): 31-44.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, prayer, Our Father, New Testament, exegesis, Gospels, Gospel of Matthew, Gospel of Luke, Diatessaron, commentary

Hogan, Martin , The Sermon on the Mount in St. Ephrem’s Commentary on the Diatessaron. New York:P. Lang, 1999.
Keywords: exegesis, IV CE, Ephrem, Diatessaron, New Testament, Gospel of Matthew, Gospels, commentary

Holmberg, Bo , ''Efraim Syrierns kommentar til Första Moseboken 4, Kain och Abel'', Svenskt patristiskt bibliotek 4 (2003): 80-87.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Old Testament, exegesis, Genesis, Cain, Abel, commentary

Horn, Cornelia B. ,'' Überlegungen zur Rolle der Pneumatologie Ephräm des Syrers im Umfeld des Ersten Konzils von Konstantinopel'', Pages 29-51 in Syriaca II. Beiträge zum 3. deutschen Syrologen-Symposium in Vierzehnheiligen 2002. Edited by Tamcke, Martin . Studien zur orientalischen Kirchengeschichte 33. Münster:LIT, 2004.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, theology, Holy Spirit, councils, Syriac influence [Byzantine church]

Horn, Cornelia B. ,'' Jesus’ Healing Miracles as Proof of Divine Agency and Identity: The Early Syriac Trajectory'', Pages 71-99 in The Bible, the Qur’ān, & Their Interpretation: Syriac Perspectives. Edited by Horn, Cornelia B. . Eastern Mediterranean Texts and Contexts 1. Warwick, Rhode Island:Abelian Academic, 2013.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Aphrahat, Ephrem, NT apocrypha, Letter of Abgar, Teaching of Addai, Pseudo-Clementines, Christology, miracles, healing

Horn, Cornelia B. ,'' Ephraem the Syrian’s Characterization of Sarah the Matriarch in Light of Jewish and Christian Traditions'', Pages 51-68 in Biblical & Qur’ānic Traditions in the Middle East. Edited by Horn, Cornelia B. and Griffith, Sidney Harrison . Eastern Mediterranean Texts and Contexts 2. Warwick, Rhode Island:Abelian Academic, 2016.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Ephrem, Old Testament, Genesis, exegesis, Sarah, women, Jewish background

Hovhanessian, Vahan , Third Corinthians: Reclaiming Paul for Christian Orthodoxy. Studies in Biblical Literature 18. New York:Peter Lang, 2000.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Ephrem, Ephremiana [Armenian], Syriac influence [Armenia], NT apocrypha, 3 Corinthians, exegesis, commentary

Hovhanessian, Vahan S. , ''Armenian Manuscripts of the Commentaries on the Letters of the Apostle Paul Attributed to Saint Ephrem the Syrian'', The Harp 24 (2009): 311-327.
Keywords: Syriac influence [Armenia], Ephrem, Ephremiana [Armenian], New Testament, Paul, exegesis, commentary, translations from Syriac, translations into Armenian

Hovhanessian, Vahan S. ,'' The Commentary of St. Ephrem the Syrian on the Apocryphal Third Corinthians'', Pages 69-84, 116-118 in The School of Antioch: Biblical Theology and the Church in Syria. Edited by Hovhanessian, Vahan S. . Bible in the Christian Orthodox Tradition 7. New York:Peter Lang, 2016.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Ephrem, Ephremiana [Armenian], Syriac influence [Armenia], NT apocrypha, 3 Corinthians, exegesis, commentary

Hoyland, Robert G. , Seeing Islam as Others Saw It: A Survey and Evaluation of Christian, Jewish and Zoroastrian Writings on Early Islam. Studies in Late Antiquity and Early Islam 13. Princeton, NJ:Darwin Press, 1997.
Keywords: VII CE, VIII CE, Islam, Muslim-Christian relations, polemic, apologetics, canon law, apocalypticism, hagiography, Gabriel of Qartmin, George of Reshaina, Daniel of Edessa, Theodotus of Amida, Jacob of Edessa, Simeon of the Olives, Ishoyahb III of Adiabene, Chronicle of Khuzistan, Chronicle of Zuqnin, Dionysius of Tel-Mahre, Chronicle of 819, Chronicle of 846, Elias of Nisibis, Hormizd, John bar Penkaye, Henanisho I, John of Dailam, Ishobocht, Ishodenah of Basrah, Thomas of Marga, Abraham of Bet Hale, George I of Kaphra, Athanasius II of Baladh, Theophilus of Edessa, Apocalypse of Pseudo-Ephrem, Apocalypse of Ezra, John the Stylite (of Litharb), Timothy I, John III of Antioch, Bahira, Apocalypse of Ezra, Nestorian, Jacobite

Hunt, Hannah M. , ''The Tears of the Sinful Woman: A Theology of Redemption in the Homilies of St. Ephraim and His Followers'', Hugoye: Journal of Syriac Studies 1:2 (1998):
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, redemption, women, healing

Hunt, Hannah M. , Joy-Bearing Grief: Tears of Contrition in the Writings of the Early Syrian and Byzantine Fathers. The Medieval Mediterranean 57. Leiden / Boston:Brill, 2004.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, VII CE, Isaac of Nineveh, asceticism, spirituality, repentance, tears, psychology, Gospel of Luke, Lk 7:36-50, Nestorian

Husmann, Heinrich , ''Madraše und Seblata – Repertoireuntersuchungen zu den Hymnen Ephraems des Syrers'', Acta Musicologica 48:2 (1976): 113-150.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, liturgics, music, madrasha, singing, Beth Gazo

Ibrahim, Gregorios Yohanna Kiraz, George Anton , ''Ephrem’s Madroshe and the Syrian Orthodox Beth Gazo: A Loose, but Fascinating, Affinity'', Hugoye: Journal of Syriac Studies 2:1 (1999):
Keywords: Ephrem, liturgics, Jacobite, music, Beth Gazo, madrasha, singing

Idel, Moshe , ''Adam and Enoch according to St. Ephrem the Syrian'', Kabbalah 6 (2001): 183-205.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Old Testament, Genesis, exegesis, Adam, Enoch, Jewish background

Illert, Martin , Doctrina Addai. De imagine Edessena / Die Abgarlegende. Das Christusbild von Edessa. Fontes Christiani 45. Turnhout:Brepols, 2007.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, VII-XVIII CE, III CE, IV CE, V CE, VI CE, Abgar, Eusebius of Caesarea, NT apocrypha, Teaching of Addai, Letter of Abgar, Testament of Ephrem, Jacob of Sarug, Procopius, Acts of Mar Mari, relics, Mandylion, inscriptions [Greek], Syriac influence [Byzantine church], Syriac influence [Slavs], primary sources [Syriac] - German translation, primary sources [Greek] + German translation, primary sources [Latin] + German translation, primary sources [Slavonic] - German translation

Jabre Mouawad, Ray ,'' Saint Éphrem dans la tradition maronite et surtout chez le patriarche Estephân Douayhî (XVIIe siècle)'', Pages 231-240 in Saint Éphrem, un poète pour notre temps. Patrimoine Syriaque, Actes du Colloque XI. Antélias, Liban:Centre d’Études et de Recherches Orientales, 2007.
Keywords: Lebanon, XVII CE, Stephan al-Duwayhi, Maronite, Ephrem, Ephrem [influence]

Jansen, H. Ludin , ''Et Carmen Nisibenum av Afrem Syrus'', Norsk theologisk tidsskrift 57 (1956): 129-136.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, Hymns on Nisibis

Jansma, Taeke , ''Une homélie anonyme sur la chute d’Adam'', L’Orient Syrien 5 (1960): 159-182, 253-292.
Keywords: homilies, Pseudo-Ephrem, Ephremiana [Syriac], John Chrysostom, Old Testament, exegesis, Genesis, Gen 2, Gen 3, Adam, fall, Satan, Antiochene school, translations from Greek, translations into Syriac, primary sources [Syriac] - French translation

Jansma, Taeke , ''Die Christologie Jacobs von Serugh und ihre Abhängigkeit von der alexandrinischen Theologie und der Frömmigkeit Ephräms des Syrers'', Le Muséon 78 (1965): 5-46.
Keywords: VI CE, Jacob of Sarug, theology, Christology, Ephrem

Jansma, Taeke , ''Narsai and Ephraem: Some Observations on Narsai’s Homilies on Creation and Ephraem’s Hymns on Faith'', Parole de l’Orient 1 (1970): 49-68.
Keywords: IV CE, V CE, Ephrem, Ephrem [influence], Narsai, homilies, poetry, memra, Hymns on Faith, Nestorian

Jansma, Taeke , ''Narsai’s Homilies on Creation: Remarks on a Recent Edition'', Le Muséon 83:1-2 (1970): 209-235.
Keywords: V CE, Narsai, Old Testament, exegesis, Genesis, creation, Ephrem, Theodore of Mopsuestia

Jansma, Taeke , ''Narsai’s dubbele erfenis. Enkele opmerkingen over de invloed van Theodorus van Mopsueste an van Efraïm de Syriër'', Nederlands Archief voor Kerkgeschiedenis NS 51 (1970-1971): 1-15.
Keywords: V CE, Narsai, Ephrem, Theodore of Mopsuestia

Jansma, Taeke , ''Ephraems Beschreibung des ersten Tages der Schöpfung. Bemerkungen über den Charakter seines Kommentars zur Genesis'', Orientalia Christiana Periodica 37 (1971): 295-316.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Old Testament, Genesis, Gen 1, creation, exegesis, commentary, Bardesan

Jansma, Taeke , ''Beiträge zur Berichtigung einzelner Stellen in Ephraems Genesiskommentar'', Oriens Christianus 56 (1972): 59-79.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Old Testament, Genesis, exegesis, commentary

Jansma, Taeke , ''Ephraem’s Commentary on Exodus: Some Remarks on the Syriac Text and the Latin Translation'', Journal of Semitic Studies 17:2 (1972): 203-212.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Old Testament, exegesis, Exodus, commentary

Jansma, Taeke , ''The Provenance of the Last Sections in the Roman Edition of Ephraem’s Commentary on Exodus'', Le Muséon 85 (1972): 155-169.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, VII CE, Jacob of Edessa, Old Testament, Exodus, exegesis, commentary, Pseudo-Ephrem, Ephremiana

Jansma, Taeke , ''The Provenance of the Last Sections in the Roman Edition of Ephraem’s Commentary on Exodus'', Le Muséon 85:1-2 (1972): 155-169.
Keywords: VII-XVIII CE, IX CE, Severus the Monk, Old Testament, Exodus, exegesis, commentary, catena, Ephrem, Jacob of Edessa, Ephremiana [Syriac], Jacobite

Jansma, Taeke , ''Ephraem on Exodus ii, 5: Reflections on the Interplay of Human Freewill and Divine Providence'', Orientalia Christiana Periodica 39:1 (1973): 5-28.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Old Testament, exegesis, Exodus, freedom, providence, will, free will, anthropology

Jansma, Taeke , ''Ephraem on Genesis xlix, 10: An Enquiry into the Syriac Text Forms as Presented in his Commentary on Genesis'', Parole de l’Orient 4 (1973): 247-256.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Old Testament, exegesis, Genesis, Messiah, commentary, Gen 49:10, Jewish-Christian relations, Jewish background, Targums

Jansma, Taeke , ''Weitere Beiträge zur Berichtigung einzelner Stellen in Ephraems Kommentäre zu Genesis und Exodus'', Oriens Christianus 58 (1974): 121-131.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Old Testament, Genesis, Exodus, exegesis, commentary

Jansma, Taeke , ''The Establishment of the Four Quarters of the Universe in the Symbol of the Cross: A Trace of an Ephraemic Conception in the Nestorian Inscription of Hsi-an fu?'', Studia Patristica 13 (1975): 204-209.
Keywords: Syriac influence [China], VIII CE, Xian Fu, epigraphics, inscriptions [Chinese], art, sculpture, iconography, cross, cosmology, symbols, Ephrem, Nestorian

Janson, Adrianus Gerardus Petrus and van Rompay, Lucas , Efrem de Syriër. Uitleg van het boek Genesis. Christelijke bronnen 5. Kampen:Kok, 1993.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Old Testament, exegesis, Genesis, commentary, primary sources [Syriac] - Dutch translation

Janson, Adrianus Gerardus Petrus , De Abrahamcyclus in de Genesiscommentaar van Efrem de Syriër. Zoetermeer:Ribberink van der Gang, 1998.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Old Testament, exegesis, Genesis, commentary, Abraham

Jaubert, Annie , ''Une lecture du lavement des pieds au mardi-mercredi saint'', Le Muséon 79:3-4 (1966): 257-286.
Keywords: Ephrem, Ephremiana [Syriac], Diatessaron, liturgics, lectionary, washing of the Feet, Nestorian

Jewell, Brent Harold , '' A Hermeneutical Key to the Ascetic Ideal of Saint Ephrem''. M.A. thesis, University of St. Michael’s College, 2004
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, asceticism

Johnstone, Steve Poirier, Paul-Hubert , ''Nouvelles citations chez Éphrem et Aphraate de la correspondance entre Paul et les Corinthiens'', Apocrypha 16 (2005): 137-147.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Aphrahat, NT apocrypha, 3 Corinthians, quotations

Jones, A.S. Duncan , ''A Homily of St Ephrem'', Journal of Theological Studies OS 5 [20] (1904): 546-552.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Ephremiana [Syriac], heterodoxy, heresiography, polemic, Bardesan, Hymns against Heresies, primary sources [Syriac] + English translation

Jones, Simon , ''The Womb and the Spirit in the Baptismal Writings of Ephrem the Syrian'', Studia Liturgica 33:2 (2003): 175-193.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, liturgics, sacraments, baptism, Holy Spirit, womb, feminine, garments of light

Joseph, Jomy , ''Eco-theological Concepts of Ephrem the Syrian'', The Harp 28 (2013): 247-267.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Ephrem, theology, nature, ecology

Jullien, Christelle Jullien, Florence , ''“Aux temps des disciples des apôtres”. Les sabbatiens d’Édesse'', Revue de l’histoire des religions 218:2 (2001): 155-170.
Keywords: Edessa, Jewish-Christian relations, heterodoxy, Jewish Christianity, Jewish background, sabbath, Ephrem, Jacob of Edessa, heresiography, Hymns against Heresies

Junod, Eric and Kaestli, Jean-Daniel ,'' Les Actes de Jean dans l’Eglise de Syrie et le témoignage d’Ephrem sur les Actes écrits par les Bardesanites'', Pages 35-47 in L’histoire des Actes apocryphes des apôtres du IIIe au IXe siècle: le cas des Actes de Jean. Edited by Idem, . Cahiers de la Revue de théologie et de philosophie. Genève / Lausanne / Neuchâtel:Imprimerie la Concorde, 1982.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, heterodoxy, Bardesan, NT apocrypha, Acts of John, Acts of Thomas

Jurasz, Izabela , ''Mystères “blasphématoires” de Bardesane'', Nurt SVD 136:2 (2014): 64-90.
Keywords: I-III CE, IV-VII CE, III CE, IV CE, Bardesan, Ephrem, Hymns against Heresies, heterodoxy, polemic, cosmogony, cross

Kadavil, Mathai , ''World as Sacrament: Ethical and Liturgical Response to Creation in Saint Ephrem'', Questions Liturgiques / Studies in Liturgy 84:1 (2003): 5-22.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, liturgics, sacraments, creation, ethics, nature

Kadavil, Mathai , The World as Sacrament: Sacramentality of Creation from the Perspectives of Leonardo Boff, Alexander Schmemann and Saint Ephrem. Textes et Études Liturgiques / Studies in Liturgy 20. Louvain:Peeters, 2005.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Ephrem, liturgics, sacraments, creation, ethics, nature

Kalayil, Thomas ,'' St. Ephrem’s View of Christ as the Unique Mediator of Redemption'', Pages 120-133 in Eastern Theological Reflections in India: Papers Presented at the Symposium of the Eastern Theological Association of India (May 18-20, 1998). Edited by Koodapuzha, Xavier . Oriental Institute of Religious Studies India 216. Kottayam:Oriental Institute of Religious Studies, 1999.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Christology, soteriology

Kania, Wojciech , Wybrane pieśni i poematy syrvjskie: Św. Efrem, Cyryllonas, Balaj. Pisma starochrześcijańskich pisarzy 11. Warszawa:Akademia Teologii Katolickiej, 1973.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Ephrem, Cyrillona, Balaam, poetry, hymnography, primary sources [Syriac] - Polish translation

Kania, Wojciech , ''Recepcja hymnów maryjnych św. Efrema w tradycji bizantyńskiej'', Vox Patrum 10 [18] (1990): 191-197.
Keywords: Ephrem, Ephremiana [Greek], poetry, hymnography, Mariology, Syriac influence [Byzantine church]

Kanjiramukalil, Sylvester , ''Church and Eucharist in St. Ephrem'', Christian Orient 8 (1987): 110-117.
Keywords: IV CE, IV-VII CE, Ephrem, ecclesiology, liturgics, sacraments, Eucharist

Karim, Cyril Aphrem , Symbols of the Cross in the Writings of the Early Syriac Fathers. Piscataway, NJ:Gorgias Press, 2004.
Keywords: Ephrem, Aphrahat, Jacob of Sarug, Narsai, Old Testament, Genesis, Paradise, exegesis, typology, cross, symbols, sacraments, eschatology

Karukaparampil, George ,'' Enjoy the Lord in Creation: The Mystical World View of St Ephrem'', Pages 195-199 in Tûvaik: Studies in Honour of Revd Dr Jacob Vellian. Edited by Idem . Syrian Churches Series 16. Kottayam, Kerala:Mad'naha Theological Institute, 1995.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, creation

Karukaparampil, George , ''Experience of Pneumatological Eschatology in Ephrem'', The Harp 8-9 (1995-1996): 161-165.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, eschatology, Holy Spirit

Karukaparampil, George ,'' The Spritual World View of St Ephrem Compared to Vedanta'', Pages 243-248 in Symposium Syriacum VII: Uppsala University, Department of Asian and African Languages, 11–14 August 1996. Edited by Lavenant, René . Orientalia Christiana Analecta 256. Roma:Pontificio Istituto Orientale, 1998.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, theology, creation, Hinduism, comparative

Karukaparampil, Ouseph Joy , ''Concept of God in Ephrem and in Rig Veda: A Comparative Study of “Itya”, “Ituta” and “sat”'', Parole de l’Orient 31 (2006): 191-199.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, theology, Hinduism

Kavvadas, Nestor ,'' Die Vita Ephrems des Syrers in Edessa des 6. Jh.s: Versuch einer Interpretation'', Pages 255-264 in Bau und Schrift: Studien zur Archäologie und Literatur des antiken Christentums für Hans Reinhard Seeliger. Edited by Khidesheli, Tinatin and Kavvadas, Nestor . Jahrbuch für Antike und Christentum, Ergänzungsband: Kleine Reihe 12. Münster, Westfalen:Aschendorff, 2015.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, VI CE, Ephrem, hagiography, Vita Ephremi

Kazan, Stanley , ''Isaac of Antioch’s Homily against the Jews'', Oriens Christianus 45 (1961): 30-53; 46 (1962), pp. 87-98; 47 (1963), pp. 89-97; 49 (1965), pp. 57-78.
Keywords: IV CE, V CE, VI CE, XII CE, Aphrahat, Ephrem, Isaac of Antioch, Jacob of Sarug, Dionysius bar Salibhi, Jewish-Christian relations, anti-Judaism, Nisibis, circumcision, Gen 49, Shahpuhr II, primary sources [Syriac] + English translation

Kéchichian, Isaac ,'' Bibliographie en langue arménienne sur St Éphrem de Nisibe'', Pages 279 in Ephrem-Hunayn Festival. Baghdad:Al-Ma’arif Press, 1974.
Keywords: Ephrem, Ephremiana [Armenian], Syriac influence [Armenia]

Keryo, Behnam , ''Ephrem: A Combatant and a Monk in Love!'', The Harp 27 (2011): 381-408.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Ephrem, spirituality

Kessel, Grigory M. and Pinggéra, Karl , A Bibliography of Syriac Ascetic and Mystical Literature. Eastern Christian Studies 11. Leuven / Paris / Walpole, MA:Peeters, 2011.
Keywords: bibliography, asceticism, spirituality, mysticism, Abraham bar Dashandad, Abraham of Natpar, Ammonius of Alexandria, Aphnimaran, Aphrahat, Athanasius Abu Ghalib, Athanasius of Alexandria, Aziz b. Sobto, Babai the Great, Babai of Nisibis, Basil of Caesarea, Beh Isho Kamulaya, Liber Graduum, Pseudo-Clement, Dadisho Qatraya, David the Phoenician, Pseudo-Dionysius the Areopagite, Dionysius bar Salibhi, Elijah of Anbar, Ananisho, Ephrem of Qirqephion, Evagrius, George, bishop of the Arabs, Barhebraeus, Gregory of Cyprus, Gregory of Nyssa, Isaac of Antioch, Isaac of Nineveh, Abba Isaiah, Jacob of Sarug, John Climacus, John of Dalyatha, John bar Kaldoun, John of Mosul, John Naqar, John bar Penkaye, John of Apamea, Joseph Hazzaya, Joseph II, Pseudo-Macarius, Mark the Monk, Marcian the Monk, Sahdona, Masud of Tur Abdin, Nestorius of Nuhadra, Nilus of Ancyra, Philoxenus of Mabbug, Sergius of Reshaina, Simeon the Persecuted, Simeon of Taibutheh, Stephen bar Sudaile, Shubhalmaran, Theodore of Mopsuestia, Theodosius of Antioch, Nestorian, Jacobite

Khouri-Sarkis, Gabriel , ''Hymne de Saint Éphrem sur les trente années de la vie terrestre du Christ'', L’Orient Syrien 2:1 (1957): 41-48.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, New Testament, exegesis, Jesus, poetry, hymnography, primary sources [Syriac] - French translation

Kim Harkins, Angela ,'' What Do Syriac/Antiochene Exegesis and Textual Criticism Have to Do with Theology?'', Pages 151-187 in Syriac and Antiochian Exegesis and Biblical Theology for the 3rd Millennium. Edited by Miller, Robert D. . Gorgias Eastern Christian Studies 6. Piscataway, New Jersey:Gorgias Press, 2008.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Ephrem, Antiochene school, Old Testament, exegesis, hermeneutics

Kim, Angela Y. , ''Signs of Ephrem’s Exegetical Techniques in his Homily on Our Lord'', Hugoye: Journal of Syriac Studies 3:1 (2000):
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Old Testament, exegesis, Exodus, Golden Calf, typology

Kim, Jung , '' Catechesis and Mystagogy in St. Ephrem the Syrian: The Liturgy of Baptism and the Madrashe''. Th.D. dissertation, Boston University School of Theology, 2013
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Ephrem, liturgics, baptism, poetry, hymnography, madrasha, catechesis

Kimball, Paul Elliot , '' The Shadow of the Future: Ritual and Eschatology in the Early Byzantine City (AD 394–404)''. Ph.D. dissertation, The State University of New York at Buffalo, 2004
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Hymns on Nisibis, Edessa, relics, martyrs, Thomas, Messalianism

Kirchmeyer, Jean Hemmerdinger-Iliadou, Démocratie , ''Saint Éphrem et le Liber Scintillarum. À propos d’une édition récente'', Recherches de science religieuse 46 (1958): 545-550.
Keywords: Ephrem, Ephremiana, Ephremiana [Latin], Syriac influence [Europe]

Kirchmeyer, Jean ,'' Éphrem (les versions). III. Autres versions d’Éphrem'', Pages 819-822 in Dictionnaire de spiritualité ascétique et mystique: doctrine et histoire. Paris:Beauchesne, 1960.
Keywords: Ephrem, Ephremiana [Armenian], Ephremiana [Georgian], Ephremiana [Slavonic], Ephremiana [Arabic], Ephremiana [Coptic], Syriac influence [Armenia], Syriac influence [Georgia], Syriac influence [Arabs], Syriac influence [Slavs], Syriac influence [Egypt], translations from Syriac, translations into Armenian

Kister, Menachem , ''Exod 4:24-26: The Complexity of Jewish and Christian Interpretations'', Tarbiz 83:1-2 (2015): 51-70.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Ephrem, Aphrahat, Old Testament, Exodus, Moses, exegesis, circumcision, Jewish-Christian relations, polemic, anti-Judaism

Kitchen, Robert A. ,'' Ephrem the Syrian'', Pages 201-207 in The Orthodox Christian World. Edited by Casiday, Augustine M. . Routledge Worlds. London / New York:Routledge, 2012.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Ephrem

Klijn, Albertus Frederik Johannes , ''A Note on Ephrem’s Commentary on the Pauline Epistles'', Journal of Theological Studies NS 5:1 (1954): 76-78.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, New Testament, exegesis, Paul, 2 Corinthians, quotations, Ephremiana [Armenian]

Klijn, Albertus Frederik Johannes , ''The Apocryphal Correspondence between Paul and the Corinthians'', Vigiliae Christianae 17:1 (1963): 2-23.
Keywords: IV CE, IV-VII CE, Ephrem, Ephremiana [Armenian], Syriac influence [Armenia], NT apocrypha, 3 Corinthians

Kochuparampil, Jose Mathew , ''Syriac Fathers on Mary and the Eucharist'', The Harp 22 (2007): 283-297.
Keywords: IV CE, V CE, Aphrahat, Ephrem, Narsai, Mary, Mariology, liturgics, sacraments, Eucharist

Kochuparampil, Jose Mathew , ''The Pontifical Rites of the Sacramentals of the Syro-Malabar Church: Consecration of the Altar and Blessing of the Oil'', Ephrem’s Theological Journal 11:1 (2007): 23-37.
Keywords: India, Kerala, Syro-Malabar, liturgics, sacraments, myron, oil, altar

Kodjanian, Paul , ''[Tatians Diatessaron and its Commentary by Ephrem]'', Handes Amsorya 81 (1967): 345-354, 481-484.
Keywords: IV CE, IV-VII CE, Ephrem, New Testament, Diatessaron, exegesis, commentary

Kofsky, Aryeh Ruzer, Serge , ''Justice, Free Will, and Divine Mercy in Ephrem’s Commentary on Genesis 2-3'', Le Muséon 113:3-4 (2000): 315-332.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Old Testament, Genesis, Gen 2, Gen 3, exegesis, freedom, Adam, Paradise, fall, anthropology

Kofsky, Aryeh ,'' Theology and Hermeneutics among Syriac Christianity, Greek Christianity and Contemporaneous Judaism (4th-5th Centuries): Paradigms of Interaction'', Pages 75-90 in Le vie del sapere in ambito siro-mesopotamico dal III al IX secolo. Atti del convegno internazionale tenuto a Roma nei giorni 12-13 maggio 2011. Edited by Noce, Carla and Pampaloni, Massimo and Tavolieri, Claudia . Orientalia Christiana Analecta 293. Roma:Pontificio Istituto Orientale, 2013.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, V CE, Aphrahat, Ephrem, Theodore of Mopsuestia, Antiochene school, Old Testament, Genesis, exegesis, hermeneutics, Jewish-Christian relations, Rabbinic Judaism

Kokkaravalayil, Sunny , ''The Particular Law of the Syro-Malabar Church: An Appraisal'', Ephrem’s Theological Journal 11:2 (2007): 178-197.
Keywords: India, Kerala, Syro-Malabar, canon law

Kollamparampil, Antony George , From Symbol to Truth: A Syriac Understanding of the Paschal Mystery. Bibliotheca Ephemerides Liturgicae, Subsidia 110. Roma:Edizioni Liturgiche, 2000.
Keywords: I-III CE, IV-VII CE, IV CE, Easter, Passover, liturgics, sacraments, feasts, Eucharist, Trinity, Odes of Solomon, Acts of Thomas, Teaching of Addai, Didascalia, Aphrahat, Ephrem, Cyrillona, Narsai, Cyrus of Edessa, Nestorian

Kollamparampil, Thomas , ''Paradise-Church and the Kingdom in St. Ephrem’s Hymns on Paradise VI'', The Harp 20 (2006): 111-119.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, Hymns on Paradise, Old Testament, Genesis, exegesis, Paradise, ecclesiology

Koodapuzha, Xavier , ''Mission and the St. Thomas Christians: An Ecclesiological Analysis of the Mission in the Indian Context'', Ephrem’s Theological Journal 4:2 (2000): 131-148.
Keywords: India, Kerala, mission

Koonammakkal, Thomas , '' The Theology of Divine Names in the Genuine Works of Ephraem''. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Oxford, 1991
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, theology, God, names

Koonammakkal, Thomas , ''Changing Views on Ephrem'', Christian Orient 14 (1993): 113-130.
Keywords: Ephrem, Syriac studies

Koonammakkal, Thomas , ''Divine Names and Theological Language in Ephrem'', Studia Patristica 25 (1993): 318-323.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, theology, God's name

Koonammakkal, Thomas , ''The Self-Revealing God and Man in Ephrem'', The Harp 6:3 (1993): 233-248.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, theology, God, Hymns on Faith

Koonammakkal, Thomas , ''Christ and Christians: An Ecclesiological Theme in Ephrem'', Christian Orient 15 (1994): 163-169.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, ecclesiology, Christ, Christology

Koonammakkal, Thomas ,'' St. Ephrem and “Greek Wisdom”'', Pages 169-176 in VI Symposium Syriacum, 1992: University of Cambridge, Faculty of Divinity, 30 August – 2 September 1992. Edited by Lavenant, René . Orientalia Christiana Analecta 247. Roma:Pontificio Istituto Orientale, 1994.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Hellenism, Greek philosophy

Koonammakkal, Thomas , ''Christ and Christians: An Ecclesiological Theme in Ephrem'', The Harp 8-9 (1995-1996): 345-354.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, ecclesiology, baptism

Koonammakkal, Thomas , ''Ephrem on the Name of Jesus'', Studia Patristica 33 (1997): 548-552.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Jesus, names, God's name

Koonammakkal, Thomas , ''The Missionary Dimensions in Aphrahat and Ephrem'', Bayn al-Nahrayn 97/100 [25] (1997): 41-42.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Aphrahat, Ephrem, mission

Koonammakkal, Thomas ,'' Ephrem’s Imagery of Chasm'', Pages 175-183 in Symposium Syriacum VII: Uppsala University, Department of Asian and African Languages, 11–14 August 1996. Edited by Lavenant, René . Orientalia Christiana Analecta 256. Roma:Pontificio Istituto Orientale, 1998.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, theology, God

Koonammakkal, Thomas , ''Ephrem’s Ideas on Singleness'', Hugoye: Journal of Syriac Studies 2:1 (1999):
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, asceticism, singleness

Koonammakkal, Thomas , ''Ephrem’s Polemics on the Human Body'', Studia Patristica 35 (2001): 428-432.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, polemic, body, dualism, anthropology

Koonammakkal, Thomas , ''Ephrem’s Idea of Revelation as Divine Pedagogy'', The Harp 16 (2003): 355-364.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, providence

Koonammakkal, Thomas , ''Divine Love and Revelation in Ephrem'', The Harp 17 (2004): 33-44.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, theology, God, love

Koonammakkal, Thomas , ''Imagery of Dust in Ephrem'', The Harp 18 (2005): 357-364.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, symbols, primary sources [Syriac] - English translation

Koonammakkal, Thomas , ''Ephrem’s Theology of Humour'', Studia Patristica 41 (2006): 51-56.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, humour

Koonammakkal, Thomas ,'' Ephrem on the Icon of Nature'', Pages 97-104 in Edessa in hellenistisch-römischer Zeit: Religion, Kultur und Politik zwischen Ost und West. Beiträge des internationalen Edessa-Symposiums in Halle an der Saale, 14.-17. Juli 2005. Edited by Greisiger, Lutz and Rammelt, Claudia and Tubach, Jürgen . Beiruter Texte und Studien 116. Beirut:Orient-Institut / Würzburg: Ergon Verlag, 2009.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Ephrem, nature

Koonammakkal, Thomas , ''Ephrem’s (Hymns on the Nativity 18:1-3) Augustus and Jesus'', The Harp 25 (2010): 291-297.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, Hymns on Nativity, Roman empire, emperor

Koonammakkal, Thomas , The Theology of Divine Names in the Genuine Works of Ephrem. Mōrān ’Eth’ō 40. Kottayam, India:St. Ephrem Ecumenical Research Institute, 2015.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Ephrem, theology, God, names

Kortekaas, Georgius Arnoldus Antonius ,'' The Biblical Quotations in the Pseudo-Ephremian Sermo de fine mundi'', Pages 237-244 in Media Latinitas: A Collection of Essays to Mark the Occasion of the Retirement of L.J. Engels. Edited by Nip, R.I.A. and van Dijk, H. and van Houts, E.M.C. and Kneepkens, C.H. . Instrumenta Patristica et Mediaevalia 28. Steenbrugis:Abbatia S. Petri / Turnhout: Brepols, 1996.
Keywords: Ephrem, Pseudo-Ephrem, Ephremiana, quotations, apocalypticism, eschatology

Kowalski, Aleksander , ''Rivesti di gloria: Adamo ed Eva nel commento di sant’Efrem a Gen 2,25. Ricerca sulle fonti dell’esegesi siriaca'', Cristianesimo nella storia 3 (1982): 41-60.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Adam, Eve, garments of light, Gen 2:25, exegesis, Old Testament, Genesis

Kowalski, Aleksander , ''Adam i Ewa jako dzieci w egzegezie syryjskiej'', Roczniki Teologiczno-Kanoniczne 30:1 (1983): 117-122.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Liber Graduum, Old Testament, Genesis, exegesis, Adam, Eve, children

Kowalski, Aleksander , ''Szata chwały Adama i Ewy. Egzegeza św. Efrema i jej źrôdło'', Studia Antiquitatis Christianae 7:1 (1986): 159-172.
Keywords: IV CE, IV-VII CE, Ephrem, Old Testament, Genesis, exegesis, Adam, Eve, garments of light

Krauss, Samuel , ''The Jews in the Works of the Church Fathers, IV'', Jewish Quarterly Review 6:1 (1893): 82-99.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Jewish-Christian relations, polemic, anti-Judaism, Old Testament, exegesis, Jewish background

Kremer, Thomas ,'' Ephräm versus Bardaisan: Das Ringen der syrischen Christenheit mit dem Erbe parthischer Kosmologie'', Pages 119-155 in Leitbilder im Spannungsfeld von Orthodoxie und Heterodoxie. Edited by Dummer, Jürgen and Vielberg, Meinolf . Altertumswissenschaftliches Kolloquium 19. Stuttgart:Franz Steiner, 2008.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Ephrem, Bardesan, heterodoxy, polemic, cosmology, Parthia, Zoroastrianism

Kremer, Thomas , ''St. Ephrem’s Commentary on Genesis: Some Observations Concerning his Exegetical Method'', The Harp 23 (2008): 221-234.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Old Testament, Genesis, Gen 1, Gen 2, creation, exegesis, cosmology, anthropology

Kremer, Thomas , ''Gute und böse Tiere im Genesiskommentar Ephräms des Syrers'', Studia Patristica 45 (2010): 221-227.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Old Testament, Genesis, animals, exegesis

Kremer, Thomas , ''Interpretatio Syriaca: Der exegetische Beitrag Ephräms des Syrers zum Verständnis der biblischen Urgeschichte'', Trierer Theologische Zeitschrift 119 (2010): 165-182.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Ephrem, Old Testament, Genesis, exegesis, commentary

Kremer, Thomas ,'' D’Adam à Noé. Structures et principes herméneutiques dans le commentaire de la Genèse d’Ephrem de Nisibe'', Pages 149-160 in La création chez les Pères. Edited by Vannier, Marie-Anne . Recherches en littérature et spiritualité 19. Bern:Peter Lang, 2011.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Ephrem, Old Testament, Genesis, Adam, Noah, exegesis

Kremer, Thomas , Mundus primus. Die Geschichte der Welt und des Menschen von Adam bis Noach im Genesiskommentar Ephräms des Syrers. CSCO 641, Subs. 128. Leuven:Peeters, 2012.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Ephrem, Old Testament, Genesis, Gen 1, exegesis, commentary, creation, Adam, Cain, Abel, Seth, flood, Noah, Ephrem [influence]

Kronholm, Tryggve , ''The Trees of Paradise in the Hymns of Ephraem Syrus'', Annual of the Swedish Theological Institute 11 (1977-1978): 48-56.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Old Testament, Genesis, exegesis, Paradise, plants, Adam, poetry, hymnography

Kronholm, Tryggve , Motifs from Genesis 1–11 in the Genuine Hymns of Ephrem the Syrian, with Particular Reference to the Influence of Jewish Exegetical Traditions. Uppsala:Almqvist & Wiksell, 1978.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Old Testament, Genesis, exegesis, Adam, fall, creation, cosmology, anthropology, Cain, Abel, Seth, Enoch, Noah, Flood, Rabbinic Judaism, Targums, Jewish background, Paradise, Eve

Kronholm, Tryggve , ''Paradiset hos Ephraem Syrus'', Religion och Bibel 37 (1978): 44-54.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Old Testament, exegesis, Genesis, Paradise

Kronholm, Tryggve , ''Inslag av judisk tradition hos en anti-judisk kyrkofader (Ephraem Syrus)'', Nordisk Judaistik / Scandinavian Jewish Studies 2 (1979): 15-25.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Old Testament, exegesis, Genesis, Jewish-Christian relations, Jewish background, anti-Judaism

Kronholm, Tryggve , ''Holy Adultery: The Interpretation of the Story of Judah and Tamar (Gen 38) in the Genuine Hymns of Ephraem Syrus (ca. 306–373)'', Orientalia Suecana 40 (1991): 149-163.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Old Testament, exegesis, Genesis, Judah, Tamar, sexuality, poetry, hymnography, Jewish-Christian relations, Jewish background

Kronholm, Tryggve ,'' Abraham the Physician: The Image of Abraham the Patriarch in the Genuine Hymns of Ephraem Syrus'', Pages 107-115 in Solving Riddles and Untying Knots: Biblical, Epigraphic, and Semitic Studies in Honor of Jonas C. Greenfield. Edited by Zevit, Ziony and Gitin, Seymour and Sokoloff, Michael . Winona Lake, Indiana:Eisenbrauns, 1995.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Old Testament, exegesis, Genesis, Abraham, medicine, poetry, hymnography

Krüger, Paul , ''Die Regenbitten Aphrems des Syrer, Ihre Überlieferung unter besonderer Berücksichtigung des nestorianischen Officium der Ninivitenfasten und ihre Religionsgeschichtliche Bedeutung'', Oriens Christianus 8 (1933): 13-61, 144-151.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, prayer, rain, popular religion, fast, liturgics, Nestorian

Krüger, Paul ,'' Die somatische Virginität der Gottesmutter im Schriftum Ephrem des Syrers'', Pages 46-86 in Alma Socia Christi. Acta Congressus internationalis Mariologici-Mariani Romae anno sancto 1950 celebrati. Roma:Academia Mariana Internationalis, 1952.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Mary, Mariology

Kruisheer, Dirk ,'' Ephrem, Jacob of Edessa, and the Monk Severus: An Analysis of Ms. Vat. Syr. 103, ff. 1-72'', Pages 599-605 in Symposium Syriacum VII: Uppsala University, Department of Asian and African Languages, 11–14 August 1996. Edited by Lavenant, René . Orientalia Christiana Analecta 256. Roma:Pontificio Istituto Orientale, 1998.
Keywords: VII CE, Jacob of Edessa, Old Testament, exegesis, Ephrem, Ephrem [influence], Pseudo-Ephrem, Severus the Monk, Jacobite, catena

Kruse, Heinz , ''Ein audianisches Nachtgebet im römischen Brevier?'', Oriens Christianus 66 (1982): 75-97.
Keywords: Ephremiana [Syriac], liturgics, prayer, heterodoxy, Gnosticism, Audians, primary sources [Syriac] + German translation

Kuhlmann, Karl-Heinz , ''Healing in St. Ephrem’s Commentary on Diatessaron'', The Harp 4 (1991): 35-47.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, New Testament, Gospels, exegesis, Commentary on Diatessaron, commentary, healing, miracles, medicine, illness

Kuhlmann, Karl-Heinz , ''The Harp Out of Tune: The Anti-Judaism/Anti-Semitism of St. Ephrem'', The Harp 17 (2004): 177-183.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, polemic, Jewish-Christian relations, anti-Judaism

Kuhlmann, Karl-Heinz , ''St. Ephrem’s Hymns on Paradise IX, 26: Some Remarks from a Lutheran Point of View'', The Harp 22 (2007): 193-200.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, Hymns on Paradise

Kurikilamkatt, James , ''The First Port of Disembarkation of the Apostle Thomas in India according to the Acts of Thomas'', Ephrem’s Theological Journal 8:1 (2004): 3-20.
Keywords: I-III CE, NT apocrypha, Acts of Thomas, India, Thomas

Lamy, Thomas Joseph , Sancti Ephraem Syri hymni et sermones quos e codicibus Londinensibus, Parisiensibus et Oxoniensibus descriptos edidit, Latinitate donavit, variis lectionibus instruxit, notis et prolegomenis illustravit. Mechliniae:H. Dessain, 1882-1902.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Pseudo-Ephrem, Vita Ephremi, Ephremiana [Syriac], poetry, hymnography, Hymns on Epiphany, Hymns on Virginity, Hymns on Church, Abraham Qidunaia, Julian Saba, Old Testament, exegesis, commentary, Isaiah, Lamentations, Jonah, Nahum, Habbakuk, Zephaniah, Haggai, magic, Nativity, Mary, Lent, Apocalypse of Pseudo-Ephrem, primary sources [Syriac] + Latin translation

Lamy, Thomas Joseph , ''L’exégèse en orient au IVe siècle, ou les commentaires de Saint Éphrem'', Revue Biblique 2 (1893): 5-25, 161-181, 465-486.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Old Testament, exegesis, commentary

Lane, David J. , ''St. Ephrem Ecumenical Research Institute (SEERI): The Third Decade'', The Harp 19 (2006): 283-290.
Keywords: India, Kerala, XIX-XXI CE, XX CE, Syriac studies

Lange, Christian , ''A Study in Trinitarian Technical Terms in the Syriac Commentary on the Diatessaron, in the Light of the Question of Ephraem’s Possible Authorship'', The Harp 11-12 (1998-1999): 225-253.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, New Testament, exegesis, Gospels, Diatessaron, commentary, Trinity, Arianism

Lange, Christian , ''The Descent of Mary and the Syriac Commentary on the Diatessaron'', The Harp 15 (2002): 107-116.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Ephremiana [Armenian], New Testament, exegesis, Gospels, Commentary on Diatessaron, Gospel of Luke, Lk 2:4, Mary, genealogies, commentary

Lange, Christian ,'' Zum Taufverständnis im syrischen Diatessaronkommentar'', Pages 309-320 in Syriaca: Zur Geschichte, Theologie, Liturgie und Gegenwartslage der syrischen Kirchen. 2. Deutsches Syrologen-Symposium (Juli 2000, Wittenberg). Edited by Tamcke, Martin . Studien zur Orientalischen Kirchengeschichte 17. Münster:LIT, 2002.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, New Testament, exegesis, Gospels, Diatessaron, commentary, liturgics, sacraments, baptism

Lange, Christian , ''A View on the Integrity of the Syriac Commentary on the Diatessaron'', Journal of Eastern Christian Studies 56:1-4 (2004): 129-144.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, New Testament, exegesis, Gospels, Diatessaron, commentary, Holy Spirit

Lange, Christian , The Portrayal of Christ in the Syriac Commentary on the Diatessaron. CSCO 616, Subs. 118. Louvain:Peeters, 2005.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, New Testament, exegesis, Gospels, Diatessaron, Christology, commentary

Lange, Christian ,'' Ephrem, his School, and the Yawnaya: Some Remarks on the Early Syriac Versions of the New Testament'', Pages 159-175 in The Peshitta: Its Use in Literature and Liturgy. Papers Read at the Third Peshitta Symposium. Edited by ter Haar Romeny, Robert Bas . Monographs of the Peshitta Institute Leiden 15. Leiden / Boston:Brill, 2006.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, New Testament, exegesis, Commentary on Diatessaron, Ephremiana [Armenian]

Lange, Christian , Ephraem der Syrer. Kommentar zum Diatessaron. Fontes Christiani 54.1-2. Turnhout:Brepols, 2008.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, New Testament, Diatessaron, exegesis, commentary, primary sources [Syriac] - German translation

Lange, Christian ,'' gentis suae signum ab arce extulit – Ammianus Marcellinus und Ephraem der Syrer über den Fall von Nisibis'', Pages 343-358 in Dona sunt pulcherrima: Festschrift für Rudolf Rieks. Edited by Herrmann, Katrin and Geus, Klaus . Oberhaid:Utopica, 2008.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Nisibis, war, Ephrem, hymnography, Hymns on Nisibis

Lange, Christian , Mia energeia: Untersuchungen zur Einigungspolitik des Kaisers Heraclius und des Patriarchen Sergius von Constantinopel. Studien und Texte zu Antike und Christentum 66. Tübingen:Mohr Siebeck, 2012.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, V CE, VI CE, VII CE, Byzantine empire, Heraclius, Christology, Monotheletism, politics, unia, Ephrem of Antioch, Athanasius I Gamala, Jacobites, Nestorians

Lash, Ephrem , ''Sermon on the Saviour’s Passion by Ephrem the Syrian'', Sobornost / Eastern Churches Review 22:2 (2000): 7-18.
Keywords: Ephrem, Ephremiana [Greek], Syriac influence [Byzantine church], crucifixion, Passion, primary sources [Greek] - English translation

Lash, Ephrem , ''Metrical Texts of Greek Ephrem'', Studia Patristica 35 (2001): 433-448.
Keywords: Ephrem, Ephremiana [Greek], poetry, Syriac influence [Byzantine church]

Lash, Ephrem ,'' The Greek Writings Attributed to Saint Ephrem the Syrian'', Pages 81-98 in Abba: The Tradition of Orthodoxy in the West. Festschrift for Bishop Kallistos (Ware) of Diokleia. Edited by Behr, John and Louth, Andrew and Conomos, Dimitri . Crestwood, New York:St Vladimir’s Seminary Press, 2003.
Keywords: Ephrem, Ephremiana [Greek], Pseudo-Ephrem, Syriac influence [Byzantine church]

Lattke, Michael , ''Salomo-Ode 13 im Spiegel-Bild der Werke von Ephraem Syrus'', Le Muséon 102:3-4 (1989): 255-266.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Odes of Solomon

Lattke, Michael , ''Sind Ephraems Madrâšê Hymnen?'', Oriens Christianus 73 (1989): 38-43.
Keywords: Ephrem, hymnography, madrasha, poetry, IV CE

Lavenant, René , ''Trois hymnes de saint Ephrem sur Ie Paradis'', L’Orient Syrien 5 (1960): 33-46.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Old Testament, Genesis, exegesis, Paradise, poetry, hymnography, Hymns on Paradise, primary sources [Syriac] - French translation

Lavenant, René and Graffin, François , Éphrem de Nisibe. Hymnes sur le Paradis. Sources chrétiennes 137. Paris:Cerf, 1968.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Old Testament, Genesis, exegesis, poetry, hymnography, Hymns on Paradise, Paradise, Adam, primary sources [Syriac] - French translation

Le Hir, Arthur-Marie , ''Saint Ephrem et la poésie syriaque au IVe siècle'', Études religieuses, historiques et littéraires IV, 1 (1868): 391-414.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, Hymns on Nisibis

Lebon, Joseph ,'' Ephrem d’Amid, patriarche d’Antioche (526-544)'', Pages 197-214 in Mélanges d’histoire offerts à Charles Moeller à l’occasion de son jubilé de 50 années de professorat à l’Université de Louvain 1863-1913. Louvain / Paris:Van Linthout, 1914.
Keywords: VI CE, Ephrem of Antioch, patriarchate

Lechler, Gotthard Victor , Urkundenfunde zur Geschichte des christlichen Altertums. Leipzig:Alexander Edelmann, 1886.
Keywords: I-III CE, IV-VII CE, Tatian, New Testament, Diatessaron, Bardesan, Ephrem, John of Ephesus, Greek Fathers, Ignatius of Antioch, Melito, Athanasius of Alexandria, Eusebius of Caesarea, translations from Greek, translations into Syriac

Lee, G.M. , ''Three Notes: A Greek Idiom in Syriac?; “The Beautiful Oxherd”; Zorobabel and the Macedonians'', Le Muséon 85 (1972): 523-525.
Keywords: Chronicle of Joshua the Stylite, Ephremiana [Armenian]

Lee, Ralph , '' Symbolic Interpretations in Ethiopic and Ephremic Literature''. Ph.D. dissertation, School of Oriental and African Studies, 2011
Keywords: VII-XVIII CE, Syriac influence [Ethiopia], Ephrem, Jacob of Sarug, Old Testament, Genesis, exegesis, Paradise, Eucharist, Holy Cross, primary sources [Geez] + English translation

Legaspi, Michael C. ,'' Hearing the Scriptures with St. Ephrem: Notes on a Non-Western Biblical Interpreter'', Pages 43-50 in Exegesis and Hermeneutics in the Churches of the East: Select Papers from the SBL Meeting in San Diego, 2007. Edited by Hovhanessian, Vahan . New York:Peter Lang, 2009.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, hermeneutics, exegesis

Lehmann, Henning J. ,'' Greek and Syrian under the Aspects of some Syrian Seats of Learning'', Pages 229-241 in Students of the Bible in 4th and 5th Century Syria: Seats of Learning, Sidelights and Syriacisms. Edited by Idem . Aarhus:Aarhus University Press, 2008.
Keywords: IV CE, V CE, Ephrem, Eusebius of Emesa, Theodoret of Cyrus, Antiochene school, Old Testament, exegesis

Leloir, Louis , Saint Éphrem. Commentaire de l’Évangile concordant: version arménienne. CSCO 137, 145, Arm. 1-2. Louvain:L. Durbecq, 1953-1954.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, New Testament, Gospels, Diatessaron, exegesis, commentary, Ephremiana [Armenian], Syriac influence [Armenia], primary sources [Armenian] + French translation

Leloir, Louis , ''Éphrem et l’ascendance davidique du Christ'', Studia Patristica 1 (1957): 389-394.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Christology, Old Testament, exegesis, David

Leloir, Louis , L’Évangile d’Éphrem d’après les œuvres éditées: Recueil des textes. CSCO 180, Subs. 12. Louvain:Secrétariat du CorpusSCO, 1958.
Keywords: exegesis, New Testament, Gospels, IV CE, Ephrem

Leloir, Louis , ''L’original syriaque du commentaire de S. Éphrem sur le Diatessaron'', Biblica 40 (1959): 959-970.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, New Testament, exegesis, Gospels, Diatessaron

Leloir, Louis , Doctrines et méthodes de S. Éphrem d’après son commentaire de l’Évangile concordant (original syriaque et version arménienne). CSCO 220, Subs. 18. Louvain:Secrétariat du CorpusSCO, 1961.
Keywords: Ephrem, IV CE, exegesis, New Testament, Gospels, Ephremiana [Armenian], Syriac influence [Armenia]

Leloir, Louis , ''La christologie de S. Éphrem dans son Commentaire du Diatessaron'', Handes Amsorya 75 (1961): 449-466.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, New Testament, Gospels, Diatessaron, exegesis, commentary, Christology

Leloir, Louis ,'' Saint Éphrem, moine et pasteur'', Pages 85-97 in Théologie de la vie monastique. Études sur la tradition patristique. Théologie 49. Paris:Aubier, 1961.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, monasticism

Leloir, Louis ,'' Symbolisme et parallelisme chez Éphrem'', Pages 363-374 in A la rencontre de Dieu. Mémorial Albert Gelin. Edited by Barucq, André . Bibliothèque de la faculté catholique de théologie de Lyon 8. Le Puy:X. Mappus, 1961.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, poetics, symbols, poetry

Leloir, Louis ,'' Le Diatessaron de Tatien et son commentaire par Éphrem'', Pages 243-260 in La Venue du Messie: Messianisme et Eschatologie. Colloquium Biblicum Lovaniense, 13, Leuven, 1961. Edited by Massaux, Edouard and Riesenfeld, Harald and Grelot, Pierre . Recherches bibliques 6. Bruges:Desclée de Brouwer, 1962.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, New Testament, Gospels, Diatessaron, exegesis, commentary

Leloir, Louis , Le témoignage d’Éphrem sur le Diatessaron. CSCO 227, Subs. 19. Louvain:Secrétariat du CorpusSCO, 1962.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, New Testament, Gospels, Diatessaron, exegesis, commentary

Leloir, Louis ,'' Éphrem le Syrien'', Pages 590-597 in Dictionnaire d’histoire et de géographie ecclésiastiques. Paris:Letouzey et Ané, 1963.
Keywords: IV CE, IV-VII CE, Ephrem

Leloir, Louis , Saint Éphrem. Commentaire de l’Évangile Concordant: texte syriaque (Manuscrit Chester Beatty 709). Chester Beatty Monographs 8. Dublin:Hodges Figgis, 1963.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, New Testament, exegesis, Gospels, Diatessaron, commentary, primary sources [Syriac] + Latin translation

Leloir, Louis ,'' Divergences entre l’original syriaque et la version arménienne du commentaire d’Éphrem sur le Diatessaron'', Pages 303-331 in Mélanges Eugène Tisserant. Vol. 2: Orient chrétien (Première partie). Studi e Testi 232. Città del Vaticano:Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, 1964.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Ephremiana [Armenian], New Testament, Gospels, Commentary on Diatessaron, exegesis, commentary, Syriac influence [Armenia], translations from Syriac, translations into Armenian

Leloir, Louis ,'' La pensée monastique d’Éphrem le Syrien'', Pages 193-206 in Mémorial du Cinquantenaire 1914–1964. Travaux de l’Institut Catholique de Paris 10. Paris:Bloud & Gay, 1964.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, monasticism

Leloir, Louis , Éphrem de Nisibe. Commentaire de l’Évangile Concordant ou Diatessaron traduit du syriaque et de l’arménien. Sources chrétiennes 121. Paris:Cerf, 1966.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Ephremiana [Armenian], Diatessaron, commentary, New Testament, Gospels, exegesis, primary sources [Syriac] - French translation, primary sources [Armenian] - French translation

Leloir, Louis , ''L’actualité du message d’Éphrem'', Parole de l’Orient 4 (1973): 55-72.
Keywords: Ephrem, Syriac influence, XIX-XXI CE

Leloir, Louis ,'' La pensée monastique d’Éphrem et Martyrius'', Pages 105-131 in Symposium Syriacum, 1972: célebré dans les jours 26-31 octobre 1972 à l’Institut Pontifical Oriental de Rome. Edited by Ortiz de Urbina, Ignatius . Orientalia Christiana Analecta 197. Roma:Pontificium Institutum Orientalium Studiorum, 1974.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, VII CE, Sahdona, monasticism, asceticism, virginity, Gospel of Matthew, Mt 5:8, Mt 6:22, 2 Corinthians, 2 Cor 3:18, Nestorian

Leloir, Louis , ''Le commentaire d’Éphrem sur le Diatessaron: quarante et un folios retrouvés'', Revue Biblique 94:4 (1987): 481-518.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, New Testament, Gospels, Diatessaron, exegesis, commentary

Leloir, Louis ,'' S. Éphrem: le texte de son commentaire du Sermon de la Montagne'', Pages 361-391 in Mémorial Dom Jean Gribomont (1920–1986). Studia Ephemeridis Augustinianum 27. Roma:Institutum Patristicum Augustinianum, 1988.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, New Testament, Gospels, Diatessaron, exegesis, commentary

Leloir, Louis , ''Le commentaire d’Éphrem sur le Diatessaron'', Parole de l’Orient 15 (1988-1989): 41-63.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, New Testament, Gospels, Diatessaron, exegesis, commentary

Leloir, Louis , ''Le commentaire d’Éphrem sur le Diatesseron. Quarante et un feuillets retrouvés'', Le Muséon 102:3-4 (1989): 299-305.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, New Testament, Gospels, Diatessaron, exegesis, commentary

Leloir, Louis , Saint Éphrem. Commentaire de l’Évangile Concordant: texte syriaque (Manuscript Chester Beatty 709). Folios additionnels. Chester Beatty Monographs 8. Louvain:Peeters, 1990.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, New Testament, exegesis, Gospels, Diatessaron, commentary, primary sources [Syriac] + Latin translation

Leloir, Louis ,'' Le commentaire d’Éphrem sur le Diatessaron: réflexions et suggestions'', Pages 2359-2367 in The Four Gospels 1992: Festschrift Frans Neirynck. Edited by van Segbroeck, Frans and Tuckett, C.M. and van Belle, Gilbert and Verheyden, Jozef . Bibliotheca Ephemeridum Theologicarum Lovaniensium 100.3. Leuven:Leuven University Press / Peeters, 1992.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, New Testament, Gospels, Diatessaron, exegesis, commentary

Lengerke, Caesar , Commentatio de Ephraemo Syro s. s. interprete. Pars I: Librum primum, qui est de critica ratione, continens. Halis Saxonum:Typis Hendeliis, 1828.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Old Testament, exegesis

Lengerke, Caesar , De Ephraemi Syri arte hermeneutica liber. Regimontii Prussorum:J.H. Bon, 1831.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Old Testament, exegesis, Jewish background

Lévi, Israel , ''Quelques citations de l’Ecclésiastique'', Revue des études juives 44 (1902): 291-294.
Keywords: Old Testament, Ben Sira, quotations, Testament of Ephrem

Lewis, Agnes Smith , Select Narratives of Holy Women from the Syro-Antiochene or Sinai Palimpsest as Written above the Old Syriac Gospels by John the Stylite, of Beth-Mari-Qanûn in A.D. 778. Studia Sinaitica 9-10. London:C.J. Clay and Sons, 1900.
Keywords: V CE, VIII CE, John the Stylite (of Beth-Mari-Qanun), hagiography, women, martyrs, St Thecla, St Eugenia, St Sophia, St Euphrosyne, St Onesima, St Drusis, St Barbara, St Irene, St Euphemia, St Cyprian and Justa, St Pelagia, St Marina, St Mary the slave of Tertullius, St Theodota, St Theodosia, creed, Ephrem, Susanna, primary sources [Syriac] + English translation

Lewis, Agnes Smith , Apocrypha Syriaca: The Protevangelium Jacobi and Transitus Mariae, with Texts from the Septuagint, the Corân, the Peshitta, and from a Syriac Hymn in a Syro-Arabic Palimpsest of the Fifth and Other Centuries. Studia Sinaitica 11. London:C.J. Clay and Sons, 1902.
Keywords: NT apocrypha, Protoevangelium of James, Transitus Mariae, Mary, poetry, hymnography, Peshitta NT, Ephrem, Jacob of Sarug, John Chrysostom, primary sources [Syriac] + English translation

Lieber, Laura Suzanne , ''Portraits of Righteousness: Noah in Early Christian and Jewish Hymnography'', Zeitschrift für Religions- und Geistesgeschichte 61:4 (2009): 332-355.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Old Testament, Genesis, Noah, exegesis, poetry, hymnography

Lieber, Laura Suzanne , ''On the Road with the Mater Dolorosa: An Exploration of Mother-Son Discourse Performance'', Journal of Early Christian Studies 24:2 (2016): 265-291.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, Ephrem, Pseudo-Ephrem, Ephremiana [Syriac], poetry, hymnography, Passion, Mary, death, women, mother, gender, emotions

Lieu, Judith M. , Marcion and the Making of a Heretic: God and Scripture in the Second Century. Cambridge:Cambridge University Press, 2015.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Ephrem, heterodoxy, Marcionism, polemic

Lieu, Samuel N.C. and Lieu, Judith M. ,'' From Ctesiphon to Nisibis: Ephrem the Syrian, Hymns against Julian'', Pages 89-128 in The Emperor Julian: Panegyric and Polemic – Claudius Mamertinus, John Chrysostom, Ephrem the Syrian. Edited by Lieu, Samuel N.C. . Translated Texts for Historians 2. Liverpool:Liverpool University Press, 1989.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, Hymns against Julian, paganism, polemic, Julian, primary sources [Syriac] - English translation

Lorenzo, Buda , ''A Monk of Today at the Feet of St. Ephrem, Harp of the Spirit and Voice of the Church Who Sings Christ in His Mysteries'', The Harp 22 (2007): 37-48.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem

Lorenzo, Buda , ''Mar Ephrem, Martyr and Singer of the Word'', The Harp 28 (2013): 295-314.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Ephrem, spirituality

Lucchesi, Enzo , ''Un corpus éphrémien en copte: Novum Auctarium au dossier copte de l’Éphrem grec'', Analecta Bollandiana 116:1-2 (1998): 107-114.
Keywords: Ephrem, Ephremiana [Coptic], Old Testament, exegesis, Genesis, Abraham, Sarah, Syriac influence [Egypt]

Lucchesi, Enzo , ''L’Asceticon copte d’Éphrem le Syrien. Un nouveau feuillet rapporté à son codex d’origine'', Analecta Bollandiana 131:1 (2013): 51-59.
Keywords: VII-XVIII CE, Syriac influence [Egypt], Ephrem, Ephremiana [Coptic], asceticism, primary sources [Coptic] + English translation

Lucius, Paul Ernst ,'' Die Precationes ad Deiparam in den Werken des Ephraëm Syrus'', Pages 517-521 in Die Anfänge des Heiligenkults in der christlichen Kirche. Edited by Idem . Tübingen:J.C.B. Mohr, 1904.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Mariology

Lund, Jerome Alan , ''Observations on Some Biblical Citations in Ephrem’s Commentary on Genesis'', Aramaic Studies 4:2 (2006): 207-220.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Old Testament, exegesis, Genesis, commentary, Flood, quotations, Peshitta OT, textual criticism

Machiela, Daniel A. ,'' Some Jewish Noah Traditions in Syriac Christian Sources'', Pages 237-252 in Noah and His Books. Edited by Stone, Michael E. and Amihay, Aryeh and Clements, Ruth Anne . SBL Early Judaism and Its Literature 28. Atlanta, Georgia:Society of Biblical Literature, 2010.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, VII-XVIII CE, IV CE, VII CE, Aphrahat, Ephrem, Jacob of Edessa, Old Testament, Genesis, Noah, flood, ark, asceticism, exegesis, Jewish background

Macke, Carl , Hymnen aus dem Zweiströmeland. Dichtungen des hl. Ephrem des Syrers aus dem syrischen Urtext ins Deutsche übertragen und mit erklärenden Anmekungen versehen. Mainz:Franz Kirchheim, 1882.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, burial, primary sources [Syriac] - German translation

Macomber, William F. ,'' The Literary Activity of Ḥunayn b. Isḥaq in Syriac'', Pages 545-570 in Ephrem-Hunayn Festival. Baghdad:Al-Ma’arif Press, 1974.
Keywords: Mesopotamia, VII-XVIII CE, IX CE, Hunayn ibn Ishaq, philosophy, Nestorian

Madey, John Bédé, Ephrem , ''Das Mysterium der Taufe nach dem Ritus der katholischen chaldäischen Kirche'', Kyrios 11 (1971): 90-111.
Keywords: liturgics, sacraments, baptism, Chaldeans, Nestorian

Madey, John , ''Churches of Eastern and Oriental Traditions in Western Europe'', Ephrem’s Theological Journal 1:1-2 (1997): 27-42.
Keywords: XIX-XXI CE, XX CE, diaspora, Europe

Mahr, A.C. , Relations of Passion Plays to St. Ephrem the Syrian. Ohio State University Contributions in Languages and Literature 9. Columbus:Wartburg, 1942.
Keywords: Ephrem, Ephremiana [Latin], Passion, Syriac influence [Europe]

Maier, Carmen E. , '' Poetry as Exegesis: Ephrem the Syrian’s Method of Scriptural Interpretation Especially as Seen in his “Hymns on Paradise” and “Hymns on Unleavened Bread”''. Ph.D. dissertation, Princeton Theological Seminary, 2012
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, madrasha, Hymns on Paradise, Hymns on Unleavened Bread, Old Testament, Genesis, exegesis, hermeneutics

Maksutov, Ivar Kh. , ''Greek (Chrysostom) and Syriac (Ephrem) Aspects of “Authority” as the Image of God'', Scrinium 4 (2008): 311-317.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, anthropology, Imago Dei, authority

Malacrida, Gianmaria , '' Forme del canto siriaco''. Ph.D. dissertation, Università degli Studi di Bologna, 1993
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Edessa, liturgics, liturgy, music, singing, Beth Gazo, Jacobite

Malacrida, Gianmaria , Forme del canto siriaco. Quaderni di Musica/Realtà 39. Lucca:Libreria musicale italiana, 1997.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Edessa, liturgics, liturgy, music, singing, Beth Gazo, Jacobite

Malan, Solomon Caesar , Repentance: Chiefly from the Syriac of S. Ephraem (Paræn. ii) and Other Eastern Sources. London:J. Masters, 1866.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, repentance, primary sources [Syriac] - English translation

Malekandathil, Pius , ''St. Thomas Christians and the Indian Ocean: 52 AD to 1500 AD'', Ephrem’s Theological Journal 5:2 (2001): 174-202.
Keywords: India, Kerala, travel

Maleparampil, Joseph , ''Missionary Christianity and Missionary Hinduism: Challenges of Inter-Religious Dialogue'', Ephrem’s Theological Journal 1:1-2 (1997): 69-85.
Keywords: India, Kerala, XIX-XXI CE, XX CE, mission, Hinduism

Malki, Ephrem , Die syrische Handschrift Berlin Sachau 220. Heidelberger orientalische Studien 6. Frankfurt am Main / New York:Peter Lang, 1984.
Keywords: Gregory Nazianzen, Greek Fathers, translations from Greek, translations into Syriac, primary sources [Syriac]

Maniyattu, Pauly , Heaven on Earth: The Theology of Liturgical Spacetime in the East Syrian Qurbana. Rome:Mar Thoma Yogam, 1995.
Keywords: liturgics, Nestorian, Ephrem, sacraments, Theodore of Mopsuestia, Narsai, Eucharist, IV CE, V CE, liturgy

Maniyattu, Pauly , ''The Meaning of Mission and Proclamation in the East Syrian Qurbana: A Liturgical Theology of Mission'', Ephrem’s Theological Journal 3:1 (1999): 45-58.
Keywords: liturgics, liturgy, Eucharist, mission, Nestorian

Maniyattu, Pauly , ''East Syriac Appellations of the Eucharistic Celebration: Motifs for a Paradigm Shift in the Theology of Eucharist'', Ephrem’s Theological Journal 6:2 (2002): 142-161.
Keywords: liturgics, liturgy, Eucharist, theology, Nestorian

Maniyattu, Pauly , ''Structure and Theology of the Spiritual Preparation for the Quddaša in the East Syriac Qurbana'', Ephrem’s Theological Journal 7:2 (2003): 144-170.
Keywords: liturgics, liturgy, Eucharist, Nestorian

Manna, Jacques Eugène , Morceaux choisis de littérature araméenne. Mosul:Imprimerie des pères dominicains, 1901.
Keywords: anthology, IV CE, V CE, VI CE, VII CE, IX CE, X CE, XIII CE, Aphrahat, Ephrem, Marutha of Maipherqat, Isaac of Antioch, Jacob of Sarug, Narsai, John of Amida, Cyrillona, Ishoyahb III of Adiabene, Isaac of Nineveh, Timothy I, Thomas of Marga, Hunayn ibn Ishaq, Antony of Tagrit, Elijah of Anbar, Emmanuel bar Shahhare, Philoxenus of Mabbug, Causa Causarum, George Warda, Khamis bar Qardahe, John bar Madani, Barhebraeus, Abdisho of Nisibis, liturgics, Nestorian, Jacobite, primary sources [Syriac]

Mar Aprem (Mooken), , Mar Aprem, Theologian and Poet, 301–373 a.d.. Trichur, Kerala:Metropolitan’s Palace, 1980.
Keywords: Late Antiquity, IV CE, Ephrem

Mar Bawai Soro, , ''The Church: A Reconciled Community through the Eucharist?'', Ephrem’s Theological Journal 2:2 (1998): 136-150.
Keywords: XIX-XXI CE, XX CE, Nestorian, liturgics, liturgy, Eucharist, ecumenism

Mariès, Louis , ''Une Antiphona de Saint Ephrem sur l’eucharistie'', Recherches de science religieuse 42 (1954): 395-403.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, Ephrem, Ephremiana [Armenian], poetry, hymnography, antiphons, translations from Syriac, translations into Armenian, Syriac influence [Armenia], Eucharist, primary sources [Armenian] - French translation

Mariès, Louis , ''Deux Antiphonae de Saint Ephrem: “Le procès de béatification de David”'', Recherches de science religieuse 45 (1957): 396-408.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, Ephrem, Ephremiana [Armenian], poetry, hymnography, antiphons, David, translations from Syriac, translations into Armenian, Syriac influence [Armenia], primary sources [Armenian] - French translation

Mariès, Louis Froman, Léon , ''Mimré de saint Ephrem sur la bénédiction de la table'', L’Orient Syrien 4 (1959): 73-109, 163-192, 285-298.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, blessing, food, primary sources [Syriac] + French translation, primary sources [Syriac] + Latin translation

Mariès, Louis and Mercier, Charles , eds. Hymnes de saint Éphrem conservées en version arménienne. Patrologia Orientalis 30.1. Paris:Firmin-Didot, 1961.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Ephremiana [Armenian], poetry, hymnography, Syriac influence [Armenia], translations from Syriac, primary sources [Armenian] + Latin translation

Maroki, Sameer , Les trois étapes de la vie spirituelle chez les Pères syriaques: Jean le Solitaire, Isaac de Ninive et Joseph Ḥazzaya. Source, doctrine et influence. Religions et spiritualité. Paris:L’Harmattan, 2014.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, VII-XVIII CE, V CE, VII CE, VIII CE, John of Apamea, Isaac of Nineveh, Joseph Hazzaya, spirituality, asceticism, mysticism, passions, silence, prayer, Origen, Evagrius, Aphrahat, Ephrem, Nestorian

Martikainen, Jouko ,'' Some Remarks about the Carmina Nisibena as a Literary and a Theological Source'', Pages 345-352 in Symposium Syriacum, 1972: célebré dans les jours 26-31 octobre 1972 à l’Institut Pontifical Oriental de Rome. Edited by Ortiz de Urbina, Ignatius . Orientalia Christiana Analecta 197. Roma:Pontificium Institutum Orientalium Studiorum, 1974.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, poetics, poetry, hymnography, theology, literature, Hymns on Nisibis

Martikainen, Jouko , Das Böse und der Teufel in der Theologie Ephräms der Syrer: Ein systematisch-theologische Untersuchungen. Publications of the Research Institute of the Åbo Akademi Foundation 32. Åbo:Stiftelsens für Åbo Akademi Forskningsinstitut, 1978.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, theology, evil, Satan, demonology

Martikainen, Jouko , ''Är Efraim Syrerns skrifter mera fromma än lärda'', Teologisk Tidskrift / Teolooginen Aikakauskirja 20 (1979): 23-28.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem

Martikainen, Jouko ,'' Ephraem der Syrer (306-373)'', Pages 62-75 in Klassiker der Theologie. Edited by Fries, Heinrich and Kretschmar, Georg . München:C.H. Beck, 1981.
Keywords: IV CE, IV-VII CE, Ephrem

Martikainen, Jouko , Gerechtigkeit und Güte Gottes. Studien zur Theologie von Ephräm dem Syrer und Philoxenos von Mabbug. Göttinger Orientforschungen, I. Reihe: Syriaca 20. Wiesbaden:Otto Harrassowitz, 1981.
Keywords: IV CE, VI CE, Ephrem, Philoxenus of Mabbug, theology, justice

Martikainen, Jouko ,'' Das Böse in den Schriften des Syrers Ephraem, im Stufenbuch und im Corpus Macarianum'', Pages 36-46 in Makarios-Symposium über das Böse: Vorträge der Finnisch-Deutschen Theologentagung in Goslar 1980. Edited by Strothmann, Werner . Göttinger Orientforschungen, I. Reihe: Syriaca 24. Wiesbaden:Otto Harrassowitz, 1983.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Liber Graduum, Pseudo-Macarius, evil

Martikainen, Jouko ,'' Gerechtigkeit und Güte Gottes bei Ephraem dem Syrer'', Pages 281-285 in IIIo Symposium Syriacum, 1980: Les contacts du monde syriaque avec les autres cultures (Goslar 7–11 Septembre 1980). Edited by Lavenant, René . Orientalia Christiana Analecta 221. Roma:Pontificium Institutum Studiorum Orientalium, 1983.
Keywords: IV CE, VI CE, Ephrem, theology, justice

Martikainen, Jouko ,'' Die Muttergestalt des Heiligen Geistes in der frühen syrischen Theologie'', Pages 114-127 in Makarios-Symposium über den Heiligen Geist: Vorträge der zweiten Finnisch-Deutschen Theologentagung in Karis 1984. Edited by Cleve, Fredric and Ryökäs, Esko . Åbo:Åbo Academy, 1989.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, Ephrem, Holy Spirit, mother, feminine

Martikainen, Jouko ,'' “Dein Kleid ist dein Licht – dein Gewand ist dein Glanz”: Die Perle als ästhetisches und theologisches Symbol bei Aphrahat dem persischen Weisen, Ephraem dem Syrer und Makarios/Symeon'', Pages 117-126 in Religion und Wahrheit: religionsgeschichtliche Studien. Festschrift für Gernot Wießner zum 65. Geburtstag. Edited by Kohler, Barbel . Wiesbaden:Harrassowitz Verlag, 1998.
Keywords: IV CE, Aphrahat, Ephrem, Pseudo-Macarius, symbols, Song of the Pearl

Martin, John R. , ''The Death of Ephraim in Byzantine and Early Italian Painting'', The Art Bulletin 33:4 (1951): 217-225.
Keywords: Ephrem, Syriac influence [Byzantine church], Syriac influence [Europe], art, iconography

Martínez Fernández, Francisco Javier , ''Cuatro himnos de s. Efrén sobre el aceite, el olivo y los misterios de nuestro Señor (De Virginitate, IV-VII)'', Compostellanum 32 (1987): 65-91.
Keywords: IV CE, IV-VII CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, Hymns on Virginity

Martínez Fernández, Francisco Javier , ''Los himnos “sobre la perla” de san Efrén de Nisibe (De fide LXXXI-LXXXV)'', Salmanticensis 38:1 (1991): 5-32.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, Hymns on Faith

Martínez Fernández, Francisco Javier , ''Un canto arameo a la encarnación del Hijo de Dios: San Efrén el Sirio, himno De nativitate III'', Estudios Bíblicos 50:1-4 (1992): 475-491.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Christology, Incarnation, poetry, hymnography, Hymns on Nativity

Martínez Fernández, Francisco Javier ,'' Los himnos de san Efrén de Nisibe y la liturgia de la Iglesia en lengua siríaca'', Pages 125-217 in Liturgia y padres de la Iglesia (XXIV jornadas de la A.E.P.L.). Culmen et fons 2. Bilbao:Grafite Ediciones, 2000.
Keywords: Ephrem, liturgics, transmission, poetry, hymnography

Martínez Fernández, Francisco Javier ,'' Efrén de Nisibe, Himnos De Virginitate, I‒III'', Pages 23-53 in To Train His Soul in Books: Syriac Asceticism in Early Christianity. Edited by Young, Robin A. Darling and Blanchard, Monica Joan . CUA Studies in Early Christianity. Washington, DC:Catholic University of America Press, 2011.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Ephrem, hymnography, Hymns on Virginity, spirituality, virginity, primary sources [Syriac] - Spanish translation

Mateos, Juan ,'' Théologie du baptême dans le formulaire de Sévère d’Antioche'', Pages 135-161 in Symposium Syriacum, 1972: célebré dans les jours 26-31 octobre 1972 à l’Institut Pontifical Oriental de Rome. Edited by Ortiz de Urbina, Ignatius . Orientalia Christiana Analecta 197. Roma:Pontificium Institutum Orientalium Studiorum, 1974.
Keywords: VI CE, Severus of Antioch, liturgics, sacraments, baptism, anointing, Apostolic Constitutions, Ephrem, Jacobite

Mathews, Edward George , ''The Vita Tradition of Ephrem the Syrian, the Deacon of Edessa'', Diakonia 22 (1988-1989): 15-42.
Keywords: Ephrem, hagiography, Vita Ephremi, Ephremiana

Mathews, Edward George, Jr. ,'' Ephraem the Syrian (ca 306-373), Memra for the Fifth Day of Great Week (Holy Thursday)'', Pages 137-143 in The Eucharist. Edited by Sheerin, Daniel J. . Message of the Fathers of the Church 7. Wilmington, Delaware:Michael Glazier, 1986.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Ephrem, homilies, liturgics, sacraments, primary sources [Syriac] - English translation

Mathews, Edward George, Jr. , ''The Rich Man and Lazarus: Almsgiving and Repentance in Early Syriac Tradition'', Diakonia 22 (1988-1989): 89-104.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, V CE, Ephrem, Isaac of Antioch, New Testament, Gospel of Luke, Lk 16:19-31, Lazarus, exegesis, repentance, charity, spirituality

Mathews, Edward George, Jr. , ''‘On Solitaries’, Ephrem or Isaac?'', Le Muséon 103 (1990): 91-110.
Keywords: IV CE, V CE, Ephrem, Isaac of Antioch, monasticism, asceticism

Mathews, Edward George, Jr. and Amar, Joseph Phillip , St. Ephrem the Syrian. Selected Prose Works: Commentary on Genesis, Commentary on Exodus, Homily on Our Lord, Letter to Publius. The Fathers of the Church: A New Translation 91. Washington, D.C.:The Catholic University of America Press, 1994.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Old Testament, Genesis, Exodus, exegesis, commentary, letters, Jesus, hell, primary sources [Syriac] - English translation

Mathews, Edward George, Jr. , ''St. Ephrem, Madrase on Faith, 81-85; Hymns on the Pearl, I-V'', St Vladimir’s Theological Quarterly 38:1 (1994): 45-72.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, Hymns on Faith, primary sources [Syriac] - English translation

Mathews, Edward George, Jr. , '' The Armenian Commentary on the Book of Genesis Attributed to Ephrem the Syrian: An Edition of the Armenian Text with Introduction, English Translation and Commentary''. Ph.D. dissertation, Columbia University, 1996
Keywords: Ephrem, Pseudo-Ephrem, Ephremiana [Armenian], Old Testament, exegesis, Genesis, commentary, translations from Syriac, translations into Armenian, Syriac influence [Armenia], primary sources [Armenian] + English translation

Mathews, Edward George, Jr. , ''The Armenian Literary Corpus Attributed to St. Ephrem the Syrian: Prolegomena to a Project'', St. Nersess Theological Review 1:2 (1996): 145-168.
Keywords: Ephrem, Ephremiana [Armenian], Pseudo-Ephrem, translations from Syriac, translations into Armenian, Syriac influence [Armenia]

Mathews, Edward George, Jr. , ''Armenian Hymn IX, On Marriage, by Saint Ephrem the Syrian'', Journal of the Society for Armenian Studies 9 (1996-1997): 55-63.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Ephremiana [Armenian], poetry, hymnography, dialogue poems, marriage, Syriac influence [Armenia], translations from Syriac, translations into Armenian, primary sources [Armenian] - English translation

Mathews, Edward George, Jr. ,'' The Armenian Commentary on Genesis Attributed to Ephrem the Syrian'', Pages 143-161 in The Book of Genesis in Jewish and Oriental Christian Interpretation: A Collection of Essays. Edited by Frishman, Judith and van Rompay, Lucas . Traditio Exegetica Graeca 5. Louvain:Peeters, 1997.
Keywords: Ephrem, Ephremiana [Armenian], Pseudo-Ephrem, Old Testament, Genesis, exegesis, commentary, translations from Syriac, translations into Armenian, Syriac influence [Armenia]

Mathews, Edward George, Jr. , ''The Armenian Commentary on Genesis Attributed to Ephrem the Syrian: General Characteristics and Considerations'', St. Nersess Theological Review 2:2 (1997): 199-232.
Keywords: Ephrem, Ephremiana [Armenian], Pseudo-Ephrem, Old Testament, exegesis, Genesis, commentary, translations from Syriac, translations into Armenian, Syriac influence [Armenia]

Mathews, Edward George, Jr. , The Armenian Commentary on Genesis Attributed to Ephrem the Syrian. CSCO 572-573, Arm. 23-24. Louvain:Peeters, 1998.
Keywords: Ephrem, Pseudo-Ephrem, Ephremiana [Armenian], XII CE, Old Testament, exegesis, Genesis, commentary, Severus of Edessa, Jacob of Edessa, translations from Syriac, translations into Armenian, Syriac influence [Armenia], primary sources [Armenian] + English translation

Mathews, Edward George, Jr. , The Armenian Commentary on Exodus-Deuteronomy Attributed to Ephrem the Syrian. CSCO 587-588, Arm. 25-26. Louvain:Peeters, 2001.
Keywords: Ephrem, Pseudo-Ephrem, Ephremiana [Armenian], Syriac influence [Armenia], Old Testament, exegesis, commentary, Exodus, Deuteronomy, translations from Syriac, translations into Armenian, primary sources [Armenian] + English translation

Mathews, Edward George, Jr. ,'' Water in the First Creation Account of Genesis I in the Commentary on Genesis of Ephrem the Syrian'', Pages 129-144 in Imagery and Imagination in Biblical Literature: Essays in Honor of Aloysius Fitzgerald, F.S.C.. Edited by Boadt Lawrence and Smith, Mark S. . Catholic Biblical Quarterly, Monograph Series 32. Washington, D.C.:The Catholic Biblical Association of America, 2001.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Old Testament, exegesis, Genesis, Gen 1, creation, water, Jewish background, Jewish-Christian relations

Mathews, Edward George, Jr. , ''Saint Ephrem the Syrian: Armenian Dispute Hymns between Virginity and Chastity'', Revue des études arméniennes 28 (2001-2002): 143-169.
Keywords: Ephrem, Ephremiana [Armenian], dialogue poems, poetry, virginity, asceticism, sexuality, Old Testament, exegesis, Syriac influence [Armenia], translations from Syriac, translations into Armenian, primary sources [Armenian] + English translation

Mathews, Edward George, Jr. ,'' A First Glance at the Armenian “Prayers” Attributed to Surb Eprem Xorin Asorwoy'', Pages 161-173 in Worship Traditions in Armenia and the Neighboring Christian East: An International Symposium in Honor of the 40th Anniversary of St Nersess Armenian Seminary. Edited by Ervine, Roberta R. . AVANT: Treasures of the Armenian Christian Tradition 3. Crestwood, New York:St Vladimir’s Seminary Press / St Nersess Armenian Seminary, 2006.
Keywords: Ephrem, Ephremiana [Armenian], liturgics, prayer, Syriac influence [Armenia]

Mathews, Edward George, Jr. , ''The Holy Mar Ephrem on the Cross of Christ'', St. Nersess Theological Review 11 (2006): 45-61.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Ephrem, cross, crucifixion, Syriac influence [Armenia]

Mathews, Edward George, Jr. ,'' “What Manner of Man?”: Early Syriac Reflections on Adam'', Pages 115-149 in Syriac and Antiochian Exegesis and Biblical Theology for the 3rd Millennium. Edited by Miller, Robert D. . Gorgias Eastern Christian Studies 6. Piscataway, NJ:Gorgias Press, 2008.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, V CE, VI CE, VII CE, Ephrem, Narsai, Isaac of Antioch, Jacob of Sarug, Jacob of Edessa, Old Testament, Genesis, Adam, exegesis, Jacobite, Nestorian

Mathews, Edward George, Jr. , The Armenian Prayers attributed to Ephrem the Syrian. Texts from Christian Late Antiquity 36. Piscataway, NJ:Gorgias Press, 2014.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Ephrem, Ephremiana [Armenian], Syriac influence [Armenia], prayer, hymnography, translations from Syriac, translations into Armenian, primary sources [Armenian] + English translation

Mattam, Abraham , ''Christianity and Inculturation'', Ephrem’s Theological Journal 1:1-2 (1997): 43-68.
Keywords: India, Kerala, XIX-XXI CE, XX CE

McCarthy, Carmel ,'' Gospel Exegesis from a Semitic Church: Ephrem’s Commentary on the Sermon on the Mount'', Pages 103-123 in Tradition of the Text: Studies Offered to Dominique Barthélemy in Celebration of his 70th Birthday. Edited by Norton, Gerard J. and Pisano, Stephen . Orbis Biblicus et Orientalis 109. Freiburg, Schweiz:Universitätsverlag / Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1991.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, New Testament, Sermon on the Mount, Our Father, exegesis, Gospels, Diatessaron, commentary

McCarthy, Carmel , Saint Ephrem’s Commentary on Tatian’s Diatessaron: An English Translation of Chester Beatty Syriac MS 709 with Introduction and Notes. Journal of Semitic Studies Supplement 2. Oxford:Oxford University Press, 1993.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, New Testament, Gospels, Diatessaron, exegesis, commentary, primary sources [Syriac] - English translation

McCarthy, Carmel ,'' Allusions and Illusions: St. Ephrem’s Verbal Magic in the Diatessaron Commentary'', Pages 143-162 in Scriptural Interpretation in the Fathers: Letter and Spirit. Edited by Finan, T. and Twomey, V. . Dublin:Four Courts, 1995.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, New Testament, exegesis, Gospels, Diatessaron, commentary, poetics

McCarthy, Carmel ,'' Allusions and Illusions: St. Ephrem’s Verbal Magic in the Diatessaron Commentary'', Pages 187-207 in Targumic and Cognate Studies: Essays in Honour of Martin McNamara. Edited by Cathcart, Kevin J. and Maher, Michael . Journal for the Study of the Old Testament, Supplement Series 230. Sheffield:Sheffield Academic Press, 1996.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, New Testament, exegesis, Gospels, Diatessaron, commentary, poetics

McCollum, Adam Carter , ''An Arabic Scholion to Genesis 9:18–21 (Noah’s Drunkenness) Attributed to Philoxenos of Mabbug'', Hugoye: Journal of Syriac Studies 13:2 (2010): 125-148.
Keywords: Philoxenus of Mabbug, Ephrem, Ephrem [influence], Syriac influence [Arabs], Arab Christians, Old Testament, Genesis, Gen 9, Noah, flood, exegesis, translations from Syriac, translations into Arabic

McCosker, Philip ,'' Ephrem the Syrian (c.306–73)'', Pages 60-70 in The Student’s Companion to the Theologians. Edited by Markham, Ian S. . The Wiley-Blackwell Companions to Religion. Malden, MA:Wiley-Blackwell, 2013.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Ephrem, theology

McCullough, John C. , ''Early Syriac Commentaries on the New Testament'', Near East School of Theology Theological Review 5 (1982): 14-33, 79-126.
Keywords: New Testament, exegesis, commentary, Ephrem, Philoxenus of Mabbug, Lazar of Bet Qandasa, Theodore bar Koni, Ishodad of Merv, Moses bar Kepha, Dionysius bar Salibhi, Barhebraeus, Gannat Bussame, Severus the Monk, Jacobite, Nestorian

McVey, Kathleen Elizabeth , ''St. Ephrem’s Understanding of Spiritual Progress: Some Points of Comparison with Origen of Alexandria'', The Harp 1:2-3 (1987-1988): 117-128.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, spirituality, asceticism, Origen

McVey, Kathleen Elizabeth , Ephrem the Syrian. Hymns on the Nativity, Hymns Against Julian, Hymns on Virginity and on the Symbols of the Lord. The Classics of Western Spirituality. New York / Mahwah:Paulist Press, 1989.
Keywords: Ephrem, IV CE, hymnography, Hymns on Nativity, Hymns against Julian, Hymns on Virginity, poetry, English translation, primary sources

McVey, Kathleen Elizabeth ,'' The Anti-Judaic Polemic of Ephrem Syrus’ Hymns on the Nativity'', Pages 229-240 in Of Scribes and Scrolls: Studies on the Hebrew Bible, Intertestamental Judaism, and Christian Origins Presented to J. Strugnell on the Occasion of His Sixtieth Birthday. Edited by Attridge, Harold W. and Collins, John J. and Tobin, Thomas H. . Lanham / New York / London:University Press of America, 1990.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, anti-Judaism, Jewish-Christian relations, hymnography, poetry, Hymns on Nativity

McVey, Kathleen Elizabeth , ''Jacob of Sarug on Ephrem and the Singing of Women'', The Syrian Antiochian Perspective 1:1 (1992): 36-41.
Keywords: IV CE, V CE, Ephrem, Jacob of Sarug, women, singing, music, liturgics

McVey, Kathleen Elizabeth , ''The Sogitha on the Church of Edessa in the Context of Other Early Greek and Syriac Hymns for the Consecration of Church Buildings'', ARAM 5 (1993): 329-370.
Keywords: V CE, VI CE, Edessa, Balai, poetry, hymnography, churches, Mandylion, symbols, architecture, Qenneshre, Ephrem, madrasha, dialogue poems, primary sources [Syriac] + English translation

McVey, Kathleen Elizabeth ,'' Ephrem the Syrian'', Pages 1228-1250 in The Early Christian World. Edited by Esler, P.E. . London / New York:Routledge, 2000.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, theology, history

McVey, Kathleen Elizabeth , ''Ephrem the Syrian’s Theology of Divine Indwelling and Aelia Pulcheria Augusta'', Studia Patristica 35 (2001): 458-465.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, theology, Holy Spirit, anthropology, women

McVey, Kathleen Elizabeth , ''Ephrem the Syrian’s Use of Female Metaphors to Describe the Deity'', Zeitschrift für Antikes Christentum / Journal of Ancient Christianity 5 (2001): 261-288.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Ephrem, theology, gender, feminine, women, symbols

McVey, Kathleen Elizabeth , ''Images of Joy in Ephrem’s Hymns on Paradise: Returning to the Womb and the Breast'', Journal of the Canadian Society for Syriac Studies 3 (2003): 1-19.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, Hymns on Paradise, Old Testament, exegesis, Genesis, Paradise, women, womb, feminine

McVey, Kathleen Elizabeth ,'' Ephrem the Kitharode and Proponent of Women: Jacob of Sarug’s Portrait of a 4th c. Churchman for the 6th c. Viewer and its Significance for the 21st c. Ecumenist'', Pages 229-253 in Orthodox and Wesleyan Ecclesiology. Edited by Kimbrough, Steven T. . Crestwood, New York:St Vladimir’s Seminary Press, 2007.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, VI CE, Jacob of Sarug, poetry, hymnography, Ephrem, Ephrem [influence], liturgics, women, music, singing, Moses, Origenism, Christology

McVey, Kathleen Elizabeth ,'' Spirit Embodied: The Emergence of Symbolic Interpretations of Early Christian and Byzantine Architecture'', Pages 38-71 in Architecture as Icon: Perception and Representation of Architecture in Byzantine Art. Edited by Ćurčić, Slobodan and Hadjitryphonos, Evangelia . Princeton, NJ:Princeton University Art Museum, 2010.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, Ephrem, Balai, art, architecture, churches, Temple

McVey, Kathleen Elizabeth ,'' Syriac Christian Tradition and Gender in Trinitarian Theology'', Pages 199-216 in The Holy Trinity in the Life of the Church. Edited by Anatolios, Khaled . Holy Cross Studies in Patristic Theology and History 3. Grand Rapids, Michigan:Baker Academic, 2014.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Ephrem, Trinity, symbols, gender, feminine, women

Meehan, Charles ,'' A Palestinian-Type Lexeme in an Early Syriac Manuscript'', Pages *56-*61 in Sha‘arei Lashon: Studies in Hebrew, Aramaic and Jewish Languages Presented to Moshe Bar-Asher. Edited by Maman, Aharon and Fassberg, Steven Ellis and Breuer, Yochanan . Jerusalem:Bialik Institute, 2007.
Keywords: V CE, Ephrem, Commentary on Diatessaron, Syriac language, Classical Syriac, Christian Palestinian Aramaic, lexicography

Meersseman, Gilles Gérard ,'' Eine Lob- und Gruß-Rede Ephräms des Syrers'', Pages 257-262 in Der Hymnos Akathistos im Abendland. Band 2: Gruss-Psalter, Gruss-Orationen, Gaude-Andachten und Litaneien. Edited by Idem, . Spicilegium Friburgense 3. Freiburg, Schweiz:Universitätsverlag, 1960.
Keywords: IV CE, IV-VII CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography

Melki, Joseph , ''Saint Éphrem le Syrien, un bilan de l’édition critique'', Parole de l’Orient 11 (1983): 3-88.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Ephremiana, Pseudo-Ephrem, Ephremiana [Armenian], Ephremiana [Syriac]

Mercati, Silvius Ioseph , S. Ephraem Syri opera, textum syriacum graecum latinum ad fidem codicum recensuit, prolegomenis notis indicibus instruxit. T. I, Fasc. 1: Sermones in Abraham et Isaac, in Basilium Magnum, in Eliam. Monumenta Biblica et Ecclesiastica 1. Roma:Pontifical Biblical Institute, 1915.
Keywords: Ephrem, Ephremiana [Greek], Pseudo-Ephrem, Syriac influence [Byzantine church], Old Testament, exegesis, Genesis, Abraham, Elijah, Basil of Caesarea, primary sources [Greek]

Merk, August , ''Der neuentdeckte Kommentar des hl. Ephraeams zur Apostelgeschichte'', Zeitschrift für Kirchengeschichte 48 (1924): 37-58, 226-260.
Keywords: Ephrem, Ephremiana [Armenian], New Testament, exegesis, commentary, Acts

Merras, Merja ,'' Ephraem the Syrian and the Authority of the Old Testament Writings'', Pages 19-24 in The Old Testament as Authoritative Scripture in the Early Churches of the East. Edited by Hovhanessian, Vahan S. . Bible in the Christian Orthodox Tradition 1. Frankfurt am Main:Peter Lang, 2010.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Old Testament, exegesis

Merras, Merja ,'' Early Syriac Evidence on the Chosen People and the Promised Land'', Pages 103-114 in Festschrift in Honor of Professor Paul Nadim Tarazi. Volume 3: Studies in Intertestamental, Extra-Canonical, and Early Christian Literature. Edited by Dykstra, Tom . Bible in the Christian Orthodox Tradition 3. Frankfurt am Main:Peter Lang, 2015.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Aphrahat, Ephrem, lectionary, Jewish-Christian relations, Old Testament, exegesis, covenant

Meyers, Arthur Christian, Jr. , '' John Wesley and the Church Fathers''. Ph.D. dissertation, Saint Louis University, 1985
Keywords: Syriac influence [Europe], XVIII CE, John Wesley, Pseudo-Macarius, Ephrem

Michaelsen, Jørgen and Møbjerg, Morten , Efraims lovsang = Efraim Syrerens hymner. Frederiksberg, Denmark:Anis, 2002.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, primary sources [Syriac] - Danish translation

Millar, Fergus , ''Greek and Syriac in Edessa: From Ephrem to Rabbula (CE 363-435)'', Semitica et Classica 4 (2011): 99-114.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, V CE, Greek language, Syriac language, Edessa, Rabbula

Miller, Dana , The Ascetical Homilies of Saint Isaac the Syrian. Boston:The Holy Transfiguration Monastery, 1984.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, VII-XVIII CE, IV CE, V CE, VII CE, Isaac of Nineveh, John of Apamea, Pseudo-Macarius, Ephrem, Ephremiana [Syriac], Simeon of Taibutheh, asceticism, spirituality, mysticism, Nestorian, primary sources [Greek] - English translation, primary sources [Syriac] - English translation

Mingana, Alphonse , ''Remarks on the Text of the Prose Refutations of S. Ephrem'', Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society (1922): 523-531.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, heresiography, heterodoxy, Syriac language, Classical Syriac, lexicography, grammar

Minov, Sergey ,'' “Serpentine” Eve in Syriac Christian Literature of Late Antiquity'', Pages 92-114 in With Letters of Light: Studies in the Dead Sea Scrolls, Early Jewish Apocalypticism, Magic, and Mysticism in Honor of Rachel Elior. Edited by Arbel, Daphna V. and Orlov, Andrei A. . Ekstasis 2. Berlin / New York:Walter de Gruyter, 2010.
Keywords: IV CE, V CE, Ephrem, Narsai, Old Testament, Genesis, Eve, serpent, exegesis, paronomasia, Gnosticism

Minov, Sergey ,'' Regarder la montagne sacrée: représentations du Paradis dans la tradition chrétienne syrienne'', Pages 241-269, 367-374 in Mondes clos. Cultures et jardins. Edited by Barbu, Daniel and Borgeaud, Philippe and Lozat, Mélanie and Volokhine, Youri . Asdiwal, Supplément 1. Gollion:Infolio, 2013.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Old Testament, Genesis, Paradise, exegesis, mountain, Zoroastrianism, Temple, Jewish background, feminine, Ephrem

Minov, Sergey , '' Syriac Christian Identity in Late Sasanian Mesopotamia: The Cave of Treasures in Context''. Ph.D. dissertation, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, 2013
Keywords: IV-VII CE, VI CE, Cave of Treasures, identity, ethnicity, Ephrem [influence], Pseudo-Ephrem, Iran, Sassanians, Zoroastrianism, polemic, astrology, horse, incest, Nimrod, Magi, Jewish-Christian relations, polemic, apologetics, anti-Judaism, Old Testament, Genesis, Psalms, exegesis, Paradise, cosmology, Phantasiasm, Jacobite

Minov, Sergey ,'' The Cave of Treasures and the Formation of Syriac Christian Identity in Late Antique Mesopotamia: Between Tradition and Innovation'', Pages 155-194 in Between Personal and Institutional Religion: Self, Doctrine, and Practice in Late Antique Eastern Christianity. Edited by Bitton-Ashkelony, Brouria and Perrone, Lorenzo . Cultural Encounters in Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages 15. Turnhout:Brepols, 2013.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, VI CE, Cave of Treasures, identity, ethnicity, Ephrem [influence], Pseudo-Ephrem, Syriac language, Jacobite

Minov, Sergey , ''ZoroastrianMythological MotifsandthePhenomenonofChristianAcculturationinSasanianMesopotamia'', State, Religion and Church in Russia and Worldwide 2 [33] (2015): 61-87.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, VI CE, Ephrem, Cave of Treasures, Old Testament, Genesis, Gen 1, exegesis, Paradise, creation, heaven, cosmology, Iran, Zoroastrianism

Minov, Sergey ,'' Gazing at the Holy Mountain: Images of Paradise in Syriac Christian Tradition'', Pages 137-162 in The Cosmography of Paradise: The Other World from Ancient Mesopotamia to Medieval Europe. Edited by Scafi, Alessandro . Warburg Institute Colloquia 27. London:The Warburg Institute, 2016.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Old Testament, Genesis, Paradise, exegesis, mountain, Zoroastrianism, Temple, Jewish background, feminine, Ephrem

Mitchell, Charles Wand , S. Ephraim’s Prose Refutations of Mani, Marcion, and Bardaisan. London:Williams and Norgate, 1912, 1921.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, apologetics, heterodoxy, orthodoxy, polemic, Mani, Marcion, Bardesan, Gnosticism, Manichaeism, Marcionism, primary sources [Syriac] + English translation

Molenberg, Corrie , ''Two Christological Passages in Ephrem Syrus’ Hymns on Faith'', Studia Patristica 20 (1989): 191-196.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, theology, Christology, poetry, hymnography, Hymns on Faith

Molenberg, Corrie ,'' An Invincible Weapon: Names in the Christological Passages in Ephrem’s “Hymns on Faith” XLIV-LXV'', Pages 135-142 in V Symposium Syriacum, 1988: Katholieke Universiteit, Leuven, 29-31 août 1988. Edited by Lavenant, René . Orientalia Christiana Analecta 236. Roma:Pontificium Institutum Studiorum Orientalium, 1990.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, Hymns on Faith, names, God's name, Christology

Molitor, Joseph , Der Paulustext des hl. Ephräm aus seinem armenisch erhaltenen Paulinenkommentar untersucht und rekonstruiert. Monumenta Biblica et Ecclesiastica 4. Roma:Pontifical Biblical Institute, 1938.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Ephremiana [Armenian], New Testament, Paul, exegesis, translations from Syriac, translations into Armenian, Syriac influence [Armenia]

Molitor, Joseph ,'' Die kirchlichen Ämter und Stände in der Paulusexegese des heiligen Ephräm'', Pages 379-390 in Die Kirche und ihre Ämter und Stände. Festgabe seiner Eminenz dem hochwürdigsten Herrn Joseph Kardinal Frings Erzbischof von Köln zum goldenen Priesterjubiläum am 10. August 1960 dargeboten. Edited by Corsten, Wilhelm and Frotz, Augustinus and Linden, Peter . Köln:J.P. Bachem, 1960.
Keywords: IV CE, IV-VII CE, Ephrem, New Testament, Paul, exegesis, ecclesiology

Möllers, Hermann , '' Jenseitsglaube und Totenkult im altchristlichen Syrien: nach den Schriften unter dem Namen Afrems des Syrers''. Ph.D. dissertation, Universität Marburg, 1965
Keywords: IV CE, IV-VII CE, Ephrem, eschatology, death, afterlife

Monnickendam, Yifat , '' Halakhic Issues in the Writings of the Syriac Church Fathers Ephrem and Aphrahat''. Ph.D. dissertation, Bar Ilan University, 2011
Keywords: IV CE, IV-VII CE, Ephrem, Aphrahat, law, Jewish-Christian relations, Jewish background, Rabbinic Judaism, marriage

Monnickendam, Yifat , ''Articulating Marriage: Ephrem’s Legal Terminology and its Origins'', Journal of Semitic Studies 58:2 (2013): 257-296.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Ephrem, marriage, law, legal, Jewish background, Rabbinic Judaism

Monnickendam, Yifat , ''How Greek is Ephrem’s Syriac? Ephrem’s Commentary on Genesis as a Case Study'', Journal of Early Christian Studies 23:2 (2015): 213-244.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Ephrem, Old Testament, Genesis, Gen 19, Gen 49, Lot, Judah, exegesis, commentary, Greek language

Monteiro, Evelyn , ''Challenges of the Church in India in the Third Millennium'', Ephrem’s Theological Journal 5:1 (2001): 82-89.
Keywords: India, XIX-XXI CE

Morehouse, Robert Joseph , '' Bar Dayṣān and Mani in Ephraem the Syrian’s Heresiography''. Ph.D. dissertation, The Catholic University of America, 2013
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Ephrem, heterodoxy, polemic, heresiography, Bardesan, Mani, Manichaeism

Morris, John Brande , Selected Works of S. Ephrem the Syrian, Translated out of the Original Syriac. A Library of Fathers of the Holy Catholic Church 41. Oxford:J.H. Parker / London: F. and J. Rivington, 1847.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Ephremiana [Syriac], Pseudo-Ephrem, Nativity, Palm Sunday, faith, anti-Judaism, Jewish-Christian relations, Hymns on Faith, primary sources [Syriac] - English translation

Morrison, Craig E. , ''The Jews in Ephrem’s Commentary on the Diatessaron'', Journal of the Canadian Society for Syriac Studies 8 (2008): 23-43.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Ephrem, New Testament, Gospels, Diatessaron, exegesis, commentary, Jewish-Christian relations, polemic, anti-Judaism

Mösinger, Georg , Monumenta syriaca ex romanis codicibus collecta. Volumen 2. Oeniponti:Libraria Academica Wagneriana, 1878.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, anthology, pope Julius, pope Damasus, Greek Fathers, Justin Martyr, Irenaeus, translations from Greek, translations into Syriac, Old Testament, Song of Songs, Exodus, Ex 16, exegesis, commentary, Marutha of Maipherqat, New Testament, Gospel of Matthew, Mt 26, Ephrem, Mt 11:11, Mt 23:34, Isaiah, Proverbs, Jacob of Sarug, poetry, hymnography, Edessan martyrs, St Sharbil, Ezekiel, translations from Syriac, translations into Arabic, Arab Christians, hagiography, martyrdom, martyrs, History of Karka de Beth Selok, primary sources [Syriac], primary sources [Arabic]

Mourachian, Mark J. , '' Human Freedom in the Context of the Theological Anthropology of St. Ephrem the Syrian''. Ph.D. dissertation, The Catholic University of America, 2012
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Ephrem, anthropology, freedom, free will, Old Testament, Genesis, Adam, fall, exegesis, imago Dei, Hymns on Church, Hymns against Heresies, primary sources [Syriac] - English translation

Mudakodil, James C. , ''Evangelization in India: A Historical Introduction'', Ephrem’s Theological Journal 9:1 (2005): 46-65.
Keywords: India, mission

Muehlberger, Ellen ,'' Negotiations with Death: Ephrem’s Control of Death in Dialogue'', Pages 23-34 in Shifting Cultural Frontiers in Late Antiquity. Edited by Brakke, David and Deliyannis, Deborah Mauskopf and Watts, Edward Jay . Farnham, England:Ashgate, 2012.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Ephrem, hymnography, death

Mullassery, Mathew , ''Mary, the Blessed Virgin Mother, in the East Syriac Liturgy of Hours'', Ephrem’s Theological Journal 8:2 (2004): 151-167.
Keywords: liturgics, Mary, Mariology, Nestorian

Murad, Frederik ,'' Sechs neuentdeckte Hymnen des heil. Efrem über die Stadt Nikomedia'', Pages 203-208 in Huschardzan. Festschrift aus Anlass des 100jährigen Bestandes der Mechitharisten-Kongregation in Wien (1811–1911) und des 25. Jahrganges der philologischen Monatsschrift “Handes amsorya” (1887–1911). Wien:Mechitharisten-Buchdruckerei, 1911.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, Hymns on Nicomedia, Ephremiana [Armenian], Syriac influence [Armenia], translations from Syriac, translations into Armenian

Muravjev, Alexej V. ,'' La partie syriaque du dossier hagiographique de saint Basile le Grand'', Pages 203-210 in Symposium Syriacum VII: Uppsala University, Department of Asian and African Languages, 11–14 August 1996. Edited by Lavenant, René . Orientalia Christiana Analecta 256. Roma:Pontificio Istituto Orientale, 1998.
Keywords: Basil of Caesarea, hagiography, Greek Fathers, Julian, Ephremiana, translations from Greek, translations into Syriac

Muravjev, Alexej V. , ''Early Syriac Version of the Encounter of Basil of Caesarea and Ephrem the Syrian'', Вестник древней истории 4 (2015): 22-43.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, hagiography, Ephrem, Vita Ephremi, Ephremiana [Syriac], Syriac influence [Byzantine church], Basil of Caesarea, Amphilochius of Iconium, primary sources [Syriac] + Russian translation

Murray, Robert ,'' St. Ephrem Syrus'', Pages 220-223 in Catholic Dictionary of Theology. Edited by Crehan, Joseph H. . London:Nelson and Sons, 1962-1971.
Keywords: IV CE, IV-VII CE, Ephrem

Murray, Robert , ''St. Ephrem the Syrian on Church Unity'', Eastern Churches Quarterly 15 (1963): 164-176.
Keywords: IV CE, IV-VII CE, Ephrem, ecclesiology

Murray, Robert , ''The Rock and the House on the Rock: A Chapter on the Ecclesiastical Symbolism of Aphrahat and Ephrem'', Orientalia Christiana Periodica 30 (1964): 315-362.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Aphrahat, ecclesiology, symbols

Murray, Robert , ''A Hymn of St. Ephrem to Christ on the Incarnation, the Holy Spirit and the Sacraments (= Hymns on Faith, 10)'', Eastern Churches Review 3 (1970): 142-150.
Keywords: IV CE, IV-VII CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, Hymns on Faith, primary sources [Syriac] - English translation

Murray, Robert , ''Mary, the Second Eve in the Early Syriac Fathers'', Eastern Churches Review 3:4 (1971): 372-384.
Keywords: Mary, Mariology, women, Passion, eucharist, resurrection, Ephrem, Christ, typology, exegesis, Eve

Murray, Robert , ''“The Lance which Re-opened Paradise”: A Correction'', Orientalia Christiana Periodica 39:2 (1973): 491.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Old Testament, New Testament, exegesis, Genesis, Paradise, Passion, Jesus, soteriology

Murray, Robert , ''The Lance which Re-opened Paradise: A Mysterious Reading in the Early Syriac Fathers'', Orientalia Christiana Periodica 39:1 (1973): 224-234.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Old Testament, New Testament, exegesis, Genesis, Paradise, Passion, Jesus, soteriology

Murray, Robert , ''The Exhortation to Candidates for Ascetical Vows at Baptism in the Ancient Syrian Church'', New Testament Studies 21 (1974-1975): 59-80.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Aphrahat, asceticism, baptism, celibacy, sexuality, bnai qyama

Murray, Robert , Symbols of Church and Kingdom: A Study in Early Syriac Tradition. London / New York:Cambridge University Press, 1975.
Keywords: I-III CE, III CE, IV CE, Ephrem, Aphrahat, Odes of Solomon, theology, Christ, Christology, ecclesiology, symbols, typology, Paradise, wine, Jewish-Christian relations, anti-Judaism

Murray, Robert , ''The Theory of Symbolism in St. Ephrem’s Theology'', Parole de l’Orient 6-7 (1975-1976): 1-20.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, theology, symbols

Murray, Robert , ''Der Dichter als Exeget. Der hl. Ephräm und die heutige Exegese'', Zeitschrift für katholische Theologie 100 (1978): 484-494.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, exegesis, XIX-XXI CE

Murray, Robert , ''A Hymn of St. Ephrem to Christ (= Hymns on Virginity, 31)'', Sobornost / Eastern Churches Review 1:1 (1979): 39-50.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Christ, poetry, hymnography, Hymns on Virginity, primary sources [Syriac] - English translation

Murray, Robert , ''St. Ephrem’s Dialogue of Reason and Love (= Hymns on the Church, 9)'', Sobornost / Eastern Churches Review 2:2 (1980): 26-40.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, love, poetry, hymnography, Hymns on Church, primary sources [Syriac] - English translation

Murray, Robert ,'' Ephraem Syrus (ca. 306–373)'', Pages 755-762 in Theologische Realenzyklopädie. Edited by Müller, Gerhard . Berlin / New York:Walter de Gruyter, 1981.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem

Murray, Robert ,'' The Characteristics of the Earliest Syriac Christianity'', Pages 3-16 in East of Byzantium: Syria and Armenia in the Formative Period. Dumbarton Oaks Symposium, 1980. Edited by Garsoïan, Nina G. and Mathews, Thomas F. and Thomson, Robert W. . Washington, DC:Dumbarton Oaks, 1982.
Keywords: general, I-III CE, II CE, asceticism, Aphrahat, Ephrem

Murray, Robert , ''‘A Marriage for All Eternity’: The Consecration of a Syrian Bride of Christ: Ephrem of Syria'', Sobornost / Eastern Churches Review 11:1-2 (1989): 65-69.
Keywords: IV CE, IV-VII CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, monasticism, women, marriage, Syriac influence [Armenia], Ephremiana [Armenian], translations from Syriac, translations into Armenian, primary sources [Armenian] - English translation

Murray, Robert ,'' Aramaic and Syriac Dispute-Poems and Their Connections'', Pages 157-187 in Studia Aramaica: New Sources and New Approaches. Papers Delivered at the London Conference of The Institute of Jewish Studies, University College London, 26th–28th June 1991. Edited by Geller, Mark J. and Greenfield, Jonas C. and Weitzman, Michael P. . Journal of Semitic Studies Supplement 4. Oxford / New York:Oxford University Press, 1995.
Keywords: IV CE, V CE, poetry, dialogue poems, Ephrem, Romanos, Jacob of Sarug

Murray, Robert , ''The Ephremic Tradition and the Theology of the Environment'', Hugoye: Journal of Syriac Studies 2:1 (1999):
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, ecology, nature

Murray, Robert , ''The Paradox of God’s Hiddenness and Accessibility in St Ephrem'', New Blackfriars: A Review 85 (2004): 158-162.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, theology, God

Muto, Shinichi , ''Early Syriac Hermeneutics'', The Harp 11-12 (1998-1999): 43-65.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Aphrahat, exegesis, hermeneutics

Muto, Shinichi , Poetry and Rhetoric: Ephrem the Syrian and Chrysostom the Greek. Tokyo:Kyobunkwan, 2004.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, John Chrysostom

Muto, Shinichi , ''The Hermeneutics of Eusebius of Emessa in Comparison with that of Ephrem of Nisibis'', The Harp 18 (2005): 203-215.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Eusebius of Emesa, exegesis, hermeneutics

Muto, Shinichi , ''The Syrian Origin of the Divine Condescension as the Key to Biblical Interpretation'', The Harp 20 (2006): 249-261.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, hermeneutics

Muto, Shinichi ,'' The Heuristic Reading in the ‘Commentary on Genesis’ of Ephrem of Nisibis: Beyond the Paradigm of Modern Hermeneutics'', Pages 191-198 in Geschichte, Theologie und Kultur des syrischen Christentums: Beiträge zum 7. Deutschen Syrologie-Symposium in Göttingen, Dezember 2011. Edited by Tamcke, Martin and Grebenstein, Sven . Göttinger Orientforschungen, I. Reihe: Syriaca 46. Wiesbaden:Harrassowitz Verlag, 2014.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Ephrem, Old Testament, Genesis, exegesis, commentary, hermeneutics

Myslivec, Josef ,'' Ephraim'', Pages 151-153 in Lexikon der christlichen Ikonographie. Edited by Kirschbaum, Engelbert and Bandmann, Günter and Braunfels, Wolfgang . Roma:Herder, 1974.
Keywords: Syriac influence [Byzantine church], Ephrem, saints, art, iconography

Naduvilezham, Joseph , ''Paschal Lamb in Ephrem of Nisibis'', The Harp 5 (1992): 53-66.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Easter, Christology, Hymns on Easter, poetry, hymnography, Eucharist

Naduvilezham, Joseph , The Theology of the Paschal Lamb in Ephrem of Nisibis. Oriental Institute of Religious Studies India Publications 239. Kottayam:Oriental Institute of Religious Studies, 2000.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, theology, Easter, soteriology, Aphrahat

Naduvilezham, Joseph , ''The Ecological Vision of St. Ephrem'', The Harp 18 (2005): 337-344.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, nature, ecology

Najem, Pierre ,'' La Vierge Marie Mère de Dieu dans la théologie de Saint Éphrem'', Pages 125-134 in Saint Éphrem, un poète pour notre temps. Patrimoine Syriaque, Actes du Colloque XI. Antélias, Liban:Centre d’Études et de Recherches Orientales, 2007.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Mary, Mariology

Najjar, Noha , ''Poésie et langage mystique chez Saint Éphrem et les mystiques des Iers siècles de l’Islam'', The Harp 11-12 (1998-1999): 159-173.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, mysticism, poetry, Islam, Muslim-Christian relations

Nakano, Chiemi ,'' Des rapports entre les marcionites et les manichéens dans un corpus Éphrémien: S. Ephrem’s Prose Refutations of Mani, Marcion, Bardaisan'', Pages 441-453 in Pensée grecque et sagesse d’Orient. Hommage à Michel Tardieu. Edited by Amir-Moezzi, Mohammed-Ali and Dubois, Jean-Daniel and Jullien, Christelle and Jullien, Florence . Bibliothèque de l’École des Hautes Études, Sciences religieuses 142. Turnhout:Brepols, 2010.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, heresiography, heterodoxy, Marcionism, Manichaeism

Narinskaya, Elena , '' Ephrem – a “Jewish” Sage: A Comparison of the Exegetical Writings of St. Ephrem the Syrian and Jewish Traditions''. Ph.D. dissertation, Durham University, 2007
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Jewish-Christian relations, Jewish background, Rabbinic Judaism, Old Testament, Exodus, Moses, exegesis

Narinskaya, Elena , Ephrem, a ‘Jewish’ Sage: A Comparison of the Exegetical Writings of St. Ephrem the Syrian and Jewish Traditions. Studia Traditionis Theologiae 7. Turnhout:Brepols, 2010.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Jewish-Christian relations, polemic, anti-Judaism, Jewish background, Rabbinic Judaism, Old Testament, Exodus, Moses, exegesis

Narinskaya, Elena , ''Festive Banquets of Philo and Ephrem: An Illustration of Spiritual and Liturgical Experiences'', Parole de l’Orient 35 (2010): 507-517.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Ephrem, spirituality, liturgics, feasts, Philo, Jewish background

Narinskaya, Elena , The Poetic Hymns of Saint Ephrem the Syrian: A Study in the Religious Use of Poetry in Fourth-Century Christianity. Lewiston:Edwin Mellen, 2012.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Ephrem, hymnography, poetics, sacraments, Eucharist, typology

Nau, François , ''Lettre de Jacques d’Édesse au diacre George sur une hymne composée par S. Éphrem et citée par S. Jean Maron'', Revue de l’Orient chrétien I, 6 (1901): 115-131.
Keywords: VII CE, Jacob of Edessa, letters, Ephrem, Ephrem [influence], hymnography, poetry, John Maron, Jacobite, primary sources [Syriac] + French translation

Nau, François , ''Fragments de Mar Aba, disciple de saint Éphrem'', Revue de l’Orient chrétien 17 (1912): 69-73.
Keywords: IV CE, Mar Aba, Old Testament, Psalms, 1 Samuel, Job, exegesis, commentary, primary sources [Syriac] + French translation

Nau, François , ''A propos d’un feuillet d’un manuscrit arabe. La mystique chez les Nestoriens. – Religion et mystique chez les musulmans'', Le Muséon 43 (1930): 85-116, 221-262.
Keywords: IV CE, V CE, VII CE, VIII CE, Nestorian, spirituality, mysticism, Shubhalmaran, Antony the Great, Ammonas, Aphrahat, Pseudo-Dionysius the Areopagite, Stephen bar Sudaile, Liber Graduum, Messalianism, Ephrem, Isaac of Nineveh, Babai the Great, Abraham of Natpar, Dadisho Qatraya, Sahdona, Simeon of Taibutheh, Ananisho, John bar Penkaye, John of Dalyatha, Abraham bar Dashandad, Muslim-Christian relations, Syriac influence [Arabs], Bahira, Quran

Neri, Achille , Due sermoni e la Laudazione di Iosef di Santo Effrem, volgarizzamento del buon secolo non mai fin qui stampato. Scelta di curiosità letterarie inedite o rare 78. Bologna:G. Romagnoli, 1867.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Old Testament, exegesis, Genesis, Joseph, primary sources

Nin, Manel , Efrem de Nísibis. Himnes i homilies. Clàssics del Cristianisme 68. Barcelona:Edicions Proa, 1997.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, Hymns on Unleavened Bread, primary sources [Syriac] - Catalan translation

Nin, Manel ,'' Una preghiera attribuita a Sant’Efrem Siro: edizione e traduzione'', Pages 331-345 in Spiritus spiritalia nobis dona potenter infundit: a proposito di tematiche liturgico-pneumatologiche. Studi in onore di Achille M. Triacca, sdb. Edited by Carr, Ephrem . Roma:Centro Studi S. Anselmo, 2005.
Keywords: Ephrem, Ephremiana, prayer

Noret, Jacques , ''La vie de Marie l’Égyptienne (BHG 1042): source partielle d’une prière pseudo-Éphrémienne'', Analecta Bollandiana 96 (1978): 385-387.
Keywords: Ephrem, Ephremiana [Greek], Pseudo-Ephrem, prayer, hagiography

Noseda, Sergio Noja and Fumagalli, Pier Francesco , eds. Arabic Homilies on the Nativity. Fontes Ambrosiani NS 3. Milano:Silvana Editoriale, 2000.
Keywords: VII-XVIII CE, Syriac influence [Arabs], Arab Christians, Ephrem, Ephremiana [Arabic], homilies, Nativity, primary sources [Arabic] + English translation

Noujaïm, Guy , ''Anthropologie et économie de salut chez S. Éphrem. Autour des notions de ghalyatâ, kasyatâ et kasyâ'', Parole de l’Orient 9 (1979-1980): 313-315.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, theology, anthropology, soteriology

Noujaïm, Guy , ''Essai sur quelques aspects de la philosophie d’Éphrem de Nisibe'', Parole de l’Orient 9 (1979-1980): 27-50.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem

Noujaïm, Guy ,'' Le concept de “connaissance” chez Saint Éphrem et dans la Bible'', Pages 27-34 in Saint Éphrem, un poète pour notre temps. Patrimoine Syriaque, Actes du Colloque XI. Antélias, Liban:Centre d’Études et de Recherches Orientales, 2007.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, knowledge

Nowicki, Paul , Beiträge zur Syntax in Aphrems Memren. Inaugural-Dissertation zur Erlangung der Doktorwürde der Hohen Philosopischen Fakultät der Albert-Ludwig-Universität zu Freiburg im Breisgau. Kirchhain N.-L.:Max Schmersow, 1916.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Syriac language, Classical Syriac, grammar, syntax

Nussberger, Mark A. , '' “Is the Lord in Our Midst or Not?” Conceptions of Divine Presence in Ancient Jewish and Christian Interpretations of the Calf Incident''. Th.D. dissertation, Harvard Divinity School, 2012
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Ephrem, Old Testament, Exodus, Golden Calf, exegesis

Obeid, Joseph , ''L’onction baptismale dans HdE III de Saint Éphrem. Traduction et analyse'', Parole de l’Orient 17 (1992): 7-36.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, Hymns on Church, liturgics, sacraments, anointing, baptism, oil, primary sources [Syriac] - French translation

Ortiz de Urbina, Ignacio , ''La mariologia dei Padri siriaci'', Orientalia Christiana Periodica 1 (1935): 100-113.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Mariology, Mary

Ortiz de Urbina, Ignacio , ''Vale el testimonio de S. Efrén en favor de la Inmaculada'', Estudios eclesiásticos 28 (1954): 417-422.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Mary, Mariology

Ortiz de Urbina, Ignacio , ''Le Paradis eschatologique d’après Saint Éphrem'', Orientalia Christiana Periodica 21 (1955): 467-472.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Old Testament, exegesis, Genesis, Paradise, eschatology

Ortiz de Urbina, Ignacio , ''Dignitas regia Mariae iuxta primaevos Syros'', Virgo Immaculata 12 (1956): 1-11.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Mary, Mariology

Ortiz de Urbina, Ignacio , ''Un nuevo fragmento siríaco del comentario de San Efrén al Diatésaron'', Studia Papyrologica 5 (1966): 7-17.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, New Testament, exegesis, Diatessaron, commentary

Ortiz de Urbina, Ignacio ,'' S. Giuseppe nella patrologia siriaca'', Pages 150-160 in S. Giuseppe nei primi 15 secoli della Chiesa. Atti del I Simposio Internazionale. Cahiers de joséphologie 19. Roma:1971.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Aphrahat, VI CE, Jacob of Sarug, New Testament, Gospels, exegesis, St Joseph, Mary

Ortiz de Urbina, Ignacio , ''L’évêque et son role d’après saint Éphrem'', Parole de l’Orient 4 (1973): 137-146.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, ecclesiology, bishops, clergy

Ortiz de Urbina, Ignacio ,'' La Vergine Maria nella teologia di S. Efrem'', Pages 65-103 in Symposium Syriacum, 1972: célebré dans les jours 26-31 octobre 1972 à l’Institut Pontifical Oriental de Rome. Edited by Ortiz de Urbina, Ignatius . Orientalia Christiana Analecta 197. Roma:Pontificium Institutum Orientalium Studiorum, 1974.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Mary, Mariology, typology, Eve

Ortiz de Urbina, Ignacio , ''Maria en la patristica siríaca'', Scripta de María 1 (1978): 29-114.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Mariology, Mary

Ortiz de Urbina, Ignacio , ''Mariologos sirios en la estela de s. Efren'', Marianum 41 (1979): 171-198.
Keywords: IV CE, IV-VII CE, Ephrem, Mariology, Mary

Ortiz de Urbina, Ignacio ,'' S. Efrem e il Sangue Redentore'', Pages 575-580 in Sangue e antropologia biblica nella Patristica. Atti della settimana, Roma, 23-28 novembre 1981. Edited by Vattioni, Francesco . Centro studi Sanguis Christi 2. Roma:Pia Unione del Preziosissimo Sangue, 1982.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, blood, redemption

Outtier, Bernard , ''Notre-Dame et l’eucharistie d’après l’hymne 16ème de saint Ephrem sur la Nativité'', Carmel 3 (1969): 226-234.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, hymnography, Hymns on Nativity, Mary, Mariology, liturgics, sacraments, Eucharist

Outtier, Bernard , ''Une explication de l’Évangile attribuée à saint Ephrem. À propos d’une édition récente'', Parole de l’Orient 1 (1970): 385-407.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, New Testament, exegesis, Gospels, Diatessaron, commentary, Ephremiana [Armenian], Syriac influence [Armenia]

Outtier, Bernard , ''Saint Éphrem d’après ses biographies et ses œuvres'', Parole de l’Orient 4:1-2 (1973): 11-33.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem

Outtier, Bernard , ''La célébration du XVIe centennaire de la mort de St. Ephrem au Liban'', Irenikon 47 (1974): 361-363.
Keywords: Lebanon, XIX-XXI CE, XX CE, Ephrem, Ephrem [influence], feasts, saints, Maronite

Outtier, Bernard , ''Les recueils géorgiens d’œuvres attribuées à S. Ephrem le Syrien'', Bedi Kartlisa 32 (1974): 118-125.
Keywords: Ephrem, Pseudo-Ephrem, Ephremiana [Georgian], Syriac influence [Georgia]

Outtier, Bernard , ''Une homélie sur le jeûne et la pénitence attribuée à saint Éphrem en géorgien'', Bedi Kartlisa 31 (1974): 109-117.
Keywords: Ephrem, Pseudo-Ephrem, Ephremiana [Georgian], Syriac influence [Georgia], fast, penitence

Outtier, Bernard ,'' Les recueils arméniens et géorgiens d’œuvres attribuées à S. Ephrem le Syrien'', Pages 53-58 in Actes du 29e Congrès international des orientalistes, Paris, juillet 1973. Assyriologie. Edited by Arnaud, Daniel . Paris:L’Asiathèque, 1975.
Keywords: Ephrem, Ephremiana [Armenian], Ephremiana [Georgian], Syriac influence [Armenia], Syriac influence [Georgia]

Outtier, Bernard , ''Contribution à l’étude de la préhistoire des collections d’hymnes d’Éphrem'', Parole de l’Orient 6-7 (1975-1976): 49-61.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, transmission, Ephremiana

Outtier, Bernard , ''[La traduction arménienne d’un texte d’Apollinaire sous le nom d’Ephrem]'', Banber Matenadarani 12 (1977): 163-167.
Keywords: Ephrem, Ephremiana [Armenian], Pseudo-Ephrem, Apollinarius of Laodicea, Syriac influence [Armenia]

Outtier, Bernard , ''Un discours sur les ruses de Satan attribué à Ephrem (texte arménien inédit)'', Revue des études arméniennes 13 (1978-1979): 165-174.
Keywords: VII-XVIII CE, Ephrem, Ephremiana [Armenian], Syriac influence [Armenia], demonology, Satan, primary sources [Armenian] + French translation

Outtier, Bernard , ''Hymnes de saint Ephrem sur l’Eucharistie'', Lettre aux amis de Solesmes 18 (1979): 3-9.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Ephremiana [Armenian], hymnography, liturgics, sacraments, Eucharist, Syriac influence [Armenia], primary sources [Armenian] - French translation

Outtier, Bernard , ''Hymnes de saint Ephrem sur l’Eucharistie, II'', Lettre aux amis de Solesmes 22 (1980): 3-8.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Ephremiana [Armenian], hymnography, liturgics, sacraments, Eucharist, Syriac influence [Armenia], primary sources [Armenian] - French translation

Outtier, Bernard , ''Hymnes de saint Ephrem sur l’Eucharistie, III'', Lettre aux amis de Solesmes 1 (1981): 14-18.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Ephremiana [Armenian], hymnography, liturgics, sacraments, Eucharist, Syriac influence [Armenia], primary sources [Armenian] - French translation

Outtier, Bernard , ''Hymnes de saint Ephrem sur l’Eucharistie, IV'', Lettre aux amis de Solesmes 3 (1981): 3-7.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Ephremiana [Armenian], hymnography, liturgics, sacraments, Eucharist, Syriac influence [Armenia], primary sources [Armenian] - French translation

Outtier, Bernard , ''Hymnes de saint Ephrem sur l’Eucharistie, V'', Lettre aux amis de Solesmes 2 (1982): 3-5.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Ephremiana [Armenian], hymnography, liturgics, sacraments, Eucharist, Syriac influence [Armenia], primary sources [Armenian] - French translation

Outtier, Bernard , ''Le cycle d’Adam à Ałt‘amar et la version arménienne du commentaire de S. Ephrem sur la Genèse'', Revue des études arméniennes 18:1-2 (1984): 589-592.
Keywords: Ephrem, Ephremiana [Armenian], Pseudo-Ephrem, Syriac influence [Armenia], Old Testament, exegesis, Genesis, Adam

Outtier, Bernard , Textes arméniens relatifs à S. Éphrem. CSCO 474, Arm. 16. Leuven:Peeters, 1985.
Keywords: Ephrem, Pseudo-Ephrem, Ephremiana [Armenian], Vita Ephremi, Testament of Ephrem, Basil of Caesarea, Syriac influence [Armenia], translations from Syriac, translations into Armenian, primary sources [Armenian] - French translation

Outtier, Bernard , ''De discours de Saint Éphrem méconnus'', Parole de l’Orient 20 (1995): 121-128.
Keywords: Ephrem

Outtier, Bernard , ''Le christianisme en Arménie'', Connaissance des Pères de l’Église 81 (2001): 5-20.
Keywords: Syriac influence [Armenia], Ephrem, Ephremiana [Armenian], Eucharist

Outtier, Bernard ,'' La réception des œuvres de saint Éphrem le Syrien chez les chrétiens d’Arménie et de Géorgie'', Pages 227-230 in Saint Éphrem, un poète pour notre temps. Patrimoine Syriaque, Actes du Colloque XI. Antélias, Liban:Centre d’Études et de Recherches Orientales, 2007.
Keywords: Ephrem, Ephremiana [Armenian], Syriac influence [Armenia], Syriac influence [Georgia]

Outtier, Bernard ,'' Une exhortation d’Éphrem le Syrien à des moines en géorgien? Le ms. Sinaï géorgien 97 (CPG 2152-2945-4135.4-4145.16)'', Pages 219-230 in Sur les pas des Araméens chrétiens. Mélanges offerts à Alain Desreumaux. Edited by Briquel-Chatonnet, Françoise and Debié, Muriél . Cahiers d’études syriaques 1. Paris:Geuthner, 2010.
Keywords: Syriac influence [Georgia], Ephrem, Ephremiana [Georgian], spirituality, monasticism

Outtier, Bernard ,'' La mystique syriaque en Géorgie'', Pages 177-188 in Les mystiques syriaques. Edited by Desreumaux, Alain . Études syriaques 8. Paris:Geuthner, 2011.
Keywords: VII-XVIII CE, Syriac influence [Georgia], mysticism, Ephrem, Ephremiana [Georgian], Isaac of Nineveh, translations from Syriac, translations into Georgian

Overbeck, J. Josephus , S. Ephraemi Syri, Rabulae episcopi Edesseni, Balaei aliorumque Opera selecta e codicibus syriacis manuscriptis in museo Britannico et bibliotheca Bodleiana asservatis primus edidit. Oxford:Clarendon Press, 1865.
Keywords: IV CE, V CE, Ephrem, Ephremiana [Syriac], Testament of Ephrem, Rabbula, Life of Rabbula, Balai, monasticism, canon law, primary sources [Syriac]

Pächt, Otto ,'' Ephraimillustration, Haggadah und Wiener Genesis'', Pages 213-221 in Festschrift Karl M. Swoboda zum 28. Januar 1959. Edited by Benesch, Otto . Wien:R.M. Rohrer, 1959.
Keywords: Syriac influence [Byzantine church], Ephrem, art, iconography, Illustrations

Padinjarekutt, John , ''The Present Day Relevance of St Ephrem'', The Harp 3 (1990): 61-66.
Keywords: Ephrem, XIX-XXI CE, XX CE

Paikatt, Mathew , ''Repentance and Penitence in Mar Aprem of Nisibis'', Christian Orient 12 (1991): 135-146.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, repentance

Paikatt, Mathew , ''Virginity, the Celestial Life: A Study on Virginity in the Genuine Works of Mar Aprem of Nisibis'', Christian Orient 13 (1992): 164-185.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, asceticism, virginity, celibacy

Paikatt, Mathew , ''Life and Glory Lost: The Spiritual Thoughts of Mar Aprem of Nisibis on the First Sin'', Christian Orient 20:3 (1999): 160-175.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Old Testament, exegesis, Genesis, Adam, fall, sin, garments of light

Paikatt, Mathew , Life, Glory and Salvation in the Writings of Mar Aprem of Nisibis. Oriental Institute of Religious Studies India Publications 245. Vadavathoor, Kottayam:Oriental Institute of Religious Studies, 2001.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, soteriology, theology

Pallath, Paul , ''The Syro-Malabar Church and Inculturation'', Ephrem’s Theological Journal 4:2 (2000): 149-175.
Keywords: India, Kerala, Syro-Malabar

Pallath, Paul , ''Were the St. Thomas Christians in India Nestorians at the Time of the Synod of Diamper in 1599?'', Ephrem’s Theological Journal 5:1 (2001): 34-70.
Keywords: India, Kerala, XVI CE, Nestorian, councils, Diamper

Pallath, Paul , ''Suppression of the All India Jurisdiction of the Church of St. Thomas Christians in India'', Ephrem’s Theological Journal 6:2 (2002): 162-185.
Keywords: India, Kerala, XVI CE, XVII CE, Western mission, Roman Catholic, Portugese

Pallath, Paul , ''The St. Thomas Christian Church before the Sixteenth Century: A Model for Inculturation'', Ephrem’s Theological Journal 6:1 (2002): 3-32.
Keywords: India, Kerala, XVI CE, syncretism

Pallath, Paul , ''The Sacraments of the Church of St. Thomas Christians in India and the Synod of Diamper'', Ephrem’s Theological Journal 11:2 (2007): 121-146.
Keywords: India, Kerala, liturgics, sacraments, XVI CE, Diamper

Palmer, Andrew , ''“A Lyre without a Voice”: The Poetics and the Politics of Ephrem the Syrian'', ARAM 5 (1993): 371-399.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, poetics, poetry, hymnography, politics

Palmer, Andrew ,'' The Merchant of Nisibis: Saint Ephrem and His Faithful Quest for Union in Numbers'', Pages 167-234 in Early Christian Poetry: A Collection of Essays. Edited by den Boeft, J. and Hilhorst, Anthony . Supplements to Vigiliae Christianae 22. Leiden / New York / Köln:Brill, 1993.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Ephrem, hymnography

Palmer, Andrew , ''St Ephrem of Syria’s Hymn on Faith 7: An Ode on His Own Name'', Sobornost / Eastern Churches Review 17:1 (1995): 28-40.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, hymnography, poetry, madrasha, acrostic, poetics, Hymns on Faith

Palmer, Andrew , ''Words, Silences, and the Silent Word: Acrostics and Empty Columns in Saint Ephraem’s Hymns on Faith'', Parole de l’Orient 20 (1995): 129-200.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, hymnography, poetry, madrasha, acrostic, poetics, Hymns on Faith

Palmer, Andrew , ''Mind the Gap! or, A Church Father with a Sense of Fun'', Gouden Hoorn: Tijdschrift over Byzantium 4:2 (1996-1997):
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, poetics

Palmer, Andrew , ''A Single Human Being Divided in Himself: Ephraim the Syrian, the Man in the Middle'', Hugoye: Journal of Syriac Studies 1:2 (1998):
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem

Palmer, Andrew , ''The Influence of Ephraim the Syrian'', Hugoye: Journal of Syriac Studies 2:1 (1999):
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, primary sources [Syriac] - English translation

Palmer, Andrew ,'' The Prophet and the King: Mår Afrem’s Message to the Eastern Roman Emperor'', Pages 213-236 in After Bardaisan: Studies on Continuity and Change in Syriac Christianity in Honour of Professor Han J.W. Drijvers. Edited by Reinink, Gerrit J. and Klugkist, Alex C. . Orientalia Lovaniensia Analecta 89. Louvain:Peeters, 1999.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Byzantine empire, emperor

Palmer, Andrew , ''Akrostich Poems: Restoring Ephraim’s Madroshe'', The Harp 15 (2002): 275-287.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, poetics, acrostic, madrasha

Palmer, Andrew , ''Paradise Restored'', Oriens Christianus 87 (2003): 1-46.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Old Testament, exegesis, Genesis, Paradise, rivers, Moses bar Kepha, soteriology

Palmer, Andrew , ''Restoring the ABC in Ephraim’s Cycles on Faith and Paradise'', Journal of Eastern Christian Studies 55:3-4 (2003): 147-194.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, poetics, acrostic, Hymns on Faith, Hymns on Paradise

Palmer, Andrew , ''Ephrem, Nisibene Madrosho 42, Stanza 1: A Symbolic and Dramaturgical Commentary'', The Harp 18 (2005): 245-251.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, poetics, Hymns on Nisibis

Palmer, Andrew ,'' The Fourth-Century Liturgy of Edessa Reflected in Ephraim’s Madroshe 4 and 5 on Faith'', Pages 319-362 in The Eucharist in Theology and Philosophy: Issues of Doctrinal History in East and West from the Patristic Age to the Reformation. Edited by Perczel, István and Forrai, Réka and Geréby, György . Ancient and Medieval Philosophy I.35. Leuven:Leuven University Press, 2005.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Ephrem, Edessa, liturgics, sacraments, Eucharist, hymnography, Hymns on Faith

Palmer, Andrew , ''Interpolated Stanzas in Ephraim’s Madroshe LXVI-LXVIII on Faith'', Oriens Christianus 90 (2006): 1-22.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, Hymns on Faith, textual criticism

Palmer, Andrew ,'' What Jacob Actually Wrote about Ephraim'', Pages 145-165 in Jewish and Christian Liturgy and Worship: New Insights into its History and Interaction. Edited by Gerhards, Albert and Leonhard, Clemens . Jewish and Christian Perspectives 15. Leiden / Boston:Brill, 2007.
Keywords: VI CE, Jacob of Sarug, poetry, hymnography, poetics, Ephrem, Jacobite, primary sources [Syriac] - English translation

Palmer, Andrew ,'' Nine More Stanzas to be Banished from Ephraim’s Paradise'', Pages 301-257 in Vom Nil an die Saale. Festschrift für Arafa Mustafa zum 65. Geburtstag am 28. Februar 2005. Edited by Drost-Abgarjan, Armenuhi and Kotjatko-Reeb, Jens and Tubach, Jürgen . Hallesche Beiträge zur Orientwissenschaft 42. Halle an der Salle:Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg, 2008.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, Hymns on Paradise, textual criticism, Old Testament, Genesis, Paradise

Palmer, Andrew ,'' Ephrem of Nisibis'', Pages 126-140 in Wiley Blackwell Companion to Patristics. Edited by Parry, Ken . Malden, MA:Wiley-Blackwell, 2015.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Ephrem

Pandiappallil, Joseph , The Man and the Pearl: A Christological Interpretation of Puruṣasūkta and the Pearl of St. Ephrem. Bangalore:Asian Trading Corporation, 2007.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, hymnography, pearl, Christology, Hinduism

Papoutsakis, Manolis , ''The Making of a Syriac Fable: From Ephrem to Romanos'', Le Muséon 120:1-2 (2007): 29-75.
Keywords: IV CE, VI CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, poetics, Hymns on Nativity, Julian, Herod, animals, Julian Romance, Jacob of Sarug, Romanos

Paša, Željko , ''The Theology of “the Robe of Glory/Light in the Eastern Christian Tradition'', Obnovljeni život 69:3 (2014): 303-319.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Ephrem, Old Testament, Genesis, Gen 3:21, exegesis, Adam, glory, garments of light, soteriology

Pasquet, Colette , L’homme, image de Dieu, seigneur de l’univers: l’interprétation de Gn 1, 26 dans la tradition syriaque orientale. Thèse présentée pour l’obtention du Doctorat conjoint en histoire des religions et anthropologie religieuse, et en théologie, Université de Paris-Sorbonne / Institut Catholique de Paris. Lille, France:Atelier national de reproduction des thèses, 2006.
Keywords: I-III CE, IV-VII CE, VII-XVIII CE, III CE, IV CE, V CE, VIII CE, IX CE, Bardesan, Aphrahat, Ephrem, Theodore of Mopsuestia, Narsai, Diyarbakir commentary, Isho bar Nun, Theodore bar Koni, Ishodad of Merv, Old Testament, Genesis, Gen 1, Gen 1:26, exegesis, creation, imago Dei, anthropology, Adam, Christology, Nestorian

Pasquet, Colette ,'' La distinction créateur/création: Principe et fondement de l’interprétation de Gn 1, 1-2 chez Éphrem et Narsaï (IVe–Ve siècles)'', Pages 129-145 in Science et exégèse: Les interprétations antiques et médiévales du récit biblique de la création des éléments (Genèse 1,1-8). Edited by Bakhouche, Béatrice . Bibliothèque de l’École des hautes études, Sciences religieuses 167. Turnhout:Brepols, 2016.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, V CE, Ephrem, Narsai, Old Testament, Genesis, Gen 1, exegesis, creation, cosmogony, Nestorian

Patteruparampil, Jobi , ''Regula Fidei in Ephrem’s Hymni de Fide LXVII and in the Sermones de Fide IV'', Studia Patristica 64:12 (2013): 177-198.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Ephrem, theology, Hymns on Faith

Pattie, T.S. , ''Ephraem the Syrian and the Latin Manuscripts of De Poenitentia'', The British Library Journal 13 (1987): 1-24.
Keywords: Ephrem, Ephremiana [Latin], repentance, Syriac influence [Europe]

Pattie, T.S. , ''The Early Printed Editions of Ephraem Latinus and Their Relationship to the Manuscripts'', Studia Patristica 20 (1989): 50-53.
Keywords: Ephrem, Ephremiana [Latin], Syriac influence [Europe]

Pattie, T.S. , ''Ephraem’s ‘On Repentance’ and the Translation of the Greek Text into Other Languages'', The British Library Journal 16 (1990): 174-186.
Keywords: Ephrem, Ephremiana [Greek], Ephremiana [Latin], repentance, Syriac influence [Europe]

Payne Smith, Robert ,'' Ephraim the Syrian'', Pages 137-144 in A Dictionary of Christian Biography, Literature, Sects and Doctrines during the First Eight Centuries, Being a Continuation of ‘The Dictionary of the Bible’. Edited by Smith, William and Wace, Henry . London:John Murray, 1880.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem

Penn, Michael Philip , When Christians First Met Muslims: A Sourcebook of the Earliest Syriac Writings on Islam. Oakland, California:University of California Press, 2015.
Keywords: VII-XVIII CE, VII CE, VIII CE, Muslim-Christian relations, polemic, historiography, hagiography, canon law, apocalypticism, Ishoyahb III of Adiabene, Chronicle of Khuzistan, Apocalypse of Pseudo-Ephrem, Maximus the Confessor, George I of Kaphra, Athanasius II of Baladh, John bar Penkaye, Apocalypse of Pseudo-Methodius, Edessene Apocalypse, Henanisho I, Theodotus of Amida, Gospel of Twelve Apostles, Jacob of Edessa, Chronicle of 724, John III of Antioch, Mar Aba II of Kashkar, Abraham of Bet Hale, Nestorian, Jacobite, primary sources [Syriac] - English translation

Peral Torres, Antonio , '' Los Problemas de la Pesitta en sus Fuentes manuscritas. Estudio de las Citas biblicas de S. Efrén en la Comentario al Génesis''. Ph.D. dissertation, Universidad Complutense, Madrid, 1975
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Old Testament, exegesis, Genesis, commentary, Peshitta OT, textual criticism, quotations

Peral Torres, Antonio , Comentario al Génesis de san Efrén: traducción española del siríaco. Textos y estudios “Cardenal Cisneros” 19. Madrid:Instituto Arias Montano, 1978.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Old Testament, exegesis, Genesis, commentary, primary sources [Syriac] - Spanish translation

Perentidis, Stavros , ''La jonction de l’Apocalypse de Sedrach avec l’Homélie sur l’amour d’Éphrem'', Journal of Theological Studies 36:2 (1985): 393-396.
Keywords: Ephrem, Ephremiana [Greek], Pseudo-Ephrem, OT apocrypha

Pérès, Jacques-Noël ,'' Saint Éphrem dans le Sinaxaire éthiopien'', Pages 255-263 in Saint Éphrem, un poète pour notre temps. Patrimoine Syriaque, Actes du Colloque XI. Antélias, Liban:Centre d’Études et de Recherches Orientales, 2007.
Keywords: Ephrem, Syriac influence [Ethiopia], Ephrem [influence]

Perniola, Erasmo , Sant’Efrem Siro. Dottore della Chiesa e Cantore di Maria. Bari:Partecipare, 1989.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, theology, Mariology, primary sources [Syriac] - Italian translation

Perria, L. , ''Un nuovo codice di Efrem: l’Urb. gr. 130'', Rivista di studi bizantini e neoellenici 14-16 (1977-1979): 33-114.
Keywords: Ephrem, Ephremiana, Syriac influence [Byzantine church]

Peters, Curt , Das Diatessaron Tatians. Seine Überlieferung und sein Nachwirken im Morgen- und Abendland sowie der heutige Stand seiner Erforschung. Orientalia Christiana Analecta 123. Roma:Pontificium Institutum Orientalium Studiorum, 1939.
Keywords: I-III CE, II CE, Tatian, Diatessaron, New Testament, Gospels, Old Syriac Gospels, Peshitta NT, Ephremiana [Armenian], Syriac influence [Arabs], Syriac influence [Georgia], Syriac influence [Armenia], Syriac influence [Byzantine church], Syriac influence [Europe], Manichaeism, Turkish

Petersen, William Lawrence , '' The Diatessaron and Ephrem Syrus as Sources of Romanos the Melodist''. Ph.D. dissertation, Rijksuniversiteit te Utrecht, 1984
Keywords: IV-VII CE, VI CE, Romanos, poetry, hymnography, New Testament, Gospels, Diatessaron, Ephrem, Syriac influence [Byzantine church]

Petersen, William Lawrence , ''The Dependence of Romanos the Melodist upon the Syriac Ephrem: Its Importance for the Origin of the Kontakion'', Vigiliae Christianae 39:2 (1985): 171-187.
Keywords: Syriac influence [Byzantine church], VI CE, Romanos, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography

Petersen, William Lawrence , The Diatessaron and Ephrem Syrus as Sources of Romanos the Melodist. CSCO 475, Subs. 73. Louvain:Peeters, 1985.
Keywords: VI CE, Romanos, poetry, hymnography, New Testament, Gospels, Diatessaron, Ephrem, Syriac influence [Byzantine church]

Petersen, William Lawrence , ''Some Remarks on the Integrity of Ephrem’s Commentary on the Diatessaron'', Studia Patristica 20 (1989): 197-202.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, New Testament, Gospels, commentary, exegesis, Diatessaron

Petersen, William Lawrence , ''The Dependence of Romanos the Melodist upon the Syriac Ephrem'', Studia Patristica 18:4 (1990): 274-281.
Keywords: poetry, hymnography, Romanos, Ephrem, VI CE, Syriac influence [Byzantine church]

Phenix, Robert R., Jr. , The Sermons on Joseph of Balai of Qenneshrin: Rhetoric and Interpretation in Fifth Century Syriac Literature. Studien und Texte zu Antike und Christentum 50. Tübingen:Mohr Siebeck, 2008.
Keywords: V CE, Balai, Old Testament, Genesis, Joseph, exegesis, Jewish background, Hellenism, Ephrem, Ephrem [influence], poetics, rhetoric

Phenix, Robert R., Jr. ,'' Der Wert des Genesis-Kommentars Ephräms als Quelle für die Joseph-Memren Balais'', Pages 211-224 in Akten des 5. Symposiums zur Sprache, Geschichte, Theologie und Gegenwartslage der syrischen Kirchen (V. Deutsche Syrologentagung), Berlin 14.-15. Juli 2006. Edited by Voigt, Rainer M. . Semitica et Semitohamitica Berolinensia 9. Aachen:Shaker Verlag, 2010.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, V CE, Balai, Old Testament, Genesis, Joseph, exegesis, poetry, hymnography, Ephrem, Ephrem [influence]

Phenix, Robert R., Jr. ,'' Adam’s Offspring, Male and Female: Comparative Perspectives on a Trajectory in Jewish, Syriac Christian, and Early Islamic Literature'', Pages 1-14 in The Bible, the Qur’ān, & Their Interpretation: Syriac Perspectives. Edited by Horn, Cornelia B. . Eastern Mediterranean Texts and Contexts 1. Warwick, Rhode Island:Abelian Academic, 2013.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, VII-XVIII CE, Old Testament, Genesis, Cain, Abel, exegesis, Ephrem, Jacob of Sarug, Syriac influence [Arabs], Muslim-Christian relations, at-Tabari

Pierre, Marie-Joseph , ''Éphrem de Nisibe, Hymnes sur la virginité: sur Éphraïm'', Proche-Orient Chrétien 35:3-4 (1985): 258-263.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, Hymns on Virginity, Ephraim, primary sources [Syriac] - French translation

Pigulewska, Nina Wiktorowna , Kultura syryjska we wczesnym średniowieczu. Translated by Mazur, Czesław. . Warszawa:Pax, 1989.
Keywords: IV CE, V CE, VI CE, Iran, science, education, schools, Edessa, Nisibis, Greek philosophy, alchemy, Bardesan, Ephrem, Aphrahat, Sergius of Reshaina, Geoponicon, translations from Greek, Sassanians, translations into Syriac, Jacobites, Nestorians

Plathottam, Stephen , ''Christological Technical terms'', Ephrem’s Theological Journal 13:2 (2009): 93-104.
Keywords: Christology

Plathottathil, Stephen , ''AKORO (Farmer in the Syriac Tradition)'', The Harp 18 (2005): 147-152.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, agriculture

Plathottathil, Stephen , ''Church as the Bride of Christ: Hymn of St. Ephrem'', The Harp 26 (2012): 175-179.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, ecclesiology, primary sources [Syriac] - English translation

Pohlmann, Antonius , Sancti Ephraemi Syri commentariorum in Sacram Scripturam textus in codicibus Vaticanis manuscriptus et in editione Romana impressus commentario critica. Brunsbergae:Eduardum Peter, 1864.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Old Testament, Exodus, 2 Samuel, exegesis, commentary, Jacob of Edessa, primary sources [Syriac]

Poirier, Paul-Hubert , ''L’Évangile de Vérité, Éphrem le Syrien et le comput digital'', Revue des Études Augustiniennes 25 (1979): 27-34.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Gnosticism, NT apocrypha, Gospels, Nag Hammadi

Poirier, Paul-Hubert ,'' Le sermon pseudo-éphrémien In pulcherrimum Ioseph: Typologie et Midrash'', Pages 107-122 in Figures de l’Ancien Testament chez les Pères. Cahiers de Biblia Patristica 2. Strasbourg:Centre d’Analyse et de Documentation Patristiques, 1989.
Keywords: Ephrem, Pseudo-Ephrem, Ephremiana [Greek], Old Testament, exegesis, Genesis, Joseph, midrash, Jewish background, Syriac influence [Byzantine church]

Poirier, Paul-Hubert , ''Marie et le glaive (Luc 2,34-35): à propos d’Éphrem, In Diatessaron II, 17'', Travaux et Mémoires 18 (2014): 519-526.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Ephrem, New Testament, Diatessaron, Gospel of Luke, exegesis, Mary

Polívka, Gjuro , ''Opisi i izvodi iz nekoliko jugoslavenskih rukopisa u Pragu'', Starine 21 (1889): 184-224.
Keywords: VII-XVIII CE, Syriac influence [Slavs], Ephremiana [Slavonic], primary sources [Slavonic]

Polotsky, Hans Jakob , ''Ephraem’s Reise nach Aegypten'', Orientalia 2 (1933): 269-274.
Keywords: Ephrem, Ephremiana, Syriac influence [Egypt]

Possekel, Ute , '' Evidence of Greek Philosophical Concepts in the Writings of Ephrem the Syrian''. Ph.D. dissertation, Princeton Theological Seminary, 1998
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Hellenism, Greek philosophy, loan-words, Greek language

Possekel, Ute , Evidence of Greek Philosophical Concepts in the Writings of Ephrem the Syrian. CSCO 580, Subs. 102. Louvain:Peeters, 1999.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Hellenism, Greek philosophy, loan-words [Greek]

Possekel, Ute ,'' Ephrem’s Doctrine of God'', Pages 195-237 in God in Early Christian Thought: Essays in Memory of Lloyd G. Patterson. Edited by McGowan, Andrew Brian and Daley, Brian E. and Gaden, Timothy J. . Supplements to Vigiliae Christianae 94. Leiden / Boston:Brill, 2009.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, theology, God, polemic, Arianism, God's name

Pottampuzha, P. , ''Mar Aprem: Patron of Eco-Theology'', Christian Orient 16 (1995): 138-146.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, nature, ecology

Powathil, Joseph , ''Early Syriac Theology: Some Basic Features'', Ephrem’s Theological Journal 9:1 (2005): 3-22.
Keywords: theology

Prelipcean, Alexandru , ''Sfântul Efrem Sirul. Răspuns [unui] frate, despre Eli, preotul'', Teologie şi Viaţă 9-12 (2013): 160-168.
Keywords: VII-XVIII CE, Syriac influence [Byzantine church], Ephrem, Ephremiana [Greek], question-and-answer, primary sources [Greek] - Romanian translation

Preuschen, Erwin , ''Eine altkirchliche antimarcionistische Schrift unter dem Namen Ephräms'', Zeitschrift für die neutestamentliche Wissenschaft 12:2-3 (1911): 243-269.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, Ephrem, Ephremiana [Armenian], heterodoxy, polemic, Marcionism, Syriac influence [Armenia]

Proverbio, Delio Vania , ''Auctarium au dossier copte de l’Éphrem grec'', Orientalia 66 (1997): 78-85.
Keywords: Ephrem, Ephremiana [Greek], Ephremiana [Coptic], Syriac influence [Byzantine church], Syriac influence [Egypt]

Pulickamandapam, Antony , ''The Scope for Cultural Adaptations in the North Indian Context'', Ephrem’s Theological Journal 4:2 (2000): 176-185.
Keywords: India, Syro-Malankar, Hinduism

Quaschning-Kirsch, Matthias ,'' Die Frage der Benennbarkeit Gottes in den syrischen Versionen des Corpus Dionysiacum Areopagiticum'', Pages 117-126 in Symposium Syriacum VII: Uppsala University, Department of Asian and African Languages, 11–14 August 1996. Edited by Lavenant, René . Orientalia Christiana Analecta 256. Roma:Pontificio Istituto Orientale, 1998.
Keywords: VI CE, theology, God's name, Aphrahat, Ephrem, Pseudo-Dionysius the Areopagite, Sergius of Reshaina, Phocas bar Sergius of Edessa, translations from Greek, translations into Syriac, Greek Fathers

Raczkiewicz, Marek , ''El hombre creado a imagen de Dios en san Efrén'', Moralia 31:2-3 (2008): 131-158.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Old Testament, exegesis, Genesis, Adam, anthropology, creation, Imago Dei

Rahmani, Ignatius Ephraem , ''Sancti Ephraemi Carmina Rogationum (col testo siro-caldaico)'', Bessarione II, 4, 7 (1903): 165-185.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, fast, hymnography, primary sources [Syriac] + Latin translation

Rahmani, Ignatius Ephraem , S. Ephraemi Hymni de virginitate quos e codice Vaticano III nunc primum edidit, illustravit et latine vertit. Monte Libano:Typis Patriarchalibus in Seminario Scharfensi, 1906.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, Hymns on Virginity, primary sources [Syriac] + Latin translation

Rahmani, Ignatius Ephraem , Lettre pastorale de sa béatitude monseigneur Ignace Ephrem II Rahmani, patriarche syrien d’Antioche, sur saint Ephrem, docteur de l’Eglise universelle. Charfé:Imprimerie Patriarcale du Séminaire Syrien, 1921.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem

Rahmé, Georges ,'' Saint Ephrem et le monachisme'', Pages 117-125 in Le monachisme syriaque aux premiers siècles de l’Eglise, IIe – debut VIIe siècle. I: Textes français. Patrimoine Syriaque, Actes du Colloque V. Antélias, Liban:Centre d’Études et de Recherches Orientales, 1998.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, monasticism

Rahn, Nancy , ''Frauenstimmen gegen den Tod: Zur besonderen Sichtbarkeit weiblicher Klage in der klassischen syrischen Literatur'', Lectio difficilior 1 (2016): 1-13.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, V CE, VI CE, Ephrem, Narsai, Jacob of Sarug, poetry, hymnography, women, death, suffering, Old Testament, Genesis, exegesis, Eve, Sarah, Mary, Nestorian, Jacobite

Ramelli, Ilaria L. , ''La centralità del mistero di Cristo nell’eschatologia efremiana'', Augustinianum 49:2 (2009): 371-405.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Ephrem, Christology, eschatology

Ramelli, Ilaria L. , The Christian Doctrine of Apokatastasis: A Critical Assessment from the New Testament to Eriugena. Supplements to Vigiliae Christianae 120. Leiden / Boston:Brill, 2013.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, VII-XVIII CE, eschatology, soteriology, apocatastasis, Origenism, Ephrem, Antiochene school, Diodore of Tarsus, Theodore of Mopsuestia, Philoxenus of Mabbug, Stephen bar Sudaile, Isaac of Nineveh, John of Dalyatha

Reeves, John C. ,'' Manichaean Citations from the Prose Refutations of Ephrem'', Pages 217-288 in Emerging from Darkness: Studies in the Recovery of Manichaean Sources. Edited by Mirecki, Paul and BeDuhn, Jason David . Nag Hammadi and Manichaean Studies 43. Leiden / New York / Köln:Brill, 1997.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, heterodoxy, heresiography, Manichaeism, polemic, anti-Manichaean, cosmogony, eschatology, anthropology, primary sources [Syriac] + English translation

Reinink, Gerrit J. , ''Pseudo-Ephraems “Rede über das Ende” und die syrische eschatologische Literatur des Siebenten Jahrhunderts'', ARAM 5 (1993): 437-463.
Keywords: VII CE, Ephrem, Ephremiana [Syriac], Pseudo-Ephrem, Apocalypse of Pseudo-Ephrem, eschatology, apocalypticism, Alexander Romance, Islam, Muslim-Christian relations

Reinink, Gerrit J. ,'' Pseudo-Methodius and the Pseudo-Ephremian Sermo de Fine Mundi'', Pages 317-321 in Media Latinitas: A Collection of Essays to Mark the Occasion of the Retirement of L.J. Engels. Edited by Nip, R.I.A. and van Dijk, H. and van Houts, E.M.C. and Kneepkens, C.H. . Instrumenta Patristica et Mediaevalia 28. Steenbrugis:Abbatia S. Petri / Turnhout: Brepols, 1996.
Keywords: VII CE, Apocalypse of Pseudo-Methodius, Pseudo-Ephrem, Ephremiana, eschatology, apocalypticism

Renoux, Charles , ''Les mêmrê sur Nicomédie d’Éphrem de Nisibe'', Parole de l’Orient 4 (1973): 257-263.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Hymns on Nicomedia, Ephremiana [Armenian], translations from Syriac, translations into Armenian, memra, poetry, hymnography, Syriac influence [Armenia]

Renoux, Charles , ''S. Ephrem de Nisibe. Pédagogie divine et charité'', Présence d’En Calcat 37 (1973): 6-10.
Keywords: IV CE, IV-VII CE, Ephrem, theology

Renoux, Charles , Éphrem de Nisibe. Mêmrê sur Nicomédie. Patrologia Orientalis 37.2-3 [172-173]. Turnhout:Brepols, 1975.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Ephremiana [Armenian], poetry, hymnography, Hymns on Nicomedia, translations from Syriac, translations into Armenian, Syriac influence [Armenia], primary sources [Armenian] + French translation

Renoux, Charles , ''Vers le commentaire de Job d’Éphrem de Nisibe'', Parole de l’Orient 6-7 (1975-1976): 63-68.
Keywords: Ephrem, Ephremiana [Syriac], Pseudo-Ephrem, Old Testament, Job, exegesis, commentary

Renoux, Charles , ''Nisibe, face aux Perses, dans les mêmrê sur Nicomédie de S. Éphrem'', Handes Amsorya 90 (1976): 511-520.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, Hymns on Nicomedia, Nisibis, Iran, Sassanians

Renoux, Charles ,'' La chaîne arménienne sur le Livre de Job'', Pages 141-161 in Le Livre de Job chez les Pères. Edited by Maraval, Pierre . Cahiers de Biblia Patristica 5. Strasbourg:Centre d’Analyse et de Documentation Patristiques, 1996.
Keywords: Ephrem, Ephremiana [Armenian], Syriac influence [Armenia], translations from Syriac, translations into Armenian

Ri, Su-Min ,'' La Caverne des Trésors et Mar Éphrem'', Pages 71-83 in Symposium Syriacum VII: Uppsala University, Department of Asian and African Languages, 11–14 August 1996. Edited by Lavenant, René . Orientalia Christiana Analecta 256. Roma:Pontificio Istituto Orientale, 1998.
Keywords: VI CE, Cave of Treasures, Old Testament, Genesis, exegesis, Ephrem

Ri, Su-Min ,'' Mar Éphrem, la femme samaritaine et les fragments d’Héracléon'', Pages 511-522 in Pensée grecque et sagesse d’Orient. Hommage à Michel Tardieu. Edited by Amir-Moezzi, Mohammed-Ali and Dubois, Jean-Daniel and Jullien, Christelle and Jullien, Florence . Bibliothèque de l’École des Hautes Études, Sciences religieuses 142. Turnhout:Brepols, 2010.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, Hymns on Virginity, women, New Testament, Gospel of John, Jn 4:1-42, exegesis, Gnosticism, primary sources [Syriac] - French translation

Ricciotti, Giuseppe , Inni alla Vergine di S. Efrem Siro. Roma:F.I.U.C., 1925.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, Hymns on Virginity, virginity, primary sources [Syriac] - Italian translation

Ricciotti, Giuseppe , San Efrem Siro: biografia–scritti–teologia. Torino / Roma:Marietti, 1925.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, theology

Richardson Jensen, Jane E. , ''Ephrem and the Ministries of Women'', Logos 4 (1991): 16-23.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, ecclesiology, women

Richardson Jensen, Jane E. ,'' Ruth according to Ephrem the Syrian'', Pages 170-177 in A Feminist Companion to Ruth. Edited by Brenner, Athalya . Sheffield:Sheffield Academic Press, 1993.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Old Testament, Ruth, exegesis, women

Robson, Peter , '' A Study of Ephraem Syrus, Hymns against Julian the Apostate and the Jews''. B.Litt. dissertation, The University of Oxford, 1969
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, Hymns against Julian, Julian

Robson, Peter ,'' Ephrem as Poet'', Pages 34-38 in Horizons in Semitic Studies: Articles for the Student. Edited by Eaton, John H. . University Semitics Study Aids 8. Birmingham:Department of Theology, University of Birmingham, 1980.
Keywords: Ephrem, IV CE, poetry, hymnography, poetics

Rödiger, Emil , Chrestomathia syriaca quam glossario et tabulis grammaticis. Halis Saxonum:Sumtibus Orphanotrophei, 1868.
Keywords: Syriac language, Classical Syriac, grammar, anthology, Alexander Romance, Antony of Tagrit, Eusebius of Caesarea, Narcissus of Qantus, Ephrem, Barhebraeus, hagiography, primary sources [Syriac]

Rodrigues Pereira, Alphons S. , Studies in Aramaic Poetry (c. 100 B.C.E. – c. 600 C.E.): Selected Jewish, Christian and Samaritan Poems. Studia Semitica Neerlandica 34. Assen:Van Gorcum, 1997.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, poetics

Rodrigues Pereira, Alphons S. ,'' Word Play in the Hymns of Ephrem the Syrian'', Pages 251-265 in Puns and Pundits: Word Play in the Hebrew Bible and Ancient Near Eastern Literature. Edited by Noegel, Scott B. . Bethesda, MD:CDL Press, 2000.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, poetics, paronomasia

Rogé, Raymond , ''S. Ephrem et la Vie d’Adam'', Connaissance des Pères de l’Église 94 (2004): 52-57.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Old Testament, exegesis, Genesis, Adam, hymnography

Roncaglia, Martiniano Pellegrino , ''Essai de bibliographie sur saint Éphrem'', Parole de l’Orient 4 (1973): 343-370.
Keywords: Ephrem, bibliography

Rousseau, Olivier , ''La rencontre de saint Ephrem et de saint Basile'', L’Orient Syrien 2 (1957): 261-284; 3 (1958), 73-90.
Keywords: Syriac influence [Byzantine church], hagiography, Ephrem, Ephremiana [Greek], Basil of Caesarea, Gregory of Nyssa, letters

Rouwhorst, Gerard A.M. , ''De Paashymnen van Efrem der Syrer'', Het christelijk Oosten 37 (1985): 73-92.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, Easter

Rouwhorst, Gerard A.M. ,'' L’évocation du mois de Nisan dans les Hymnes sur la Résurrection d’Éphrem de Nisibe'', Pages 101-110 in IV Symposium Syriacum, 1984: Literary Genres in Syriac Literature (Groningen – Oosterhesselen 10-12 September). Edited by Drijvers, Han J.W. and Lavenant, René and Molenberg, Corrie and Reinink, Gerrit J. . Orientalia Christiana Analecta 229. Roma:Pontificium Institutum Studiorum Orientalium, 1987.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, months, Nisan, Easter

Rouwhorst, Gerard A.M. , Les Hymnes Pascales d’Éphrem de Nisibe. Analyse théologique et recherche sur l’évolution de la fête pascale chrétienne à Nisibe et à Edesse et dans quelques églises voisines au quatrième siècle. Supplements to Vigiliae Christianae 7. Leiden / New York / København / Köln:E.J. Brill, 1989.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Aphrahat, Didascalia, hymnography, madrasha, Edessa, Nisibis, liturgics, feasts, Easter, Passover, calendar, Jewish-Christian relations, Old Testament, Exodus, exegesis, Passion, crucifixion, resurrection, primary sources [Syriac] - French translation

Rouwhorst, Gerard A.M. , Efrem de Syriër. Hymnen voor de viering van het kerkelijk jaar. Christelijke bronnen 3. Kampen:Kok, 1991.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, Hymns on Unleavened Bread, unleavened bread, primary sources [Syriac] - Dutch translation

Rouwhorst, Gerard A.M. ,'' De harp van de Heilige Geest. Over de hymnodie van Efrem de Syriër'', Pages 59-73 in Door mensen gezongen. Liturgische muziek in portretten. Edited by Hoondert, Martin and de Loos, Ike and Post, Paul and van Tongeren, Louis . Meander 7. Kampen:Gooi en Sticht, 2005.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, liturgics

Rouwhorst, Gerard A.M. , ''Le noyau le plus ancien des hymnes de la collection ‘Sur l’Epiphanie’ et la question de leur authenticité'', Vigiliae Christianae 66:2 (2012): 139-159.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Ephrem, Pseudo-Ephrem, liturgics, feasts, Epiphany, baptism, Hymns on Epiphany

Rowell, Geoffrey , ''‘Making Church of England Poetical’: Ephraim and the Oxford Movement'', Hugoye: Journal of Syriac Studies 2:1 (1999):
Keywords: Ephrem, Syriac influence [Europe]

Ruani, Flavia ,'' Des noms célèbres de différents dieux / Mani et ses compagnons proclamèrent (C. Haer. XL 3): à propos de la conception manichéenne de la divinité vue par Éphrem le Syrien'', Pages 159-176 in Le représentations des dieux des autres. Colloque de Toulouse, 9-11 décembre 2010. Edited by Bonnet, Corinne and Declercq, Amandine and Slobodzianek, Iwo . Supplemento a Mythos 2. Caltanissetta:Salvatore Sciascia, 2011.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Ephrem, heterodoxy, polemic, Manichaeism, anti-Manichaean

Ruani, Flavia , '' Le manichéisme vu par Ephrem le Syrien: analyse d’une réfutation doctrinale''. Thèse de doctorat, École Pratique des Hautes Études, Paris / La Sapienza, Università di Roma, 2012
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Ephrem, heterodoxy, polemic, Manichaeism, anti-Manichaean, primary sources [Syriac] - French translation

Ruani, Flavia , ''Between Myth and Exegesis: Ephrem the Syrian on the Manichaean Book of Giants'', Studia Patristica 64:12 (2013): 155-165.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Ephrem, hymnography, Hymns against Heresies, heterodoxy, polemic, Manichaeism, anti-Manichaean, OT apocrypha, Old Testament, Genesis, Gen 6:4, exegesis

Ruani, Flavia ,'' The “Seal of the Mouth” in the Anti-Manichaean Polemic of Ephrem the Syrian'', Pages 324-337 in Mani in Dublin: Selected Papers from the Seventh International Conference of the International Association of Manichaean Studies in the Chester Beatty Library, Dublin, 8–12 September 2009. Edited by Richter, Siegfried G. and Horton, Charles and Ohlhafer, Klaus . Nag Hammadi and Manichaean Studies 88. Leiden / Boston:Brill, 2015.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Ephrem, Manichaeism, heterodoxy, polemic, seal

Ruani, Flavia ,'' Les controverses avec les manichéens et le développement de l’hérésiologie syriaque'', Pages 67-104 in Les controverses religieuses en syriaque. Edited by Ruani, Flavia . Études syriaques 13. Paris:Paul Geuthner, 2016.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, polemic, heterodoxy, heresiography, Manichaeism, anti-Manichaean, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, Titus of Bostra, Severus of Antioch

Russell, Paul S. , '' Two Replies to the Arians: A Comparison of the “Theological Orations” of Gregory of Nazianzus and the Hymns and Sermons “On the Faith” of Ephraem of Nisibis''. Ph.D. dissertation, The Catholic University of America, 1992
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, homilies, heterodoxy, Arianism, polemic

Russell, Paul S. , St. Ephraem the Syrian and St. Gregory the Theologian Confront the Arians. Mōrān ’Eth’ō 5. Kottayam:St. Ephrem Ecumenical Research Institute, 1994.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, theology, Arianism, polemic, Gregory Nazianzen

Russell, Paul S. , ''A Note on Ephraem the Syrian and “The Poison of the Greeks” in Hymns on Faith 2'', The Harp 10:3 (1997): 45-54.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, Hymns on Faith, Greek philosophy, anti-Hellenism, primary sources [Syriac] - English translation

Russell, Paul S. , ''An Anti-Neo-Arian Interpolation in Ephraem of Nisibis’ Hymn 46 On Faith'', Studia Patristica 33 (1997): 568-572.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, hymnography, poetry, Hymns on Faith, heterodoxy, polemic, Arianism

Russell, Paul S. ,'' A First Look at the Christology of Ephraem the Syrian'', Pages 107-115 in Symposium Syriacum VII: Uppsala University, Department of Asian and African Languages, 11–14 August 1996. Edited by Lavenant, René . Orientalia Christiana Analecta 256. Roma:Pontificio Istituto Orientale, 1998.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Christology, theology

Russell, Paul S. , ''St. Ephraem, the Syrian Theologian'', Pro Ecclesia 7:1 (1998): 79-90.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem

Russell, Paul S. , ''Ephraem the Syrian on the Utility of Language and the Place of Silence'', Journal of Early Christian Studies 8:1 (2000): 21-37.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, language, silence, spirituality, Hymns on Faith

Russell, Paul S. , ''The Son as the Revealer of the Father in Ephraem the Syrian’s Sermon I De Fide'', The Harp 13 (2000): 135-139.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, Christology

Russell, Paul S. , ''Making Sense of Scripture: An Early Attempt by St. Ephraem the Syrian'', Communio 28:1 (2001): 171-201.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Old Testament, exegesis

Russell, Paul S. , ''The Image of the Infant Jesus in Ephrem the Syrian'', Hugoye: Journal of Syriac Studies 5:1 (2002):
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Christology, Incarnation, children

Russell, Paul S. , ''Ephraem and Athanasius on the Knowledge of Christ: Two Anti-Arian Treatments of Mark 13:32'', Gregorianum 85:3 (2004): 445-474.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Christology, polemic, heterodoxy, Arianism, New Testament, exegesis, Gospels, Gospel of Mark, knowledge

Russell, Paul S. , ''Nisibis as the Background to the Life of Ephrem the Syrian'', Hugoye: Journal of Syriac Studies 8:2 (2005):
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Nisibis

Russell, Paul S. , ''St Ephraem’s Carmina Nisibena 33: A Hymn on Paganism’s Place in the World'', St Vladimir’s Theological Quarterly 49:4 (2005): 395-415.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, polemic, paganism, Hymns on Nisibis, Harran

Russell, Paul S. , ''Avoiding the Lure of Edessa: A Plea for Caution in Dating the Works of Ephraem the Syrian'', Studia Patristica 41 (2006): 71-74.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Nisibis

Ruzer, Serge , ''The Cave of Treasures on Swearing by Abel’s Blood and Expulsion from Paradise: Two Exegetical Motifs in Context'', Journal of Early Christian Studies 9:2 (2001): 251-271.
Keywords: VI CE, Cave of Treasures, Ephrem, Old Testament, exegesis, Genesis, Paradise, Adam, Cain, Abel, blood

Ruzer, Serge and Kofsky, Aryeh , Syriac Idiosyncrasies: Theology and Hermeneutics in Early Syriac Literature. Jerusalem Studies in Religion and Culture 11. Leiden / Boston:Brill, 2010.
Keywords: IV CE, VI CE, Aphrahat, Ephrem, Liber Graduum, Philoxenus of Mabbug, Cave of Treasures, theology, Christology, Nicaea, asceticism, hermeneutics, Old Testament, Genesis, Gen 1:26, fall, mercy, free will, exegesis, Paradise, Adam, Cain, Jerusalem, New Testament, Old Syriac Gospels, Jacobite

Saadi, Abdul-Massih , '' Moshe bar Kepha’s Commentary on Luke: A Ninth Century Apology''. Ph.D. dissertation, Lutheran School of Theology at Chicago, 1999
Keywords: IX CE, Moses bar Kepha, New Testament, exegesis, Gospel of Luke, Gospels, apologetics, Ephrem, Philoxenus of Mabbug, Ishodad of Merv, Dionysius bar Salibhi, Muslim-Christian relations, primary sources [Syriac] + English translation

Saber, Georges , ''La typologie sacramentaire et baptismale de saint Éphrem'', Parole de l’Orient 4 (1973): 73-92.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, liturgics, sacraments, baptism, typology, theology

Saber, Georges , La théologie baptismale de S. Éphrem. Essai de théologie historique. Bibliothèque de l’Université Saint-Esprit de Kaslik 8. Kaslik:Université Saint-Esprit, 1974.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, liturgics, baptism, sacraments, theology

Sako, Louis R. , ''Ephrem’s Teaching: A Source for Updating Catechism'', The Harp 1:2-3 (1987-1988): 63-72.
Keywords: XIX-XXI CE, XX CE

Sako, Louis R. , ''Ephrem’s Teaching: A Source for Updating Catechism'', The Harp 1:2-3 (1988): 63-72.
Keywords: Ephrem, Ephrem [influence], XIX-XXI CE

Sala, Tudor Andrei , ''“Odysseus’ Bruises”: Traces of Literary Influence between the Manichaeans and Ephrem Syrus'', ARAM 16:2 (2004): 245-262.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, heterodoxy, heresiography, Manichaeism, polemic, anti-Manichaean, poetry, hymnography, Incarnation, poetics

Salachas, Dimitri , ''Ecclesiastical Communion and the Relationship of the Eastern Catholic Patriarchs with the Roman Pontiff and the Apostolic See'', Ephrem’s Theological Journal 3:2 (1999): 126-154.
Keywords: Nestorians, XIX-XXI CE, XX CE, ecumenism, Roman Catholic, liturgics, liturgy, Eucharist, Unia

Salvesen, Alison , ''Themes in Ephrem’s Exodus Commentary'', The Harp 4 (1991): 21-34.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Old Testament, Gospels, exegesis, Exodus, Moses

Salvesen, Alison , ''The Exodus Commentary of St. Ephrem'', Studia Patristica 25 (1993): 332-338.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Old Testament, Exodus, exegesis, commentary

Salvesen, Alison , The Exodus Commentary of St. Ephrem. Mōrān ’Eth’ō 8. Kottayam:St. Ephrem Ecumenical Research Institute, 1995.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Old Testament, exegesis, Exodus, primary sources, English translation

Salvesen, Alison ,'' Infants or Fools in the Garden of Eden? An Ambiguity in Early Syriac Tradition'', Pages 432-440 in Hamlet on a Hill: Semitic and Greek Studies Presented to Professor T. Muraoka on the Occasion of His Sixty-Fifth Birthday. Edited by Baasten, Martin F.J. and van Peursen, Wido Th. . Orientalia Lovaniensia Analecta 118. Leuven / Paris / Dudley, MA:Peeters, 2003.
Keywords: IV CE, V CE, Ephrem, Liber Graduum, Old Testament, Genesis, exegesis, Adam, Eve, children

Salvesen, Alison , ''Without Shame or Desire: The Pronouncements of Jesus on Children and the Kingdom, and Early Syriac Attitudes to Childhood'', Scottish Journal of Theology 59:3 (2006): 307-326.
Keywords: IV CE, V CE, VI CE, New Testament, exegesis, Gospels, Gospel of Matthew, sexuality, children, eschatology, Ephrem, Aphrahat, Liber Graduum, Narsai, Jacob of Sarug

Salvesen, Alison , ''The Genesis of Ethnicity? The Role of the Bible in the Self-Definition of Syriac Writers'', The Harp 23 (2008): 369-382.
Keywords: Ephrem, Jacob of Edessa, Jacobite, Old Testament, Genesis, exegesis, ethnicity, identity

Salvesen, Alison ,'' Keeping it in the Family? Jacob and his Aramean Heritage according to Jewish and Christian Sources'', Pages 205-220 in The Exegetical Encounter between Jews and Christians in Late Antiquity. Edited by Grypeou, Emmanouela and Spurling, Helen . Jewish and Christian Perspectives 18. Leiden / Boston:Brill, 2009.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Old Testament, Genesis, Jacob, exegesis, ethnicity

Samir, Samir Khalil , ''Compléments de bibliographie éphrémienne'', Parole de l’Orient 4 (1973): 371-391.
Keywords: Ephrem, bibliography

Samir, Samir Khalil , ''Le recueil éphrémien arabe des 30 homélies (Sinaï arabe 311)'', Parole de l’Orient 4 (1973): 265-315.
Keywords: Ephrem, Ephremiana, Syriac influence, Christian Arabic, translations from Syriac, translations into Arabic

Samir, Samir Khalil , ''Le recueil éphrémien arabe des 52 homélies'', Orientalia Christiana Periodica 39:2 (1973): 307-332.
Keywords: Ephrem, Ephremiana, Syriac influence, Christian Arabic, translations from Syriac, translations into Arabic

Samir, Samir Khalil , ''Eine Homilien-Sammlung Ephräms des Syrers: Codex Sinaiticus arabicus nr. 311'', Oriens Christianus 58 (1974): 51-75.
Keywords: Ephrem, Ephremiana, Syriac influence, Christian Arabic, translations from Syriac, translations into Arabic

Samir, Samir Khalil ,'' L’Éphrem arabe, État des travaux'', Pages 229-240 in Symposium Syriacum, 1976: célebré du 13 au 17 septembre 1976 au Centre Culturel “Les Fontaines” de Chantilly (France). Edited by Graffin, François and Guillaumont, Antoine . Orientalia Christiana Analecta 205. Roma:Pontificium Institutum Orientalium Studiorum, 1978.
Keywords: Ephrem, Ephremiana [Arabic], Syriac influence [Arabs], translations from Syriac, translations into Arabic

Samir, Samir Khalil ,'' Note sur l’auteur du commentaire de la Genèse et ses recensions'', Pages 177-182 in Actes du deuxième congrès international d’études arabes chrétiennes. Oosterhesselen, septembre 1984. Edited by Samir, Samir Khalil . Orientalia Christiana Analecta 226. Rome:Pontificium Institutum Orientalium Studiorum, 1986.
Keywords: Ephrem, Ephremiana [Arabic], Pseudo-Ephrem, Old Testament, exegesis, Genesis, commentary, Syriac influence [Arabs], Arab Christians

Sauget, Joseph-Marie , ''L’homéliaire arabe de la Bibliothèque Ambrosienne (X. 198 Sup.) et ses membra disiecta'', Analecta Bollandiana 88 (1970): 391-475.
Keywords: Ephrem, Ephremiana [Arabic], Jacob of Sarug, homilies, translations from Syriac, translations into Arabic, Syriac influence [Arabs]

Sauget, Joseph-Marie , ''Le dossier Éphrémien du manuscrit arabe Strasbourg 4226 et de ses membra disiecta'', Orientalia Christiana Periodica 42 (1976): 426-458.
Keywords: Ephrem, Ephremiana [Arabic], Syriac influence [Arabs], translations from Syriac, translations into Arabic

Sauget, Joseph-Marie , ''Entretiens d’Aphraate en arabe sous le nom d’Éphrem'', Le Muséon 92:1-2 (1979): 61-69.
Keywords: Aphrahat, Ephremiana [Arabic], Pseudo-Ephrem, pseudonymity, Syriac influence [Arabs], Arab Christians, translations from Syriac, translations into Arabic

Sauma, Assad , Efrem Syriern (306-373): hans liv och skrifter. [Stockholm]:A. Sauma, 2005.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, VI CE, Ephrem, hagiography, Vita Ephremi, primary sources [Syriac] + Swedish translation

Sauma, Assad , The Commentary of Saint Ephrem on Genesis with an Arabic Translation. Dar Mardin: Christian Arabic and Syriac Studies from the Middle East 39. Piscataway, NJ:Gorgias Press, 2010.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Ephrem, Old Testament, Genesis, exegesis, commentary, primary sources [Syriac] + Arabic translation

Sauma, Assad , ''Ephrem’s Commentary on Jacob’s Blessings: General Remarks'', The Harp 29 (2014): 233-273.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Ephrem, Old Testament, Genesis, Gen 49, Jacob, blessing, exegesis, commentary

Schäfers, Joseph , Eine altsyrische anitmarkionitische Erklärung von Parabeln des Herrn und zwei andere altsyrische Abhandlungen zu Texten des Evangeliums, mit Beiträgen zu Tatians Diatessaron und Markions Neuem Testament. Neutestamentliche Abhandlungen 6.1. Münster im Wien:Aschendorff, 1917.
Keywords: I-III CE, Ephrem, Ephremiana [Armenian], Pseudo-Ephrem, heterodoxy, polemic, Marcionism, Tatian, Diatessaron, New Testament, Gospels, exegesis, Syriac influence [Armenia], primary sources [Syriac] - German translation

Schäfers, Joseph , Evangelienzitate in Ephräms des Syrers Kommentar zu den Paulinischen Schriften. Freiburg im Breisgau:Herder, 1917.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Ephremiana [Armenian], New Testament, exegesis, Gospels, Gospel of Matthew, Gospel of Luke, quotations, Paul, commentary

Schall, Anton ,'' Die syroaramäische Vita Sancti Ephraem Syri: Geschichtlicher und sprachlicher Ertrag'', Pages 99-104 in XXIV. Deutscher Orientalistentag vom 26. bis 30. September 1988 in Köln: Ausgewählte Vorträge. Edited by Diem, Werner and Falaturi, Abdoldjavad . Zeitschrift der Deutschen Morgenländischen Gesellschaft, Supplement 8. Stuttgart:Franz Steiner, 1990.
Keywords: Ephrem, Ephremiana [Greek], hagiography, Vita Ephremi, Christian Palestinian Aramaic, Syriac influence [Byzantine church]

Schamp, Jacques , ''Éphrem de Nisibe et Photios. Pour une chasse aux textes à travers la Bibliothèque'', Le Muséon 98:3-4 (1985): 293-314.
Keywords: Ephrem, Ephremiana [Greek], Syriac influence [Byzantine church]

Scharpé, Jan L. ,'' Bdinski Zbornik, I – Ephraim Syri “Slovo Avramia”. Auctarium ad editionem a. 1973. Accedit editio e cod. Serdicensi 297'', Pages 495-514 in Philohistôr: Miscellanea in Honorem Caroli Laga Septuagenarii. Edited by Schoors, Antoon and van Deun, Peter . Orientalia Lovaniensia Analecta 60. Leuven:Peeters / Departement Oriëntalistiek, 1994.
Keywords: Ephrem, Ephremiana [Slavonic], Abraham Qidunaia, hagiography, Syriac influence [Slavs], primary sources [Slavonic]

Schiwietz, Stephan , Das morgenländische Mönchtum. Bd. 3: Das Mönchtum in Syrien und Mesopotamien und das Aszetentum in Persien. Mödling bei Wien:Missionsverlag St. Gabriel, 1938.
Keywords: IV CE, monasticism, asceticism, Ephrem, Aphrahat, bnai qyama

Schmidt, Bernhard , Die Bildersprache in den Gedichten des Syrers Ephräm, I. Teil: Bilder aus dem Bereiche der Natur. Breslau:Otto Gutsmann, 1905.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, poetics, nature

Schmidt, Margot , ''Orientalischer Einfluß auf die deutsche Literatur: Quellengeschichtliche Studie zum ‘Abraham’ der Hrotsvit von Gandersheim'', Colloquia Germanica 2 (1968): 152-187.
Keywords: Ephrem, Ephremiana [Latin], Syriac influence [Europe], X CE, hagiography

Schmidt, Margot , ''Otfrid 15,56'', Beiträge zur Geschichte der deutschen Sprache und Literatur (Tübingen) 94 (1972): 26-51.
Keywords: Ephrem, Syriac influence [Europe]

Schmidt, Margot , ''Influence de saint Ephrem sur la littérature latine et allemande du début du moyen-âge'', Parole de l’Orient 4 (1973): 325-341.
Keywords: VII-XVIII CE, Ephrem, Ephremiana [Latin], Syriac influence [Europe]

Schmidt, Margot ,'' Ephraem latinus'', Pages 181-184 in XX. Deutscher Orientalistentag vom 3. bis 8. Oktober 1977 in Erlangen: Vorträge. Edited by Voigt, Wolfgang . Zeitschrift der Deutschen Morgenländischen Gesellschaft, Supplement 4. Wiesbaden:Franz Steiner, 1980.
Keywords: Ephrem, Ephremiana [Latin], Syriac influence [Europe]

Schmidt, Margot ,'' Die Augensymbolik bei Ephräm und Parallelen in der deutschen Mystik'', Pages 278-301 in Typus, Symbol, Allegorie bei den östlichen Vätern und ihren Parallelen im Mittelalter. Internationales Kolloquium, Eichstätt 1981. Edited by Schmidt, Margot and Geyer, Carl Friedrich . Eichstätter Beiträge 4. Regensburg:Friedrich Pustet, 1982.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, eyes, symbols, comparative, mysticism

Schmidt, Margot ,'' Irdisches und himmlisches Gericht im althochdeutschen Muspilli und bei Ephraem dem Syrer'', Pages 287-297 in IIIo Symposium Syriacum, 1980: Les contacts du monde syriaque avec les autres cultures (Goslar 7–11 Septembre 1980). Edited by Lavenant, René . Orientalia Christiana Analecta 221. Roma:Pontificium Institutum Studiorum Orientalium, 1983.
Keywords: Syriac influence [Europe], Ephrem, Ephremiana [Latin], IX CE, eschatology

Schmidt, Margot , ''Das Auge als Symbol der Erleuchtung bei Ephräm und Parallelen in der Mystik des Mittelalters'', Oriens Christianus 68 (1984): 27-57.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, mysticism, eyes, light

Schmidt, Margot ,'' Ephraem Syrus, bedeutendster syrischer Kirchenschriftsteller und Dichtertheologe (ca. 306-373)'', Pages 2052-2054 in Lexikon des Mittelalters. München / Zürich:Artemis, 1986.
Keywords: Syriac influence [Europe], Ephrem, Ephremiana [Latin]

Schmidt, Margot ,'' Alttestamentliche Typologien in den Paradieseshymnen von Ephräm dem Syrer'', Pages 55-81 in Paradeigmata: Literarische Typologie des Alten Testaments. Edited by Link, Franz . Berlin:Duncker & Humblot, 1989.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, Old Testament, exegesis, typology, Genesis, Paradise, Hymns on Paradise

Scopello, Madeleine , ''Relectures et réinterprétations du personnage de Marie-Madeleine dans le psautier manichéen copte et chez Éphrem de Nisibe'', Comptes-rendus des séances de l’Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres, Paris 2011:1 (2012): 535-563.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Ephrem, New Testament, women, Mary Magdalene, Manichaeism

Séd, Nicolas , ''Les hymnes sur le Paradis de saint Ephrem et les traditions juives'', Le Muséon 81:3-4 (1968): 455-501.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Old Testament, Genesis, Paradise, Jewish-Christian relations, Jewish background, exegesis, OT apocrypha, garments of light, glory, shekhina, cosmology

Séd, Nicolas ,'' La Shekhinta et ses amis “araméens”'', Pages 233-242 in Mélanges Antoine Guillaumont. Contributions à l’étude des christianismes orientaux. Cahiers d’Orientalisme 20. Genève:Patrick Cramer, 1988.
Keywords: glory, Shekhina, Peshitta OT, Targums, Ephrem, Isaac of Nineveh, Joseph Hazzaya, Jewish background

Seppälä, Serafim , Efraim Syyrialainen. Paratiisihymnit. Valamon luostarin julkaisuja. Heinäsvesis, Finland:Valamon luostari, 2004.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, Hymns on Paradise, primary sources [Syriac] - Finnish translation

Seppälä, Serafim ,'' Baptismal Mystery in St. Ephrem the Syrian and Hymnen de Epiphania'', Pages 1139-1177 in Ablution, Initiation, and Baptism: Late Antiquity, Early Judaism, and Early Christianity. Edited by Hellholm, David and Vegge, Tor and Norderval, Øyvind and Hellholm, Christer . Beihefte zur Zeitschrift für die neutestamentliche Wissenschaft und die Kunde der älteren Kirche 176. Berlin / New York:Walter de Gruyter, 2011.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Ephrem, liturgics, sacraments, baptism, Epiphany, Hymns on Epiphany

Seppälä, Serafim ,'' The Place of Virgin Mary in the Ontology of Mystical Experience'', Pages 131-145 in Gotteserlebnis und Gotteslehre. Christliche und islamische Mystik im Orient. Edited by Tamcke, Martin . Göttinger Orientforschungen, I. Reihe: Syriaca 38. Wiesbaden:Harrassowitz Verlag, 2011.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Ephrem, Mary, mysticism, asceticism

Shahîd, Irfan , ''The Kebra Nagast in the Light of Recent Research'', Le Muséon 89:1-2 (1976): 133-178.
Keywords: Syriac influence [Ethiopia], Apocalypse of Pseudo-Ephrem, apocalypticism, Kebra Nagast

Shemunkasho, Aho , ''Salvation History as a Process of Healing in the Theology of Mor Ephrem'', The Harp 11-12 (1998-1999): 175-186.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, theology, soteriology, medicine, anthropology, healing

Shemunkasho, Aho , '' Healing in the Theology of Mor Ephrem''. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Oxford, 1999
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, medicine, illness, healing

Shemunkasho, Aho , ''The Healing of Interior and Exterior Blindness in Ephrem'', Studia Patristica 35 (2001): 494-501.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, healing, illness, medicine

Shemunkasho, Aho , Healing in the Theology of St Ephrem. Piscataway, NJ:Gorgias Press, 2002.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, medicine, illness, healing

Shemunkasho, Aho , Healing in the Theology of Saint Ephrem. Gorgias Studies in Early Christianity and Patristics 1. Piscataway, NJ:Gorgias Press, 2004.
Keywords: I-III CE, IV-VII CE, III CE, IV CE, Ephrem, Aphrahat, Odes of Solomon, Acts of Thomas, medicine, illness, healing, soteriology, sin, Christology, ecclesiology, Old Testament, New Testament, exegesis, Adam, Paradise, Gospel of Luke, Lk 7:36-50, Lk 8:43-48, women

Shemunkasho, Aho ,'' Der Verlust des Erstgeburtsrechts und des Segens Esaus nach Ephrem dem Syrer'', Pages 253-271 in Esau – Bruder und Feind. Edited by Langer, Gerhard . Göttingen:Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 2009.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Ephrem, Old Testament, Genesis, Jacob, Esau, exegesis

Shepardson, Christine C. , ''Christian Division in Ancient Edessa: Ephrem the Syrian’s Carmina Nisibena XXVII–XXVIII'', Journal of Assyrian Academic Studies 12:1 (1999): 29-41.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Edessa, polemic, heterodoxy, poetry, hymnography, Hymns on Nisibis

Shepardson, Christine C. , ''Anti-Jewish Rhetoric and Intra-Christian Conflict in the Sermons of Ephrem Syrus'', Studia Patristica 35 (2001): 503-507.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Jewish-Christian relations, anti-Judaism, polemic, Arianism

Shepardson, Christine C. , ''“Exchanging Reed for Reed”: Mapping Contemporary Heretics onto Biblical Jews in Ephrem’s Hymns on Faith'', Hugoye: Journal of Syriac Studies 5:1 (2002):
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Hymns on Faith, heterodoxy, Arianism, polemic, Jewish-Christian relations, anti-Judaism

Shepardson, Christine C. , '' In the Service of Orthodoxy: Anti-Jewish Language and Intra-Christian Conflict in the Writings of Ephrem the Syrian''. Ph.D. dissertation, Duke University, 2003
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Jewish-Christian relations, anti-Judaism, Arianism, orthodoxy, heterodoxy

Shepardson, Christine C. , Anti-Judaism and Christian Orthodoxy: Ephrem’s Hymns in Fourth-Century Syria. Patristic Monograph Series 20. Washington, D.C.:The Catholic University of America Press, 2008.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Jewish-Christian relations, polemic, anti-Judaism, Arianism, Nicaea

Shepardson, Christine C. , ''Paschal Politics: Deploying the Temple’s Destruction against Fourth-Century Judaizers'', Vigiliae Christianae 62:3 (2008): 233-260.
Keywords: IV CE, Aphrahat, Ephrem, Jewish-Christian relations, polemic, anti-Judaism, liturgics, calendar, Easter

Shepardson, Christine C. , ''Interpreting the Ninevites’ Repentance: Jewish and Christian Exegetes in Late Antique Mesopotamia'', Hugoye: Journal of Syriac Studies 14:2 (2011): 249-277.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, Old Testament, Jonah, Ninevites, exegesis, Jewish-Christian relations, anti-Judaism, repentance

Simonet, Jean-Louis , ''Les citations des Actes des Apôtres dans Sur Étienne premier des serviteurs et prémices des témoins, œuvre présentée sous le nom de Jacques de Saroug en syriaque et sous celui d’Ephrem en arménien'', Le Muséon 111:1-2 (1998): 59-94.
Keywords: Ephrem, Ephremiana [Armenian], Jacob of Sarug, New Testament, exegesis, Acts, Stephen the Protomartyr, quotations, Syriac influence [Armenia]

Sims-Williams, Patrick ,'' Thoughts on Ephrem the Syrian in Anglo-Saxon England'', Pages 205-226 in Learning and Literature in Anglo-Saxon England: Studies Presented to Peter Clemoes on the Occasion of His Sixty-Fifth Birthday. Edited by Lapidge, Michael and Gneuss, Helmut . Cambridge:Cambridge University Press, 1985.
Keywords: Ephrem, Ephremiana [Latin], Syriac influence [Europe]

Slim, Jean , ''Hymne I de Saint Ephrem sur la Résurrection'', L’Orient Syrien 12 (1967): 505-514.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, resurrection, Christ, primary sources [Syriac] - French translation

Smith, Margaret , Studies in Early Mysticism in the Near and Middle East. Oneworld’s Mysticism Serie. Oxford:Oneworld Publications, 1995.
Keywords: IV CE, V CE, VII CE, Aphrahat, Ephrem, John of Apamea, Stephen bar Sudaile, Isaac of Nineveh, mysticism, Muslim-Christian relations, Syriac influence [Arabs]

Sokoloff, Michael , Texts of Various Contents in Christian Palestinian Aramaic. Orientalia Lovaniensia Analecta 235. Louvain:Peeters, 2014.
Keywords: VII-XVIII CE, Christian Palestinian Aramaic, Ephremiana [Syriac], hagiography, Abraham Qidunaia, Rabbula, primary sources [Syriac] + English translation

Spinks, Bryan Douglas ,'' The East Syrian Rite of Penance'', Pages 213-223 in Seeking the Favor of God. Vol. 3: The Impact of Penitential Prayer beyond Second Temple Judaism. Edited by Boda, Mark J. and Falk, Daniel K. and Werline, Rodney A. . Early Judaism and its Literature 23. Atlanta, Georgia:Society of Biblical Literature, 2008.
Keywords: liturgics, sacraments, penitence, Aphrahat, Ephrem, Hussaya, Nestorian

Spohn, Gottlieb Leberecht , Collatio versionis Syriacae quam Peshito vocant cum fragmentis in commentariis Ephraemi Syri obviis. Leipzig:Breitkopf, 1785, 1794.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Old Testament, exegesis, quotations, Peshitta OT, Isaiah

Spohn, Gottlieb Leberecht and Ilgen, Karl David , De ratione textus biblici in Ephraemi Syri commentariis obvii eiusqve usu critico. Leipzig:Breitkopf, 1786.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Old Testament, Peshitta OT, quotations

Spurling, Helen , ''The Blessing on Judah: Ephrem and Jewish Exegesis'', The Harp 23 (2008): 85-101.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Old Testament, Genesis, Gen 49, Gen 49:10, Judah, blessing, exegesis, Messiah, Jewish-Christian relations, Jewish background

Srampickal, Thomas , ''An Offertory Service in the St. Thomas Christian Qurbana?'', Ephrem’s Theological Journal 12:1 (2008): 55-64.
Keywords: India, Kerala, liturgics, liturgy, sacraments, Eucharist

Stevenson, Jane , ''Ephraim the Syrian in Anglo-Saxon England'', Hugoye: Journal of Syriac Studies 1:2 (1998):
Keywords: Ephrem, Ephremiana [Latin], Syriac influence [Europe]

Stevenson, Paul Spencer , '' Stanzaic Syntax in the Madrāšê of St. Ephrem''. Ph.D. dissertation, The Catholic University of America, 2013
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, poetics, madrasha, Hymns on Paradise, Syriac language, Classical Syriac, syntax

Stevenson, Paul Spencer , Stanzaic Syntax in the Madrashe of Ephrem the Syrian. Monographs of the Peshitta Institute 22. Leiden / Boston:Brill, 2015.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, poetics, madrasha, Hymns on Paradise, Syriac language, Classical Syriac, syntax

Stewart, Columba , ‘Working the Earth of the Heart’: The Messalian Controversy in History, Texts, and Language to AD 431. Oxford Theological Monographs. Oxford:Clarendon Press, 1991.
Keywords: IV CE, V CE, Osrhoene, monasticism, asceticism, Messalianism, heterodoxy, Syriac influence, Byzantine church, Pseudo-Macarius, Ephrem, Philoxenus of Mabbug, Adelphius of Edessa, Severus of Antioch, Theodoret of Cyrus

Stręk, Leszek , ''Ideał kapłana według św. Efrema'', Vox Patrum 7 [12-13] (1987): 405-410.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, priesthood

Strobel, August , ''Der Begriff des “vierkapileligen Evangeliums” in Pseudo-Ephrem C'', Zeitschrift für Kirchengeschichte 70 (1959): 112-120.
Keywords: Ephrem, Ephremiana, Pseudo-Ephrem, New Testament, Gospels

Strohmaier, Gotthard ,'' Ḥunayn b. Isḥaq as a Philologist'', Pages 529-544 in Ephrem-Hunayn Festival. Baghdad:Al-Ma’arif Press, 1974.
Keywords: Mesopotamia, VII-XVIII CE, IX CE, Hunayn ibn Ishaq, Syriac language, Classical Syriac, grammar [native], Nestorian

Strothmann, Werner ,'' Das Buch Kohelet und seine syrischen Ausleger'', Pages 189-238 in Erkenntnisse und Meinungen I. Edited by Wiessner, Gernot . Göttinger Orientforschungen, I. Reihe: Syriaca 3. Wiesbaden:Otto Harrassowitz, 1973.
Keywords: Old Testament, Peshitta OT, Ecclesiastes, exegesis, commentary, John of Apamea, Pseudo-Ephrem, Ishodad of Merv, Dionysius bar Salibhi

Strothmann, Werner ,'' Jesus-Sirach-Zitate bei Afrahat, Ephraem und im Liber Graduum'', Pages 153-158 in A Tribute to Arthur Vööbus: Studies in Early Christian Literature and Its Environment, Primarily in the Syrian East. Edited by Fischer, Robert H. . Chicago, Illinois:The Lutheran School of Theology at Chicago, 1977.
Keywords: Old Testament, exegesis, Ben Sira, quotations, OT apocrypha, Aphrahat, Ephrem, Liber Graduum, IV CE, Peshitta OT

Strothmann, Werner , Schriften des Makarios/Symeon unter dem Namen des Ephraem. Göttinger Orientforschungen, I. Reihe: Syriaca 22. Wiesbaden:Otto Harrassowitz, 1981.
Keywords: Syriac influence [Byzantine church], Pseudo-Macarius, Ephrem, Pseudo-Ephrem, Ephremiana [Greek], spirituality, asceticism, primary sources [Greek]

Suermann, Harald , Die geschichtstheologische Reaktion auf die einfallenden Muslime in der edessenischen Apokalyptik des 7. Jahrhunderts. Europäische Hochschulschriften, Reihe XXIII, Theologie 256. Frankfurt am Main / New York:P. Lang, 1985.
Keywords: VII CE, Apocalypse of Pseudo-Methodius, Apocalypse of Pseudo-Ephrem, Ephrem, Ephremiana [Syriac], Pseudo-Ephrem, apocalypticism, Edessa, Islam, Muslim-Christian relations, polemic, primary sources [Syriac] + German translation

Suermann, Harald ,'' Le monachisme, la politique et les querelles théologiques du cinquième au septième siècle'', Pages 259-274 in Le monachisme syriaque aux premiers siècles de l’Eglise, IIe – debut VIIe siècle. I: Textes français. Patrimoine Syriaque, Actes du Colloque V. Antélias, Liban:Centre d’Études et de Recherches Orientales, 1998.
Keywords: V CE, VI CE, VII CE, monasticism, Chalcedon, Ephrem of Antioch, Jacobite

Suermann, Harald ,'' The Use of Biblical Quotations in Christian Apocalyptic Writings of the Umayyad Period'', Pages 69-90 in The Bible in Arab Christianity. Edited by Thomas, David Richard . The History of Christian-Muslim Relations 6. Leiden / Boston:Brill, 2007.
Keywords: VII CE, VIII CE, apocalypticism, Apocalypse of Pseudo-Methodius, Apocalypse of Pseudo-Ephrem, Pseudo-Ephrem, Ephremiana [Syriac], Ephrem [influence], John bar Penkaye, Old Testament, New Testament, exegesis, quotations, Muslim-Christian relations

Suermann, Harald ,'' The Apocalypse of Pseudo-Ephrem'', Pages 160-162 in Christian-Muslim Relations: A Bibliographical History. Volume 1 (600‒900). Edited by Thomas, David Richard and Roggema, Barbara Hjördis . History of Christian-Muslim Relations 11. Leiden / Boston:Brill, 2009.
Keywords: VII-XVIII CE, VII CE, Ephrem, Ephremiana [Syriac], Pseudo-Ephrem, Apocalypse of Pseudo-Ephrem, apocalypticism, Muslim-Christian relations

Suh, Wonmo , '' From the Syriac Ephrem to the Greek Ephrem: A Case Study of the Influence of Ephrem’s Isosyllabic Sermons (memre) on Greek-Speaking Christianity''. Ph.D. dissertation, Princeton Theological Seminary, 2000
Keywords: Ephrem, Ephremiana [Greek], translations from Syriac, translations into Greek, Syriac influence [Byzantine church], Jonah, Testament of Ephrem, asceticism, primary sources [Greek]

Sullivan, Susan G. , '' Ancient and Medieval Interpretation of the Complaints of Jeremiah''. Ph.D. dissertation, The Catholic University of America, 2013
Keywords: IV-VII CE, VII-XVIII CE, Old Testament, Peshitta OT, Jeremiah, exegesis, Ephrem, Theodore bar Koni, Dionysius bar Salibhi, Barhebraeus, Jacobite

Tamcke, Martin ,'' Ephrem’s Prayers for Rain Taken from the German History of Research and What They Might Teach'', Pages 99-107 in Saint Éphrem, un poète pour notre temps. Patrimoine Syriaque, Actes du Colloque XI. Antélias, Liban:Centre d’Études et de Recherches Orientales, 2007.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, prayer, rain

Tamcke, Martin ,'' Two Instances of Research into Ephrem’s Prayers for Rain Taken from the History of German Research and What They Might Teach'', Pages 63-72 in The Seventeenth Birth Centenary of Ephrem the Syrian: A Conference at Stockholm University, 2-3 December 2006. Edited by Sauma, Assad . Stockholm:Assad Sauma, 2008.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Ephrem, prayer, rain

Tamcke, Martin , Die Christen vom Tur Abdin: Hinführung zur Syrisch-Orthodoxen Kirche. Frankfurt am Main:Otto Lembeck, 2009.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, VII-XVIII CE, XIX-XXI CE, Jacobites, history, Ephrem, Philoxenus of Mabbug, genocide, monasticism, liturgics, Tur Abdin

Tamcke, Martin ,'' Was die Dürre lehren kann'', Pages 267-277 in Edessa in hellenistisch-römischer Zeit: Religion, Kultur und Politik zwischen Ost und West. Beiträge des internationalen Edessa-Symposiums in Halle an der Saale, 14.-17. Juli 2005. Edited by Greisiger, Lutz and Rammelt, Claudia and Tubach, Jürgen . Beiruter Texte und Studien 116. Beirut:Orient-Institut / Würzburg: Ergon Verlag, 2009.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Ephrem, Edessa, rain, natural disasters

Tardieu, Michel , ''Éphrem et Augustin contre Mani'', Revue des études augustiniennes 25:3-4 (1979): 245-248.
Keywords: IV CE, IV-VII CE, Ephrem, heterodoxy, polemic, Manichaeism

Tatikkattu, Jiyo , ''Churches of the Eastern Traditions in India'', Ephrem’s Theological Journal 2:1 (1998): 25-51.
Keywords: India, Kerala, Syro-Malabar, Syro-Malankar

Tauwinkl, Carmen Fotescu , ''The Dialogue of Spiritual Texts or Intertextuality as a Strategy of Conveying a Mystical Message: A Hermeneutical Key to Ephrem the Syrian’s Hymnus de Fide 10 and Its Dialogue with Psalm 80/81'', Caietele Institutului Catolic 7:1 (2008): 79-101.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, Hymns on Faith, spirituality, mysticism, Old Testament, Psalms, Ps 80, exegesis, hermeneutics, intertextuality, heterodoxy, polemic, Arianism, primary sources [Syriac] - English translation

Tauwinkl, Carmen Fotescu , ''Imnografia şi cântul liturgic în tradiţia siriacã: scurtã cercetare privind originea, caracterul şi interacţiunea acestora cu tradiţia bizantinã'', Studia Universitatis Babeş-Bolyai, Theologia Orthodoxa 54:2 (2009): 115-129.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, liturgics, hymnography, singing, Ephrem, Romanos, Syriac influence [Byzantine church]

Taylor, David G.K. , ''St. Basil the Great and the Syrian Christian Tradition'', The Harp 4 (1991): 49-58.
Keywords: Basil of Caesarea, Greek Fathers, Ephrem, translations from Greek, translations into Syriac

Taylor, David G.K. , ''A Further Note on asiantos in Ephraem the Syrian'', The British Library Journal 22 (1996): 236-237.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, loan-words [Greek]

Taylor, David G.K. , ''St. Ephraim’s Influence on the Greeks'', Hugoye: Journal of Syriac Studies 1:2 (1998):
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Ephremiana [Greek], Syriac influence [Byzantine church]

Taylor, David G.K. , ''The Publications of the St. Ephrem Ecumenical Research Institute (SEERI)'', Hugoye: Journal of Syriac Studies 2:2 (1999):
Keywords: Syriac studies, XX CE, India, bibliography

Teeter, Timothy M. ,'' Α Fragment of Ephraim the Syrian'', Pages 44-47 in Literarische Texte der Berliner Papyrussammlung: Zur Wiedereröffnung des Neuen Museums. Edited by Reiter, Fabian . Berliner Klassiker Texte 10. Berlin / New York:Walter de Gruyter, 2012.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, VI CE, Ephrem, Ephremiana [Greek], Pseudo-Ephrem, papyri, Syriac influence [Byzantine church], primary sources [Greek]

Teixidor, Javier , ''La verdad de la resurrección en la poesía de San Efren'', Annales del Seminario de Valencia 1 (1961): 99-124.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, resurrection

Teixidor, Javier , ''Le thème de la Déscente aux Enfers chez saint Éphrem'', L’Orient Syrien 6 (1961): 25-40.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, hell, soteriology, Adam, resurrection, hell

Teixidor, Javier , ''Muerte, cielo y Seol en San Efren'', Orientalia Christiana Periodica 27 (1961): 82-114.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, hell

ter Haar Romeny, Robert Bas , ''Early Antiochene Commentaries on Exodus'', Studia Patristica 30 (1997): 114-119.
Keywords: Old Testament, exegesis, Exodus, Antiochene school, Eusebius of Emesa, Ephrem, Diodore of Tarsus, IV CE

ter Haar Romeny, Robert Bas ,'' Ephrem and Jacob of Edessa in the Commentary of the Monk Severus'', Pages 535-557 in Malphono w-Rabo d-Malphone: Studies in Honor of Sebastian P. Brock. Edited by Kiraz, George Anton . Gorgias Eastern Christian Studies 3. Piscataway, NJ:Gorgias Press, 2008.
Keywords: IX CE, Severus the Monk, Old Testament, Genesis, Gen 1:1, Gen 4, Cain, Abraham, exegesis, Ephrem, Ephrem [influence], Jacob of Edessa, Jacobite

Ter-Petrossian, Levon , Textes arméniens relatifs à S. Éphrem. CSCO 473, Arm. 15. Leuven:Peeters, 1985.
Keywords: Ephrem, Pseudo-Ephrem, Ephremiana [Armenian], Vita Ephremi, Testament of Ephrem, Basil of Caesarea, Syriac influence [Armenia], translations from Syriac, translations into Armenian, primary sources [Armenian]

Ter-Petrossian, Levon , ''[The ‘Commentary on Job’ of Ephrem the Syrian among the Sources of Eznik of Kołb]'', Banber Matenadarani 16 (1994): 7-15.
Keywords: Syriac influence [Armenia], V CE, Eznik of Kochb, Ephrem, Ephremiana [Armenian], Old Testament, exegesis, Job

Terzoli, Riccardo , Il tema della beautitudine nei Padri siri. Presente e futuro della salvezza. Pubblicazioni del Pontificio Seminario Lombardo in Roma, Ricerche di scienze teologiche 11. Brescia:Morcelliana, 1972.
Keywords: IV CE, soteriology, Odes of Solomon, Ephrem, Liber Graduum

Tharakanveedu, Thomas Varghese , ''Remission of Sins and Reconciliation through the Participation in the West-Syrian Eucharistic Liturgy'', Ephrem’s Theological Journal 10:1 (2006): 17-34.
Keywords: liturgics, Jacobite, Eucharist, sin, repentance

Thekeparampil, Jacob , ''Christ as Gardener in the Syriac Tradition'', The Harp 15 (2002): 263-274.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Christology, poetry, hymnography, symbols, garden, dialogue poems

Thekeparampil, Jacob ,'' Simon chez Saint Éphrem et Jacques de Sarough'', Pages 109-123 in Saint Éphrem, un poète pour notre temps. Patrimoine Syriaque, Actes du Colloque XI. Antélias, Liban:Centre d’Études et de Recherches Orientales, 2007.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, VI CE, Jacob of Sarug, New Testament, exegesis, apostles, Peter

Thomson, Francis J. ,'' The True Origin of Two Homilies Ascribed to Ephraem Syrus Allegedly Preserved in Slavonic'', Pages 13-26 in ΑΝΤΙΔΩΡΟΝ: Hulde aan Dr. Maurits Geerard bij de voltooiing van de Clavis Patrum Graecorum / Hommage à Maurits Geerard pour célébrer l’achèvement de la Clavis Patrum Graecorum. Wetteren:Cultura, 1984.
Keywords: VII-XVIII CE, Syriac influence [Byzantine church], Syriac influence [Slavs], Ephrem, Pseudo-Ephrem, Ephremiana [Slavonic], liturgics, sacraments, Eucharist, primary sources [Greek], primary sources [Slavonic]

Thomson, Francis J. , ''The Old Bulgarian Translation of the Homilies of Ephraem Syrus'', Palaeobulgarica 9:1 (1985): 124-130.
Keywords: Ephrem, Pseudo-Ephrem, Ephremiana [Slavonic], Syriac influence [Europe], Syriac influence [Slavs]

Thomson, Robert W. ,'' Saint Ephrem and an Armenian Homily on the Passion'', Pages 693-703 in Crossroad of Cultures: Studies in Liturgy and Patristics in Honor of Gabriele Winkler. Edited by Feulner, Hans-Jürgen and Velkovska, Elena and Taft, Robert F. . Orientalia Christiana Analecta 260. Roma:Pontificio Istituto Orientale, 2000.
Keywords: Ephrem, Ephremiana [Armenian], Syriac influence [Armenia], Passion, homilies

Thottakara, Augustine , ''Contribution of Kerala Christians to Sanskrit Literature'', Ephrem’s Theological Journal 2:1 (1998): 73-80.
Keywords: India, Kerala, Hinduism, Syriac influence [India]

Thumpanirappel, George , ''The Common Christological Declaration between the Catholic Church and the Assyrian Church of the East'', Ephrem’s Theological Journal 6:1 (2002): 75-100.
Keywords: XIX-XXI CE, XX CE, ecumenism, theology, Christology, Roman Catholic, Nestorian

Thwaites, Edward , Τὰ τοῦ ὁσίου πατρὸς Ἐφραὶμ τοῦ Σύρου πρὸς τὴν Ἑλλάδα μεταβληθέντα = S. Ephraim Syrus, Græce. E codicibus manuscriptis Bodleiani. Oxonii:E Theatro Sheldoniano, 1709.
Keywords: VII-XVIII CE, Ephrem, Ephremiana [Greek], Pseudo-Ephrem, Syriac influence [Byzantine church], primary sources [Greek]

Tonneau, Raymond Marie ,'' Moïse dans la tradition syrienne'', Pages 245-265 in Moïse, l’homme de l’Alliance. Cahiers sioniens 2-4. Paris / Tournai:Desclée et Cie, 1955.
Keywords: IV CE, Aphrahat, Ephrem, Theodore bar Koni, Old Testament, Exodus, exegesis, Moses

Tonneau, Raymond Marie , Sancti Ephraem Syri in Genesim et in Exodum commentarii. CSCO 152-153, Syr. 71-72. Louvain:L. Durbecq, 1955.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Old Testament, Genesis, Exodus, commentary, exegesis, primary sources [Syriac] + Latin translation

Tonneau, Raymond Marie ,'' Moses in der syrischen Tradition'', Pages 267-287 in Moses in Schrift und Überlieferung. Düsseldorf:Patmos-Verlag, 1963.
Keywords: IV CE, Aphrahat, Ephrem, Theodore bar Koni, Old Testament, Exodus, exegesis, Moses

Treppner, M. , Ephraem der Syrer und seine Explanatio der vier ersten Kapitel der Genesis. Erganzungsheft zur Theologisch-Praktischen Monatschrift 3. Passau:1893.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Old Testament, Genesis, creation, exegesis

Tubach, Jürgen ,'' Der von Ephraem Syrus’ Vater verehrte Gott Apoll in Nisibis'', Pages 164-179 in Syrisches Christentum weltweit: Studien zur syrischen Kirchengeschichte. Festschrift für Wolfgang Hage. Edited by Tamcke, Martin and Schwaigert, Wolfgang and Schlarb, Egbert . Studien zur Orientalischen Kirchengeschichte 1. Münster:LIT, 1995.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, paganism, gods, Nisibis

Tubach, Jürgen ,'' Seth and the Sethites in Early Syriac Literature'', Pages 187-201 in Eve’s Children: The Biblical Stories Retold and Interpreted in Jewish and Christian Traditions. Edited by Luttikhuizen, Gerard P. . Themes in Biblical Narrative, Jewish and Christian Traditions 5. Leiden / Boston:Brill, 2003.
Keywords: Old Testament, Genesis, exegesis, IV CE, V CE, Ephrem, Aphrahat, Cave of Treasures, Seth, Eve, Paradise, Adam, Cain

Tubach, Jürgen ,'' Ephraem Syrus and the Solar Cult'', Pages 247-262 in The Variety of Local Religious Life in the Near East in the Hellenistic and Roman Periods. Edited by Kaizer, Ted . Religions in the Graeco-Roman World 164. Leiden / Boston:Brill, 2008.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, paganism, astrology, symbols, sun

Tuschling, Ruth M.M. , Angels and Orthodoxy: A Study in their Development in Syria and Palestine from the Qumran Texts to Ephrem the Syrian. Studien und Texte zu Antike und Christentum 40. Tübingen:Mohr Siebeck, 2007.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, angels, angelology, Jewish background, Qumran

Uciecha, Andrzej , ''Pozycja św. Piotra w pismach Afrahata i św. Efrema'', Vox Patrum 24 [46-47] (2004): 145-154.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Aphrahat, apostles, Peter, ecclesiology

Uciecha, Andrzej , ''Efrem Syryjczyk. Kolejna mowa przeciw Manesowi'', Vox Patrum 25 [48] (2005): 359-376.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, heterodoxy, polemic, Manichaeism, anti-Manichaean, primary sources [Syriac] - Polish translation

Vaccari, Alberto , ''S. Efrem dottore e poeta'', Civiltà Cattolica 2 (1912): 494-510.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem

Vaillant, Andre , ''Le saint Éphrem slave'', Byzantinoslavica 19 (1958): 279-286.
Keywords: Ephrem, Pseudo-Ephrem, Ephremiana [Slavonic], Syriac influence [Europe], Syriac influence [Slavs]

Valavanolickal, Kuriakose Antony , '' The Use of the Gospel Parables in the writings of Aphrahat and Ephrem''. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Oxford, 1995
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Aphrahat, New Testament, exegesis, Gospels, parables

Valavanolickal, Kuriakose Antony , The Use of the Gospel Parables in the Writings of Aphrahat and Ephrem. Studies in the Religion and History of Early Christianity 2. New York:P. Lang, 1996.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Aphrahat, New Testament, exegesis, Gospels, parables

Valavanolickal, Kuriakose Antony , ''The Use of the Gospel Parables in Ephrem'', Ephrem’s Theological Journal 1:1-2 (1997): 17-26.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, New Testament, exegesis, Gospels, parables

Valavanolickal, Kuriakose Antony , ''The Exegesis of Aphrahat and Ephrem with Special Reference to the Gospel Parables'', The Harp 13 (2000): 99-107.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Aphrahat, New Testament, exegesis, Gospels, parables

Valavanolickal, Kuriakose Antony , ''The Last Judgement (Mt. 25:31-46) in Ephrem’s Letter to Publius'', The Harp 22 (2007): 141-146.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, New Testament, Gospel of Matthew, Mt 25:31-46, exegesis, eschatology

Valdivieso, Pedro Ortíz , ''Un nuevo fragmento siríaco del Commentario de San Efrén al Diatésaron (PPalau Rib. 2)'', Studia Papyrologica 5 (1966): 7-17.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, New Testament, exegesis, Gospels, Diatessaron, papyri, primary sources [Syriac]

van Bladel, Kevin Thomas ,'' Hymns 19 and 20 on Julian Saba, Attributed to Ephraim the Syrian'', Pages 203-210 in History and Hagiography from the Late Antique Sinai. Edited by Caner, Daniel . Translated Texts for Historians 53. Liverpool:Liverpool University Press, 2010.
Keywords: IV CE, IV-VII CE, Ephrem, Julian Saba, hagiography, poetry, hymnography, monasticism, Sinai, primary sources [Syriac] - English translation

van der Aalst, Patrick , ''De Eucharistie-leer bij den H. Kerkeleraar Ephrem de Syriër'', Algemeen Nederlands Eucharistisch Tijdschrift 10 (1931): 160-169.
Keywords: IV CE, IV-VII CE, Ephrem, liturgics, sacraments, Eucharist

van der Aalst, Patrick , ''De H. Eucharistie bij de H. Ephrem'', Het Christelijk Oosten 10 (1957-1958): 219-230.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, liturgics, sacraments, Eucharist

van der Aalst, Patrick , ''L’Ésprit saint et l’Eucharistie chez saint Éphrem'', Charbel: Le Liban mystique 1 (1958): 344-348.
Keywords: IV CE, IV-VII CE, Ephrem, liturgics, sacraments, Eucharist, Holy Spirit

van der Kooij, Arie , ''Peshitta Genesis 6: “Sons of God” – Angels or Judges'', Journal of Northwest Semitic Languages 23:1 (1997): 43-51.
Keywords: Old Testament, Peshitta OT, Genesis, Gen 6:4, angels, Ephrem, Bardesan, Jewish background

van Esbroeck, Michel , ''Deux feuillets du Sinaiticus 492 (VIIIe-IXe siècle) retrouvés à Leningrad'', Analecta Bollandiana 96 (1978): 51-54.
Keywords: VII-XVIII CE, Ephrem, Ephremiana [Greek], Syriac influence [Byzantine church]

van Esbroeck, Michel , ''Un feuillet oublié du Codex arabe or. 4226 à Strasbourg'', Analecta Bollandiana 96 (1978): 383-384.
Keywords: Ephrem, Ephremiana [Arabic], Syriac influence [Arabs]

van Esbroeck, Michel , ''Une homélie inédite éphrémienne sur le Bon Larron en grec, géorgien et arabe'', Analecta Bollandiana 101:3-4 (1983): 327-362.
Keywords: VII-XVIII CE, Ephrem, Ephremiana, Ephremiana [Arabic], Ephremiana [Georgian], New Testament, Gospel of Luke, exegesis, Syriac influence [Arabs], Syriac influence [Georgia], primary sources [Greek] + French translation, primary sources [Georgian] + French translation, primary sources [Arabic] + French translation

van Esbroeck, Michel , ''Les signes des temps dans la littérature syriaque'', Revue de l’Institut catholique de Paris (1991): 113-149.
Keywords: IV CE, V CE, Ephrem, Hymns on Nicomedia, Hymns against Julian, Michael the Syrian, eschatology, Holy Cross, relics, polemic, anti-Chalcedonian

van Esbroeck, Michel ,'' Actes syriaques d’André attribués à Éphrem'', Pages 85-105 in Symposium Syriacum VII: Uppsala University, Department of Asian and African Languages, 11–14 August 1996. Edited by Lavenant, René . Orientalia Christiana Analecta 256. Roma:Pontificio Istituto Orientale, 1998.
Keywords: NT apocrypha, apostles, Acts of Andrew, Ephrem, Ephremiana [Syriac], Pseudo-Ephrem, primary sources [Syriac] + French translation

van Esbroeck, Michel , ''A Ballad about Saint Andrew and the Cannibals, Attributed to Saint Ephraim'', Hugoye: Journal of Syriac Studies 2:1 (1999):
Keywords: NT apocrypha, Acts of Andrew, apostles, Pseudo-Ephrem, Ephremiana [Syriac], primary sources [Syriac] - English translation

van Esbroeck, Michel , ''Les Actes d’André d’après la tradition attribuée à Éphrem'', Христианский Восток 3 [9] (2002): 106-151.
Keywords: NT apocrypha, apostles, Acts of Andrew, Ephremiana [Armenian], Ephremiana [Arabic], Pseudo-Ephrem, Karshuni, Arab Christians, Christian Arabic, Syriac influence [Arabs], Syriac influence [Armenia], primary sources [Armenian] + French translation, primary sources [Arabic] + French translation

van Reeth, Jan M.F. , ''Les démons qui enchantent les instruments de musique. Les sources syriennes des huit modes grégoriens'', Res Orientales 16 (2001): 175-186.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, VI CE, Cave of Treasures, demonology, music, gods, Old Testament, exegesis, Genesis

van Rompay, Lucas , ''Memories of Paradise: The Greek “Life of Adam and Eve” and Early Syriac Tradition'', ARAM 5 (1993): 555-570.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Aphrahat, Cave of Treasures, Old Testament, exegesis, Paradise, garden, mountain, glory, garments of light, Life of Adam and Eve, OT apocrypha, Adam

van Rompay, Lucas ,'' Antiochene Biblical Interpretation: Greek and Syriac'', Pages 103-123 in The Book of Genesis in Jewish and Oriental Christian Interpretation: A Collection of Essays. Edited by Frishman, Judith and van Rompay, Lucas . Traditio Exegetica Graeca 5. Louvain:Peeters, 1997.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, V CE, Ephrem, Eusebius of Emesa, Antiochene school, Old Testament, Genesis, Gen 22, Melchizedek, exegesis, New Testament, commentary

van Rompay, Lucas , ''Mallpânâ dilan Suryâyâ. Ephrem in the Works of Philoxenus of Mabbog: Respect and Distance'', Hugoye: Journal of Syriac Studies 7:1 (2004):
Keywords: VI CE, Philoxenus of Mabbug, Ephrem, Ephrem [influence], tradition

van Rompay, Lucas ,'' Bardaisan and Mani in Philoxenus of Mabbog’s Mēmrē against Habbib'', Pages 77-90 in Syriac Polemics: Studies in Honour of Gerrit Jan Reinink. Edited by van Bekkum, Wout Jac. and Drijvers, Jan Willem and Klugkist, Alex C. . Orientalia Lovaniensia Analecta 170. Leuven:Peeters, 2007.
Keywords: VI CE, Philoxenus of Mabbug, Christology, Ephrem [influence], heterodoxy, Bardesan, Mani, Manichaeism, polemic, Jacobite

van Rompay, Lucas ,'' Humanity’s Sin in Paradise: Ephrem, Jacob of Sarug, and Narsai in Conversation'', Pages 199-217 in Jacob of Serugh and His Times: Studies in Sixth-Century Syriac Christianity. Edited by Kiraz, George Anton . Gorgias Eastern Christian Studies 8. Piscataway, NJ:Gorgias Press, 2010.
Keywords: IV CE, V CE, VI CE, Ephrem, Narsai, Jacob of Sarug, Old Testament, Genesis, Gen 2, Gen 3, Adam, Eve, fall, sin, exegesis, Nestorian, Jacobite

van Vossel, Vincent , L’onction baptismale chez St. Ephrem. Baghdad:Pontificio Istituto Orientale, 1984.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, liturgics, sacraments, anointing, baptism

Varghese, Baby , ''Saint Ephrem on the Fourth Century Funeral Rites'', The Harp 22 (2007): 177-182.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Testament of Ephrem, burial

Varghese, Baby , ''Saint Ephrem and the Early Syriac Liturgical Traditions'', St Vladimir’s Theological Quarterly 56:1 (2012): 17-49.
Keywords: VII-XVIII CE, liturgics, Ephrem, Ephrem [influence]

Varghese, P.K. , ''A Canticle of Advices of Saint Ephraem'', The Harp 10:1-2 (1997): 39-44.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Hudra, wisdom, education, primary sources [Syriac] - English translation

Vashalomidze, G. Sophia , ''Saint Ephrem the Syrian in Georgian Narratives'', The Harp 25 (2010): 367-376.
Keywords: VII-XVIII CE, Syriac influence [Georgia], Ephrem, Ephremiana [Georgian]

Vattanky, John , ''Theology of Nature in Ephrem and in Indian Thought'', The Harp 23 (2008): 77-83.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, nature, Hinduism, India

Vattanky, John , ''Ephrem and Śaṃkara: ADialogue between Two Creative Thinkers'', Parole de l’Orient 36 (2011): 525-532.
Keywords: Ephrem, Hinduism, comparative

Vattanky, John , ''Understanding Christian Eschatology against the Background of the Thought of Ephrem and Śaṃkara'', The Harp 27 (2011): 369-380.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Ephrem, eschatology, Paradise, Hinduism

Vaz, Jo , ''Sacred Art and Architecture of Indian Christians'', Ephrem’s Theological Journal 10:1 (2006): 35-50.
Keywords: India, art, architecture

Vazheeparampil, Prasanna , ''Monasticism in the Eastern Christian Tradition of India with Special Reference to Prospects of Monasticism in the Syro-Malabar Church'', Ephrem’s Theological Journal 6:2 (2002): 186-200.
Keywords: India, Kerala, Syro-Malabar, monasticism, Nestorian, Nestorian

Venables, Edmund ,'' Ephraim, Bishop of Antioch'', Pages 144-145 in A Dictionary of Christian Biography, Literature, Sects and Doctrines during the First Eight Centuries, Being a Continuation of ‘The Dictionary of the Bible’. Edited by Smith, William and Wace, Henry . London:John Murray, 1880.
Keywords: VI CE, Ephrem of Antioch

Vergani, Emidio ,'' Salus corporis. Utilizzazione e contesto dell’esegesi del sogno di Nabucodonosor (Dn 2,31) negli inni di Efrem siro'', Pages 5-37 in La cattura della Fine. Variazioni dell’escatologia in regime di cristianità. Edited by Ruggieri, Giuseppe . Testi e ricerche di scienze religiose, nuova serie 7. Genova:Marietti, 1992.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, Old Testament, Daniel, Nebuchadnezzar, exegesis

Vergani, Emidio , La verità nella fornace l’esegesi di Dn 3 nella Chiesa Siriaca Antica. Bologna:Università degli Studi di Bologna, 1994-1995.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Old Testament, Daniel, exegesis

Vergani, Emidio , Efram il Siro. Le arpe del Signore: Inni sulla verginità 27-30. Testi dei padri della chiesa 24. Magnano:Monastero di Bose, Edizioni Qiqajon, 1996.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, Hymns on Virginity, primary sources [Syriac] - Italian translation

Vergani, Emidio ,'' Giustizia e grazia di Dio per la città assediata. Le raffigurazioni del nemico negli inni su Nisibi (1-12) di Efrem il Siro'', Pages 21-58 in I nemici della cristianità. Edited by Ruggieri, Giuseppe . Testi e ricerche di scienze religiose, nuova serie 19. Bologna:Il Mulino, 1997.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, Hymns on Nisibis, war, mercy, justice

Vergani, Emidio , ''La fucina di verità: Storia, escatologia e parenesi ecclesiale nell’esegesi su Dn 3 di Efrem il Siro'', Cristianesimo nella storia 19:3 (1998): 597-630.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Old Testament, exegesis, eschatology, Daniel

Vergani, Emidio , ''Isaia 6 nella letteratura siriaca. Un primo orientamento su Efrem e altri testi del IV secolo'', Annali di scienze religiose 4 (1999): 287-303.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Old Testament, exegesis, Isaiah, eschatology

Vergani, Emidio ,'' Tra le altre: Marta e Maria nei madraše di Efrem il Siro'', Pages 101-126 in Il cristianesimo e le diversità. Studi per Attilio Agnoletto. Edited by Cacitti, Remo and Merlo, Grado Giovanni and Chiappa, Paola Vismara . Studi di storia del cristianesimo e delle Chiese cristiane 1. Milano:Biblioteca Franciscana, 1999.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, New Testament, exegesis, Gospels, Gospel of Luke, women

Vergani, Emidio ,'' Efrem il Siro: Chiesa e paradiso'', Pages 71-104 in Le ricchezze spirituali delle Chiese sire. Atti del 1o Incontro sull’Oriente Cristiano di tradizione siriaca, Milano, Bilblioteca Ambrosiana, 1 marzo 2002. Edited by Vergani, Emidio and Chialà, Sabino . Ecumenismo e dialogo. Milano:Centro Ambrosiano, 2003.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Old Testament, exegesis, Genesis, Paradise, ecclesiology, soteriology

Vergani, Emidio , Il dono della perla: inni sulla perla. Testi dei padri della chiesa 78. Magnano:Monastero di Bose, Edizioni Qiqajon, 2005.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, primary sources [Syriac] - Italian translation

Vergani, Emidio ,'' Images bibliques et naturelles dans l’eschatologie d’Éphrem'', Pages 45-60 in Saint Éphrem, un poète pour notre temps. Patrimoine Syriaque, Actes du Colloque XI. Antélias, Liban:Centre d’Études et de Recherches Orientales, 2007.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, eschatology, symbols

Vergani, Emidio ,'' L’arpa di Mosè: esempi di ricezione dell’Antico Testamento nel cristianesimo siriaco'', Pages 67-90 in Il mio cuore è a Oriente / לבי במזרח. Studi di linguistica storica, filologia e cultura ebraica dedicati a Maria Luisa Mayer Modena. Edited by Aspesi, Francesco and Brugnatelli, Vermondo and Callow, Anna Linda and Rosenzweig, Claudia . Quaderni di Acme 101. Milano:Cisalpino, 2008.
Keywords: IV CE, Aphrahat, Ephrem, Old Testament, exegesis, mirror, harp, Moses

Vergani, Emidio ,'' L’esegesi di Paolo in Efrem'', Pages 87-107 in San Paolo letto da Oriente. Atti del convegno internazionale in occasione dell’anno paolino, Damasco 23-25 aprile 2009. Edited by Pirone, Bartolomeo and Bolognesi, Elena . Studia Orientalia Christiana Monographiae 18. Milano:Edizioni Terra Santa, 2010.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Ephrem, New Testament, Paul, exegesis

Vergani, Emidio , ''L’exégèse de Éz 37 chez Éphrem le Syrien'', Parole de l’Orient 36 (2011): 533-548.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Ephrem, Old Testament, Ezekiel, exegesis

Vergani, Emidio , ''Le destin et la liberté dans les Hymni contra Haereses 11-12 d’Éphrem'', ARAM 24 (2012): 275-291.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Ephrem, hymnography, Hymns against Heresies, free will, freedom, polemic, astrology

Vergani, Emidio ,'' Poesia e conoscenza nei madrāšē di Efrem: tra Nisibi e dintorni'', Pages 133-148 in Le vie del sapere in ambito siro-mesopotamico dal III al IX secolo. Atti del convegno internazionale tenuto a Roma nei giorni 12-13 maggio 2011. Edited by Noce, Carla and Pampaloni, Massimo and Tavolieri, Claudia . Orientalia Christiana Analecta 293. Roma:Pontificio Istituto Orientale, 2013.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, knowledge, Nisibis

Verhelst, Daniel ,'' Scarpsum de dictis Sancti Efrem prope fine mundi'', Pages 518-528 in Pascua Mediaevalia: Studies voor Prof. Dr. J.M. de Smet. Edited by Lievens, R. and van Mingroot, E. and Verbeke, W. . Leuven:Peeters, 1983.
Keywords: Ephrem, Ephremiana [Latin], Pseudo-Ephrem, Syriac influence [Europe], eschatology, apocalypticism, primary sources [Latin]

Vethanath, Sebastian , ''Image of Paradise in St. Ephrem'', Ephrem’s Theological Journal 11:1 (2007): 56-76.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Old Testament, exegesis, Genesis, Paradise

Vetter, Paul , Der apokryphe Dritte Korintherbrief. Wien:Mechitharisten-Buchdruckerei, 1894.
Keywords: Syriac influence [Armenia], NT apocrypha, 3 Corinthians, Ephrem, Ephremiana [Armenian], exegesis, commentary, translations from Syriac, translations into Armenian, primary sources [Armenian] + German translation

Viezure, Dana , ''Argumentative Strategies in Philoxenos of Mabbug’s Correspondence: From the Syriac Model to the Greek Model'', Hugoye: Journal of Syriac Studies 13:2 (2010): 149-175.
Keywords: VI CE, Philoxenus of Mabbug, Christology, Ephrem [influence], Jacobite

Vikan, Gary , '' Illustrated Manuscripts of Pseudo-Ephrem’s Life of Joseph and the Romance of Joseph and Aseneth''. Ph.D. dissertation, Princeton University, 1976
Keywords: Ephrem, Pseudo-Ephrem, Ephremiana [Greek], Joseph, Genesis, art, iconography, illustrations, Syriac influence [Byzantine church]

Vleugels, Charis , ''The Response to Chasm and Bridge: The Wings of Truth and Attitude in Ephrem the Syrian’s Hymns on Faith'', The Harp 22 (2007): 183-192.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, Hymns on Faith

Voicu, Sever J. , ''Frammenti di un palinsesto greco di Efrem (Sinaiticus Syr. 30. f. 171 e seguenti)'', Scriptorium 38:1 (1984): 77-78.
Keywords: Ephrem, Ephremiana [Greek], Syriac influence [Byzantine church]

Vööbus, Arthur , A Letter of Ephrem to the Mountaineers: A Literary-Critical Contribution to Syriac Literature. Contributions of the Baltic University 25. Pinneberg:Baltische Universität, 1947.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, letters, monasticism

Vööbus, Arthur , Untersuchungen über die Authentizität einiger asketischer Texte überliefert unter dem Namen “Ephraem Syrus”. Ein Beitrag zur syrischen Literaturgeschichte. Contributions of the Baltic University 57. Pinneberg:Baltische Universität, 1947.
Keywords: Ephrem, Ephremiana, Pseudo-Ephrem, asceticism

Vööbus, Arthur , ''Beiträge zur kritischen Sichtung der asketischen Schriften die unter dem Namen Ephraem des Syrers überliefert sind'', Oriens Christianus 39 (1955): 48-55.
Keywords: Ephrem, Ephremiana [Syriac], Pseudo-Ephrem, asceticism, Isaac of Antioch

Vööbus, Arthur , ''Die Selbstanklagen Ephräms des Syrers in griechischer Überlieferung. Beobachtungen über ihre Herkunft'', Oriens Christianus 41 (1957): 97-101.
Keywords: Ephrem, Testament of Ephrem, Ephremiana [Greek], Syriac influence [Byzantine church]

Vööbus, Arthur , ''Ein neuer Text von Ephraem über das Mönchtum'', Oriens Christianus 42 (1958): 41-43.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, homilies, memra, monasticism

Vööbus, Arthur , Literary, Critical and Historical Studies in Ephrem the Syrian. Papers of the Estonian Theological Society in Exile 10. Stockholm:Estonian Theological Society in Exile, 1958.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Testament of Ephrem, Vita Ephremi, Pseudo-Ephrem, monasticism, asceticism

Vööbus, Arthur , History of Asceticism in the Syrian Orient: A Contribution to the History of Culture in the Near East. CSCO 184, 197, 500, Subs. 14, 17, 81. Louvain:Secrétariat du CorpusSCO, 1958, 1960, 1988.
Keywords: monasticism, asceticism, Manichaeism, I-III CE, Iran, Tatian, II CE, Marcion, Valentinianism, Gnosticism, III CE, Odes of Solomon, Pseudo-Clementines, Acts of Thomas, virginity, ecclesiology, covenant, IV CE, Aphrahat, Liber Graduum, Shahpuhr II, V CE, monasteries, martyrs, mission, Julian Saba, Abraham Qidunaia, Ephrem, Edessa, Nisibis, V CE, Alexander Akoimetos, Barsauma of Nisibis, Simeon the Stylite, John of Apamea, VI CE, Stephen bar Sudaile, Isaac of Antioch, Jacob of Sarug, Philoxenus of Mabbug, Osrhoene, virginity, poverty, fast, sleep, dress, prayer, body, society, libraries, schools, learning, education, Muslim-Christian relations, Syriac influence [Arabs], Syriac influence [Ethiopia], Najran, Athanasius Abu Ghalib, canon law, monastery of Mar Hanina, monastery of Mar Abai, monastery of Mar Mattay, monastery of Mar Zakkay, Jacob of Edessa, Simeon of Beth Arsham, Marutha of Tagrit, Ahoudemmeh of Tagrit, VII CE, Evagrius, Pseudo-Macarius

Vööbus, Arthur , ''Le reflet du monachisme primitif dans les écrits de saint Ephrem Ie Syrien'', L’Orient Syrien 4 (1959): 299-306.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, monasticism

Vööbus, Arthur , Syriac and Arabic Documents Regarding Legislation Relative to Syrian Asceticism. Papers of the Estonian Theological Society in Exile 11. Stockholm:Estonian Theological Society in Exile, 1960.
Keywords: Mesopotamia, Iran, asceticism, monasticism, canon law, V CE, VI CE, VII CE, IX CE, Ephrem, Ephremiana, Rabbula, Philoxenus of Mabbug, John of Tella, Qyriaqos of Antioch, Jacob of Edessa, George, bishop of the Arabs, Marutha of Maipherqat, Abraham of Kashkar, Dadisho, Babai the Great, Isho bar Nun, Timothy II, Jacobite, Nestorian, translations from Syriac, translations into Arabic, primary sources [Syriac] + English translation, primary sources [Arabic] + English translation

Vööbus, Arthur , Syrische Kanonessammlungen: Ein Beitrag zur Quellenkunde, I: Westsyrische Originalurkunden, 1, A-B. CSCO 307, 317, Subs. 35, 38. Louvain:Secrétariat du CorpusSCO, 1970.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, VII-XVIII CE, V CE, VI CE, VII CE, VIII CE, canon law, councils, monasticism, ordination, question-and-answer, Rabbula, Simeon the Stylite, John of Tella, Philoxenus of Mabbug, Jacob of Edessa, Qyriaqos of Antioch, Athanasius II of Baladh, George, bishop of the Arabs, Theodosius of Antioch, Moses bar Kepha, Dionysius bar Salibhi, Michael the Syrian, Barhebraeus, Pseudo-Ephrem, Ephremiana [Syriac], monastery of Mar Mattay, monastery of Mar Hanina, Jacobite

Vööbus, Arthur ,'' Afrem and the School of Urhai'', Pages 209-216 in Ephrem-Hunayn Festival. Baghdad:Al-Ma’arif Press, 1974.
Keywords: IV CE, IV-VII CE, Ephrem, schools, Edessa

Vööbus, Arthur ,'' Discoveries of New Syriac Manuscripts of Ḥunayn ibn Isḥaq'', Pages 525-528 in Ephrem-Hunayn Festival. Baghdad:Al-Ma’arif Press, 1974.
Keywords: Mesopotamia, VII-XVIII CE, IX CE, Hunayn ibn Ishaq, Nestorian

Voss, Christian , ''Zum lexikalischen Bestand des Textes der altbulgarischen Paraenesis von Ephraim dem Syrer'', Palaeobulgarica 18:2 (1994): 50-65.
Keywords: Syriac influence [Europe], Syriac influence [Slavs], Ephrem, Ephremiana [Slavonic]

Voss, Christian , Die Paränesis Ephraims des Syrers in südslavischen Handschriften des 14.–16. Jahrhunderts. Zur Lexik der altbulgarischen Erstübersetzung und ihrer Überlieferung. Monumenta linguae Slavicae dialecti veteris 38. Freiburg im Breisgau:U.W. Weiher, 1997.
Keywords: Syriac influence [Europe], Syriac influence [Slavs], Ephrem, Ephremiana [Slavonic]

Vossius, Gerardus , Sancti Ephraem Syri, Patris et Scriptoris Ecclesiae antiquissimi et dignissimi, opera omnia quotquot in insignioribus Italiae Bibliothecis, praecipue è Romanis, Graece inveniri potuerunt, in tres tomos digesta, nunc recens Latinitate donata, scholiisque illustrata. Romae:Ex typographia Iacobi Tornerii, 1589-1598.
Keywords: VII-XVIII CE, Ephrem, Ephremiana [Latin], Ephremiana [Latin], Pseudo-Ephrem, Syriac influence [Byzantine church], Syriac influence [Europe], translations from Greek, translations into Latin, primary sources [Greek] - Latin translation

Wakefield, Gordon , ''John Wesley and Ephraem Syrus'', Hugoye: Journal of Syriac Studies 1:2 (1998):
Keywords: Syriac influence [Europe], XVIII CE, John Wesley, Ephrem

Walsh, James , ''Divine Call and Human Response. The Syriac Tradition: St. Ephrem'', The Way 20 (1980): 228-233.
Keywords: IV CE, IV-VII CE, Ephrem, theology

Walters, J. Edward , Hymns on the Unleavened Bread by Ephrem the Syrian. Texts from Christian Late Antiquity 30. Piscataway, NJ:Gorgias Press, 2011.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Ephrem, hymnography, Hymns on Unleavened Bread, unleavened bread, Easter, Passover, primary sources [Syriac] + English translation

Ward, Benedicta , Harlots of the Desert: A Study of Repentance in Early Monastic Sources. London / Oxford:Mowbray, 1987.
Keywords: Syriac influence [Europe], hagiography, women, Abraham Qidunaia, Ephremiana [Latin], Pseudo-Ephrem, translations from Syriac, translations into Latin, primary sources [Latin] - English translation

Weedman, E. Michelle C. , '' Mary’s Fertility as the Model of the Ascetical Life in Ephrem the Syrian’s Hymns of the Nativity''. Ph.D. dissertation, Marquette University, 2014
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, Hymns on Nativity, Mariology, asceticism, women, angelology, Eve

Weninger, Stefan ,'' Ephrem'', Pages 331-332 in Encyclopaedia Aethiopica. Edited by Uhlig, Siegbert . Wiesbaden:Harrassowitz Verlag, 2005.
Keywords: VII-XVIII CE, Ephrem, pseudo-Ephrem, translations from Syriac, translations into Geez, Syriac influence [Ethiopia]

Werner, Eric , ''Hebrew and Oriental Christian Metrical Hymns: A Comparison'', Hebrew Union College Annual 23:2 (1950-1951): 397-432.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, poetics, Jewish-Christian relations, comparative

Wickes, Jeffrey , ''Ephrem’s Interpretation of Genesis'', St Vladimir’s Theological Quarterly 52:1 (2008): 45-65.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Old Testament, exegesis, Genesis

Wickes, Jeffrey Thomas , '' Out of Books, a World: The Scriptural Poetics of Ephrem the Syrian’s Hymns on Faith''. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Notre Dame, 2013
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, Hymns on Faith, poetics, metaphor, Old Testament, exegesis, Christology

Wickes, Jeffrey Thomas , ''Mapping the Literary Landscape of Ephrem’s Theology of Divine Names'', Dumbarton Oaks Papers 69 (2015): 1-13.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Ephrem, theology, God's name

Wickes, Jeffrey Thomas , St. Ephrem the Syrian. The Hymns on Faith. The Fathers of the Church: A New Translation 130. Washington, D.C.:The Catholic University of America Press, 2015.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, Hymns on Faith, faith, primary sources [Syriac] - English translation

Wickes, Jeffrey Thomas ,'' The Poetics of Self-Presentation in Ephrem’s Hymns on Faith 10'', Pages 51-64 in Syriac Encounters: Papers from the Sixth North American Syriac Symposium, Duke University, 26-29 June 2011. Edited by Doerfler, Maria E. and Fiano, Emanuel and Smith, Kyle Richard . Eastern Christian Studies 20. Leuven:Peeters, 2015.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, Hymns on Faith, poetics

Widengren, Geo , ''The Fate of the Soul after Death: From a mēmrā Attributed to Afrem'', Orientalia Suecana 9 (1960): 102-106.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, eschatology, death, soul, angelology, Iran, Zoroastrianism, primary sources [Syriac] + English translation

Williams, A. Lukyn , Adversus Judaeos: A Bird’s View of Christian Apologiae until the Renaissance. Cambridge:Cambridge University Press, 1935.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, VII-XVIII CE, Jewish-Christian relations, polemic, anti-Judaism, adversus Judaeos, polemic, Aphrahat, Ephrem, Jacob of Sarug, Dionysius bar Salibhi

Williams, Milton Bryant , '' The Quotations of Barhebraeus in his Scholia''. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Chicago, 1928
Keywords: XII CE, Barhebraeus, Old Testament, exegesis, quotations, Greek Fathers, Athanasius of Alexandria, Basil of Caesarea, Cyril of Alexandria, Pseudo-Dionysius the Areopagite, Epiphanius, Eusebius of Caesarea, Gregory Nazianzen, Gregory of Nyssa, Hippolytus, John Chrysostom, Julius Africanus, Origen, Theodore of Mopsuestia, Daniel of Salah, Ephrem, Ephrem [influence], Jacob of Salah, Jacob of Edessa, Philoxenus of Mabbug, Severus of Antioch, Josephus, Jacobite

Winslow, Karen S. ,'' The Exegesis of Exodus by Ephrem the Syrian'', Pages 33-42 in Exegesis and Hermeneutics in the Churches of the East: Select Papers from the SBL Meeting in San Diego, 2007. Edited by Hovhanessian, Vahan . New York:Peter Lang, 2009.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Old Testament, Exodus, exegesis

Witakowski, Witold ,'' Syriac Apocalyptic Literature'', Pages 667-687 in The Armenian Apocalyptic Tradition: A Comparative Perspective. Essays Presented in Honor of Professor Robert W. Thomson on the Occasion of His Eightieth Birthday. Edited by La Porta, Sergio and Bardakjian, Kevork B. . Studia in Veteris Testamenti Pseudepigrapha 25. Leiden / Boston:Brill, 2014.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, VII-XVIII CE, VII CE, eschatology, apocalypticism, OT apocrypha, Muslim-Christian relations, Arab conquest, Apocalypse of Pseudo-Ephrem, Jacobite

Woldu, Dimetros , ''The Significance of St. Ephraim in the Ethiopian Tradition'', The Harp 27 (2011): 85-106.
Keywords: VII-XVIII CE, Syriac influence [Ethiopia], Ephrem, Mary, Mariology

Wood, Philip ,'' Syriac and the “Syrians”'', Pages 170-194 in The Oxford Handbook of Late Antiquity. Edited by Johnson, Scott Fitzgerald . Oxford:Oxford University Press, 2012.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, V CE, VI CE, identity, Edessa, Teaching of Addai, Julian Romance, asceticism, hagiography, Ephrem

Woods, Francis Henry ,'' An Examination of the New Testament Quotations of Ephrem Syrus'', Pages 105-138 in Studia Biblica et Ecclesiastica: Essays Chiefly in Biblical and Patristic Criticism by Members of the University of Oxford. Oxford:Clarendon Press, 1891.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephraim, New Testament, quotations, Peshitta NT

Woźniak, Jerzy , ''Poglądy józefologiczne św. Efrema i Dionizego bar Salibi'', Vox Patrum 7 [12-13] (1987): 417-425.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, XII CE, Dionysius bar Salibhi, New Testament, exegesis, Gospels, Joseph

Yousif, Ephrem-Isa , Les philosophes et traducteurs syriaques: d’Athènes à Bagdad. Paris:L’Harmattan, 1997.
Keywords: Greek philosophy, translations into Syriac, Aristotle, Baghdad

Yousif, Ephrem-Isa , Les chroniqueurs syriaques. Paris:L’Harmattan, 2002.
Keywords: historiography, chronicles, Elias of Nisibis, Chronicle of Joshua the Stylite, Chronicle of Edessa, Pseudo-Dionysius of Tel-Mahre, Michael the Syrian, Barhebraeus, Chronicle of Seert, Chronicle of Zuqnin, John of Ephesus

Yousif, Ephrem-Isa , La floraison des philosophes syriaques. Paris:L’Harmattan, 2003.
Keywords: Babylonia, philosophy, Greek philosophy, Aristotle, Plato, translations from Greek, translations into Syriac

Yousif, Ephrem-Isa , Une chronique mésopotamienne (1830-1976). Peuples et cultures de l’Orient. Paris:L’Harmattan, 2004.
Keywords: XIX CE, XX CE, XIX-XXI CE, Nestorians

Yousif, Ephrem-Isa , Les syriaques racontent les croisades. Peuples et cultures de l’Orient. Paris:L’Harmattan, 2006.
Keywords: historiography, Crusaders

Yousif, Pierre , ''La croix de Jesus et la Paradis d’Eden dans la typologie biblique de Saint Éphrem'', Parole de l’Orient 6-7 (1975-1976): 29-48.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, cross, Paradise, Old Testament, exegesis, Genesis, typology

Yousif, Pierre ,'' L’eucharistie et Ie Saint Esprit d’après saint Éphrem de Nisibe'', Pages 235-246 in A Tribute to Arthur Vööbus: Studies in Early Christian Literature and Its Environment, Primarily in the Syrian East. Edited by Fischer, Robert H. . Chicago, Illinois:The Lutheran School of Theology at Chicago, 1977.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Eucharist, sacraments, Holy Spirit, liturgics, liturgy

Yousif, Pierre , ''Symbolisme christologique dans la Bible et dans la Nature chez S. Éphrem de Nisibe'', Parole de l’Orient 8 (1977-1978): 5-66.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Christology, Old Testament, exegesis, Genesis, typology, symbols, nature

Yousif, Pierre ,'' Le symbolisme de la croix dans la nature chez saint Éphrem de Nisibe'', Pages 207-227 in Symposium Syriacum, 1976: célebré du 13 au 17 septembre 1976 au Centre Culturel “Les Fontaines” de Chantilly (France). Edited by Graffin, François and Guillaumont, Antoine . Orientalia Christiana Analecta 205. Roma:Pontificium Institutum Orientalium Studiorum, 1978.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, hymnography, Hymns on Faith, cross, symbols, nature, soteriology

Yousif, Pierre , ''St. Ephrem on Symbols in Nature: Faith, the Trinity and the Cross (Hymns on Faith no. 18)'', Eastern Churches Review 10 (1978): 52-60.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, symbols, nature, cross, Trinity, faith, Hymns on Faith, hymnography, poetry

Yousif, Pierre , ''La Vierge Marie et l’Eucharistie chez saint Éphrem de Nisibe et dans la patristique syriaque antérieure'', Études Mariales 36-37 (1978-1980): 49-80.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Mariology, Mary, Eucharist, liturgics

Yousif, Pierre , ''Le repas fraternel ou l’agapé dans les memre sur la table attribués à S. Éphrem'', Parole de l’Orient 9 (1979-1980): 51-66.
Keywords: Ephrem, food, Ephremiana, liturgics

Yousif, Pierre , ''Les controverses de S. Éphrem sur l’Eucharistie'', Euntes Docete 33 (1980): 405-426.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, liturgics, sacraments, Eucharist, polemic

Yousif, Pierre , ''Histoire et temps dans la pensée de S. Éphrem de Nisibe'', Parole de l’Orient 10 (1981-1982): 3-35.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, time, history

Yousif, Pierre ,'' Typologie und Eucharistie bei Ephräm dem Syrer und Thomas von Aquin'', Pages 75-107 in Typus, Symbol, Allegorie bei den östlichen Vätern und ihren Parallelen im Mittelalter. Internationales Kolloquium, Eichstätt 1981. Edited by Schmidt, Margot and Geyer, Carl Friedrich . Eichstätter Beiträge 4. Regensburg:Friedrich Pustet, 1982.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Eucharist, typology, exegesis, Old Testament, liturgics

Yousif, Pierre ,'' Approach to the Divine Realities in the Thought of St. Ephrem of Nisibis'', Pages 54-69 in The Church I Love: A Tribute to Rev. Placid J. Podipara CMI. Edited by Madey, John and Kaniarakath, G. . EBOSC Publications 9. Kottayam / Paderborn:Ecumenical Biblical and Oriental Study Centre, 1984.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, God, theology

Yousif, Pierre , ''Esquisse sur le temps et les fins dernières chez saint Éphrem de Nisibe'', Euntes Docete 37:3 (1984): 403-426.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, eschatology

Yousif, Pierre , L’Eucharistie chez Saint Éphrem de Nisibe. Orientalia Christiana Analecta 224. Rome:Pontificium Institutum Orientalium Studiorum, 1984.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Eucharist, liturgics, sacraments

Yousif, Pierre , ''Foi et raison dans l’apologétique de Saint Éphrem de Nisibe'', Parole de l’Orient 12 (1984-1985): 133-151.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, faith, reason, apologetics

Yousif, Pierre , ''Marie et les derniers temps chez saint Ephrem de Nisibe'', Études Mariales 42 (1985): 29-55.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, eschatology, Mary, Mariology

Yousif, Pierre , ''Exégèse et typologie bibliques chez S. Ephrem de Nisibe et chez S. Thomas d’Aquin'', Parole de l’Orient 13 (1986): 31-50.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Old Testament, exegesis, typology

Yousif, Pierre ,'' Il sangue del costato del Salvatore in Sant’Efrem di Nisibi'', Pages 985-1007 in Sangue e antropologia: riti e culto. Atti della V settimana, Roma, 26 novembre–1 dicembre 1984. Edited by Vattioni, Francesco . Centro studi Sanguis Christi 5. Roma:Pia Unione del Preziosissimo Sangue, 1987.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, blood, Eucharist

Yousif, Pierre ,'' Les formes littéraires du commentaire du Diatessaron de saint Éphrem de Nisibe'', Pages 83-92 in IV Symposium Syriacum, 1984: Literary Genres in Syriac Literature (Groningen – Oosterhesselen 10-12 September). Edited by Drijvers, Han J.W. and Lavenant, René and Molenberg, Corrie and Reinink, Gerrit J. . Orientalia Christiana Analecta 229. Roma:Pontificium Institutum Studiorum Orientalium, 1987.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Diatessaron, exegesis, New Testament, Gospels, commentary

Yousif, Pierre ,'' The Apostle Thomas on the Witness of Saint Ephrem of Nisibis'', Pages 72-88 in Homage to Mar Cariatil, pioneer Malabar Ecumenist. Roma:Mar Thoma Yogam, 1987.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Thomas, apostles

Yousif, Pierre , ''Le sacrifice et l’offrande chez saint Éphrem de Nisibe'', Parole de l’Orient 15 (1988-1989): 21-40.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, liturgics, Eucharist, sacrifice, smell

Yousif, Pierre ,'' Il sangue eucaristico di Cristo: simbolismo e realismo secondo Sant’Efrem di Nisibi'', Pages 175-205 in Sangue e antropologia nella teologia. Atti della VI settimana, Roma, 23-28 novembre 1987. Edited by Vattioni, Francesco . Centro studi Sanguis Christi 6. Roma:Pia Unione del Preziosissimo Sangue, 1989.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, blood, sacraments, Eucharist

Yousif, Pierre , ''La Vierge Marie et le disciple bien-aimé chez saint Éphrem de Nisibe'', Orientalia Christiana Periodica 55:2 (1989): 283-316.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, New Testament, exegesis, Gospel of John, Mary, apostles

Yousif, Pierre , ''Exegetical Principles of St. Ephraem of Nisibis'', Studia Patristica 18:4 (1990): 296-302.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, exegesis

Yousif, Pierre , ''Parole et silence chez Saint Éphrem de Nisibe'', La Maison-Dieu 226:2 (2001): 95-114.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, silence

Yousif, Pierre , ''La bellezza di Maria cantata da Ephrem di Nisibi'', Theotokos 13 (2005): 147-194.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Mary, Mariology

Zholobov, Oleg , ''The Corpus of the Old Russian Lists of the Parenesis of Efrem Sirin. I: RGADA, Sin. 38'', Russian Linguistics 31:1 (2007): 31-59.
Keywords: VII-XVIII CE, XIII CE, Syriac influence [Slavs], Ephrem, Ephremiana [Slavonic], translations from Greek, translations into Slavonic

Zholobov, Oleg , ''The Corpus of the Old Russian Copies of the Paraenesis of Ephraem Syrus. II: RNB, Pogod. 71a'', Russian Linguistics 33 (2009): 37-64.
Keywords: VII-XVIII CE, XIII CE, Syriac influence [Slavs], Ephrem, Ephremiana [Slavonic], translations from Greek, translations into Slavonic

Zholobov, Oleg , ''The Corpus of the Old Russian Copies of the Paraenesis of Ephraem Syrus. III, 1: BAN 31.7.2'', Russian Linguistics 35 (2011): 361-380.
Keywords: VII-XVIII CE, XIV CE, Syriac influence [Slavs], Ephrem, Ephremiana [Slavonic], translations from Greek, translations into Slavonic

Zingerle, Pius , ''Über sechssylbige Verse bei Ephraem dem Syrer'', Zeitschrift der Deutschen Morgenländischen Gesellschaft 2 (1848): 66-73.
Keywords: IV CE, IV-VII CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, poetics

Zingerle, Pius , ''Ueber die syrische Poesie. Versuch einer bescheidenen Apologie derselben'', Theologische Quartalschrift 37 (1855): 422-465.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, poetry, hymnography, poetics, Ephrem

Zingerle, Pius , Monumenta syriaca ex romanis codicibus collecta. Volumen 1. Oeniponti:Libraria Academica Wagneriana, 1869.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, VII-XVIII CE, anthology, pope Felix, Greek Fathers, Polycarp of Smyrna, translations from Greek, translations into Syriac, poetry, hymnography, Ephrem, asceticism, Isaac of Antioch, Jacob of Sarug, Old Testament, exegesis, Genesis, Gen 28:12, Jacob, Leviticus, Lev 14:49-53, birds, Lev 16, sacrifice, Exodus, Ex 34:33-35, Moses, resurrection, Isaac of Nineveh, John Saba, mysticism, John of Dara, sacraments, priesthood, prayer, Our Father, Gregory of Nyssa, John Chrysostom, homilies, spirituality, Jacobite, Nestorian, primary sources [Syriac]

Zingerle, Pius , Ausgewahlte Schriften des hl. Ephram von Syrien, aus dem Syrischen und Griechischen übersetzt. Bibliothek der Kirchenväter 9. Kempten:Jos. Kösel, 1870.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Ephremiana, primary sources [Syriac] - German translation, primary sources [Greek] - German translation

Zoref, Arye , ''The Influence of Syriac Bible Commentaries on Judeo Arabic Exegesis as Demonstrated by Several Stories from the Book of Genesis'', Studies in Christian-Jewish Relations 11:1 (2016): 1-18.
Keywords: VII-XVIII CE, X CE, XI CE, Jewish-Christian relations, Old Testament, Genesis, Gen 6:4, Gen 9, Gen 10:8-9, Gen 38, Nimrod, Noah, Judah, exegesis, commentary, Ephrem, Cave of Treasures, Ishodad of Merv

Αντωνάκου, Αγγελική , '' Ο πρώιμος κύκλος των παθών: λόγος, ράζα και συναίσθημα''. ∆, Εθνικό και Καποδιστριακό Πανεπιστήμιο Αθηνών, 2009
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Ephrem, hymnography, symbols, Passion

Καββαδᾶς, Νέστωρ , Ὁ Βίος τοῦἘφραὶμ τοῦ Σύρου: μετάφραση ἀπὸ τὰ Συριακὰ, εἰσαγωγὴ-σχόλια. Συριακή Εκκλησιαστική Γραμματεία 5. Θήρα:Θεσβίτης, 2007.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, Ephrem, Vita Ephremi, hagiography, primary sources [Syriac] - Greek translation

Φραντζολάς, Κωνσταντίνος Γ. , Οσίου Εφραίμ του Σύρου έργα. Θεσσαλονίκη:Το Περιβόλι της Παναγιάς, 1988-1998.
Keywords: Syriac influence [Byzantine church], Ephrem, Ephremiana [Greek], Pseudo-Ephrem, asceticism, primary sources [Greek]

Аверинцев, Сергей Сергеевич ,'' Между “изъяснением” и “прикровением”: ситуация образа в поэзииЕфрема Сирина'', Pages 223-260 in Восточная поэтика. Специфика художественногообраза. Edited by Гринцер, Павел Александрович . Москва:Наука, 1983.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, poetics

Аверинцев, Сергей Сергеевич ,'' На границе цивилизаций и эпох: вклад восточных окраинримско-византийского мира в подготовку духовной культуры европейскогосредневековья'', Pages 5-34 in Восток–Запад: Исследования. Переводы. Публикации. Москва:Наука, 1985.
Keywords: I-III CE, IV-VII CE, VII-XVIII CE, Mara bar Serapion, Ephrem, Isaac of Nineveh, poetry, hymnography, primary sources [Syriac] - Russian translation

Аверинцев, Сергей Сергеевич , От берегов Босфора до берегов Евфрата. Москва:Наука, 1987.
Keywords: I-III CE, IV-VII CE, Mara bar Serapion, Acts of Thomas, Ephrem, Maccabees, Hymns on Paradise, dialogue poems, Isaac of Nineveh, primary sources [Syriac] - Russian translation

Аверинцев, Сергей Сергеевич , Многоценная жемчужина. Литературное творчество сирийцев, коптов и ромеев в I тысячелетии н. э.. Москва:Художественная литература / Ладомир, 1994.
Keywords: Mara bar Serapion, Acts of Thomas, Ephrem, Maccabees, Hymns on Paradise, dialogue poems, Isaac of Nineveh, primary sources [Syriac] - Russian translation

Алфеев, Иларион , ''Тема сошествия Христа во ад в гимнах преподобного Ефрема Сирина'', Церковь и время 3 [40] (2007): 40-73.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, Hymns on Nisibis, eschatology, hell, primary sources [Syriac] - Russian translation

Архангельскiй, Александръ Семеновичъ , Творенiя Отцовъ Церкви в древне-русской письменности. Извлеченiя изъ рукописей и опыты историко-литературныхъ изученiй, III. Казань:Типографiя Императорскаго Университета, 1890.
Keywords: Syriac influence [Europe], Syriac influence [Slavs], Ephrem, Ephremiana [Slavonic], primary sources [Slavonic]

Афиногенов, Дмитрий Евгеньевич , '' Политические концепции в раннесирийской литературе''. диссертация на соискание ученой степени кандидата исторических наук, Институт всеобщей истории Российской академии наук, 1990
Keywords: IV CE, Aphrahat, Ephrem, history, politics

Ахобадзе, Лиана Терентьевна , ''О взаимоотношениях грузинских переводов произведений Ефрема Сирина'', Известия Академии Наук Грузинской ССР, Серия языка и литературы 2 (1981): 110-125.
Keywords: VII-XVIII CE, Ephrem, Ephremiana [Georgian], Syriac influence [Georgia]

Ахобадзе, Лиана Терентьевна , '' Древнегрузинские переводы произведений Ефрема Сирина(по материалам многоглавов)''. диссертация на соискание ученой степени кандидата филологических наук, Институт истории грузинской литературы АН ГССР, 1982
Keywords: VII-XVIII CE, Ephrem, Ephremiana [Georgian], translations from Syriac, translations into Georgian, Syriac influence [Georgia]

Ахобадзе, Лиана Терентьевна , ''Классификация грузинских рукописных собраний на основе содержащихся в них сочинений Ефрема Сирина'', Известия Академии Наук Грузинской ССР, Серия языка и литературы 3 (1982): 53-65.
Keywords: VII-XVIII CE, Ephrem, Ephremiana [Georgian], Syriac influence [Georgia]

Барсовъ, Николай Ивановичъ , ''Св. Ефремъ Сиринъ, какъ проповѣдникъ'', Христіанское чтеніе 5-6 (1886): 732-770.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Ephrem, homilies

Бернацкий, Михаил Михайлович , ''Проблемы авторства и литературной традиции “Слова о том, что всегда надлежит держать в уме день исхода из жизни” (CPG. 4035) Симеона Месопотамского'', Богословские труды 43-44 (2012): 293-304.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, Simeon of Mesopotamia, Pseudo-Macarius, Ephremiana [Greek], spirituality, asceticism, death

Брок, Себастьян Пол ,'' Ефрем Сирин'', Pages 79-94 in Православная энциклопедия. Том 19. Edited by Кравец, Сергей Леонидович . Москва:Церковно-научный центр “Православная энциклопедия”, 2008.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Ephrem

Брок, Себастьян Пол , ''Святой Ефрем ‒ певец Слова Божия'', Христианское чтение 1 (2012): 26-43.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, Old Testament, hermeneutics

Буланин, Дмитрий Михайлович ,'' “Паренесис” Ефрема Сирина'', Pages 296-299 in Словарь книжников и книжности Древней Руси. Вып. 1 (XI ‒ первая половина XIV в.). Edited by Лихачев, Дмитрий Сергеевич . Ленинград:Наука, 1987.
Keywords: VII-XVIII CE, Syriac influence [Europe], Syriac influence [Slavs], Ephrem, Ephremiana [Slavonic], Pseudo-Ephrem

Водолазкин, Евгений Германович , ''Слово Ефрема Сирина об Иосифе Прекрасном в древнерусских палейных текстах'', Hyperboreus 16-17 (2010-2011): 444-451.
Keywords: VII-XVIII CE, Syriac influence [Slavs], Ephrem, Pseudo-Ephrem, Ephremiana [Slavonic], Old Testament, Genesis, Joseph, exegesis

Гаврос, Дм. and Поспелов, Дмитрий Александрович , Преподобный Ефрем Сирин (Map Афрем Нисибинский). О Воскресении, Смерти и Сатане. Smaragdos Philocalias. Москва:Никея, 2009.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, Hymns on Nisibis, primary sources [Syriac] - Russian translation

Герасименко, Надежда Викторовна ,'' Ефрем Сирин: Иконография'', Pages 104-105 in Православная энциклопедия. Том 19. Edited by Кравец, Сергей Леонидович . Москва:Церковно-научный центр “Православная энциклопедия”, 2008.
Keywords: VII-XVIII CE, Ephrem, art, iconography, Syriac influence [Byzantine church], Syriac influence [Slavs]

Гординський, Ярослав , ''Слова св.Єфрема Сіріна в перемиських пергамінових листках поч. XIV в.'', Записки Наукового товариства імені Шевченка 126-127 (1918): 171-209.
Keywords: VII-XVIII CE, Syriac influence [Slavs], Ephrem, Ephremiana [Slavonic], Pseudo-Ephrem

Грилихес, Леонид , ''Св. Ефрем Сирин. Гимн (Мадраша) на Рождество'', Богословский вестник 5-6 (2006): 17-41.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, Hymns on Nativity, primary sources [Syriac] - Russian translation

Гумилевскiй, Филаретъ , ''Завѣщанiе св. Ефрема'', Черниговскiя Епархiальныя Извѣстiя, Прибавленiя 1 Марта (1862): 155-161; 15 Марта (1862) 179-189.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, V CE, Testament of Ephrem, Ephrem, Pseudo-Ephrem, Ephremiana [Syriac], primary sources [Syriac] - Russian translation

Ерић, Бошко , ''Утицај културног амбијента на формирање богословских исказа светог Јефрема Сиријског'', Богословље 2 (2014): 249-271.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Ephrem, Ancient Near East, Greek philosophy

Жолобов, Олег Феофанович , ''Поучения Ефрема Сирина в интертекстуальных и композиционных отзвуках оригинальной древнерусской письменности'', Вестник Православного Свято-Тихоновского гуманитарного университета. Серия III: Филология 3 [9] (2007): 7-13.
Keywords: VII-XVIII CE, Syriac influence [Slavs], Ephrem, Ephremiana [Slavonic]

Жолобов, Олег Феофанович ,'' Древнеславянские списки Паренесиса Ефрема Сирина: новые данные и новые аспекты исследования'', Pages 51-75 in Письменность, литература и фольклор славянских народов: XIV Международный съезд славистов (Охрид, 10-16 сентября 2008 г.).Доклады российской делегации. Edited by Молдован, Александр Михайлович and Сазонова, Лидия Ивановна . Москва:Индрик, 2008.
Keywords: VII-XVIII CE, XIII CE, XIV CE, Syriac influence [Slavs], Ephrem, Ephremiana [Slavonic], translations from Greek, translations into Slavonic

Жолобов, Олег Феофанович ,'' Древнерусские “книги, рекомыя Ефремъ”'', Pages 241-262 in Лингвистическое источниковедение иистория русского языка, 2010–2011. Москва:Древлехранилище, 2011.
Keywords: VII-XVIII CE, XIII CE, Syriac influence [Slavs], Ephrem, Ephremiana [Slavonic], translations from Greek, translations into Slavonic

Жолобов, Олег Феофанович , ''К истории “уставных чтений”: древнеславянский Паренесис Ефрема Сирина'', Scrinium 7-8:2 (2012): 121-143.
Keywords: VII-XVIII CE, Syriac influence [Europe], Syriac influence [Slavs], Ephrem, Ephremiana [Slavonic]

Жолобов, Олег Феофанович , ''Лингвотекстологическая оценка Троицкого сборника XII–XIII вв. и Паренесиса Ефрема Сирина по рукописям XIII–XIV в. в связи с их интернет-изданиями'', Древняя Русь: Вопросы медиевистики 3 [57] (2014): 42-58.
Keywords: VII-XVIII CE, XIII CE, XIV CE, Syriac influence [Slavs], Ephrem, Ephremiana [Slavonic], translations from Greek, translations into Slavonic

Ильинскiй, Григорiй Андреевичъ , Македонскiй глаголическiй листокъ: отрывокъ глаголическаго текста Ефрема Сирина XI вѣка. Памятники старославянскаго языка I.6. С.-Петербургъ:Отдѣленiе русскаго языка и словесности Императорской Академiи Наукъ, 1909.
Keywords: VII-XVIII CE, XI CE, Syriac influence [Slavs], Ephrem, Ephremiana [Slavonic], spirituality, translations from Greek, translations into Slavonic, primary sources [Slavonic]

Кессель, Григорий Михайлович , ''Библиографический указатель сочинений прп. Ефрема Сирина, переведенных с сирийского языка в серии ТСО'', Богословский Вестник 11-12 (2010): 1023-1061.
Keywords: Ephrem, bibliography

Комянченко, Светлана Андреевна , ''Рефлексия экзегетического метода преподобного Ефрема Сирина на примере “Песен о рае”'', Богословский сборник [ПСТГУ] 13 (2005): 163-190.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Old Testament, exegesis, Genesis, Paradise, hymnography, Hymns on Paradise

Лукашевич, Александр Анатольевич ,'' Ефрем Сирин: Гимнография'', Pages 104 in Православная энциклопедия. Том 19. Edited by Кравец, Сергей Леонидович . Москва:Церковно-научный центр “Православная энциклопедия”, 2008.
Keywords: VII-XVIII CE, Ephrem, hymnography, Syriac influence [Byzantine church], Syriac influence [Slavs]

Лэш, Ефрем ,'' Ефрем Сирин: “Греческий Ефрем”'', Pages 94-99 in Православная энциклопедия. Том 19. Edited by Кравец, Сергей Леонидович . Москва:Церковно-научный центр “Православная энциклопедия”, 2008.
Keywords: VII-XVIII CE, Ephrem, Ephremiana [Greek], Syriac influence [Byzantine church]

Марръ, Николай Яковлевичъ , Ефремъ Сиринъ. А. О дняхъ празднованiя Рождества. Б. Объ основанiи первыхъ церквей въ Iерусалимѣ. Тексты и разысканiя по армяно-грузинской филологiи 1. С.-Петербургъ:ТипографiяВ.Ѳ. Киршбаума, 1900.
Keywords: Ephrem, Ephremiana [Armenian], liturgics, feasts, Nativity, question-and-answer, Jerusalem, Syriac influence [Armenia], translations from Syriac, translations into Armenian, primary sources [Armenian] + Russian translation

Милтенова, Анисава , Erotapokriseis: Съчиненията от кратки въпроси и отговори в старобългарската литература. София:Дамян Яков, 2004.
Keywords: Syriac influence [Slavs], Pseudo-Ephrem, Ephremiana [Slavonic], primary sources [Slavonic]

Морозов, Дмитрий Александрович , ''Затерянные тексты Ефрема Сирина'', Символ 55 (2009): 377-388.
Keywords: Syriac influence [Arabs], Ephrem, Ephremiana [Arabic], NT apocrypha, death, Christian Arabic, primary sources [Arabic] - Russian translation

Москалева, Лада Алексеевна , '' Графико-орфографические и фонетические особенности Паренесиса Ефрема Сирина по рукописи РНБ, погод. 71а ок. 1289 г.''. диссертация на соискание ученой степени кандидата филологических наук, Казанский государственный университет им. В.И. Ульянова-Ленина, 2006
Keywords: Ephrem, Ephremiana [Slavonic], Syriac influence [Slavs]

Муравьев, АлексейВладимирович ,'' Учение прп. Ефрема Сирина о христианском царстве'', Pages 327-342 in Традиции и наследие христианского Востока / Traditions and Heritage of the Christian East: Proceedings of the International Conference. Edited by Афиногенов, Дмитрий Евгеньевич and Муравьев, АлексейВладимирович . Москва:Индрик, 1996.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, Byzantine empire, politics, kingship

Муравьев, АлексейВладимирович , Map Афрем Нисибинский (прп. Ефрем Сирин). Юлиановский цикл. Smaragdos Philocalias. Москва:Фонд “Наследие Православного Востока” / Братство святителя Григория Паламы / Издательство “Инфорес”, 2006.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, Hymns against Julian, Julian, primary sources [Syriac] - Russian translation

Муравьев, АлексейВладимирович , ''Mṣalyānūtha:Сирийское досье “мессалианского” феномена (IV в.). К вопросу о начале движения “молитвенников” в сироязычной среде'', Вестник Православного Свято-Тихоновского гуманитарного университета. Серия III: Филология 4[22] (2010): 44-53.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, spirituality, asceticism, prayer, heterodoxy, heresiography, Messalianism, Ephrem

Недељковић, Јасмина ,'' О неким језичким особеностима рукописнекњиге Паренесис Јефрема Сирина (1337)'', Pages 231-237 in Дечани у светлу археографских истраживања / Dečani in the Light of Archeographical Research. Edited by Суботин-Голубовић,Татјана . Collection of Papers 5976. Београд:Народна библиотека Србије, 2012.
Keywords: VII-XVIII CE, XIV CE, Syriac influence [Slavs], Ephrem, Pseudo-Ephrem, Ephremiana [Slavonic]

Новаковић, Стоjан , Примери књижевности и jезика старога и српско-словенскога. Београд:И. Штамп, 1904.
Keywords: Syriac influence [Slavs], St Alexis, Pseudo-Ephrem, Ephremiana [Slavonic], primary sources [Slavonic]

Огрен, Ирина , ''Частицы при условном союзе АЩЕ в староболгарском переводе поучений Ефрема Сирина'', Старобългаристика 11:1 (1987): 95-103.
Keywords: VII-XVIII CE, Syriac influence [Europe], Syriac influence [Slavs], Ephrem, Ephremiana [Slavonic]

Огрен, Ирина , Паренесис Ефрема Сирина. К истории славянского перевода. Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, Studia Slavica Upsaliensia 26. Stockholm:Almqvist & Wiksell, 1989.
Keywords: Syriac influence [Europe], Syriac influence [Slavs], Ephrem, Ephremiana [Slavonic]

Огрен, Ирина , К проблеме использования печатных изданий греческих текстов при исследовании древних славянских переводов: На примере славянского перевода Паренесиса Ефрема Сирина. Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, Studia Slavica Upsaliensia 31. Stockholm:Almqvist & Wiksell, 1991.
Keywords: Syriac influence [Europe], Syriac influence [Slavs], Ephrem, Ephremiana [Slavonic], Ephremiana [Greek]

Пигулевская, Нина Викторовна , Культура сирийцев в средние века. Культура народов Востока: материалы и исследования. Москва:Наука, 1979.
Keywords: IV CE, V CE, VI CE, Iran, science, education, schools, Edessa, Nisibis, Greek philosophy, alchemy, Bardesan, Ephrem, Aphrahat, Sergius of Reshaina, Geoponicon, translations from Greek, Sassanians, translations into Syriac, Jacobites, Nestorians, primary sources [Syriac] - Russian translation

Пономаревъ, Александръ Ивановичъ , Памятники древне-русской церковно-учительной литературы. Выпускъ 4: Славяно-русскiй Прологъ, Часть 2: Январь–Апрѣль. С.-Петербургъ:Типографiя С. Добродѣева, 1896.
Keywords: VII-XVIII CE, Syriac influence [Slavs], Ephrem, Ephremiana [Slavonic], Pseudo-Ephrem, hagiography, St Alexis, translations from Greek, translations into Slavonic, primary sources [Slavonic]

Селезнëв, Николай Николаевич , Христология Ассирийской Церкви Востока. Анализ основных материалов в контексте истории формирования вероучения. Москва:Euroasiatica, 2002.
Keywords: IV CE, V CE, VII CE, theology, Christology, Aphrahat, Ephrem, Theodore of Mopsuestia, Narsai, Babai the Great, Sahdona, Nestorian

Селезнëв, Николай Николаевич and Брок, Себастьян Пол ,'' Ефрем Сирин: Богословие'', Pages 100-104 in Православная энциклопедия. Том 19. Edited by Кравец, Сергей Леонидович . Москва:Церковно-научный центр “Православная энциклопедия”, 2008.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Ephrem, theology

Сидоров, Алексей Иванович ,'' Святой Ефрем, патриарх Антиохийский. Его жизнь, литературная деятельность и защита им Халкидонского Собора'', Pages 323-368 in Преподобный Анастасий Синаит. Избранные Творения. Edited by Idem . Библиотека отцов и учителей Церкви 13. Москва:Паломникъ, 2003.
Keywords: VI CE, Ephrem of Antioch, Chalcedon

Срезневскiй, Измаилъ Ивановичъ , ''Свѣдѣнiя и замѣтки о малоизвѣстныхъ и неизвѣстныхъ памятникахъ, V–X'', Записки Императорской Академiи Наукъ 7 (1865): 134-194.
Keywords: VII-XVIII CE, XIII CE, Syriac influence [Slavs], Ephrem, Ephremiana [Slavonic], Pseudo-Ephrem, translations from Greek, translations into Slavonic, primary sources [Slavonic]

Темчин, Сергей Юрьевич ,'' Упоминание Ефрема Сирина в граффито XI века новгородской Софии'', Pages 101-108 in Славистика в Эстонии и за ее пределами. Edited by Дуличенко, Александр Дмитриевич . Acta Slavica Estonica 3, Slavica Tartuensia 10. Tartu:University of Tartu Press, 2013.
Keywords: VII-XVIII CE, XI CE, Syriac influence [Slavs], Ephrem, Ephremiana [Slavonic]

Титов, Андрей Александрович , Описанiе славяно-русскихъ рукописей, находящихся въ собранiи члена-корреспондента императорскаго Общества любителей древней письменности А.А. Титова. Томъ 2: Отцы Церкви. Москва:Печатня А.И. Снегиревой, 1900.
Keywords: Syriac influence [Slavs], Pseudo-Ephrem, Ephremiana [Slavonic]

Тумара, Небојша , Свети Јефрем Сирин. Тумачење на Књигу Постања и Књигу Изласка. Крагујевац:Каленић, 2013.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Ephrem, Old Testament, Genesis, Exodus, exegesis, commentary, primary sources [Syriac] - Serbian translation

Тумара, Небојша , Свети Јефрем Сирин. Химне о рају. Крагујевац:Каленић, 2013.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Ephrem, hymnography, Hymns on Paradise, Paradise, primary sources [Syriac] - Serbian translation

Тумара, Небојша , ''Свете блуднице и Богородица: Свети Јефрем о идеалном стању људског рода'', Српска теологија данас 2013 (2014): 80-96.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Ephrem, Old Testament, Genesis, exegesis, women, Tamar, sexuality, Mariology, asceticism

Турилов, Анатолий Аркадьевич ,'' Ефрем Сирин: Славянские переводы, рукописная и старопечатная традиция до XIX в.'', Pages 99-100 in Православная энциклопедия. Том 19. Edited by Кравец, Сергей Леонидович . Москва:Церковно-научный центр “Православная энциклопедия”, 2008.
Keywords: VII-XVIII CE, Ephrem, Ephremiana [Slavonic], Syriac influence [Slavs]

Фомичева, Софья Владимировна ,'' “Тайна” (rāʼzā) у Ефрема Сирина: иудейские параллели'', Pages 139-157 in Иудаика и библеистика: Материалы Второй ежегодной конференции по иудаике и востоковедению, 17 декабря 2012 г.. Edited by Битнер, Кирилл Андреевич and Лукинцова, Лидия Александровна . Трудыпоиудаике: Филология и культурология 2. С.-Петербург:Петербургскийинститут иудаики, 2013.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Ephrem, Old Testament, exegesis, hermeneutics, typology, mystery, Jewish background, Qumran

Фомичева, Софья Владимировна ,'' Иона-врач: к вопросу об использовании медицинской терминологии и образов, связанных с медициной, у Ефрема Сирина'', Pages 236-261 in Иудаика и арамеистика: Сборник научных статей на основе материалов Третьей ежегодной конференции по иудаике и востоковедению. Edited by Битнер, Кирилл Андреевич and Лукинцова, Лидия Александровна . Трудыпоиудаике: Филология и культурология 3. С.-Петербург:Петербургскийинститут иудаики, 2014.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Ephrem, hymnography, Old Testament, Jonah, medicine, healing

Фомичева, Софья Владимировна ,'' К вопросу о влиянии греко-римской риторикина творчество Ефрема Сирина (на примере мимры “О Ниневии и Ионе”)'', Pages 201-212 in Источниковедение культурных традиций Востока: гебраистика – эллинистика – сирология – славистика. Сборник научных статей. Edited by Битнер, Кирилл Андреевич and Смелова, Наталия Семеновна . Труды по иудаике, Серия “Филология и культурология” 4. С.-Петербург:Петербургский институт иудаики, 2016.
Keywords: IV-VII CE, IV CE, Ephrem, poetry, hymnography, Jonah, Greek literature, Hellenism, rhetoric

Франко, Іван , Апокрiфи і легенди з українських рукописів. Том 4: Апокрiфи есхатольогiчнi. Памятки українсько-руської мови і літератури 4. Львів:Наукове товариство імени Шевченка, 1906.
Keywords: VII-XVIII CE, Syriac influence [Slavs], Apocalypse of Pseudo-Methodius, Ephremiana [Slavonic], Pseudo-Ephrem, eschatology, apocalypticism, primary sources [Slavonic]

Ярема, Ростислав , Учение преподобного Ефрема Сирина о добродетелях (по аскетическим творениям). Москва:Локус Станди, 2006.
Keywords: IV CE, Ephrem, asceticism, ethics

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